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Results 201 - 250 of 457
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Cocolin Luca - - 2007
In this study we used culture-independent methods to profile bacterial populations in food products. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were employed in order to identify bacterial species without the need of isolation and biochemical identification. The protocols used to extract the DNA, subsequently subjected ...
Kongkachuichai Ratchanee - - 2007
Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional problem in Thailand and many developing countries. One of the most sustainable and cost-effective strategies for combating iron deficiency is fortification of staple foods with iron. In this study, the feasibility of fortifying instant noodles with different forms of iron fortificants (ferrous sulfate ...
Conte A - - 2007
In this work the effectiveness of different antimicrobial packaging systems on the microbial quality decay kinetics during storage of Mozzarella cheese was evaluated. Lemon extract, at 3 different concentrations, was used as active agent, in combination with brine and with a gel solution made of sodium alginate. Shelf life tests ...
Fernández María - - 2007
The consumption of food and beverages containing high amounts of biogenic amines (BA) can have toxicological effects. BA found in foods and beverages are synthesized by the microbial decarboxylation of certain amino acids. This paper reports the concentrations of BAs in a number of commercial cheeses, as determined by HPLC. ...
Aryana K J - - 2007
Inulin is a prebiotic food ingredient that increases the activity of Lactobacillus acidophilus, increases calcium absorption, and is a good source of dietary fiber. The objective was to determine the effect of short, medium, and long chain inulins on the physicochemical, sensory, and microbiological characteristics of fat-free plain yogurt containing ...
Van Hekken D L - - 2007
The effects of 24 wk of aging on the proteolytic and rheological properties of cheddar-like cheese made from caprine milk collected at different lactation periods were evaluated. Cheddar cheese was made weekly using whole milk from Alpine goats and cheeses manufactured at weeks 4, 5, 12, 14, 15, 21, 22, ...
Kapoor R - - 2007
Natural cheese is the major ingredient utilized to manufacture process cheese. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of natural cheese characteristics on the chemical and functional properties of process cheese. Three replicates of 8 natural (Cheddar) cheeses with 2 levels of calcium and phosphorus, residual ...
Bendall Justin G - - 2007
During distribution through an offshore transportation and cold-storage network, a multitonne consignment of cheese became contaminated, as apparent by a surface taint on some of the cheese blocks. Analysis of the volatile aroma compounds revealed that the taint was caused by styrene dibromide, estimated to be present in the tainted ...
Gierczynski Isabelle - - 2007
Using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry, aroma release was investigated in vivo and in vitro from three cheese-like gels with different hardnesses. In vivo, nosespace experiments were performed with 14 subjects. Results showed that the harder gel induced a greater and a faster release of all aroma compounds. In vitro, ...
Bianchi Federica - - 2007
A retention index (RI) database containing 250 volatile compounds was created on a polar stationary phase column and validated for food aroma characterisation. Precision of the retention indices (RIs) was assessed by performing replicated injections of a representative number of volatiles under the same experimental conditions: differences lower than 1 ...
Bonizzi I - - 2007
AIMS: To distinguish Italian Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) water buffalo Mozzarella from different producers on a molecular basis in relation to the place of manufacturing within the production district, and to develop a tool for genetic traceability of typical dairy products. METHODS AND RESULTS: Microbial DNA was isolated from ...
Bridson R H - - 2007
alpha-Lactose monohydrate is an important pharmaceutical excipient used extensively in dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulations. The ways in which a high shear blending process affect this material have been investigated and important process parameters have been identified. Total energy input (kJ/kg), blade design and the conditions in which lactose was ...
Revilla Isabel - - 2007
Ewes' milk samples with low (<500,000 ml(-1)), medium (1,000,000-1,500,000 ml(-1)) and high (> 2,500,000 ml(-1)) somatic cell counts (SCC) were used to manufacture hard ewes' cheese using the Zamorano cheese manufacturing protocol. Cheeses that had been ripened for 1, 2 and 3 months were used to obtain isoelectric ovine casein ...
