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Wright Jason - - 2011
Intraperitoneal injection of CCK reduces food intake and triggers a behavioral pattern similar to natural satiation. Reduction of food intake by CCK is mediated by vagal afferents that innervate the stomach and small intestine. These afferents synapse in the hindbrain nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) where gastrointestinal satiation signals ...
Khanam Anjum A Department of Protein Chemistry and Technology, Central Food Technological Research Institute, (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Mysore, 570020 - - 2013
Two type of ready to eat supplementary food formulations were developed by roller drying based on wheat, soy protein concentrate, whey protein concentrate, and green gram flour and were fortified with vitamins and minerals to meet the one third of the Recommended daily allowance (RDA). The supplementary food formulations contained ...
Neoh Kok-Boon - - 2011
The efficacy of Xterm, which contains 1% bistrifluron, in the form of cellulose bait pellets was evaluated for its efficacy in eradicating field colonies of the mound-building termite Globitermes sulphureus (Haviland) (Isoptera: Termitidae). The termite mounds were dissected at the end of the experiment to determine whether the colonies were ...
Martins José Murilo - - 2011
Government health authorities approved, in December 2002, the ANVISA (National Sanitary Vigilance Agency) resolution number 344, making the addition of iron and folic acid to all wheat and maize flours industrialized in Brazil obligatory. After a brief review of iron deficiency, iron overload and folic acid deficiency several questions and ...
Spieth H R - - 2011
Young individuals of the bottom-biting (i.e. sediment-ingesting) common carp Cyprinus carpio and gudgeon Gobio gobio consumed significant amounts of nematodes in laboratory experiments, whereas the selective-feeding roach Rutilus rutilus did not. In mesocosm enclosure experiments in the field, C. carpio strongly decreased the nematode abundance within 4 days, whereas the ...
Hellwig Michael - - 2010
1,2-Dicarbonyl compounds are formed in food during Maillard and caramelization reactions. 3-Deoxy-D-threo-hexos-2-ulose (3-deoxygalactosone, 3-DGal) and galactosone, two 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds originating from the degradation of galactose, were synthesized and converted to the respective quinoxalines, which were characterized by NMR spectroscopy. Analytical separation of the quinoxalines from the epimeric glucose-derived quinoxalines of ...
Al-Ahmad Ali - - 2010
Enterococci, particularly Enterococcus faecalis, are still a primary concern in endodontic infections. To date, enterococci have been considered to be only transiently present in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to examine whether different enterococci from food are able to reside in oral biofilm. Six healthy volunteers ...
Iwegbue C M A CM a Department of Chemistry , Delta State University , P.M.B. 1 Abraka , - - 2010
Concentrations of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr), vanadium (V) and cobalt (Co) were measured in 190 samples covering 19 different brands of popular baby foods in Nigeria to assess whether the intakes complied with the recommended desired levels for essential metals ...
Koch Judith - - 2010
Abstract A commercial cheese (acid curd) made from pasteurized milk caused a large listeriosis outbreak in Germany from October 2006 through February 2007. The Listeria monocytogenes outbreak strain was identified in humans and in cheese samples from a patient's home and from the production plant. During the outbreak period, 189 ...
Mercogliano R - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the production of the vasoactive amines, histamine and tyramine, and of other biogenic amines (putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine, and spermine) during the ripening of pecorino Carmasciano cheese, a traditional Italian cheese produced with raw sheep milk. Vasoactive amines, which may pose health risks ...
Szilagyi Andrew A Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, McGill School of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec. - - 2010
The ability to digest lactose divides the world's population into two phenotypes that may be risk variability markers for several diseases. Prebiotic effects likely favour lactose maldigesters who experience lactose spilling into their colon. To evaluate the effects of fixed-dose lactose solutions on fecal bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in digesters and ...
Albenzio Marzia - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of milk source and of cheese production protocol on proteolytic and lipolytic pattern of cheese during ripening. The study involved six dairy factories located in Monti Dauni Meridionali area of Southern Italy; three dairy factories processed the milk produced by ...
