Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 488
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Shill Kumar B - - 2014
Iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) is a common health problem in rural women and young children of Bangladesh. The university students usually take food from residential halls, and the food value of their diets is not always balanced. This cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia among the ...
Sultan S S National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, - - 2014
Fortification of food with micronutrients like vitamins and minerals is one of the imperative strategies to fight against micronutrient deficiencies. Fortification in common salt is fruitful strategy because of its daily consumption @ 5-12 g/day, globally. Therefore, the double fortification of salt with iodine and iron could be a reasonable approach ...
Bagni Ursula Viana UV Health Sciences College of Trairi, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Santa Cruz, - - 2014
Aims: The association between the intake of iron, vitamins A and C and calcium and the prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin (Hb) levels was investigated in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was developed with 529 Brazilian students. Anemia was defined in terms of Hb concentration. Nutrient intake was assessed by ...
Walton J R JR University of New South Wales Faculty of Medicine, St George Hospital, Sydney, - - 2014
Industrialized societies produce many convenience foods with aluminum additives that enhance various food properties and use alum (aluminum sulfate or aluminum potassium sulfate) in water treatment to enable delivery of large volumes of drinking water to millions of urban consumers. The present causality analysis evaluates the extent to which the ...
Thakwalakwa Chrissie M CM Department of International Health, University of Tampere School of Medicine, Tampere, Finland; Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, - - 2014
Nutrition interventions have an effect on growth, energy and nutrient intake, and development, but there are mixed reports on the effect of supplementation of energy-dense foods on dietary intake. This substudy aimed at assessing the effect of supplementation with corn-soy blend (CSB) or lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) on energy and ...
Wreesmann Carel Theo Jozef CT Akzo Nobel Functional Chemicals B.V., Amersfoort, The - - 2014
The current maximum acceptable daily intake (ADI) of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) of 1.9 mg day(-1) per kilogram bodyweight (mg day(-1)  kgbw(-1) ) limits the daily intake of iron as iron EDTA [ferric sodium EDTA; sodium iron(III) EDTA] to approximately 2-2.5 mg day(-1) for children 6-24 months of age. This limit was defined by the Joint ...
Durá-Travé Teodoro T Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain ; Department of Pediatrics, Navarra Hospital Complex, Pamplona, - - 2014
To study calorie and nutrients intake in a group of patients diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) under treatment with extended-release methylphenidate (MPH-ER), and to analyse the need to design nutrition intervention strategies. Observational (case-control). Navarra Hospital Complex, Pamplona, Spain. A total of 100 patients diagnosed with ADHD under ...
Li Jiang J 1 Department of Laboratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital , Ministry of Health, Beijing, China - - 2014
Abstract Some studies have indicated that the consumption of chili-containing foods can influence iron absorption and affect serum insulin and glucose concentrations, which may help to alleviate diabetes or prediabetes. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between chili food habits with iron status and insulin resistance ...
Kerac Marko M Leonard Cheshire Disability and Inclusive Development Centre, University College London, UK; Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, - - 2014
Malnutrition and neurodisability are both major public health problems in Africa. This review highlights key areas where they interact. This happens throughout life and starts with maternal malnutrition affecting fetal neurodevelopment with both immediate (eg, folate deficiency causing neural tube defects) and lifelong implications (eg, impaired cognitive function). Maternal malnutrition ...
Bresnahan Kara A KA Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2014
Vitamin A supplementation improves status, which may protect against malarial infection. Provitamin A carotenoid biofortified staple crops may provide a more sustainable approach to alleviate vitamin A deficiency than supplementation, but the impact of febrile illness on food intake must be considered in malaria endemic regions. Morbidity data and food ...
Correia Horvath Jaqueline Driemeyer JD Graduate Program in Endocrinology. UFRGS School of Medicine. Center of Health Sciences. Program in Dietetics. UCS. Department of Endocrinology. Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre.. - - 2014
To assess the adequacy of food intake in severely obese patients and describe their main nutritional deficiencies on the basis of Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). Patients on a waiting list for bariatric surgery were sequentially recruited from March 2010 to November 2011. All subjects underwent nutritional status assessment (anthropometry, dietary ...
Msaki Mark M MM a Department of Rural Development and Regional Planning , The Institute of Rural Development Planning , Dodoma , - - 2014
Estimation of micronutrients intake in food consumption surveys has generally been ignored. Focusing on similar households, a household food consumption survey (n = 200) was carried out in November 2004 (period of less) and March 2005 (period of plenty) in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Diet diversity, energy, protein and ...
