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Sahiner U M - - 2013
A relationship between serum basal tryptase (sBT) levels, anaphylactic reactions, and clonal mast cell diseases was shown recently in adults with venom allergy, but the relationship between sBT levels and IgE-mediated food allergy and anaphylaxis is not known. In this study, children with food allergy (FA; n = 167) were analyzed in ...
Heaney Robert P - - 2013
The magnitude of vitamin D inputs in individuals not taking supplements is unknown; however, there is a great deal of information on quantitative response to varying supplement doses. We reanalyzed individual 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration data from 8 studies involving cholecalciferol supplementation (total sample size = 3000). We extrapolated individual ...
Tsai Vicky Wang-Wei - - 2013
The TGF-b superfamily cytokine MIC-1/GDF15 circulates in all humans and when overproduced in cancer leads to anorexia/cachexia, by direct action on brain feeding centres. In these studies we have examined the role of physiologically relevant levels of MIC-1/GDF15 in the regulation of appetite, body weight and basal metabolic rate. MIC-1/GDF15 ...
Young Gregory J - - 2012
Before a genetically modified (GM) crop can be commercialized it must pass through a rigorous regulatory process to verify that it is safe for human and animal consumption, and to the environment. One particular area of focus is the potential introduction of a known or cross-reactive allergen not previously present ...
Costa Joana - - 2012
Hazelnut is one of the most commonly consumed tree nuts, being largely used by the food industry in a wide variety of processed foods. However, it is a source of allergens capable of inducing mild to severe allergic reactions in sensitized individuals. Hence, the development of highly sensitive methodologies for ...
Chequer Farah Maria Drumond - - 2012
Erythrosine (ErB) is a xanthene and an US Food and Drug Administration approved dye used in foods, drugs and cosmetics. Although its utilization is permitted, ErB is described as inhibitor of enzymes and protein-protein interactions and is toxic to pituitary and spermatogenesis processes. However, the genotoxicity and mutagenicity of ErB ...
Pedret Anna - - 2012
Polyphenols (ingested via food items) can decrease DNA, and oxidative damage of proteins and lipids. However, polyphenol effects in healthy populations have not been well defined. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between urinary total polyphenol excretion (TPE), a biomarker of total polyphenol intake (TPI), polyphenol-rich ...
Lu Wenwei - - 2012
A food-grade host/vector expression system for Lactococcus lactis was constructed using alanine racemase gene (alr) as the complementation marker. We obtained an alanine racemase auxotrophic mutant L. lactis NZ9000Δalr by double-crossover recombination using temperature-sensitive integration plasmid pG(+)host9 and a food-grade vector pALR with entirely lactococcal DNA elements, including lactococcal replicon, ...
Hoehl Melanie M - - 2012
Real-time on-site monitoring of analytes is currently in high demand for food contamination, water, medicines and ingestible household products that were never tested appropriately. Here we introduce chemical methods for rapid quantification of a wide range of chemical and microbial contaminations using a simple instrument. Within the testing procedure, we ...
Ishizaki Shoichiro - - 2012
Salmonid fish is one of the allergenic items that are recommended to be labeled in the Japanese allergen-labeling system. This study develops a salmonid-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. A new primer pair, SKE-F/SKE-R, was designed to specifically detect the salmonid fish gene encoding mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b. Genomic DNAs ...
Nagarajappa Sowmya - - 2012
Aims:  The study describes the development of simple and rapid DNA extraction method in combination with loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to detect enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus in food samples. Methods and Results:  In the present study isolation of genomic DNA of enterotoxigenic S. aureus from spiked milk, milk burfi, khoa, sugarcane ...
Jean-Gilles Beaubrun Junia - - 2012
The most commonly used method for serotyping Salmonella spp. is based on the Kaufmann-White scheme, and is composed of serological reactions using antibodies to LPS agglutinins. The multiplex PCR used in this investigation was established by Kim et al. to serotype the 30 most common clinical Salmonella serotypes, as determined by ...
