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Results 301 - 350 of 631
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Odsjö Tjelvar - - 2004
The tail feathers of 104 osprey nestlings (Pandion haliaetus) from Lake Asnen, southern Sweden, were analyzed for total mercury and selenium content. Concentrations of mercury in feathers from the western part of the lake fell during the period 1969-1998, when pollution from industrial mercury had decreased and a paper mill ...
Dabeka R - - 2004
Total mercury was measured in the edible portions of 244 selected fish and shellfish purchased in Canada at the retail level. By species, average mercury concentrations ranged from 0.011 microg g(-1) for oysters to 1.82 microg g(-1) for swordfish. The predatory fish contained the highest concentrations of mercury: swordfish (mean ...
Hsieh Meng-Da - - 2004
The "limit of recognition" (LOR) has been defined as the minimum concentration at which reliable individual vapor recognition can be achieved with a multisensor array, and methodology for determining the LORs of individual vapors probabilistically on the basis of sensor array response patterns has been reported. This article explores the ...
Olson David A - - 2004
This study involved an assessment of chloroform formation due to the use of hypochlorite-containing detergents in dishwashers. The objective of this research was to quantify in-home formation of trihalomethanes, particularly as related to dishwasher usage. A series of 14 flask and 15 laboratory experiments were completed. Flask experiments involved the ...
Endo T - - 2004
Cetaceans hunted coastally in Japan include several species of odontocete (dolphins, porpoises and beaked whales), and fresh and frozen red meat and blubber, as well as boiled internal organs, such as liver, lung, kidney and small intestine, are still sold for human consumption. Furthermore, red meat and blubber products originating ...
Burger Joanna - - 2004
Managers and public policy makers require information on the status of and trends in contaminant levels in organisms to assess ecosystem health. Seabirds are excellent bioindicators because they are long-lived, feed at different trophic levels, and are at the top of the food chain, and many are abundant and widely ...
Vicente-García Valeria - - 2004
Phormidium 94a, a cyanobacteria that produces extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), was isolated from arid soils of Mexico. Microscopic localization, using histochemical techniques like the Toluidine blue technique, was done in order to demonstrate the presence of EPS. Acetone was added to precipitate the EPS. In this study we characterized the ...
Tran Nga L - - 2004
Twenty-four-hour recall data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII) are frequently used to estimate dietary exposure for risk assessment. Food frequency questionnaires are traditional instruments of epidemiological research; however, their application in dietary exposure and risk assessment has been limited. This article presents a probabilistic method ...
Paller M H - - 2004
Mercury TMDLs (Total Maximum Daily Loads) are a regulatory instrument designed to reduce the amount of mercury entering a water body and ultimately to control the bioaccumulation of mercury in fish. TMDLs are based on a BAF (bioaccumulation factor), which is the ratio of methyl mercury in fish to dissolved ...
Tsui Martin T K - - 2004
Mercury (Hg) is an important environmental pollutant due to its highly toxic nature and widespread occurrence in aquatic systems. The biokinetics of Hg in zooplankton have been largely ignored in previous studies. This study examines the assimilation, dissolved uptake, and efflux of inorganic mercury [Hg(II)] and methylmercury (MeHg) in a ...
Burger Joanna - - 2004
There is considerable concern about the effects of contaminants on organisms at higher trophic levels, as well as interest in developing bioindicators of ecological health. In this article we examine the levels of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, mercury, and selenium in the gonads, liver and muscle of Florida gar ...
Young L L - - 2004
Effects of vacuum on moisture retention and quality characteristics of aged chicken breast fillets were evaluated. One hundred twenty-eight broilers (2 replicates of 64 birds each) were manually slaughtered, chilled in ice water, placed in unsealed plastic bags, and then aged overnight at 4 degrees C. Both pectoralis major muscles ...
Nelson Janet H L - - 2004
Membrane introduction mass spectrometry (MIMS) was used to directly monitor the TiO2/UV-photocatalyzed destruction of acetophenone, toluene, and chloroform in H2O at ppm to pptr concentrations. The instrument response time was sufficiently rapid for these environmental contaminants (1-6min) that "real-time" monitoring of their degradation was possible. This method was used to ...
