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Lemire M M Axe santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Country foods are central to Inuit culture and replete in selenium (Se) and long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). However, some marine country foods bioaccumulate high concentrations of methylmercury (MeHg). Se and n-3 are associated with several health benefits in Nunavik, Northern Quebec, but, recent studies show that prenatal ...
Alsufiani Hadeil M HM 1Human Nutrition Research Centre,Newcastle University,Newcastle upon - - 2014
To assess the relative validity and repeatability of a sixty-four-item FFQ for estimating dietary intake of Zn and its absorption modifiers in Saudi adults. In addition, we used the FFQ to investigate the effect of age and gender on these intakes. To assess validity, all participants completed the FFQ (FFQ1) ...
Byrne Rebecca R School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of - - 2014
To describe the quantity and diversity of food and beverage intake in Australian children aged 12-16 months and to determine if the amount and type of milk intake is associated with dietary diversity. Mothers participating in the NOURISH and South Australian Infant Dietary Intake (SAIDI) studies completed a single 24-hour ...
Miyazaki Yuri Y Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Gokasho Uji, Kyoto, - - 2014
It is known that a decline in food intake occurs with aging. In this study, we investigated changes in parameters associated with food intake in response to aging, and whether orexigenic peptides stimulated food intake after peripheral administration even in aged mice. Food intake and body weight of 27-month-old male ...
Epstein Leonard H LH Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (LHE, DMF), Oregon Research Institute (SY, ES). Electronic address: - - 2014
Food reinforcement, the extent to which people are willing to work to earn a preferred snack food, and parental obesity are risk factors for weight gain, but there is no research comparing the predictive effects of these factors for adolescent weight gain. 130 non-obese adolescents (M age = 15.2 + ...
Farley Thomas A TA At the time of this work, Thomas A. Farley and Deborah Dowell were with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, - - 2014
After decades of increases, the prevalence of childhood obesity has declined in the past decade in New York City, as measured in children participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and public school students, with the greatest reductions occurring in the youngest children. Possible ...
Chaparro M Pia MP Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden Department of Community Health Sciences, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Few studies have examined the association between the food environment and adiposity in early childhood, a critical time for obesity prevention. The objective of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between neighbourhood food environment and adiposity among low-income preschool-aged children in a major metropolitan region in the USA. ...
Bajeux Emma E Inserm (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale) UMR 1085, IRSET (Institut de Recherche Santé Environnement & Travail), Université de Rennes 1, Rennes Cedex, - - 2014
The time from the prenatal period through early childhood is an important window of vulnerability for the developing immune and respiratory systems, both sensitive to environmental chemicals such as solvents. This study sought to examine the effects of solvent exposure during the prenatal and postnatal periods on wheezing, eczema and ...
Campbell Karen J - - 2014
High sodium intake during infancy and early childhood can change salt preference and blood pressure trajectories across life, representing a modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Describing young children's sodium intake is important for informing effective targets for sodium reduction. This study aimed to describe food sources and demographic and behavioral correlates ...
Haszard Jillian J JJ 1Department of Human Nutrition,University of Otago,Dunedin,New - - 2014
Parents report that children's eating behaviours are a major barrier to providing them with a healthy diet. Links between problem eating behaviours and parental feeding practices are not well established and have not previously been examined in overweight children. The aim of the present study was to assess associations between ...
Cross Matthew B MB University of Houston, Department of Health and Human Performance, Texas Obesity Research Center, 3855 Holman Street, Susanna Garrison Gym Room 104, Houston TX 77204-6015, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether self-regulation of eating in minority preschool-aged children mediates the relationship between parent feeding practices and child weight. Participants were 299 low-income African American and Hispanic parents and their preschool-aged children who participated in Head Start. Parents completed questionnaires about controlling feeding ...
Markwick Alison - - 2014
The prevalence of food insecurity is substantially higher among Australians of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent. The purpose of this study is to explain the relationship between food insecurity and Aboriginal and Torres Islander status in the state of Victoria. Data were obtained from the 2008 Victorian Population Health ...
Wagner S S CNRS, UMR6265 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, 21000 Dijon, France; INRA, UMR1324 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, 21000 Dijon, France; Université de Bourgogne, UMR Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, 21000 Dijon, - - 2014
Olfaction plays a significant role in the sensing of foods at all stages of human development. However, surprisingly little information is available at any age on the relationship between the hedonic responses to given food odours and the effective liking and disliking of foods bearing these same odours. The present ...