Mart?n M C - - 2010
The presence of lactose-fermenting Enterobacteriaceae and coliforms is routinely assessed to determine the hygienic quality of water and foods, particularly dairy products. This paper reports the use of lacZ-specific primers in an SYBR green I-based real-time PCR method for the easy and rapid detection of coliforms in dairy products. A ...
Lemmens Sofie G SG Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2010
Eating behavior can be influenced by the rewarding value of food, i.e., "liking" and "wanting." The objective of this study was to assess in normal-weight dietary restrained (NR) vs. unrestrained (NU) eaters how rewarding value of food is affected by satiety, and by eating a nonhealthy perceived, dessert-specific food vs. ...
Paxson Heather - - 2010
Keywords:alternative agriculture;place;value;food studies;cheeseABSTRACT Terroir, the taste of place, is being adapted by artisan cheesemakers in the United States to reveal the range of values-agrarian, environmental, social, and gastronomic-that they believe constitute their cheese and distinguish artisan from commodity production. Some see themselves as reverse engineering terroir cheeses to create place ...
Roperto S - - 2009
Forty-four raw milk and 15 serum samples from 44 healthy water buffaloes reared in Caserta, southern Italy, the most important region in Europe for buffalo breeding, were examined to evaluate the presence of Torque teno viruses (TTV) using molecular tools. Furthermore, 8 pooled pasteurized milk samples (from dairy factories having ...
Besson B - - 2009
This study aimed to compare the transfer of 2 manmade radionuclides, radiocesium (137Cs) and radiostrontium (90Sr), from cow milk to whey and cheese in 3 different types of French cheese production with rennet coagulation. Most of the 137Cs was present in the aqueous phase and became concentrated in the whey. ...
Epstein Leonard H - - 2010
Variety is a major influence of energy intake, but it is not known how much foods have to vary to influence eating. Using a stimulus specificity habituation paradigm we assessed the influence of varying the texture and appearance of nutritionally identical foods on responding for food and energy intake, and ...
Hilario Mario Cuchillo - - 2010
Two feeding systems trials were carried out to determine the antioxidant activity of soft goats' milk cheeses, and also to evaluate the presence of bioactive polyphenolic compounds. Two groups (A and B), each one with 20 (BW 50+/-5 kg) French Alpine goats were employed. All animals had between 70 to ...
Schneider Nadine - - 2010
The enzyme lysozyme is used as a preservative to prevent late blowing of ripened cheese, caused by Clostridium tyrobutyricum. Since the enzyme is extracted from hen egg white, lysozyme has to be declared on food product labels as a potential allergen. Here, a method is reported that combines immunocapture purification ...
O'Brien Martina - - 2009
Food safety is a critical factor in the production of farmhouse cheese. In Ireland the varieties of farmhouse cheese produced reflect a much broader range than those produced commercially and some of these cheese varieties are associated with greater microbiological risk. These include cheese produced from unpasteurised milk and soft ...
Almenar Eva - - 2009
The effect of chitosan coating on the evolution of several volatile compounds relevant to the strawberry ( Fragaria x ananassa cv. Camarosa) aroma profile has been investigated. Strawberries dipped in chitosan acetate solution at 1 or 1.5% (w/w) and uncoated controls were stored at 10 degrees C for 1 week. ...
Gammariello D - - 2009
The aim of this work is to evaluate the shelf life of Stracciatella cheese packaged in a protective atmosphere, using 4 different CO(2):N(2):O(2) gas mixtures [50:50:0 (M1), 95:5:0 (M2), 75:25:0 (M3), and 30:65:5 (M4) vol/vol] and stored at 8 degrees C. Cheese in traditional tubs and under vacuum were used ...
Campbell Anthony K - - 2009
A staggering 4000 million people cannot digest lactose, the sugar in milk, properly. All mammals, apart from white Northern Europeans and few tribes in Africa and Asia, lose most of their lactase, the enzyme that cleaves lactose into galactose and glucose, after weaning. Lactose intolerance causes gut and a range ...