Nguyen Phuong H PH Thai Nguyen University of Pharmacy and Medicine, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam ; International Food Policy Research Institute, Hanoi, - - 2014
Micronutrient deficiencies are a public health concern worldwide negatively affecting maternal and child health outcomes. The primary underlying causes of micronutrient deficiencies are insufficient intake and poor bioavailability of micronutrients. However, reliable data on micronutrient intakes are sparse. The objectives of this study were to identify the key local food ...
Enghoff Henrik H 0000-0002-2764-8750 Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
The first record of millipedes (Diplopoda) being regularly used for food by humans (the Bobo people of Burkina Faso) is given, including information on how the millipedes are prepared. The species in question are Tymbodesmus falcatus (Karsch, 1881) and Sphenodesmus sheribongensis (Schiøtz, 1966) (Gomphodesmidae) and an unidentified species of Spirostreptidae. ...
Mansour Asieh A Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Evidence supports that increasing number of postmenopausal women are suffering from one or more chronic diseases. Dietary patterns have a pivotal role in maintaining human health. The aim of this study was to characterize the nutrients and energy intake in postmenopausal women, with the special focus on seasonal variation effect ...
Stender Steen S Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Copenhagen University Hospital, Gentofte, Hellerup, - - 2014
To minimise the intake of industrial artificial trans fat (I-TF), nearly all European countries rely on food producers to voluntarily reduce the I-TF content in food. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of this strategy on I-TF content in prepackaged biscuits/cakes/wafers in 2012-2013 in 20 European ...
Watanabe Fumio F Division of Applied Bioresources Chemistry, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan. - - 2014
The usual dietary sources of Vitamin B12 are animal-derived foods, although a few plant-based foods contain substantial amounts of Vitamin B12. To prevent Vitamin B12 deficiency in high-risk populations such as vegetarians, it is necessary to identify plant-derived foods that contain high levels of Vitamin B12. A survey of naturally ...
Husen Azamal A Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, - - 2014
Nanotechnology is an exciting and powerful discipline of science; the altered properties of which have offered many new and profitable products and applications. Agriculture, food and medicine sector industries have been investing more in nanotechnology research. Plants or their extracts provide a biological synthesis route of several metallic nanoparticles which ...
Advani Shweta S Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Swami Devi Dayal Dental College, Golpura, Haryana, - - 2014
PICA is an act or habit of eating non-food items such as stone, bricks, chalk, soap, paper, soil etc., It occurs in children who actually start seeing the world through the oral cavity. There are many theories behind it such as iron and zinc deficiency etc., We as dentists should ...
McArthur Jennifer O JO Discipline of Nutrition and Metabolism, School of Molecular Bioscience, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. - - 2014
Adherence of young women to dietary recommendations has been examined predominantly by surveys. This study aimed to determine the quality of women's diets relative to the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE); and to evaluate dietary changes during an intervention trial with pork meat or an iron supplement. A 12-week ...
Zuccotti Gian Vincenzo GV Department of Pediatrics, Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milano, Via G.B. Grassi 74, 20157 Milano, Italy. - - 2014
We performed a cross-sectional study to compare the intake of energy, macronutrients, fiber, sodium and iron and the anthropometric status of infants and toddlers living in North (Milano) and South Italy (Catania). Nutrient intake was evaluated using a 7-day weighed food record. Out of 400 planned children aged 6 to ...
Basso Frédéric F Psychology@LSE, London School of Economics and Political Science, St Clements Building, London, United Kingdom; Graduate School of Management, University Rennes 1 & Center for Research in Economics and Management, UMR CNRS 6211, Rennes, France; Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LPC UMR 7290, Cognitive Psychology Laboratory, Fédération de Recherche 3C, FR 3512, Case D, Marseille, - - 2014
A Food Imitating Product (FIP) is a household cleaner or a personal care product that exhibits food attributes in order to enrich consumption experience. As revealed by many cases worldwide, such a marketing strategy led to unintentional self-poisonings and deaths. FIPs therefore constitute a very serious health and public policy ...
Low Yu Qing YQ Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia. - - 2014
Increased energy consumption, especially increased consumption of sweet energy-dense food, is thought to be one of the main contributors to the escalating rates in overweight individuals and obesity globally. The individual's ability to detect or sense sweetness in the oral cavity is thought to be one of many factors influencing ...
