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Results 351 - 400 of 634
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Dommergue Aurélien - - 2003
The GAMAS (gaseous mercury in interstitial air in snow) instrument developed in our laboratory is a new device devoted to sampling and determination of gaseous mercury concentration in interstitial air in snow. Sampling probes inserted in the snowpack, coupled with a Gardis mercury vapour analyser, provide reliable and original data ...
Ando Tetsuo - - 2002
The present study reports on the mercury concentrations of the vestimentiferan worm, Lamellibrachia satsuma, (Annelida: Pogonophora) found near hydrothermal vents at a depth of 80-100 m in the northern parts of Kagoshima Bay. The vestimentiferan worms had total mercury concentrations of 238 ng/g in the anterior muscle of the body ...
Bolger Paul T - - 2002
The impending EPA regulations on the control of mercury emissions from the flue stacks of coal-burning electric utilities has resulted in the development of numerous advanced mercury control technologies such as sorbent injection and in-situ mercury oxidation. Although these technologies can effectively remove mercury from a flue stack they share, ...
Hrabik T R - - 2002
The atmospheric deposition of H+, SO4, and Hg to Little Rock Lake in northern Wisconsin has declined substantially during the past decade. Parallel decreases have been observed in the surface waters of the lake. Here we extend the observations to the fish community and we present evidence of a contemporaneous ...
Kehrig H A - - 2002
Guanabara Bay, in Rio de Janeiro state, is impacted by organic matter, oil and heavy metals. The present study evaluated the total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations and the MeHg to THg ratio (%MeHg) in water samples from different points of the bay and in 245 organisms of three ...
Davis Jay A - - 2002
In 1997, seven sport fish species were sampled from seven popular fishing areas in San Francisco Bay. Mercury exceeded a human health screening value in 44 of 84 (52%) samples. All collected samples of leopard shark and striped bass exceeded the mercury screening value of 0.23 microg/g wet weight. PCBs ...
Davies K L - - 2002
Labellar food-hairs in Polystachya Hook. exhibit considerable morphological diversity. The commonest type of trichome is uniseriate, two to four-celled, with a clavate or subclavate terminal cell. This type occurs amongst representatives of most sections examined. Other trichomes are bristle-like with tapering or fusiform terminal cells, whereas representatives of section Polystachya ...
Botzler Richard G - - 2002
Between 1945 and 2001, avian cholera (Pasteurella multocida infection) was confirmed at 27 epizootics in 18 different years on northcoastal California. Estimated mortality ranged from 1 to 6750 birds per site, with a median total mortality of about 1000 birds per year. Eight epizootics involved < 150 birds; thus, minor ...
Jagoe Charles H - - 2002
Bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) may be at risk from contaminants in their diet and young birds may be particularly sensitive to contaminant exposure. To evaluate potential risks from dietary mercury exposure to eagle nestlings in South Carolina (USA), we surveyed mercury concentrations in 34 nestlings over two breeding seasons (1998 ...
Lord C G - - 2002
Raccoons (n = 95) were collected from the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS) and from public hunting areas. Raccoons were collected near a stream drainage system (Steel Creek delta) and a former reactor-cooling reservoir (pond B) that received inputs of mercury-contaminated Savannah River water. Mercury concentrations were ...
Rothschild Roger F N - - 2002
Total mercury (THg), which includes neurotoxic methylmercury (MeHg), poses a health risk to subsistence food users in the circumpolar north. Low levels of THg, usually below 200 ng/g, have been reported in fish muscle from both returning salmon and freshwater species samples on the Kuskokwim River in southwest Alaska. Alaska ...
Burger Joanna - - 2002
There is an abundance of field data on levels of mercury in a wide variety of birds and on a suite of heavy metals in single species of birds, but few studies examine a suite of metals in a suite of birds that represent different trophic levels. Thus it is ...
Dabeka Robert W - - 2002
A cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometric method was developed for the subnanogram-per-gram determination of total Hg in a wide variety of foods. Foods were weighed into 50 mL polypropylene centrifuge tubes and dried without charring at 55 degrees C in a circulating oven. Samples were then digested at 58 degrees ...