Loseto Lisa L - - 2004
Mercury is present at elevated levels in the top predators living in High Arctic ecosystems. Because only methylmercury (MeHg) bioaccumulates in food chains, the sources need to be identified. In temperate environments, wetlands are considered to be the principal sources of MeHg, with sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) thought to be responsible. ...
Tong Shi-Lu - - 2004
In order to demonstrate the validity of using scalp hair rare earth elements (REEs) content as a biomarker of human REEs exposure, data were collected on REEs exposure levels from children aged 11-15 years old and living in an ion-adsorptive type light REEs (LREEs) mining and surrounding areas in southern ...
Storelli M M - - 2003
Total mercury and methylmercury concentrations were measured in the muscle tissue of different fish species from the Adriatic Sea to ascertain whether the concentrations exceeded the maximum level fixed by the European Commission. Large species-dependent variability was observed. The highest total mercury mean concentrations were in benthic (0.20-0.76 microg g(-1) ...
Cox Paul Alan - - 2003
We here report biomagnification (the increasing accumulation of bioactive, often deleterious molecules through higher trophic levels of a food chain) of the neurotoxic nonprotein amino acid beta-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) in the Guam ecosystem. Free-living cyanobacteria produce 0.3 microg/g BMAA, but produce 2-37 microg/g as symbionts in the coralloid roots of cycad ...
Passos Carlos José - - 2003
This study aimed to examine the influence of the consumption of traditional foods on the relationship between fish consumption and mercury (Hg) exposure. A 12-month prospective dietary survey was carried out with 26 adult women from a fish-eating community in the Brazilian Amazon. Food ingestion was determined using a daily ...
Dallaire Frédéric - - 2003
Inuit inhabitants of Nunavik (northern Québec, Canada) consume great quantities of marine food and are therefore exposed to high doses of food chain contaminants. In this study, we report the time trends of persistent organic pollutants, mercury, and lead in umbilical cord blood of infants from three communities of the ...
Hope Bruce - - 2003
In the Willamette River Basin (WRB, Oregon, USA), health advisories currently limit consumption of fish that have accumulated methylmercury (MeHg) to levels posing a potential health risk for humans. Under the Clean Water Act, these advisories create the requirement for a total maximum daily load (TMDL) for mercury in the ...
Calero Fernando - - 2003
All living cells accumulate high concentrations of K+ in order to keep themselves alive. To this end they have developed a great diversity of transporters. The internal level of K+ is the result of the net balance between the activities of the K+ influx and the K+ efflux transporters. Potassium ...
Cardona Zuleta Luz Margarita - - 2003
Three seco-iridoids 7-methoxydiderroside, 6'-O-acetyldiderroside and 8-O-tigloyldiderroside, were isolated from the wood bark of Calycophyllum spruceanum together with the known iridoids loganetin, loganin and the seco-iridoids secoxyloganin, kingiside and diderroside. Their structures were elucidated by means of NMR and MS spectral data analysis. Using NOE correlations and coupling constants, the relative ...
Ratnanather J T - - 2003
Dynamic programming is used to define boundaries of cortical submanifolds with focus on the planum temporale (PT) of the superior temporal gyrus (STG), which has been implicated in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. To this end, automated methods are used to generate the PT manifold from 10 high-resolution MRI subvolumes ...
Zhang Min M Cutaneous Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown 02129, - - 2003
In mammalian skin, hair follicles develop at regular intervals and with site-specific morphologies. This process generates distinct patterns of hair, but the mechanisms that establish these patterns remain largely unknown. Here we present evidence of follicular patterning by ectodysplasin-A1 (Eda-A1), a signaling protein necessary for the proper development of hair ...
Dommergue Aurélien - - 2003
Mercury is a globally dispersed and toxic pollutant that can be transported far from its emission sources. In polar and subpolar regions, recent research activities have demonstrated its ability to be converted and deposited rapidly onto snow surfaces during the so-known Mercury Depletion Events (MDEs). The fate of mercury once ...
