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Boylan Elaine A EA 1 UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Room L2.57, Science Centre South, Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of - - 2014
Obesity is a serious public health issue, the prevalence of which is increasing globally. The present study aimed to investigate trends in overweight and obesity in Irish adults between 1990 and 2011. Anthropometric data from three Irish national food consumption surveys were used to calculate trends in BMI, waist circumference ...
Otsuka Rei - - 2014
Although food and nutrient consumption among the Japanese population, known to have one of the longest life expectancies in the world, has changed markedly after World War II, little is known about the influences age, time and birth cohort have had. The present study examined the effects age, time and ...
Naja Farah F Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences (WHO Collaborating Center for Research, Training and Outreach in Food and Nutrition), Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, PO Box 11-0236, Riad El-Solh, Beirut 1107-2020, - - 2014
To assess the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in rural Lebanon. A cross-sectional study on a sample of households with at least one child aged 0-2 years. In a one-to-one interview, participants completed an adapted Arabic version of the HFIAS. ...
Szabo de Edelenyi Fabien F Université Paris 13 Sorbonne Paris Cité, UREN (Unité de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle), Inserm (U557); Inra (U1125), CNAM, Bobigny, - - 2014
Background: French Nutritional Guidelines recommend eating starchy foods at each meal, according to appetite, and advise to vary sources. However, the proportion of energy from carbohydrates is currently too low in many Western European countries. Methods: Consumption of the different types of starchy foods was assessed among 80,209 adult participants ...
Rudolph E E Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Assessment of caffeine intake as part of the risk assessment of caffeine in adolescents and young adults aged 14-39 years from foods, beverages and drugs, and to identify the main contributors to caffeine intake.Subjects/Methods:Assessment of caffeine intake by a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire including all caffeine-containing foods and beverages ...
Chin Benetta B BC Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Room K4-226, Ambulatory Care Bldg, 4480 Oak St, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4. - - 2014
Question I have been under the impression that infants should avoid potential allergenic foods such as nuts, cow's milk, and eggs in order to avoid developing allergic reactions. What advice should I give parents regarding the introduction of food in infancy and the development of food allergy? Answer There is ...
Katz Yitzhak Y aAllergy and Immunology Institute, Assaf Harofeh Medical Cente bDepartment of Pediatrics, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Because of the paucity of reports and variability in the diagnostic criteria utilized, little is known regarding the natural outcome of patients with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES). Data extracted from referenced manuscripts, as well as allergists' unpublished observations from across the globe, were used to form a cohesive opinion ...
Knudsen V K VK Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, - - 2014
Background/objectives:To identify and describe dietary patterns in Danish adults and to examine which demographic and health-related lifestyle factors are associated with dietary patterns.Subjects/methods:Data derived from the Danish national survey of diet and physical activity collected in 2003-2008 and included 1569 men and 1785 women. Diet was assessed by a 7-day pre-coded ...
Han Sun Young SY Research Institute for Dental Care Policy, Korean Dental Association, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether denture-wearing status in edentulous South Korean elders affected their nutritional intakes, using the 2008-2010 data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Good nutritional status is a requirement for healthy aging in the elders. Tooth loss is ...
Sui Hai-Xia HX Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment, Ministry of Health (China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment), Beijing 100021, - - 2014
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a common plasticizer used in food contact materials that has been reported as an endocrine disruptor. In the present study, DEHP concentrations were analyzed in foods in order to determine dietary exposure among the Chinese population, including the general population (aged 2-100) and four age group, ...
Wang W C WC Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Beliefs about what people think they ought to eat to be healthy ('healthy eating norms (HENs)') may be important influences on food consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive roles of normative expectations and demographics, personal values, substance use behaviours and body weight on reported food ...
Varga Márta - - 2014
For a better differential diagnosis of eating disorders, it is necessary to investigate their subtypes and develop specific assessment tools to measure their specific symptoms. Orthorexia nervosa is an alleged eating disorder in which the person is excessively preoccupied with healthy food. The ORTO-15, designed by Donini and colleagues, is ...
Nunnery D L DL Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 319 College Avenue, 318 Stone Building, Greensboro, NC, 27412, - - 2014
Objectives of this study: (1) Examine food insecurity (FI) prevalence and its relationship with sociodemographic and pre-resettlement characteristics; (2) Investigate differences in amount of money spent on food/month by food security status and socio-demographic characteristics. A pilot study with semi-structured in-home interviews was conducted with Liberian caregivers (n = 33). FI was indicated ...
Amirul Islam Fakir M FM Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To evaluate the association between dietary patterns and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Food frequency data were collected from Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS) participants at the baseline study in 1990-1994. During follow-up in 2003-2007, retinal photographs were taken and evaluated for AMD. At baseline, 41 514 participants aged 40 to 70 ...
Nyaradi Anett A School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia; Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate prospective associations between dietary patterns and cognitive performance during adolescence. Participants were sourced from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study that includes 2868 children born between 1989 and 1992 in Perth, Western Australia. When the children were 17 years old (2006-2009), cognitive ...
Kiefte-de Jong Jessica C JC Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Healthy longevity is a tangible possibility for many individuals and populations, with nutritional and other lifestyle factors playing a key role in modulating the likelihood of healthy ageing. Nevertheless, studies of effects of nutrients or single foods on ageing often show inconsistent results and ignore the overall framework of dietary ...
Oro Daniel - - 2014
We used a long-term data set (26 years) from Audouin's Gull (Larus audouinii), a long-lived seabird, to address the relationship between the age-dependent pattern of reproductive performance and environmental conditions during breeding. Although theoretical models predict that the youngest and oldest breeders (due to inexperience and senescence, respectively) will perform ...