Santos E C O - - 2002
Studies on mercury levels in the Amazonian Region have typically lacked background or reference parameters. A sectional study on Hg concentration in hair and fish was conducted, together with an assessment of the prevalence of signs and symptoms related to Hg poisoning, in four communities in the Amazon Basin not ...
Silbergeld Ellen K - - 2002
Economic development, including resource extraction, can cause toxic exposures that interact with endemic infectious diseases. Mercury is an immunotoxic metal used in the amalgamation of gold, resulting in both occupational exposures and environmental pollution. A cross-sectional medical survey was conducted in 1997 on 135 garimpeiros in Para, Brazil, because of ...
Williamson S J - - 2002
A seasonal study of the distribution of lysogenic bacteria in Tampa Bay, Florida, was conducted over a 13-month period. Biweekly water samples were collected and either were left unaltered or had the viral population reduced by filtration (pore size, 0.2 micro m) and resuspension in filtered (pore size, 0.2 micro ...
Henny Charles J - - 2002
Contemporary mercury interest relates to atmospheric deposition, contaminated fish stocks and exposed fish-eating wildlife. The focus is on methylmercury (MeHg) even though most contamination is of inorganic (IoHg) origin. However, IoHg is readily methylated in aquatic systems to become more hazardous to vertebrates. In response to a classic episode of ...
Shaffer Christopher L - - 2002
The role of single electron transfer (SET) in P450-catalyzed N-dealkylation reactions has been studied using the probe substrates N-cyclopropyl-N-methylaniline (2a) and N-(1'-methylcyclopropyl)-N-methylaniline (2b). In earlier work, we showed that SET oxidation of 2a by horseadish peroxidase leads exclusively to products arising via fragmentation of the cyclopropane ring [Shaffer, C. L.; ...
Cordeiro R C - - 2002
Black carbon, charcoal and mercury fluxes were measured from sediment cores taken in an artificial water dam in an intense land use change area in the Alta Floresta district in the Brazilian Amazon, in order to characterize the differences in the evolution of human occupation patterns in the region during ...
Landis Matthew S - - 2002
Atmospheric mercury is predominantly present in the gaseous elemental form (Hg0). However, anthropogenic emissions (e.g., incineration, fossil fuel combustion) emit and natural processes create particulate-phase mercury(Hg(p)) and divalent reactive gas-phase mercury (RGM). RGM species (e.g., HgCl2, HgBr2) are water-soluble and have much shorter residence times in the atmosphere than Hg0 ...
Pesch A - - 2002
Mercury levels measured in urine, hair, and saliva of 245 German children (8-10 years old) are reported. Mercury concentrations in urine ranged between <0.1 and 5.3 microg/l [geometric mean (GM) 0.26 microg/l or 0.25 microg/g creatinine; median for both, 0.22 in microg/l and microg/g, respectively]. Using multiple linear regression analysis, ...
Van Kilsdonk M G - - 2002
After storage and subsequent planting of flower bulbs, the flower bud frequently appears to be aborted. This physiological aberration is probably caused by a change in the water status of the bulb and may be initiated during storage. The development of bud abortion in tulip bulbs was studied during long-term ...
Ochoa-acuña H - - 2002
This study reports baseline concentrations of mercury (Hg) in feathers from different species of birds sampled at various locations off the Chilean coast (Southeastern Pacific). Hg concentrations were evaluated in relation to geographic location, taxonomic affiliation, and feeding strategies. Between January and March of 1995, we collected mature contour feathers ...
Pickhardt Paul C - - 2002
Mercury accumulation in fish is a global public health concern, because fish are the primary source of toxic methylmercury to humans. Fish from all lakes do not pose the same level of risk to consumers. One of the most intriguing patterns is that potentially dangerous mercury concentrations can be found ...
Lindberg Steve E - - 2002
Gaseous elemental mercury (Hg0) is a globally distributed air toxin with a long atmospheric residence time. Any process that reduces its atmospheric lifetime increases its potential accumulation in the biosphere. Our data from Barrow, AK, at 71 degrees N show that rapid, photochemically driven oxidation of boundary-layer Hg0 after polar ...