Guinee T P - - 2007
Twenty-three Cheddar cheeses were prepared from milks with a protein content of 3.66% (wt/wt) and with different protein-to-fat ratio (PFR) in the range 0.70 to 1.15; the PFR of each milk differed by 0.02. For statistical analysis, the 23 cheeses were divided into 3 PFR groups: low (LPFR; 0.70 to ...
Bahk Gyung-Jin - - 2007
Microbial risk assessment (MRA) is becoming increasingly used in the management of food safety because it can be used to quantify risks and help rank intervention strategies. The exposure assessment components of the assessments have become complex with many aspects of the contamination, survival, and growth of a pathogen in ...
Kinde Hailu - - 2007
A joint multiagency project was initiated in response to a Salmonella outbreak in San Diego County, California, in 2004. Samples of cheese were collected during four 1-day operations at the San Ysidro port of entry, along the United States-Mexico border. Surveyed participants were persons crossing the border as pedestrians or ...
Schröder Kendra - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate a non-steady-state needle sensor to determine the thermal conductivity (lambda) of powders and their blends. It was investigated how lambda of different powders was influenced by (1) bulk vs tapped density, (2) moisture content of the powders, and (3) blending time of ...
Fernández María - - 2007
The decarboxylation of tyrosine by certain lactic acid bacteria leads to the undesirable presence of tyramine in fermented foods. Tyramine is the most frequent biogenic amine found in cheese and is also commonly found in other fermented foods and beverages. The tyramine-producing strain Enterococcus durans IPLA 655 was grown in ...
De Preter Vicky - - 2007
Pre- and/or probiotics can cause changes in the ecological balance of intestinal microbiota and hence influence microbial metabolic activities. In the present study, the influence of oligofructose-enriched inulin (OF-IN), Lactobacillus casei Shirota, and Bifidobacterium breve Yakult on the colonic fate of NH3 and p-cresol was investigated. A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover ...
Mäkivuokko Harri A - - 2006
A semi-continuous four-channel colon simulator was used to study the effects of lactose for the first time on the growth and fermentation dynamics of colonic microbiota. In six separate simulations, lactose supplementation increased the total SCFA concentration by 3-5 fold as compared with the baseline in the respective vessels. The ...
Delbes Celine - - 2006
Staphylococcus aureus growth and enterotoxin production during the manufacture of model Saint-Nectaire, Registered Designation of Origin Saint-Nectaire, and Registered Designation of Origin Salers cheeses, three types of uncooked, semihard, raw milk cheese, were investigated. Coagulase-positive staphylococci (SC+) grew rapidly during the first 6 h. Between 6 and 24 h, counts ...
Kourkoutas Y - - 2006
The use of freeze-dried kefir coculture as a starter in the production of feta-type cheese was investigated. Maturation of the produced cheese at 4 degrees C was monitored for up to 70 days, and the effects of the starter culture, the salting method, and the ripening process on quality characteristics ...
Ndagijimana Maurice - - 2006
Two 2[5H]-furanones, in association with medium-chain fatty acids, were released in whey by Lactobacillus helveticus exposed to oxidative and heat stresses. This species plays an important role in cheese technology, particularly for Swiss-type cheeses and Grana cheese. Moreover, it significantly contributes to cheese ripening by means of an early autolysis ...
Picque D - - 2006
Respiratory activity, weight loss, and appearance of Camembert-type cheeses were studied during chamber ripening in relation to atmospheric composition. Cheese ripening was carried out in chambers under continuously renewed, periodically renewed, or nonrenewed gaseous atmospheres or under a CO(2) concentration kept constant at either 2 or 6% throughout the chamber-ripening ...
Isleten M - - 2006
Physical and sensory attributes are important factors that influence food acceptance and choices. In this study, sensory and texture properties of nonfat yogurts made from reconstituted skim milk powder (SMP) fortified with SMP as a control, whey protein isolate (WPI), yogurt texture improver (TI), and sodium caseinate (NaCn) were investigated ...
Cui Jing-Hao - - 2006
Bifidobacteria-loaded alginate poly-l-lysine microparticles (bap microparticles) were prepared using an air atomization method and then freeze-dried. The viability of the bap microparticles was investigated as a function of the amount of the bifidobacteria cultures, and the addition of a yeast extract, cryoprotectants, antioxidants and neutralizer. The size of the bap ...