Riobó Serván Pilar P Jefe Asociado. Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz-idc salud.. - - 2014
Since their introduction in the market, there has been much debate regarding the health effects of low and no calorie sweetners (LNCS). Therefore, through this review, we aim to establish scientific information about the most commonly used LNCS by the food industry. Key questions about uses, safety, and weight control ...
Joy Edward J M EJ School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK; British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, - - 2013
Dietary micronutrient deficiencies (MNDs) are widespread, yet their prevalence can be difficult to assess. Here, we estimate MND risks due to inadequate intakes for seven minerals in Africa using food supply and composition data, and consider the potential of food-based and agricultural interventions. Food Balance Sheets (FBSs) for 46 countries ...
Oliveira Adriana Caires AC Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Química, Grupo de Pesquisa em Química e Quimiometria, CEP 40170-290 Salvador, BA, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia, INCT de Energia e Ambiente, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40170-290 Salvador, BA, - - 2014
Caigua (in Brazil "maxixe do reino") is a fruit that is generally consumed either cooked or even raw as salad. This fruit has been used as a food and also in folk medicine. In this work, the mineral composition of Caigua was determined for the first time. Twenty-nine samples from ...
Dunn Michael L ML Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, - - 2013
Maize is a dietary staple in many countries. Although nutritious in many ways and a good source of energy, typical maize lacks several key micronutrients (MNs) that are often added to maize meals or flours to enhance nutritional value. Many factors affect MN stability in maize products, including uncontrolled conditions ...
Agarwal Siddharth S Urban Health Resource Centre, New Delhi I 10 029, India. - - 2013
The paper presents a wealth quartile analysis of the urban subset of the third round of Demographic Health Survey of India to unmask intra-urban nutrition disparities in women. Maternal thinness and moderate/ severe anaemia among women of the poorest urban quartile was 38.5% and 20% respectively and 1.5-1.8 times higher ...
Fiedler John L JL HarvestPlus, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2013
Zambia was a pioneer when it started fortifying sugar with vitamin A in 1998. Micronutrient deficiencies-especially among young children-have changed little over the past decade. In 2008 an initiative to introduce fortified flours was halted when last-hour questions about the program could not be answered. To provide information about the ...
Jefferds Maria Elena ME US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. - - 2013
Micronutrient powders (MNP) reduce anemia and improve iron status in children aged 6 to 23 months. Little is known about home fortification interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. To describe highlights of the Global Assessment of Home Fortification Interventions 2011, new directions, and needed policy and programmatic guidance. A cross-sectional ...
Rossi Laura L Van't Hoff Laboratory for Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ferric pyrophosphate is a widely used material in the area of mineral fortification but its synthesis and properties in colloidal form are largely unknown. In this article, we report on the synthesis and characterisation of colloidal iron(III) pyrophosphate particles with potential for application as a food additive in iron-fortified products. ...
McGrice Melanie A - - 2013
Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery have increased risks of developing micronutrient deficiencies. Translational research investigating the actual micronutrient intake of bariatric patients is limited. We examined the micronutrient intake of a multicentre cohort of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding patients 1 year post-surgery. These data were compared to micronutrient recommendations for ...
von Blanckenburg Friedhelm - - 2013
The stable isotopes of iron disclose the metabolic pathways of iron within the human food chain. We have measured with precise multicollector ICP-MS the iron concentrations and stable isotope composition of 60 food products that are representative of the average German diet. We find that vegetable falls within the range ...
Powell Bronwen - - 2013
This study explored the role of wild foods in the diets of children and mothers in the East Usambara Mountains (N = 274 dyads). We identified 92 wild food species. Although dietary diversity (most measures) was not different between seasons, wild foods accounted for a greater percentage of items consumed in the ...
Wojciak Rafal W - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of food-restricted diets (anorexia models) on iron management and activity of rats. 48 rats were divided into 6 groups: 1 control (K) and 5 testing groups (K/2, GI, GII, GIII, GIV). K was fed ad libitum. K/2 received half the ...
Nascimento Ana Cláudia - - 2014
Quinoa, amaranth and purple corn are Andean cereals largely consumed in North of Argentina. Nutrient analysis with the purpose of inclusion in the Argentinean FCDB and e-search EuroFIR has become urgent matter. In this work proximate and mineral profile of Andean cereals cultivated in the North of Argentina were determined ...
Dempster Sarah - - 2013
The aims of this study were to assess the dietary intake and monitor self-reported recovery quality and clinical symptomology of a male ultra-endurance runner who completed a multiday ultra-endurance running challenge covering 4,254 km from North Scotland to the Moroccan Sahara desert over 78 consecutive days. Food and fluid intakes ...
