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Kingsley Karl - - 2010
ABSTRACT. Folates are associated with a variety of human health benefits, while folate deficiency has been identified as a potential risk factor for many health problems and cancers, due to its role in dysregulation of DNA synthesis, repair and methylation. The US Food and Drug Administration adopted requirements for folate ...
Senn David B DB Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2010
We combined N, C, and Hg stable isotope measurements to identify the most important factors that influence MeHg accumulation in fish from the northern Gulf of Mexico (nGOM), and to determine if coastal species residing in the Mississippi River (MR) plume and migratory oceanic species derive their MeHg from the ...
Gerstenberger Shawn L - - 2010
There is widespread concern over the presence of Hg in fish consumed by humans. While studies have been focused on determining the Hg concentration in sport fish and some commercial fish, little attention has been directed to canned tuna; it is widely held that concentrations are low. In the present ...
Ciesielski T - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) concentrations were analyzed in the livers of Baikal seals and in plankton, zoobenthos and fish which constitute food items for the seals. Concentrations of Hg in the liver of Baikal seals were up to two orders of magnitude lower than those in seals inhabiting other lakes. The low ...
Freire Carmen - - 2010
The main source of human exposure to mercury is the consumption of fish contaminated with methylmercury, which may adversely affect early neurodevelopment. This study assessed mercury levels in hair of preschoolers in Spain, where fish consumption is elevated, with the aim of investigating the influence of their fish intake and ...
Aschner Michael - - 2010
Methylmercury is a global pollutant and potent neurotoxin whose abundance in the food chain mandates additional studies on the consequences and mechanisms of its toxicity to the central nervous system. Formulation of our new hypotheses was predicated on our appreciation for (a) the remarkable affinity of mercurials for the anionic ...
Rodellar S - - 2010
This study estimates mercury and methylmercury levels in fish and fishery products commercialized in the city of Barcelona, Spain, from 2001 to 2007. Combining data of mercury levels in food with the consumption data of 2158 people (as the median of two 24-h recall), the total mercury intake of the ...
Ward Darren M - - 2010
Mercury (Hg) is a potent toxin that biomagnifies in aquatic food webs. Large fish generally have higher Hg concentrations than small fish of the same species. However, models predict that fish that grow large faster should have lower Hg concentrations than small, slow-growing fish due to somatic growth dilution (SGD). ...
Selin Noelle E - - 2010
Recent policies attempting to reduce adverse effects of methylmercury exposure from fish consumption in the United States have targeted reductions in anthropogenic emissions from U.S. sources. To analyze the prospects for future North American and international emissions controls, we assessed the potential contributions of anthropogenic, historical, and natural mercury to ...
Gantner Nikolaus - - 2009
Biotic and abiotic fractionation of mercury (Hg) isotopes has recently been shown to occur in aquatic environments. We determined isotope ratios (IRs) of Hg in food webs (zooplankton, chironomids, Arctic char) and sediments of 10 Arctic lakes from four regions and investigated the extent of Hg isotope fractionation. Hg IRs ...
Payne Eric J - - 2010
The summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus and winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus support valuable fisheries along the northeastern United States. The importance of these flatfish as a human dietary resource indicates they are potential sources of mercury (Hg) to fish-consuming citizens. In this study, summer flounder (SF) and winter flounder (WF) were ...
Rimmer Christopher C - - 2010
We investigated mercury (Hg) concentrations in a terrestrial food web in high elevation forests in Vermont. Hg concentrations increased from autotrophic organisms to herbivores < detritivores < omnivores < carnivores. Within the carnivores studied, raptors had higher blood Hg concentrations than their songbird prey. The Hg concentration in the blood ...
Laffont Laure - - 2009
We report mercury (Hg) mass-dependent isotope fractionation (MDF) and mass-independent isotope fractionation (MIF) in hair samples of the Bolivian Esse Ejjas native people and in several tropical fish species that constitute their daily diet. MDF with delta(202)Hg ranging from -0.40 to -0.92 per thousand for fish and +1.04 to +1.42 ...