Inoue Tomoko T Hyogo College of Medicine,Emergency and Critical Care - - 2014
On March 11, 2011, a 9.1 magnitude earthquake occurred in the eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of northern Japan. A resulting tsunami struck the Japan Pacific coast, causing >20,000 deaths, injuries and missing persons. Survivors' post-tsunami health and nutritional status were surveyed one month after the disaster in a ...
Routledge Michael N MN School of Medicine, University of Leeds , Leeds , UK - - 2014
Abstract The association between aflatoxin intake from maize-based weaning food and aflatoxin albumin adducts (AF-alb) was investigated in 148 Tanzanian children aged between 12 and 22 months, at 2 visits 6 months apart. At the first visit (storage season) there was a significant correlation at the individual level between AF-alb ...
Segovia-Siapco Gina - - 2014
Early onset of menarche may negatively influence the future health of adolescent girls. Several factors affect the timing of menarche but it is not clear if soy foods consumption around pubertal years plays a role; thus, we examined its relation to age at onset of menarche (AOM) in a high ...
Taylor Lorian M LM Alberta Health Services, Nutrition Services, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The primary objective of this study was to examine food and physical activity behaviours of adults with prediabetes. For this cross-sectional study, adults (aged >17 years) with prediabetes (n=1228) who attended a prediabetes education class were recruited. Participants self-administered an assessment of food and physical activity behaviours using the Food ...
Collins Clare E - - 2014
Portion size of foods is reported to contribute to the rise in obesity prevalence. However, evidence of changes in portion size for commonly consumed foods in Australia is lacking. The aim was to evaluate whether Australian child and adolescent portion sizes of selected foods changed from 1995 to 2007. Time-series ...
Huffman Sandra L SL Department of Nutrition and Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, California, - - 2014
Undernutrition in infants and young children is a global health priority while overweight is an emerging issue. Small-scale studies in low- and middle-income countries have demonstrated consumption of sugary and savoury snack foods and soft drinks by young children. We assessed the proportion of children 6-23 months of age consuming ...
Pei Zhengcun Z Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the cross-sectional association between food intake and overweight in children. Methods: Height and weight were measured in 2,565 school-aged children. Intakes of 11 food groups were categorized (low, medium and high) using specific tertile cutoffs. Multivariate energy partition models were applied. Adjustment included energy intake from other ...
García-Cáceres Cristina C Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Department of Endocrinology. Instituto de Investigación La Princesa, University Autónoma of Madrid and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red (CIBER) de la Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, - - 2014
Ghrelin is an endogenous hormone that stimulates appetite and adipose tissue accrual. Both the acylated (AG) and non-acylated (DAG) isoforms of this hormone are also reported to exert anti-inflammatory and protective effects systemically and in the central nervous system. As inflammatory processes have been implicated in obesity-associated secondary complications, we ...
Tatlow-Golden Mimi M School of Psychology, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Brand knowledge is a prerequisite of children's requests and choices for branded foods. We explored the development of young children's brand knowledge of foods highly advertised on television - both healthy and less healthy. Participants were 172 children aged 3 to 5 years in diverse socioeconomic settings, from two jurisdictions ...
Ali Naser Ihab I Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, University Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, 16150 Kelantan, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between household food insecurity and nutritional status of children in low-income households. A cross sectional study involved a survey of households (n = 223) receiving the financial assistance. Eligible mothers that fulfilled the inclusion criteria such as non-pregnant, non-lactating mothers, ...
Svensson A A Department of Food and Nutrition, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Objectives:To compare the intake of total sugars, foods and drinks rich in added sugar, and energy in children on weekdays (Monday-Thursday), Fridays and weekends.Methods:Dietary intake (g, kJ, energy %) was assessed using a computerized 24-h recall method in a sample of 2- to 9-year-old children from Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain and ...
Heinrich Joachim J Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Epidemiology I, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, - - 2014
The timing of the introduction of complementary foods appears crucial to the development of allergic diseases later in life. The results from recent observational studies might be misinterpreted to suggest that introducing complementary food prior to the age of four months might have a beneficial effect on the induction of ...