Okull Derrick O - - 2003
In mushrooms, 10-oxo-trans-8-decenoic acid (ODA) and 1-octen-3-ol are secondary metabolites produced naturally by the enzymatic breakdown of linoleic acid. Both compounds were determined to inhibit the mycelial growth of Penicillium expansum PP497A, a common food spoilage organism, when added to potato dextrose agar medium. ODA and 1-octen-3-ol were inhibitory at ...
Burger Joanna - - 2003
Seabirds are excellent subjects for examination of metals because they feed at different trophic levels, including as top-level piscivores, they are long-lived, and many are abundant and widely distributed. In this paper we examine the levels of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, mercury and selenium in eggs from common terns ...
Liu Xiaohui - - 2003
Calorimetric dissolution measurements of the solid compounds mercury carbodiimide HgNCN(I) and mercury cyanamide HgNCN(II) in aqueous HCl that targeted at their thermochemical stabilities show the cyanamide species HgNCN(II) to be the more stable phase in terms of both enthalpy and Gibbs energy with an enthalpy difference of 2-3 kJ mol-1. ...
Webber Hannah M - - 2003
Mercury contamination of fish is widespread in North America and has resulted in the establishment of fish consumption advisories to protect human health. However, the effects of mercury exposure to fish have seldom been investigated. We examined the effects of dietary mercury exposure at environmental levels in a common forage ...
Matsuda Hiroshi - - 2003
We have evaluated by numerical simulation the average size R(K) of random polygons of fixed knot topology K=,3(1),3(1) musical sharp 4(1), and we have confirmed the scaling law R(2)(K) approximately N(2nu(K)) for the number N of polygonal nodes in a wide range; N=100-2200. The best fit gives 2nu(K) approximately 1.11-1.16 ...
Lanzillotra E - - 2003
A modified floating flux chamber was designed and used to measure mercury evasional fluxes in a coastal area of the Mediterranean Sea in different meteo-marine conditions during the hours of maximum insolation (PAR intensity 360-430 W m(-2)) in the summer season. The chamber has been modified providing a flap at ...
Hunter John G - - 2003
We developed an integrated food web model for mercury, using the CATS (Contaminants in Aquatic and Terrestrial ecoSytems) model developed by Traas and co-workers (Traas, T.P.; Stäb, J.A.; Kramer, P.R.G.; Cofino, W.P.; Aldenberg, T. Modeling and risk assessment of tributyltin accumulation in the food web of a shallow freshwater lake. ...
Endo T - - 2003
Cetacean products sold for human consumption in Japan originate from a wide range of whale, dolphin, and porpoise species caught off several areas of the Japan coast, Antarctic and North Pacific Oceans. We surveyed the total mercury (T-Hg) levels in red meat, the most popular cetacean products in Japan. We ...
Tchounwou Paul B - - 2003
Mercury is a toxic and hazardous metal that occurs naturally in the earth's crust. Natural phenomena such as erosion and volcanic eruptions, and anthropogenic activities like metal smelting and industrial production and use may lead to substantial contamination of the environment with mercury. Through consumption of mercury in food, the ...
Baca Alfred J - - 2003
A direct-injection high-efficiency nebulizer (DIHEN) is used to couple a thin-layer electrochemical flow cell on-line with an ICP-mass spectrometer to perform anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) at a thin mercury film followed by subsequent ICPMS measurements for the stripped metal analytes. The resultant hyphenated technique (ASV-DIHEN-ICPMS) is capable of analyzing select ...
Chen Wen-Shiang - - 2003
Gas-based contrast agents (CAs) increase ultrasound (US)-induced bioeffects, presumably via an inertial cavitation (IC) mechanism. The relationship between IC dose (ICD) (cumulated root mean squared [RMS] broadband noise amplitude; frequency domain) and 1.1-MHz US-induced hemolysis in whole human blood was explored with Optison; the hypothesis was that hemolysis would correlate ...
Clarkson Thomas W - - 2003
The historical record of clinical cases of methyl mercury poisoning dates back to the 19th century when the first chemical synthesis occurred. The potent fungicidal properties of both methyl and the closely related ethyl mercury compound were subsequently discovered, which led to widespread agricultural application for prevention of fungal infection ...