Rivera-Rivera Carlos - - 2012
Molecular detection of predation by identifying prey markers in the digestive tract of predators has developed into a powerful tool to assess predator-prey systems in which diet identification is too time consuming or impossible. Here we explore its utility for detecting predation of the pest mite Raoiella indica Hirst by ...
Qie Fengxiang - - 2012
Although genetically modified (GM) food is becoming increasingly available, consumers are showing a growing awareness about the need to identify GM and non-GM foodstuff: the reliable identification of GM/non-GM food is therefore an important tool in the social, health and safety debates. The present research responds to this need (i) ...
Watanabe Satoshi - - 2012
Two PCR methods were developed for specific detection of the trnS-trnG intergenic spacer region of Prunus persica (peach) and the internal transcribed spacer region of Malus domestica (apple). The peach PCR amplified a target-size product from DNA of six Prunus persica cultivars including two nectarine and one flat peach cultivars, ...
Haighton Lois A - - 2012
Mycotoxins, such as ochratoxin A (OTA), can occur from fungal growth on foods. OTA is considered a possible risk factor for adverse renal effects in humans based on renal tumors in male rats. For risk mitigation, Health Canada proposed maximum limits (MLs) for OTA based largely on a comparative risk ...
Sato Noriko - - 2012
Several DNA extraction methods have been officially introduced to detect genetically modified soybeans, but the choice of DNA extraction kits depend on the nature of the samples, such as grains or processed foods. To overcome this disadvantage, we examined whether the GM quicker kit is available for both grains and ...
Olmos-Soto Jorge - - 2012
Dunaliella salina has become the most important microorganism for the production of β-carotene around the world. Natural carotenoids are a source of active metabolites utilized in different areas of food nutrition and pharmaceuticals, both in humans and also in animals. Identification of Dunaliella species from natural environments or certified culture ...
Al-Hmoud Nisreen - - 2012
Aflatoxins are potent carcinogens and produced by almost all Aspergillus parasiticus isolates and about 35% of Aspergillus flavus isolates. Chemical methods are used for detection of aflatoxins in food and feed. These methods cannot detect aflatoxinogenic fungi in samples, which contain undetectable amounts of aflatoxins. The objective of this research ...
Junge Benjamin - - 2012
A method was developed for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in food. The method is based on real-time PCR using hydrolysis probes (5' Nuclease). This advanced PCR method was designed to reduce the time necessary to achieve results from PCR reactions and to enable the user to monitor the amplification ...
Chikan Naveed A - - 2012
The Kashmiri population is culturally distinct with special dietary features owing to the temperate climatic conditions of Kashmir valley. This has habituated the population to preserve food in smoked, pickled and sundried forms which include considerable amounts of N-nitroso compounds (NOCs). These are known to cause cytotoxicity, DNA damage, mutation, ...
DeGrasse Jeffrey A - - 2012
The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus is a common foodborne pathogen capable of secreting a cocktail of small, stable, and strain-specific, staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs). Staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) results when improperly handled food contaminated with SEs is consumed. Gastrointestinal symptoms of SFP include emesis, diarrhea and severe abdominal pain, which manifest within ...
Cattunar Albert - - 2011
From the beginning of the human race people have been applying different methods to change the genetic material of either plants or animals in order to increase their yield as well as to improve the quality and quantity of food. Genetically modified organism (GMO) means an organism in which the ...
Suwanampai Theeranan - - 2011
Staphylococcus aureus is an important food-borne pathogen of humans due to ingestion of food containing enterotoxigenic strains. We evaluated the detection of S. aureus enterotoxin A gene (sea) using a loop-mediated isothermal DNA amplification (LAMP) method. Specificity of LAMP method was comparable to that of conventional PCR. Both methods correctly ...
Junge Benjamin - - 2011
The method describes the detection of Escherichia coli O157 in food. The method is based on real-time PCR using hydrolysis probes (5' Nuclease). This advanced PCR method was designed to reduce the time necessary to achieve results from PCR reactions and enable the user to monitor the amplification of the ...