Chiu Chung-Jung CJ Jean Mayer United States Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
We hypothesized that major American dietary patterns are associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) risk. Cross-sectional study METHODS: 8,103 eyes from 4,088 eligible participants in the baseline Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) were classified into control (n=2,739), early AMD (n=4,599), and advanced AMD (n=765) by AREDS AMD Classification System. Food ...
Passeti Susana R M SR Faculdade de Medicina do ABC (FMABC), Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunopatologia-ASBAI, São Paulo, - - 2014
Food allergy is a common condition that plays an important role in the pathogenicity and maintenance of atopic dermatitis (AD), however, must be carefully investigated before imposing a restrictive diet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity to foods in patients with AD, correlating it with the ...
Gibson Rosalind S RS Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9015, New - - 2014
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that both breast-fed and non-breast-fed children are fed micronutrient fortified complementary foods designed to meet their high nutrient requirements from aged 6 to 23 months of age. This paper summarizes the steps recommended by WHO/FAO to identify the country specific micronutrient shortfalls in complementary ...
Boylan Elaine A EA 1 UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Room L2.57, Science Centre South, Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of - - 2014
Obesity is a serious public health issue, the prevalence of which is increasing globally. The present study aimed to investigate trends in overweight and obesity in Irish adults between 1990 and 2011. Anthropometric data from three Irish national food consumption surveys were used to calculate trends in BMI, waist circumference ...
Otsuka Rei - - 2014
Although food and nutrient consumption among the Japanese population, known to have one of the longest life expectancies in the world, has changed markedly after World War II, little is known about the influences age, time and birth cohort have had. The present study examined the effects age, time and ...
Naja Farah F Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences (WHO Collaborating Center for Research, Training and Outreach in Food and Nutrition), Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, - - 2014
To assess the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in rural Lebanon. A cross-sectional study on a sample of households with at least one child aged 0-2 years. In a one-to-one interview, participants completed an adapted Arabic version of the HFIAS. ...
Szabo de Edelenyi Fabien F Université Paris 13 Sorbonne Paris Cité, UREN (Unité de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle), Inserm (U557); Inra (U1125), CNAM, Bobigny, - - 2014
Background: French Nutritional Guidelines recommend eating starchy foods at each meal, according to appetite, and advise to vary sources. However, the proportion of energy from carbohydrates is currently too low in many Western European countries. Methods: Consumption of the different types of starchy foods was assessed among 80,209 adult participants ...
Rudolph E E Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Assessment of caffeine intake as part of the risk assessment of caffeine in adolescents and young adults aged 14-39 years from foods, beverages and drugs, and to identify the main contributors to caffeine intake.Subjects/Methods:Assessment of caffeine intake by a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire including all caffeine-containing foods and beverages ...
Chin Benetta B BC Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Room K4-226, Ambulatory Care Bldg, 4480 Oak St, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4. - - 2014
Question I have been under the impression that infants should avoid potential allergenic foods such as nuts, cow's milk, and eggs in order to avoid developing allergic reactions. What advice should I give parents regarding the introduction of food in infancy and the development of food allergy? Answer There is ...
Katz Yitzhak Y aAllergy and Immunology Institute, Assaf Harofeh Medical Cente bDepartment of Pediatrics, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Because of the paucity of reports and variability in the diagnostic criteria utilized, little is known regarding the natural outcome of patients with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES). Data extracted from referenced manuscripts, as well as allergists' unpublished observations from across the globe, were used to form a cohesive opinion ...
Knudsen V K VK Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, - - 2014
Background/objectives:To identify and describe dietary patterns in Danish adults and to examine which demographic and health-related lifestyle factors are associated with dietary patterns.Subjects/methods:Data derived from the Danish national survey of diet and physical activity collected in 2003-2008 and included 1569 men and 1785 women. Diet was assessed by a 7-day pre-coded ...
Han Sun Young SY Research Institute for Dental Care Policy, Korean Dental Association, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether denture-wearing status in edentulous South Korean elders affected their nutritional intakes, using the 2008-2010 data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Good nutritional status is a requirement for healthy aging in the elders. Tooth loss is ...