Näykki Teemu - - 2002
The use of silylation of glassware in mercury analytics was investigated. By treating the glassware with 5% (v/v) dichlorodimethylsilane in toluene, the surfaces of the vessels were inactivated. Method development proved that silylation can extend the range of stabile, contamination-free area as low as 1 ng/L mercury without any significant ...
Pietrock M - - 2002
Laboratory experiments were carried out to examine the impact of mercury and chromium upon survival of Diplostomum sp. cercariae. Freshly emerged cercariae were exposed to solutions of either mercury, at concentrations ranging between 0.1 and 100 microg/l, or chromium at concentrations from 2 microg/l to 2 mg/l. The mortality patterns ...
Shawesh A - - 2002
Topical gel formulations containing a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin (IND), were prepared using 20% w/w Lutrol PF-127 as a gel-forming agent, and 16, 20 and 24% w/w Hexylene glycol (HG) or polyethylene glycol 300 (PEG) as solvents. 1% w/w Tween 80 and 1% w/w PVP 25 were added as excipients. ...
KarataƟ G K - - 2002
Mercury is a toxic metal that is widely used in everyday life. It has organic and inorganic forms that are both toxic. As acute mercury poisoning is uncommon, diagnosis is difficult if the exposure is not manifest. It has usually a slow onset and non-specific symptoms. In this paper we ...
Lalonde Janick D - - 2002
Wet deposition of Hg in snow represents a major air-to-land flux of Hg in temperate and polar environments. However, the chemical speciation of Hg in snow and its chemical and physical behavior after deposition are poorly understood. To investigate Hg dynamics in snow, we followed Hg0 and total Hg concentrations ...
Rothschild Roger F N - - 2002
The level of methylmercury in the hair of 16 rural Alaskan subsistence food users from Napakiak, a small Yup'ik Eskimo village on the Kuskokwim River in southwest Alaska, was assessed. A non-subsistence population of 20 non-Yup'ik adults from the urban interior city of Fairbanks was used as a comparison group. ...
Brant Heather A - - 2002
Carolina bays are freshwater wetlands that serve as important feeding habitats for the endangered wood stork (Mycteria americana). Water levels in these bays fluctuate greatly and tend to be acidic and rich in dissolved organic carbon (DOC), factors that favor mercury (Hg) methylation and bioaccumulation in fish. To assess potential ...
Rumbold D G - - 2002
During the 1999 nesting season, eggs and nestlings of anhingas (Anhinga anhinga) and white ibises (Eudocimus albus) were collected from a colony located on the site of a municipal solid-waste (MSW) combustor and analyzed for residues of chemicals potentially released from this facility. Concentrations of most residues, including tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). ...
Braune B M - - 2002
Eggs of glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus), black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla), thick-billed murres (Uria lomvia) and black guillemots (Cepphus grylle) were collected from several sites throughout the Canadian Arctic. Samples were analyzed for organochlorines as well as mercury and selenium. Glaucous gulls breeding at sites in the High Arctic showed higher ...
Frederick Peter C - - 2002
Mercury contamination in wetland biota is often dynamic, difficult to predict, and costly to track. In this paper, we present results from a six-year study of growing feathers of piscivorous birds as monitors of wetland Hg exposure in Florida, USA, wetlands. Between 1994 and 2000, we collected feathers of growing ...
Erzen Ivan - - 2002
Due to lack of data the Slovene Ministry of Health--Department of Health Inspection initiated a study of dietary intake of contaminants at the national level. The Institute of Public Health Celje conducted two phases of the study: The assessment of dietary intake of cadmium, lead and mercury in foods of ...
Gordus Andrew G - - 2002
Agricultural evaporation basins are used as a means to dispose of highly saline underground-tile-drainage water in the San Joaquin Valley (California, USA). The hypersaline water conditions encourage high aquatic invertebrate production, primarily brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana), which attract birds to these sites. Cool winter temperatures (< 4 C) and hypersaline ...