Ratnapradipa Dhitinut - - 2009
The study discussed in this article was conducted to determine if a retail-based educational campaign would be an effective tool to inform consumers about mercury in fish. In 2005, the Rhode Island (RI) Department of Health, in conjunction with the RI Food Dealers Association, conducted surveys in eight supermarkets to ...
Eagles-Smith Collin A - - 2009
Small fish are commonly used to assess mercury (Hg) risk to wildlife and monitor Hg in wetlands. However, limited research has evaluated short-term Hg variability in small fish, which can have important implications for monitoring programs and risk assessment. We conducted a time-series study of Hg concentrations in two small ...
Laird Brian D - - 2009
Human health risk assessment of dietary mercury (Hg) exposure in Canada assumes that all Hg from fish consumption is in the form of methylmercury (MeHg), the more bioavailable and hazardous form of Hg. In contrast, the risk assessment of dietary Hg to Inuit in northern Canada assumes that no more ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, 604 Allison Road, Piscataway, NJ 08855-8082, USA. - - 2009
Relatively little attention has been devoted to the risks from mercury in saltwater fish, that were caught by recreational fisherfolk. Although the US Food and Drug Administration has issued advisories based on mercury for four saltwater species or groups of fish, there are few data on how mercury levels vary ...
Jaeger Iris - - 2009
Concentrations and biomagnification of total mercury (TotHg) and methyl mercury (MeHg) were studied in selected species from the pelagic food web in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Twelve species of zooplankton, fish and seabirds, were sampled representing a gradient of trophic positions in the Svalbard marine food web. TotHg and MeHg were analysed ...
Chen Celia Y CY Department of Biological Sciences, HB 6044 Gilman Hall, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA. - - 2009
Marine food webs are important links between Hg in the environment and human exposure via consumption of fish. Estuaries contain sediment repositories of Hg and are also critical habitat for marine fish and shellfish species consumed by humans. MeHg biotransfers from sites of production in estuarine sediments to higher trophic ...
Khalavka Yuriy - - 2009
We prepared rod-shaped gold nanorattles solid gold nanorods surrounded by a thin gold shell using a galvanic replacement process starting with silver-coated gold nanorods. These structures are very promising candidates for catalytic applications and optimized plasmon sensors. They combine the advantages of rods (low plasmon resonance frequency, large polarizability, small ...
Harmelin-Vivien M - - 2009
The relationships between total mercury (Hg) concentration and stable nitrogen isotope ratio (delta(15)N) were evaluated in Mullus barbatus barbatus and M. surmuletus from the Mediterranean Sea and M. barbatus ponticus from the Black Sea. Mercury concentration in fish muscle was six times higher in the two Mediterranean species than in ...
Egeland G M - - 2009
Ancient human hair specimens can shed light on the extent of pre-historic exposures to methylmercury and provide valuable comparison data with current-day exposures, particularly for Indigenous Peoples who continue to rely upon local traditional food resources. Human hair from ancient Aleutian Island Native remains were tested for total and methylmercury ...
Dufault Renee - - 2009
Among dietary factors, learning and behavior are influenced not only by nutrients, but also by exposure to toxic food contaminants such as mercury that can disrupt metabolic processes and alter neuronal plasticity. Neurons lacking in plasticity are a factor in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and mental retardation. Essential nutrients ...
Kwon Young Min - - 2009
As a national project, obtaining information on the amount of heavy metal exposure of individuals through food intake is an important basic parameter for risk assessment. This study was conducted to evaluate dietary exposure levels and various risks from mercury (Hg) in Korean foods. In total, 342 samples comprising 114 ...
Ruha Anne-Michelle - - 2009
CONTEXT: Public awareness of methylmercury in fish has caused patients to seek testing for mercury poisoning. In some patients, the diagnosis of mercury poisoning has been made based on urine mercury excretions following oral dosing of meso-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), a metal chelator. However, studies comparing urine mercury excretion following DMSA ...
Choi Eun-Mi - - 2009
Total gaseous mercury (TGM) and carbon monoxide (CO) were measured every 5min and hourly, respectively, in Seoul, Korea, from February 2005 through December 2006. The mean concentrations of TGM and CO were 3.44+/-2.13ngm(-3) and 613+/-323ppbv, respectively. TGM and CO concentrations were highest during the winter and lowest during the summer. ...