Sui Hai-Xia HX Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment, Ministry of Health (China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment), Beijing 100021, - - 2014
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a common plasticizer used in food contact materials that has been reported as an endocrine disruptor. In the present study, DEHP concentrations were analyzed in foods in order to determine dietary exposure among the Chinese population, including the general population (aged 2-100) and four age group, ...
Wang W C WC Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Beliefs about what people think they ought to eat to be healthy ('healthy eating norms (HENs)') may be important influences on food consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive roles of normative expectations and demographics, personal values, substance use behaviours and body weight on reported food ...
Sanpei Ryuichi R a Dysphagia Rehabilitation, Nihon University School of Dentistry , Tokyo , - - 2014
Mochi is highly cohesive and adhesive, and easy to choke on. Many of the fatal suffocation accidents with mochi occur in the elderly aged 65 years or older. These circumstances prompted us to investigate a special property of waxy wheat which is similar in texture to waxy rice, but is less ...
Varga Márta - - 2014
For a better differential diagnosis of eating disorders, it is necessary to investigate their subtypes and develop specific assessment tools to measure their specific symptoms. Orthorexia nervosa is an alleged eating disorder in which the person is excessively preoccupied with healthy food. The ORTO-15, designed by Donini and colleagues, is ...
Nunnery D L DL Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 319 College Avenue, 318 Stone Building, Greensboro, NC, 27412, - - 2014
Objectives of this study: (1) Examine food insecurity (FI) prevalence and its relationship with sociodemographic and pre-resettlement characteristics; (2) Investigate differences in amount of money spent on food/month by food security status and socio-demographic characteristics. A pilot study with semi-structured in-home interviews was conducted with Liberian caregivers (n = 33). FI was indicated ...
Amirul Islam Fakir M FM Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To evaluate the association between dietary patterns and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Food frequency data were collected from Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS) participants at the baseline study in 1990-1994. During follow-up in 2003-2007, retinal photographs were taken and evaluated for AMD. At baseline, 41 514 participants aged 40 to 70 ...
Nyaradi Anett A School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia; Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate prospective associations between dietary patterns and cognitive performance during adolescence. Participants were sourced from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study that includes 2868 children born between 1989 and 1992 in Perth, Western Australia. When the children were 17 years old (2006-2009), cognitive ...
Mostad Ingrid Løvold IL a Department of Clinical Nutrition, Clinic of Clinical Service, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Box 3250 Sluppen, NO-7006 Trondheim, - - 2014
All-population and area-based investigations of diet in central obesity are scarce. We used cross-sectional data from 50 339 individuals who responded to the HUNT3 survey of 2006-2008, which recruited from all county-residing adults 20 years and older, to investigate whether those with central obesity eat and drink differently than others. Answers ...
Kiefte-de Jong Jessica C JC Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Healthy longevity is a tangible possibility for many individuals and populations, with nutritional and other lifestyle factors playing a key role in modulating the likelihood of healthy ageing. Nevertheless, studies of effects of nutrients or single foods on ageing often show inconsistent results and ignore the overall framework of dietary ...
Oro Daniel - - 2014
We used a long-term data set (26 years) from Audouin's Gull (Larus audouinii), a long-lived seabird, to address the relationship between the age-dependent pattern of reproductive performance and environmental conditions during breeding. Although theoretical models predict that the youngest and oldest breeders (due to inexperience and senescence, respectively) will perform ...
Cetateanu Andreea A School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7 TJ, UK; Centre for Diet and Physical Activity Research, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using a large cross sectional English sample, we quantified the association between weight status in children aged 4-5 and 10-11 year, characteristics of the food environment, and area deprivation. We observed a positive association between the density of unhealthy food outlets in a neighbourhood and the prevalence of overweight and ...
Nwaru Bright I BI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere; Allergy & Respiratory Research Group, Center for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, the bacterial diversity of the intestinal flora and the diversity of various environmental factors during infancy have been linked to the development of allergies in childhood. Food is an important environmental exposure, but the role of food diversity in the development of asthma and allergies in childhood is poorly ...
Goto Keiko K 1.California State University-Chico, Chico, CA, - - 2014
Objectives:The current study examined parental perceptions of sociocultural factors associated with healthy child feeding practices among parents of preschool-age children in rural Japan.Methods:Fifteen Japanese mothers of preschool-age children participated in this qualitative study. These participants were aged 22-39 years and resided in a rural town in western Japan. We conducted ...
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