Trinidad Trinidad P - - 2013
Abstract Background: Food fortification is the best long-term approach for reducing the incidence of iron deficiency. Objective: To determine iron absorption from NaFeEDTA-fortified oat beverages without and with vitamin C. Materials and methods: Iron absorption in 19 apparently healthy 6-year-old children was studied. Two oat beverages fortified with iron (labeled ...
do Nascimento da Silva Emanueli - - 2013
The bioaccessibility of four essential micronutrients (iron, zinc, copper and manganese) in some baby foods was evaluated using an in vitro gastrointestinal digestion model. For all of the flour-based foods evaluated, the bioaccessibility of Zn was low, while the bioaccessibility of Cu was above 50%. For these samples, the bioaccessibility ...
García Ada L - - 2013
Health professionals are frequently asked to advise on aspects of complementary feeding. This study aimed to describe the types of commercial infant foods available in the UK and provide an overview of their taste, texture and nutritional content in terms of energy, protein, carbohydrates, fat, sugar, iron, sodium and calcium. ...
Malpeli Agustina - - 2013
We studied the impact of a food supplementation program (Plan Más Vida (PMV)) on the micronutrient nutritional condition of pregnant women from low-income families 1 year after its implementation. The food program provided supplementary diet (wheat and maize-fortified flour, rice or sugar, and fortified soup). We performed a prospective, nonexperimental, cross-sectional ...
Luis Gara - - 2013
Sweet potatoes are a staple in the diet of some people and an excellent source of minerals. Metal monitoring in food, like sweet potatoes, provides basic information on safety aspects in regulatory processes as well as nutritional values. One hundred five samples of three varieties of sweet potatoes were randomly ...
Adepoju Oladejo Thomas - - 2013
Background/Aims: Dried Cirina forda (Westwood) larva is widely marketed, cheap, and commonly consumed in Southwestern Nigeria. Its powder was used in enriching two commonly used complementary food staples (maize and sorghum) as a source of protein and essential micronutrients in complementary foods for infants and young children. Methods: Samples of ...
Smith Jr Walker O - - 2013
The continental shelf of the Ross Sea exhibits substantial variations in physical forcing, ice cover, and biological processes on a variety of time and space scales. Its circulation is characterized by advective inputs from the east and exchanges with off-shelf regions via the troughs along the northern portions. Phytoplankton biomass ...
Beck Kathryn L - - 2013
Both dietary and nondietary factors contribute to iron deficiency, the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide. Identifying dietary factors associated with iron deficiency is challenging due to the number of components in food affecting iron absorption. This review describes recent advances in dietary approaches to assessing iron-related nutrition. Most research investigating ...
Yu Ri-Qing - - 2013
Methylmercury (MeHg), a neurotoxic substance that accumulates in aquatic food chains and poses a risk to human health, is synthesized by anaerobic microorganisms in the environment. To date mercury (Hg) methylation has been attributed to sulfate and iron reducing bacteria (SRB and IRB, respectively). Here we report that a methanogen, ...
Freitas M - - 2013
There is an imminent need for rapid methods to detect and determine pathogenic bacteria in food products as alternatives to the laborious and time-consuming culture procedures. In this work, an electrochemical immunoassay using iron/gold core/shell nanoparticles (Fe@Au) conjugated with anti-Salmonella antibodies was developed. The chemical synthesis and functionalization of magnetic ...
Nielsen Anne V F - - 2013
The major part of iron present in plant foods such as cereals is largely unavailable for direct absorption in humans due to complexation with the negatively charged phosphate groups of phytate (myo-inositol (1,2,3,4,5,6)-hexakisphosphate). Human biology has not evolved an efficient mechanism to naturally release iron from iron phytate complexes. This ...
Contreras Carlos - - 2013
Our objective was to compare the absorption of microencapsulated ferric saccharate (MFS) and ferrous sulfate (FS) in a fortified milk product, using a crossover design. Seventeen non-iron-deficient healthy adults from both sexes participated in the study. On each intervention day (days 1 and 8), after an overnight fast, the volunteers ...
Ruel Guillaume - - 2013
Multimorbidity is a common health status. The impact of nutrition on the development of multimorbidity remains to be determined. The aim of this study is to determine the association between foods, macronutrients and micronutrients and the evolution of multimorbidity. Data from 1020 Chinese who participated in the Jiangsu longitudinal Nutrition ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >