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Results 201 - 250 of 631
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Debruyn Adrian M H - - 2006
Net-pen salmon aquaculture has well-known effects on coastal ecosystems: farm waste increases sediment organic content and the incidence of sediment anoxia, supports increased production of deposit-feeding invertebrates, and attracts higher densities of demersal fish and other mobile carnivores. These impacts are widely considered to be localized and transitory, and are ...
Roos-Barraclough F - - 2006
Using Br and Se as reference elements, the natural and anthropogenic fluxes of atmospheric Hg were reconstructed for the past 10,000 years using peat cores from Caribou Bog, ME. In the ombrotrophic peat layers, the average background Hg accumulation rate (AR) was 1.7 +/- 1.3 microg m(-2) year(-1) which is ...
Talawar M B - - 2006
All explosives, under all conditions must be considered vulnerable to generation, accumulation and discharge of static charge. The low energy static hazards of the order as low as 2-3 mJ need to be guarded against in case of highly sensitive compounds namely primary explosives. The hazard is normally associated with ...
Ordeig Olga - - 2006
Gold ultra-microelectrode arrays are used to explore the electrochemical oxidation of hydroxide ions and are shown to be analytical useful. Two types of ultra-microelectrode arrays are used; the first consist of 256 individual electrodes of 5 microm in radius, 170 of which are electrochemically active in a cubic arrangement which ...
Vettori M V - - 2006
The study of interactions for those substances which tend to accumulate in food and affect the nervous system appears to be a fundamental point to characterize the combined exposure in vitro. In this study we included two food contaminants which are known neurotoxicants: methyl-mercury (Me-Hg) and the ortho-substituted PCB 153. ...
Estevinho B N - - 2006
Sorption with activated carbon has been the technique preferred for pentachlorophenol (PCP) removal from contaminated waters, but regeneration needs and high operation costs are supporting a renewed interest in the search for alternative sorbents. Among them, almond shell, an agricultural by-product, provides interesting economical advantages, once shells account for 50% ...
Burger Joanna - - 2007
Increasingly there is a need to assess the contaminant levels in fish as indicators of the health and well-being of both the fish and their consumers, including humans. This paper examines the levels of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, mercury, and selenium in the kidney, liver, and muscle of great ...
Kojadinovic Jessica - - 2006
As top predators of pelagic food webs, large fish naturally bioaccumulate mercury (Hg). Determining Hg burdens in commercialized fish is essential considering the concern about effects of contaminants on human health and the legal thresholds that are therefore set for local consumption and/or exportation. Total Hg levels were measured in ...
Sonne Christian - - 2006
Minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) blubber is rich in organohalogen contaminants, mercury, and n-3 fatty acids. In the present study we show that a daily intake of 50-200 g of minke whale blubber causes an impairment of the nonspecific and specific cellular immune system in the West Greenland sledge dog (Canis ...
Tsukimura B - - 2006
Methyl farnesoate (MF), a putative crustacean hormone, is the immediate precursor of insect juvenile hormone III (JHIII) in the biosynthetic pathway. We examined whether MF, shown to inhibit adult metamorphosis in several crustacean species, is a juvenilizing factor in the tadpole shrimp, Triops longicaudatus. Oocyte production was chosen as a ...
Zhang Lei - - 2006
Mercury concentrations in hair are typically used as a biomarker to assess exposure to mercury. A total of 108 hair samples were collected from residents (age range 5-73 years) of Wujiazhan town, northeast China, to determine total mercury concentrations. Hair mercury concentrations ranged from 0.16 to 199 mg kg(-1) with ...
Read Andrew J - - 2006
Fisheries bycatch poses a significant threat to many populations of marine mammals, but there are few published estimates of the magnitude of these catches. We estimated marine mammal bycatch in U.S. fisheries from 1990 to 1999 with data taken from the stock assessment reports required by the U.S. Marine Mammal ...
Misheer Natasha - - 2006
The elemental uptake by Ulva lactuca (Sea lettuce), a marine macro-algae (chlorophyta, green alga) grown richly along KwaZulu-Natal coastline. The total elemental concentrations of seven important elements, namely manganese, iron, arsenic, boron, titanium, zinc and mercury, selected based on their abundance in U. lactuca were investigated for one year cycle ...