Zenebon Odair - - 2002
A mixture of 50% H2O2-H2SO4 (3 + 1, v/v) was used for decomposition of food in open vessels at 80 degrees C. The treatment allowed rapid total mercury determination by flow injection cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry. Cabbage, potatoes, peanuts paste, hazelnuts paste, oats, tomatoes and their derivatives, oysters, shrimps, ...
Wilhelm S M - - 2001
An estimate of the contribution of mercury to the atmospheric environment from petroleum processed in the United States is constructed from recent data. The estimate is based on a mass balance approach for mercury in crude oil, in refined products, and in waste streams (air, water, solid waste) from refineries. ...
De Luca-Abbott S B - - 2001
Predatory waterbirds, such as ardeids, are susceptible to bioaccumulation of pollutants through the ingestion of contaminated food sources. High body burdens of contaminants, including PCBs, PAHs, cadmium, mercury, lead, copper, zinc and arsenic have been detected in many bird species worldwide. There is a paucity of literature, however, linking contaminant ...
Rotstein I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The effect of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and EDTA on mercury released from dental amalgam was assessed in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-six samples of dental amalgam of similar size were prepared and exposed to a 10-mL solution of either 1% NaOCl, 3% NaOCl, 10% EDTA in 1% NaOCl, or 10% ...
Lanzillotta E - - 2001
A daily trend of DGM concentration in shallow coastal seawater has been measured in an area of the Mediterranean basin. Values up to 47 pg/l were determined for a photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) intensity of 350 W/m2. The lowest value (18 pg/l) has been observed before sunrise. A linear relationship ...
Sanzo J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To estimate mercury intake due to fish consumption among the individuals from Gipuzkoa participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC), and to validate the estimation of mercury exposure through diet, by measuring blood mercury level. DESIGN AND SETTING: The population for the EPIC Gipuzkoa cohort was recruited ...
Joiris C R - - 2001
This paper reports on mercury (Hg) concentrations in different tissues (liver, muscle, kidney, blubber and brain) of harbour porpoises Phocoena phocoena found dead in the Black Sea between 1997 and 1999, mainly bycaught in fishing nets (n = 79). Total Hg and organic Hg (MeHg) were determined. The main factor ...
Stafford C P - - 2001
We found no relationship between fish growth rate and mercury concentration in a lake trout population and conditional support for an inverse relationship in a smallmouth bass population. A bioenergetics model indicated that mercury concentration was more responsive to dietary mercury intake than to growth rate. When biodilution is evident, ...
Tseng C M - - 2001
Mercury (Hg) speciation and partitioning have been investigated in a fluid mud profile collected in the high turbidity zone of the Gironde estuary. The formation of the fluid lens generates local and transient oxic-anoxic oscillations following the sedimentation-resuspension tidal cycles under a specific hydrodynamic regime. The total Hg concentration, ranging ...
Gariboldi J C - - 2001
Mercury concentrations were measured in blood, down, and feathers from approximately 300 wood stork nestlings in one South Carolina, USA, and four Georgia, USA, colonies from 1996 to 1999. Coastal nestlings generally had lower mercury concentrations than those from inland colonies. Inter-year differences were also apparent, particularly for coastal colonies, ...
Simon O - - 2001
An experimental study was carried out to investigate direct and direct plus trophic contamination routes of the crayfish Astacus astacus by inorganic mercury (Hg(II)) or methylmercury (MeHg). Direct exposure was based on low contamination conditions, 300 and 30 ng/L in the dissolved phase, respectively, during 30 d at 20 degrees ...
Blanusa M - - 2001
This paper gives an overview of published data on levels of lead, cadmium, total and methyl-mercury in various food items, and of a daily dietary intake assessment in Croatia focusing on the last 10 years. It briefly describes the most reliable methods for quantitative analysis of lead, cadmium, and mercury ...
Bindler R - - 2001
The Arctic is recognized as an important focus for long-range transport of contaminants, such as mercury (Hg), from industrial regions at lower latitudes. In addition to large geographic gaps, there are few long-term retrospective time trends in arctic research, besides the Greenland ice record, to assess the onset of atmospheric ...
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