Planzer S B SB - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate habits and practices of cheese consumers toward their level of knowledge of food safety. A total of 1000 people were interviewed in several cities of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Five hundred thirty-eight (53.8%) people consume cheese daily, while 318 ...
Yoneyama F - - 2008
AIMS: To characterize the genetic and biochemical features of nisin Q. METHODS AND RESULTS: The nisin Q gene cluster was sequenced, and 11 putative orfs having 82% homology with the nisin A biosynthesis gene cluster were identified. Nisin Q production was confirmed from the nisQ-introduced nisin Z producer. In the ...
Neta E R D - - 2008
Farmstead Cheddar cheeses with natural bandage wrappings have a distinctive flavor profile that is appealing to many consumers. An earthy/bell pepper (EBP) flavor has been previously recognized in some of these cheeses. This study characterized the alkylmethoxypyrazine compounds causing EBP flavor in Farmstead Cheddar cheeses. Eight cheeses were divided into ...
Fu H - - 2008
To date, the published information on trans fatty acids (TFAs) in food products in China remains scarce and of questionable accuracy. Systematic approaches to educate the consumers and to ensure proper labeling of TFAs are among the many urgent challenges the regulatory agencies in this rapidly growing country have to ...
Jablonski J E - - 2008
Picrotoxin is a neurotoxin found in the berries of Anamirta cocculus, a plant native to Southeast Asia. Picrotoxin has potential for being used as a biological weapon since the toxin is relatively easy to isolate and purify. Limited information exists on the stability and detection of picrotoxin added to foods ...
Sharp M D - - 2008
This study used Lactobacillus casei 334e, an erythromycin-resistant derivative of ATCC 334, as a model to evaluate viability and acid resistance of probiotic L. casei in low-fat Cheddar cheese and yogurt. Cheese and yogurt were made by standard methods and the probiotic L. casei adjunct was added at approximately 10(7) ...
Gatti Monica - - 2008
Microbial succession during Parmigiano-Reggiano cheesemaking was monitored by length heterogeneity PCR (LH-PCR), considering the intact and lysed cells at different stages of cheese production and ripening. When starter species underwent autolysis, species coming from milk were able to grow. For the first time, the LH-PCR technique was applied to study ...
Pancaldi Mariaelena - - 2008
Three case histories of nursing infants suffering from different forms of intestinal problems, who underwent special dietary therapy in order to solve situations that would be difficult to deal with using the special artificial milk varieties on the market, are presented. These children were administered a homemade food consisting ofParmigiano ...
West Harry G - - 2008
This paper examines the debate over the safety of raw-milk cheese. Departing from Nestle's categories of "science-based" and "value-based" approaches to risk assessment, the author argues that raw-milk cheese advocates, as well as proponents of pasteurisation, invoke science to support their positions, and measure risk against potential costs and benefits. ...
Burns P - - 2008
High-pressure homogenization (HPH) is one of the most promising alternatives to traditional thermal treatment of food preservation and diversification. Its effectiveness on the deactivation of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms in model systems and real food is well documented. To evaluate the potential of milk treated by HPH for the production ...
Evrendilek G Akdemir - - 2008
High-pressure processing (HPP) of Turkish white cheese and reduction of Listeria monocytogenes, total Enterobacteriaceae, total aerobic mesophilic bacteria, total molds and yeasts, total Lactococcus spp., and total Lactobacillus spp. were investigated. Cheese samples were produced from raw milk and pasteurized milk and were inoculated with L. monocytogenes after brining. Both ...
Shimazaki Yoshihiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A previous study showed the relationship between the intake of dairy products and periodontitis, but the types of dairy products that confer a benefit on periodontal health status have not been determined. METHODS: We analyzed 942 subjects aged 40 to 79 years as part of a comprehensive health examination ...
Shakeel-ur-Rehman - - 2008
Traditionally, Cheddar cheese is made by the milled-curd method. However, because of the mechanization of cheese making and time constraints, the stirred-curd method is more commonly used by many large-scale commercial manufacturers. This study was undertaken to evaluate quality differences during ripening (at 2 and 8 degrees C) of Cheddar ...