Sridhar V R - - 2006
AIMS: We report development of two food-grade cloning vectors for Lactococcus lactis, which utilize either a lactococcal aspartate aminotransferase gene (aspC), or Bifidobacterium longumalpha-galactosidase gene (aglL) as selectable markers. METHODS AND RESULTS: The theta-replicon of lactococcal plasmid, pW563, was combined with aspC and a multiple cloning site. When electroporated into ...
Morales Pilar - - 2006
High-pressure processing is an appropriate technique for improving the microbiological safety of packaged ready-to-eat foods. The effect of high-pressure treatment on Listeria monocytogenes Scott A inoculated into fresh Hispánico-type cheese and ripe Mahón cheese was investigated. A 3.8-log reduction in the counts of L. monocytogenes Scott A in fresh cheese ...
Niasari-Naslaji A - - 2006
The development of a suitable semen extender is required to extend artificial breeding programs and to preserve the genetic potential of Bactrian camel. Experiments were conducted to provide the optimal osmolality and pH of tris-based extender and to compare that with available extenders for short-term preservation of Bactrian camel semen ...
Henning D R - - 2006
Advances in dairy foods and dairy foods processing since 1981 have influenced consumers and processors of dairy products. Consumer benefits include dairy products with enhanced nutrition and product functionality for specific applications. Processors convert raw milk to finished product with improved efficiencies and have developed processing technologies to improve traditional ...
Fernández María - - 2006
Biogenic amines (BA) are toxic substances that appear in foods and beverages. Tyramine is the most abundant BA in cheeses. A PCR method was developed to detect the presence of tyramine-producing bacteria during cheese manufacture and ripening. Six different batches of a farmhouse blue cheese were analysed by PCR. Tyramine ...
Clark Dorn L DL - - 2006
Research has been focused on the detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in pasteurized milk; however, pasteurized milk is a key ingredient in a variety of food products. Therefore, MAP contamination in milk-derived products must be investigated. We undertook a six-month study to investigate the presence of viable MAP ...
Fontecha J - - 2006
Triacylglycerol (TAG) composition by carbon number in 2 protected designation of origin cheeses, Mahón (cheese from cow milk) and Manchego (cheese from ewe milk) that were manufactured by 3 different producers was analyzed during cheese ripening using gas chromatography with a short capillary column. The TAG composition at different times ...
Manca G - - 2006
The aim of this study was to characterize the isotopic composition and protect "Peretta" cows' milk cheese, a typical product of Sardinia, against other cheeses of the same appearance sold under the same name, but made of raw materials from northern Europe. The study was concerned with 3 types of ...
Upreti P - - 2006
Eight Cheddar cheeses with 2 levels of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P), residual lactose, and salt-to-moisture ratio (S/M) were manufactured. All cheeses were made using a stirred-curd procedure and were replicated 3 times. Treatments with a high level of Ca and P were produced by setting the milk and drawing ...
Govindasamy-Lucey S - - 2006
Compositional changes in raw and pasteurized cream and unconcentrated sweet cream buttermilk (SCB) obtained from a local dairy were investigated over 1 yr. Total phospholipid (PL) composition in SCB ranged from 0.113 to 0.153%. Whey protein denaturation in pasteurized cream over 1 yr ranged from 18 to 59%. Pizza cheese ...
Kuusi Markku - - 2006
Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus is a rare infection in humans associated with contact with horses or consumption of unpasteurized milk products. On October 23, 2003, the National Public Health Institute was alerted that within one week three persons had been admitted to Tampere University Central Hospital (TaYS) because of S. ...
Martin Louise L University of Worcester, School of Sport & Exercise Science , Henwick Grove, Worcester, - - 2006
The aim of the study was to establish the nutritional practices and activity patterns of elite female soccer players. The nutritional intake of 16 female England Soccer players was self-reported over a seven-day period. Participants were provided with written and verbal guidelines for the completion of the diaries. Training details ...