Gibbon Ryan J - - 2009
An absolute dating technique based on the build-up and decay of (26)Al and (10)Be in the mineral quartz provides crucial evidence regarding early Acheulean hominid distribution in South Africa. Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating of an ancient alluvial deposit of the Vaal River (Rietputs Formation) in the western interior of South ...
Douskova I - - 2009
A flue gas originating from a municipal waste incinerator was used as a source of CO(2) for the cultivation of the microalga Chlorella vulgaris, in order to decrease the biomass production costs and to bioremediate CO(2) simultaneously. The utilization of the flue gas containing 10-13% (v/v) CO(2) and 8-10% (v/v) ...
Chételat John - - 2008
Lake-dwelling Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) are monitored internationally as a sentinel species for effects of atmospheric mercury deposition on Arctic fresh waters. We investigated the control of mercury supply and biological processes on the methylmercury (MeHg) content of their main food, aquatic chironomids, in 22 lakes and ponds in the ...
Berry Marla J - - 2008
Mercury is a well-known environmental toxicant, particularly in its most common organic form, methylmercury. Consumption of fish and shellfish that contain methylmercury is a dominant source of mercury exposure in humans and piscivorous wildlife. Considerable efforts have focused on assessment of mercury and its attendant risks in the environment and ...
Ono E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Collection of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a simple, non-invasive method of obtaining samples from the airways and it can be repeated in short intervals without side effects; therefore, it provides an opportunity to monitor the changes in concentration of inflammatory mediators in the airways. However, EBC analysis still ...
Eagles-Smith Collin A - - 2008
The invasion, boom, collapse, and reestablishment of a population of the planktivorous threadfin shad in Clear Lake, California, USA, were documented over a 20-year period, as were the effects of changing shad populations on diet and mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation in nearshore fishes. Threadfin shad competitively displaced other planktivorous fish in ...
Evers David C DC BioDiversity Research Institute, 19 Flaggy Meadow Road, Gorham, ME 04038, USA. - - 2008
During the past century, anthropogenic activities have altered the distribution of mercury (Hg) on the earth's surface. The impacts of such alterations to the natural cycle of Hg can be minimized through coordinated management, policy decisions, and legislative regulations. An ability to quantitatively measure environmental Hg loadings and spatiotemporal trends ...
Kerekes Isabelle - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: In previous studies, hair analysis of ethyl glucuronide (EtG), a non-volatile, water-soluble, direct metabolite of ethanol, was shown to be adequate for the detection of social and chronic excessive alcohol consumption. As in some cases scalp hair is not available, the analysis of hair from alternative anatomical sites becomes ...
Li Sixin - - 2009
The present study is the first to report the total mercury concentration of 37 fish species collected from Wujiang River, which is the largest branch on the southern bank of Yangtze River, China and proposed for hydropower development. Total mercury concentrations varied among the 37 subtropical species examined. We found ...
Bains V K - - 2008
Eczematous eruptions may be produced through topical contact with mercury and by systemic absorption in mercury sensitive individuals. Mercury is considered a weak sensitiser and contact with mercury salts such as chloride or ammonium chloride may cause hypersensitivity leading to contact dermatitis or Coomb's Type IV hypersensitivity reactions. The typical ...
Díez Sergi - - 2009
Exposure to mercury, a risk factor for neurodevelopmental toxicity, was assessed in Spanish children (preschool children and newborns, n = 218) in a four-locations survey by performing mercury determination in hair. To assess the prenatal and children's exposure and its potential risk, total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) were analyzed ...
Fujita Ken-Ichi - - 2008
A series of aliphatic primary alkanols from C(6) to C(13) were tested for antifungal activity against a food spoilage fungus Zygosaccharomyces bailii using a broth dilution method and were compared for their effects against Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Z. rouxii. Decanol (C(10)) was found to be the most potent fungicide against ...