Tong L - - 2011
In this study, silkworm moth (Bombyx mori L.) larvae were regarded as an animal protein source for astronauts in the bioregenerative life support system during long-term deep space exploration in the future. They were fed with mulberry and stem lettuce leaves during the first three instars and the last two ...
Francis Tessa B - - 2011
Ecology Letters (2011) ABSTRACT: While the importance of terrestrial linkages to aquatic ecosystems is well appreciated, the degree of terrestrial support of aquatic consumers remains debated. Estimates of terrestrial contributions to lake zooplankton have omitted a key food source, phytoplankton produced below the mixed layer. We used carbon and nitrogen ...
Guillier L - - 2011
In 2008, the French Institute for Public Health Surveillance reported an increase in the number of histamine food poisoning outbreaks and cases in France. The aim of this study was to propose a new monitoring plan for characterizing consumers' exposure to histamine through fishery products. As fish products of concern ...
Owoseni Abimbola Adetokunboh - - 2011
Diarrhoea, dysentery and other diseases due to other enteric bacteria have reportedly been found to resist chemotherapeutic treatment in some West African communities with fatal consequences in some cases. This study was carried out to determine multidrug resistance patterns of Enterobacteria isolates from processed ready-to-eat foods. Indigenously processed food samples ...
Yang M - - 2011
Anthocyanins, abundant in deep-colored fruits and vegetables, have received considerable attention due to their potential health benefits. However, the bioavailability of anthocyanins is relatively low compared to that of other flavonoids. While previous reviews focused on the absorption, metabolism and excretion of anthocyanins, little information is available on the effects ...
Fukushima H - - 2011
Yersinia enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis which can cause yersiniosis in humans and animals are thought to be significant food-borne pathogens and be important as hygiene indicator in food safety. The pathogenic Y. enterocolitica serotypes/biotypes are O:3/4 and 3 variant VP negative, O:5, 27/2, O:8/1b, and O:9/2, have been reported worldwide. ...
Kalodiki Evi - - 2010
The recent health care changes and approval of a generic low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) merit a review of the facts regarding the new and generic anticoagulants. Fatal hypotension from anaphylactoid type reactions following heparin administration was responsible for more than 149 deaths all ...
Shiber John G - - 2011
Seventeen samples of canned sardines, originating from six countries and sold in eastern Kentucky, USA, were analyzed in composites of 3-4 fish each for total arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) and for mercury (Hg) by thermal decomposition amalgamation and AAS. Results ...
Dang Fei - - 2010
Different behaviors of inorganic mercury [Hg(II)] and methylmercury (MeHg) during trophic transfer along the marine food chain have been widely reported, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. The bioavailability of ingested mercury, quantified by assimilation efficiency (AE), was investigated in a marine fish, the grunt Terapon jarbua, based on ...
Di Leo A - - 2010
Total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (Me-Hg) concentrations were determined in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from 10 stations located in the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Ionian Sea, Taranto Gulf) an important semi-enclosed basin in Italy, devoted to mussel culture activities. The obtained results show that THg and Me-Hg concentrations ranged from 0.236 ...
Tian Wenjing - - 2011
There is concern that the traditional diet is a source of mercury exposure among Inuit in the Canadian Arctic. Mercury exposure in utero and in early childhood presents a risk to neurodevelopment. The objectives of the present study were to assess the dietary mercury exposure from traditional food among Inuit ...
Rabitto Inês da Silva Ida - - 2011
In order to investigate the potential risk of mercury and DDTs exposure to fish-eating human populations in Samuel Reservoir, not affected directly by gold-mining activities, the axial muscle of Cichla monoculus was analyzed. Twenty-nine and thirty adults individuals were collected respectively on February (rainy season) and August (dry season) 2007. ...
Zhang Hua - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation in aquatic food webs has been much studied, motivated from high Hg levels found in many fish species important for human consumption. Hg bioaccumulation in terrestrial food chains have received little attention and assumed to be of minor importance. However, recent studies showed that rice can be ...