Huang Qing - - 2006
Photolysis behavior of a new herbicide propisochlor in water media as well as the effects of light sources, initial concentration of propisochlor, pH value, dissolved oxygen (DO) level, and salinity on the photolysis process was investigated. It was found that the relationship between initial concentration of propisochlor and its photodegradation ...
Misheer Natasha - - 2006
This study reports the elemental uptake by Plocamium corallorhiza, a Rhodophyta class of coralline alga grown richly along KwaZulu-Natal coastline. The uptake of seven important elements, namely Fe, Mn, As, B, Ti, Zn and Hg, selected based on their abundance in the samples, were investigated for a one-year cycle, from ...
El Mohsen Manal Abd - - 2006
Recent reports have demonstrated various cardiovascular and neurological benefits associated with the consumption of foods rich in anthocyanidins. However, information regarding absorption, metabolism, and especially, tissue distribution are only beginning to accumulate. In the present study, we investigated the occurrence and the kinetics of various circulating pelargonidin metabolites, and we ...
Nuttall Kern L - - 2006
Evaluation of mercury exposure in an individual patient ideally includes the presenting history, physical examination, consideration of the differential diagnosis, and mercury analysis of blood and urine specimens. Analysis of mercury in hair specimens may supply useful supplemental information about exposure to organic compounds such as methylmercury, particularly to help ...
Gosselin Nathalie H - - 2006
Significant amounts of methylmercury (MeHg) can bioaccumulate in fish and sea mammals. To monitor MeHg exposure in individuals, organic and inorganic mercury are often measured in blood samples or in hair strands, the latter being by far the best integrator of past exposure. With knowledge of the MeHg kinetics in ...
Garetano Gary - - 2006
Elemental mercury has been imbued with magical properties for millennia, and various cultures use elemental mercury in a variety of superstitious and cultural practices, raising health concerns for users and residents in buildings where it is used. As a first step in assessing this phenomenon, we compared mercury vapor concentration ...
Besio W W Dept. of Biomed. Eng., Louisiana Tech. Univ., Ruston, LA, - - 2006
Laplacian Electrocardiogram (LECG) is a non-invasive approach providing high spatiotemporal distributed information of cardiac electrical activity. Recently researchers have recorded surface potentials from monopolar disc electrodes to estimate the Laplacian using finite difference algorithms or spline surface Laplacian estimators. Bipolar and quasi-bipolar electrodes have also been used to record LECG ...
Mailman Mariah - - 2006
Mercury (Hg) concentrations in fish in lakes are elevated due to increased global cycling of Hg. A special case of elevated Hg concentrations in fish occurs in new hydroelectric reservoirs because of increased rates of converting Hg in the environment into methyl mercury (MeHg). People and wildlife that eat fish ...
McCrary Jeffrey K - - 2006
We measured total mercury concentrations in water and fish of Lake Managua and Lake Apoyo. Water mercury concentrations were 10-fold higher in Lake Managua than in Lake Apoyo, although differences in mercury concentration in the most common native fish were not significant. One-fourth of the commercially fished tilapia in Lake ...
Sprovieri Francesca - - 2005
The springtime phenomenon, termed as the mercury depletion event (MDE), during which elemental gaseous mercury (Hg0) may be converted to a reactive form that accumulates in polar ecosystems, first noted in the Arctic, has now been observed at both poles and results in an important removal pathway for atmospheric mercury. ...
Martinez-de-la-Casa Jose M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To establish the reproducibility of a rebound tonometer in humans and the effect of corneal thickness on measurements, comparing it with Goldmann applanation tonometer. METHODS: In a first study designed to examine the reliability of the RBT, three experienced ophthalmologists undertook three consecutive intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements in 12 ...
Sun Liguang - - 2006
The concentrations of total mercury (Hg(T)) and three bio-essential elements (phosphor, potassium, sodium) were analyzed in Antarctic seal hairs from a lake core spanning the past 2,000 years and collected from King George Island (63 degrees 23'S, 57 degrees 00'W), West Antarctica. The Hg(T) concentration shows a significant fluctuation while ...
Zibret Gorazd - - 2006
From the historic literature on the Idrija mercury mine, it is evident that part of the smelting and mining waste was dumped into the Idrijca River. This waste was transported downstream during floods. The amount of mercury which has accumulated in the alluvial sediments of the Idrijca River until the ...
Gammons Christopher H - - 2006
This study reports the first set of data on the concentration of mercury in muscle tissue of several varieties of fish from Lake Titicaca, including the pejerrey (Basilichthyes bonariensis), the carachi (Orestias), and 2 types of indigenous catfish (Trichomycterus). Approximately 27% of the pejerrey and 75% of the carachi exceeded ...
Colosio Claudio - - 2006
This study was carried out to define reference values for urinary ethylenethiourea (ETU) in the Northern Italy population and to identify the sources of exposure. Ninety-five healthy subjects were selected. A spot urine sample was collected in the morning, and analyzed using GC/MS in the EI/SIM mode. Thirty-nine subjects showed ...
Kainz Martin - - 2006
Organisms of the planktonic food web convey essential nutrients as well as contaminants to animals at higher trophic levels. We measured concentrations of methyl mercury (MeHg) and essential fatty acids (EFAs, key nutrients for aquatic food webs) in four size categories of planktonic organisms - seston (10-64 microm), micro-(100-200 microm), ...
Gobeille Alayne K - - 2006
The Hudson River has been a federally designated Superfund site for over 20 years. Discharges of industrial waste and of treated and untreated sewage and atmospheric deposition have introduced mercury and other persistent pollutants to the Hudson River ecosystem. Despite New York and New Jersey health advisories, many local anglers ...
Lockhart W L - - 2005
Subsistence fishing has been an important source of food for Native People in northern Canada since prehistoric time. Measurements of the levels of mercury in edible muscle of northern fish have been undertaken for over three decades in efforts to evaluate the risks of consuming northern fish. This report summarizes ...
dos Santos Isaac Rodrigues - - 2006
This paper provides the first quantitative information on mercury in soil, coastal sediment, and in characteristic organisms of terrestrial and shallow coastal marine ecosystems from Admiralty Bay (King George Island, Antarctica). As expected for a remote area, mercury content is low in abiotic components of the ecosystem, and probably similar ...
Farias R A - - 2005
The garimpo gold mining activity has released about 2.500 tons of mercury in the Brazilian Amazonian environment in the 1980-1995 period. The northern region of Mato Grosso State, an important gold mining and trading area during the Amazonian gold rush is now at a turning point regarding its economic future. ...
Zhang Wang-Bing - - 2006
A novel electrochemical hydride generator has been developed for the determination of As and Sb. This newly devised hydride generator is constructed from a flowing electrolytic cell, in which the tungsten wire is selected as cathode. Compared with some cathode material usually used in electrochemical hydride generator, the tungsten cathode ...
O'Dwyer C - - 2005
The observation of spontaneous oscillations in current during the anodization of InP in relatively high concentrations of KOH electrolytes is reported. Oscillations were observed under potential sweep and constant potential conditions. Well-defined oscillations are observed during linear potential sweeps of InP in 5 mol dm(-)(3) KOH to potentials above approximately ...
Wayland Mark - - 2005
Concentrations and total organ content of mercury, selenium and cadmium, as well as liver, kidney and body mass were determined in female common eiders from 1997 to 2000 at the East Bay Migratory Bird Sanctuary in the eastern Canadian arctic. In 1997 and 1999, female eiders were collected during the ...
van Setten Gysbert - - 2005
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) has been shown to be substantially involved in various processes of fibrosis. Herein we report on the presence of CTGF in the subretinal fluid (SRF) of patients with retinal detachment. METHODS: Samples of SRF were collected from 10 patients during retinal detachment surgery. Specific ELISA ...
Braune B M - - 2005
This review summarizes and synthesizes the significant amount of data which was generated on mercury (Hg) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Canadian Arctic marine biota since the first Canadian Arctic Contaminants Assessment Report (CACAR) was published in 1997. This recent body of work has led to a better understanding ...
Hoinkis Ernst - - 2005
Previous in situ small-angle neutron scattering studies of nitrogen adsorption and desorption at 78 K on the mesoporous silica xerogels Gelsil 50 and Gelsil 75 revealed the formation of ramified clusters of vapor-filled pores on desorption, which is characteristic for a percolation process. In the present work, we check whether ...
Uchida Maho - - 2005
The effects of ethaboxam (LGC-30473), a novel thiazole carboxamide, on microtubule organization was investigated in Phytophthora infestans (Mont) de Bary (Oomycota) at the light microscope level using standard immunofluorescence and laser scanning confocal microscopy. Hyphal cells were exposed to various concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 1.0 microg ml(-1) of ethaboxam ...
Endo Tetsuya - - 2005
We surveyed the total mercury (T-Hg) and methyl mercury (M-Hg) levels in red meat products (n = 160) from small cetacean species sold for human consumption in markets throughout Japan from 2000 to 2003. Genetic identification showed that the red meat products originated from nine species: false killer whale, bottlenose ...
Golightly Danold W - - 2005
Total gaseous mercury in headspace air was measured for enclosed concretes dry curing at 40 degrees C for intervals of 2, 28, and 56 days. Release of mercury was confirmed for ordinary Portland cement concrete (OPC) and three concretes in which class F fly ash substituted for a fraction of ...
Blais Jules M - - 2005
Long-range atmospheric transport of pollutants is generally assumed to be the main vector for arctic contamination, because local pollution sources are rare. We show that arctic seabirds, which occupy high trophic levels in marine food webs, are the dominant vectors for the transport of marine-derived contaminants to coastal ponds. The ...
Burger J - - 2005
Relatively little is known about contaminants in reptiles, particularly snakes. The concentrations of arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, mercury, and selenium were examined in blood and skin of 46 northern water snakes (Nerodia sipedon) in Tennessee and correlated with concentrations in internal tissues (liver, kidney, muscle) to determine if blood ...
Niksa Stephen - - 2005
This article introduces a predictive capability for Hg retention in any Ca-based wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) scrubber, given mercury (Hg) speciation at the FGD inlet, the flue gas composition, and the sulphur dioxide (SO2) capture efficiency. A preliminary statistical analysis of data from 17 full-scale wet FGDs connects flue ...
Mirlean N - - 2005
Mercury contamination in freshwater food webs can be severe and persistent, and freshwater fish are a major source of mercury contamination in humans. Northern hemisphere studies suggest that the primary pathway by which freshwater fish accumulate mercury is the food web, and that atmospheric deposition is the primary route by ...
Nolde Natasa - - 2005
Reduction and methylation of inorganic mercury in Porcellio scaber (Isopoda, Crustacea) and its environment were studied, using a purpose-built experimental setup where Hg cycling was followed using 203Hg2+ tracer in experiments without and with isopods. In experiment without isopods, daily reduction of 203Hg2+ to 203Hg0 under sterile and nonsterile conditions ...
Stern G A - - 2005
Samples of copepods (Calanus hyperboreus) and arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) were collected along the SHEBA (Surface HEat Budget of the Arctic) drift track, which commenced in the Canada Basin (October 1997) and finished in the Mendeleev Basin (October 1998). Here, we report total mercury (HgT) and CH3Hg concentrations in these ...
Alfonso-Sánchez Miguel A - - 2005
This work analyzes the spatial heterogeneity of consanguinity in the Basque province of Guipúzcoa (Spain), using data provided by Catholic dispensations (1862-1980). Secular trends in consanguinity rates (%M(C)) and mean inbreeding coefficient (F) were similar in the seven Guipúzcoan regions considered, with peaks between 1881-1920 and subsequently a gradual decline. ...
Hammerschmidt Chad R - - 2005
A connection between loadings of inorganic Hg, especially from the atmosphere, and accumulation of methylmercury (MeHg) in aquatic biota has not been firmly established. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) may be a useful indictor of Hg contamination or MeHg accumulation in aquatic ecosystems because they have aquatic life stages, and their ubiquitous ...
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