Byers Katherine G - - 2005
In the United States, approximately three fourths of African-Americans have the potential for symptoms of lactose intolerance because lactose digestion depends on the presence of the enzyme lactase-phlorizin hydrolase which is reduced by up to 90-95% in individuals with lactase nonpersistence. The 'African-American diet' is more likely to be low ...
Hürlimann Martin D - - 2006
We present new NMR techniques to characterize food products that are based on the measurement of two-dimensional diffusion-T2 relaxation and T1-T2 relaxation distribution functions. These measurements can be performed in magnets of modest strength and low homogeneity and do not require pulsed gradients. As an illustration, we present measurements on ...
Callon C - - 2005
The sensory characteristics of Salers Protected Denomination of Origin raw-milk cheeses are linked to the biochemical composition of the raw material (milk) and to the resultant microbial community. To evaluate the influence of the microbial community on sensory characteristics, Salers-type cheeses were manufactured with the same pasteurized milk, reinoculated with ...
Rabbani Naumana R - - 2005
Dry powders suitable for inhalation containing beta-estradiol, leucine as a dispersibility enhancer and lactose as a bulking agent were prepared by spray-drying from aqueous ethanol formulations. The influence of formulation components on the characteristics of the resultant spray-dried powders was examined through the use of a range of ethanol concentrations ...
Foulquié Moreno M R - - 2006
The genus Enterococcus is the most controversial group of lactic acid bacteria. Studies on the microbiota of many traditional cheeses in the Mediterranean countries have indicated that enterococci play an important role in the ripening of these cheeses, probably through proteolysis, lipolysis, and citrate breakdown, hence contributing to their typical ...
Kawahara Takeshi - - 2005
This study dealt with the potential of fermented milk products as a source of functional casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) using plain yogurts and Camembert cheeses. The CPPs were prepared by tryptic digestion from four commercially available plain yogurts (P1-P4), five Camembert cheeses (C1-C5), and raw milk. From portions with a 1-g ...
Gallardo-Escamilla F J - - 2005
To characterize the flavor of liquid whey, 11 samples of whey representing a wide range of types were sourced from cheese and casein-making procedures, either industrial or from pilot-plant facilities. Whey samples were assessed for flavor by descriptive sensory evaluation and analyzed for headspace volatile composition by proton transfer reaction-mass ...
Albillos Silvia M - - 2005
The effect of the ripening time on the proteolytic process in cheeses manufactured from mixtures of cow's and ewe's milk during a 167-day ripening period was monitored by capillary electrophoresis of the pH 4.6-insoluble fraction. Totals of 21 and 16 peaks were recognized and matched in the electropherograms obtained with ...
Rychlik Michael - - 2005
A stable isotope dilution assay (SIDA) for the quantitation of N(2)-[1-(carboxy)ethyl]folic acid (CEF) has been developed by using [(2)H(4)]CEF as the internal standard. After sample cleanup by anion exchange chromatography, the three-dimensional specifity of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry enabled unequivocal determination of the nonenzymatic glycation product of folic acid (FA). ...
Ortigos María - - 2005
The effect of an added adjunct culture consisting of facultatively heterofermentative lactobacilli (FHL) on the volatile compounds and sensory characteristics of a Spanish ewes'-milk cheese was examined. Three cheese batches were prepared using a commercial starter, one from raw milk, another from pasteurized milk, and a third from pasteurized milk ...
Jones S T - - 2005
Lutein (3,3'-dihydroxy-alpha-carotene) has been identified as a dietary factor that can delay the onset of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, available food sources of lutein contain only modest amounts of the carotenoid. Food fortification with lutein extract has been identified as a low-budget approach to prevent the onset or progression ...
Mendoza Maite Rada - - 2005
Carbohydrate and furosine contents in 12 commercial fortified and special milk samples (pasteurized goat's and ewe's milks; ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) goat's milk, UHT milks fortified with calcium, magnesium, fiber, or royal jelly and honey; and lactose-hydrolyzed milks) were analyzed. Except for lactose-hydrolyzed milks, furosine, lactose, lactulose, galactose, glucose, N-acetylgalactosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, and ...
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