Green Aaliyah D - - 2010
Mercury contamination threatens many ecosystems worldwide. Methylmercury bioaccumulates at each trophic level, and biomagnifies within individuals over time. Long-lived turtles often occupy high trophic positions and are likely to accumulate mercury in contaminated habitats. Millions of turtles worldwide are sold in Asia for human consumption, and consumers may be at ...
Wang Rui - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) can be strongly accumulated and biomagnified along aquatic food chain, but the exposure pathway remains little studied. In this study, we quantified the uptake and elimination of both inorganic mercury [as Hg(II)] and methylmercury (as MeHg) in an important farmed freshwater fish, the tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, using (203)Hg ...
Ward Darren M - - 2010
Mercury is a ubiquitous contaminant in aquatic ecosystems, posing a significant health risk to humans and wildlife that eat fish. Mercury accumulates in aquatic food webs as methylmercury (MeHg), a particularly toxic and persistent organic mercury compound. While mercury in the environment originates largely from anthropogenic activities, MeHg accumulation in ...
Bhattacharyya Subarna - - 2010
Total mercury levels were quantified in Tilapia mossambicus, Cirrhinus mrigela and Labio rohita, captured from East Calcutta Wetlands and Titagarh sewage fed aquaculture ponds. The bioconcentration factor of collected fish was assessed. Total mercury level ranged from 0.073 to 0.94 microg/g in both pre and post monsoon season. T. mossambicus ...
de Filippo Cesare - - 2010
The transformation from a foraging way of life to a reliance on domesticated plants and animals often led to the expansion of agropastoralist populations at the expense of hunter-gatherers (HGs). In Africa, one of these expansions involved the Niger-Congo Bantu-speaking populations that started to spread southwards from Cameroon/Nigeria approximately 4,000 ...
Sunderland Elsie M - - 2010
Methylmercury (MeHg) bioaccumulation in marine food webs poses risks to fish-consuming populations and wildlife. Here we develop and test an estuarine mercury cycling model for a coastal embayment of the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Mass budget calculations reveal that MeHg fluxes into sediments from settling solids exceed losses from sediment-to-water ...
Kingsley Karl - - 2010
ABSTRACT. Folates are associated with a variety of human health benefits, while folate deficiency has been identified as a potential risk factor for many health problems and cancers, due to its role in dysregulation of DNA synthesis, repair and methylation. The US Food and Drug Administration adopted requirements for folate ...
Senn David B DB Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2010
We combined N, C, and Hg stable isotope measurements to identify the most important factors that influence MeHg accumulation in fish from the northern Gulf of Mexico (nGOM), and to determine if coastal species residing in the Mississippi River (MR) plume and migratory oceanic species derive their MeHg from the ...
Gerstenberger Shawn L - - 2010
There is widespread concern over the presence of Hg in fish consumed by humans. While studies have been focused on determining the Hg concentration in sport fish and some commercial fish, little attention has been directed to canned tuna; it is widely held that concentrations are low. In the present ...
Ciesielski T - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) concentrations were analyzed in the livers of Baikal seals and in plankton, zoobenthos and fish which constitute food items for the seals. Concentrations of Hg in the liver of Baikal seals were up to two orders of magnitude lower than those in seals inhabiting other lakes. The low ...
Freire Carmen - - 2010
The main source of human exposure to mercury is the consumption of fish contaminated with methylmercury, which may adversely affect early neurodevelopment. This study assessed mercury levels in hair of preschoolers in Spain, where fish consumption is elevated, with the aim of investigating the influence of their fish intake and ...
Aschner Michael - - 2010
Methylmercury is a global pollutant and potent neurotoxin whose abundance in the food chain mandates additional studies on the consequences and mechanisms of its toxicity to the central nervous system. Formulation of our new hypotheses was predicated on our appreciation for (a) the remarkable affinity of mercurials for the anionic ...
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