Hightower Jane M - - 2003
Consumption of food containing mercury has been identified as a health risk. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and the National Academy of Sciences recommend keeping the whole blood mercury level < 5.0 microg/L or the hair level < 1.0 microg/g. This corresponds to a reference dose (RfD) of ...
Tsuji Joyce S - - 2003
We conducted a pooled analysis to investigate the relationship between exposure to elemental mercury in air and resulting urinary mercury levels, specifically at lower air levels relevant for environmental exposures and public health goals (i.e., < 50 microg/m3 down to 1.0 microg/m3). Ten studies reporting paired air and urine mercury ...
Masson Stéphane - - 2003
Following the impoundment of hydroelectric reservoirs, a small fraction of the mercury (Hg) in the flooded soils is transformed and released into the ecosystem. This causes an increase in the mercury level in the food chain, particularly in piscivorous fish, and represents a potential risk for human health. In 1998, ...
Watanabe Nobuo - - 2003
Cytotoxicity of 1,4-naphthoquinones has been attributed to intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation through one-electron-reductase-mediated redox cycling and to arylation of cellular nucleophiles. Here, however, we report that in a subclone of lung epithelial A549 cells (A549-S previously called A549-G4S (Watanabe, et al., Am. J. Physiol. 283 (2002) L726-736), the ...
Aucott Michael - - 2003
Mercury is a persistent, bioaccumulative toxin. Although the primary human exposure is from ingestion of fish contaminated with methyl mercury (HgCH3), exposures to elemental mercury vapor and mercury compounds via inhalation and dermal contact may also occur. Fluorescent bulbs contain mercury. Estimates of the amount of this mercury released when ...
Kenow Kevin P - - 2003
We conducted a dose-response laboratory study to quantify the level of mercury exposure associated with negative effects on the development of common loon chicks reared in captivity from hatch to 105 days. A dose regimen was implemented that provided exposure levels that bracketed relevant exposure levels of methyl mercury found ...
Adair Blakely M - - 2003
Mercury occurrence in prothonotary warblers (Protonotaria citrea) was evaluated over two years in southern Alabama. Mercury was found in warbler nestlings and adults inhabiting National Priority List (NPL) sites in McIntosh, Alabama. Food items that were collected from nestlings also contained elevated mercury. When mercury concentrations in soil, food, and ...
El-Safty Ibrahim A M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It is known that mercury (Hg) has a nephrotoxic effect in exposed workers. This effect is evident when there is advanced damage of kidney tissue. METHODS: A random morning urine sample was collected from each participant for measuring urinary concentrations of total protein (UTP), retinol-binding protein (URBP), creatinine (UCr), ...
Sanfeliu Coral - - 2003
Mercury is a ubiquitous contaminant, and a range of chemical species is generated by human activity and natural environmental change. Elemental mercury and its inorganic and organic compounds have different toxic properties, but all them are considered hazardous in human exposure. In an equimolecular exposure basis, organomercurials with a short ...
Endo Tetsuya - - 2002
Small cetaceans (toothed whales odontoceti and dolphins delphinidae) have been traditionally hunted along the coast of Japan and fresh red meat and blubber, as well as boiled internal organs such as liver, kidney, lung and small intestine, are still being sold for human consumption. We surveyed mercury contamination in boiled ...
Dommergue Aurélien - - 2003
The GAMAS (gaseous mercury in interstitial air in snow) instrument developed in our laboratory is a new device devoted to sampling and determination of gaseous mercury concentration in interstitial air in snow. Sampling probes inserted in the snowpack, coupled with a Gardis mercury vapour analyser, provide reliable and original data ...
Ando Tetsuo - - 2002
The present study reports on the mercury concentrations of the vestimentiferan worm, Lamellibrachia satsuma, (Annelida: Pogonophora) found near hydrothermal vents at a depth of 80-100 m in the northern parts of Kagoshima Bay. The vestimentiferan worms had total mercury concentrations of 238 ng/g in the anterior muscle of the body ...
Bolger Paul T - - 2002
The impending EPA regulations on the control of mercury emissions from the flue stacks of coal-burning electric utilities has resulted in the development of numerous advanced mercury control technologies such as sorbent injection and in-situ mercury oxidation. Although these technologies can effectively remove mercury from a flue stack they share, ...
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