Landaud Sophie - - 2008
The formation of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) in fermented food is a subject of interest. Such compounds are essential for the aroma of many food products like cheeses or fermented beverages, in which they can play an attractive or a repulsive role, depending on their identity and their concentration. VSC ...
Klein Julia - - 2007
Ectoine is a compatible solute accumulated in halophilic bacteria in response to high salt concentrations and offers protection from osmotic stress. The occurrence of compatible solutes is widespread among bacteria, yet ectoine has never been detected in foods. The use of an ectoine producing microorganism (Brevibacterium linens) in the surface ...
Kozová M - - 2008
Polyamines putrescine, spermidine (SPD) and spermine (SPM) were determined as dansyl derivatives using an HPLC method. Distribution of SPD and SPM in pair kidneys was homogenous. The mean SPD and SPM contents in pig kidneys 24h after slaughter were 9.39±3.35 and 53.1±14.0mgkg(-1), respectively with no significant differences between barrows and ...
Reich Coralie M - - 2007
Despite the considerable variation in milk composition found among mammals, a constituent common across all groups is lactose, the main sugar and osmole in most eutherians milk. Exceptions to this are the families Otariidae (fur seals and sea lions) and Odobenidae (walruses), where lactose has not been detected. We investigated ...
Ruijschop Rianne M A J - - 2008
It is suggested that the brain response of a food odour sensed retro-nasally is related to satiation. The extent of retro-nasal aroma release during consumption depends on the physical structure of a food, i.e. solid foods generate a longer, more pronounced retro-nasal aroma release than liquid foods. The aim of ...
Little C L - - 2008
Two studies of retail fresh, ripened and semi-hard cheeses made from raw, thermized or pasteurized milk were undertaken in the UK during 2004 and 2005 to determine the microbiological quality of these products. Using microbiological criteria in European Commission Recommendations 2004/24/EC and 2005/175/EC, 2% of both raw, thermized (37/1819 samples) ...
Cremonesi P - - 2007
AIM: To develop an easy, rapid and efficient DNA extraction procedure for Staphylococcus aureus detection with a low number of steps and removing completely the PCR inhibitors, applicable to raw milk cheese samples, and to compare phenotypical and genotypical method to detect Staph. aureus isolates and staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) production. ...
Pizzoferrato L - - 2007
Traceability is an essential tool in reassuring consumers and traders that food is as safe, authentic, and of good quality as expected. Today, food traceability procedures often consist of attached documents and declarations, but scientific parameters that could objectively identify a product would be preferable. Scientific efforts in this area ...
d'Acampora Zellner Barbara - - 2008
The application of gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) in food flavour analysis represents to be a valuable technique to characterise odour-active, as well as character impact compounds, responsible for the characterizing odour of a food sample. The present article briefly reviews the use of GC-O in the flavour investigation of dairy products ...
Matlik Leann - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine associations among lactose maldigestion status, perceived milk intolerance, dietary calcium intake, and bone mineral content in early adolescent girls. METHODS: Subjects were 291 girls who participated in a substudy of the multiple-site project Adequate Calcium Today. Lactose maldigestion status was determined ...
Field Kristin L - - 2008
When casein, a milk protein, is hydrolyzed, it renders human foods that contain it (e.g., hypoallergenic infant formula, cheeses) distasteful to many people. This rejection of hydrolyzed casein (HC)-containing foods has recently been found to also occur in a non-human species (deer, Odocoileus spp.). Identifying other animals that avoid HC ...
Denis Catherine - - 2008
The group of "coryneform bacteria" belongs to the class of Actinobacteria including a diverse and heterogeneous collection of bacteria of various genera. Most of them are known as environmental residents and/or commensal flora of humans and they are isolated frequently in clinical studies. Actinobacteria include also several aerobic species, present ...
Razavi A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Enterococci are rarely found in the healthy human oral cavity, yet they are strongly associated with filled root canals. The origin of these enterococci remains unknown. Our hypothesis is that they are transient food-born colonizers under healthy conditions. This pilot study reinvestigated the prevalence of enterococci in the oral ...
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