Kruzikova Kamila - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Mercury and most of its compounds are extremely toxic and should be handled with care. It can be inhaled and absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes. The most toxic forms of mercury are its organic compounds such as dimethylmercury and methylmercury. Fish have a natural tendency to accumulate ...
Newman Kelly - - 2008
The Pribilof Islands, located in the eastern Bering Sea, are the site of the largest concentration of northern fur seals in the world. Despite the occurrence of transient killer whales on a near daily basis during the fur seal breeding season, these whales are unknown in terms of their social ...
Shirai Atsushi - - 2008
The solvation structure of the Li(I) species in N,N-diethyl-N-methyl-N-(2-methoxyethyl)ammonium bis(trifluoromethane-sulfonyl) amide (DEMETFSA) was studied by measuring the Raman and multinuclear NMR spectra of DEMETFSA solutions containing LiTFSA of various concentrations (0.12-1.92 mol kg(-1), [TFSA(-)]/[Li(I)] = 20.0-2.22). It was found from Raman spectra that an intense band due to the free ...
Eagles-Smith Collin A - - 2008
Despite a large body of research concerning mercury (Hg) in birds, no single tissue has been used consistently to assess Hg exposure, and this has hampered comparisons across studies. We evaluated the relationships of Hg concentrations among tissues in four species of waterbirds (American avocets [Recurvirostra americana], black-necked stilts [Himantopus ...
Jiang Jing - - 2008
Novel triangular macrocycle isomers were synthesized through metathesis cyclization with high yield (77%). HPLC and MALDI-TOF showed that the purity of the macrocycles was higher than 99%, while (1)H NMR clearly showed that these macrocycles contain C2 and C3 isomers in a ratio of 1:3. AFM and TEM showed that ...
Carrasco Luis - - 2008
Large amounts of industrial waste containing high concentrations of mercury (up to 436 microg/g) are dumped in a reservoir adjacent to a chlor-alkali plant in Flix (Catalonia, Spain), on the lower Ebro River. In order to assess the spatial redistribution of mercury from the point source and its bioavailability to ...
Madenjian C P - - 2008
In the laboratory, net trophic transfer efficiency of mercury to lake whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis from its prey was estimated to be 63.5%. Assuming that gross trophic transfer efficiency of mercury to lake whitefish from its prey was equal to 80%, we estimated that the rate at which lake whitefish eliminated ...
Yao Ni - - 2008
Extruded breakfast cereals (EBC), processed from two oat lines, N979-5-2-4 (N979) and "Jim", with beta-glucan concentrations of 8.7 and 4.9%, respectively, were used to determine the impact of dry solids (DS) and bile acid (BA) concentrations on in vitro BA binding efficiency. A full fractional factorial design with levels for ...
do A Kehrig Helena - - 2009
BACKGROUND, AIM, AND SCOPE: Selenium (Se) has been shown to reduce mercury (Hg) bioavailability and trophic transfer in aquatic ecosystems. The study of methylmercury (MeHg) and Se bioaccumulation by plankton is therefore of great significance in order to obtain a better understanding of the estuarine processes concerning Hg and Se ...
Bond Alexander L - - 2009
Seabirds are used frequently as indicators of mercury contamination in marine ecosystems, but few studies have examined the forms of mercury found in seabird tissues. Here we compare concentrations of total and organic mercury in feathers (n=5) of six sympatric nesting seabirds and in egg components of Leach's storm-petrels from ...
Burger Joanna J Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8082, USA. - - 2009
We analyzed arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, manganese, mercury, and selenium in the feathers of common eiders (Somateria mollissima) and tufted puffins (Fratercula cirrhata) from Amchitka and Kiska islands (Aleutians). Between species, puffins had 10 times higher chromium (arithmetic mean = 1820 ppb), 7.5 times higher selenium (mean = 6600 ppb), ...
Gordon Craig D CD Duke University Medical Center, Durham NC 27710, United - - 2008
To optimize sampling and to understand sources of variation in biomarkers for osteoarthritis (OA), we evaluated variation due to activity and food consumption. Twenty participants, with radiographic knee OA, provided serial serum and urine samples at 4 time points: before arising in the morning; after 1 h of light activity; ...
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