Cetateanu Andreea A School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7 TJ, UK; Centre for Diet and Physical Activity Research, Box 296, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 0SR, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using a large cross sectional English sample, we quantified the association between weight status in children aged 4-5 and 10-11 year, characteristics of the food environment, and area deprivation. We observed a positive association between the density of unhealthy food outlets in a neighbourhood and the prevalence of overweight and ...
Nwaru Bright I BI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere; Allergy & Respiratory Research Group, Center for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, the bacterial diversity of the intestinal flora and the diversity of various environmental factors during infancy have been linked to the development of allergies in childhood. Food is an important environmental exposure, but the role of food diversity in the development of asthma and allergies in childhood is poorly ...
Goto Keiko K 1.California State University-Chico, Chico, CA, - - 2014
Objectives:The current study examined parental perceptions of sociocultural factors associated with healthy child feeding practices among parents of preschool-age children in rural Japan.Methods:Fifteen Japanese mothers of preschool-age children participated in this qualitative study. These participants were aged 22-39 years and resided in a rural town in western Japan. We conducted ...
Flint Alan J AJ Departments of Epidemiology (AJF, AEF, and EBR) and Nutrition (AJF and EBR), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; the Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (ANG); the Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ (WRC); the Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT (KDB); the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA (AEF); the Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (AEF and EBR); and the Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
Excess weight is a major threat to public health. An addiction-like tendency toward certain foods may contribute to overeating. We aimed to describe the prevalence and associated characteristics in relation to a food-addiction scale in middle-aged and older women. We examined the prevalence and associated characteristics of a food-addiction scale ...
Buss Julia J University of California, San Francisco, School of - - 2014
Ghrelin regulates homeostatic food intake, hedonic eating, and is a mediator in the stress response. In addition, ghrelin has metabolic, cardiovascular, and anti-aging effects. This cross-sectional study examined associations between total plasma ghrelin, caloric intake based on 3 day diet diaries, hedonic eating attitudes, stress-related and metabolic factors, and leukocyte ...
Capaldi-Phillips Elizabeth D - - 2014
Pairing foods with liked flavors repeatedly can increase preferences for those foods. We compared the effectiveness of associative conditioning (pairing vegetables with sweetened and unsweetened cream cheese) and exposure (presenting vegetables alone) in increasing liking and consumption of bitter and nonbitter vegetables. Twenty-nine children (aged 3 to 5 years) participated in ...
Giovannini Marcello - - 2014
Although the guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy recognize the role of nutrition, there is few literature on the practical issues concerning the nutritional management of children with food allergies.This Consensus Position Statement focuses on the nutritional management and follow-up of infants and children with food allergy.It ...
Willcox Bradley J - - 2014
To examine the role of two nutritional factors implicated in the healthy aging of the Okinawans: caloric restriction; and traditional foods with potential caloric restriction-mimetic properties. Caloric restriction is a research priority for the US National Institute on Aging. However, little is known regarding health effects in humans. Some caloric ...
Lesser Iris A IA Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Dietary acculturation, specifically the adoption of western dietary habits, may result in adverse health effects such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the role of acculturation in dietary patterns as well as awareness and knowledge of healthy nutrition among South Asian immigrants. This is ...
Gholamalizadeh Maryam M Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Nutrition in childhood has a significant role in current and adulthood health. Recent studies have shown that the mother's life-style has an important role in the methods used by mother to feed child, child's diet and body mass index (BMI). This study paper aimed to investigate the association between mother's ...
Jang Jae-Yeon JY Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to establish food ingestion factors needed to assess exposure to contaminants through food ingestion. The study reclassified the raw data of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2001 into 12 subcategories including grain products, meat products, fish and shellfish, and vegetables ...
Song Hee-Jung HJ a Department of Nutrition and Food Science , College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Maryland , College Park , Maryland , - - 2014
The Elderly Nutrition Program (ENP) is being challenged to improve the quality of meal programs. The purpose of this study was to explore how food preferences varied depending on gender and ethnic groups. A total of 2,024 participants in the ENP aged 60 years or older were interviewed. A majority ...
Hodge A M AM Allison Hodge, Research Coordinator-Core Programs, Cancer Epidemiology Centre, The Cancer Council of Victoria, 100 Drummond Street Carlton, Vic 3053, Australia. Phone: 61 3 9635 5063, Fax: 61 3 9635 5063, Email: - - 2014
Objectives: To examine associations between dietary patterns identified by factor analysis, and successful ageing. Design: Prospective cohort study with diet measured in 1990-4, and successful ageing in 2003-7. Ordered logistic regression with outcome determined as dead/usual ageing/successful ageing was used to examine associations with quintile groups of dietary factor scores. ...
Johnston R R Barry M. Popkin, PhD, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, CB: 8120, University Square, 123 W Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997, Phone: 919-966-1732, Fax: 919-966-9159/6638, E-mail: - - 2014
Objective: We examined trends from 1977-2010 in calorie, macronutrient, and food group intake among US adults 55 and older. Design: Cross-sectional time series. Setting: A nationally representative sample of the US non-institutionalized population. Participants: Older Americans aged ≥55 years (n=18,603) from four surveys of dietary intake in 1977-1978, 1989-1991, 1994-1996, ...
Gómez Valiente da Silva Henyse H Universidade do Estado de Rio de Janeiro-UERJ. Brazil.. - - 2014
Objective: Evaluate the nutrient intake and nutritional status of food in cancer patients admitted to a university hospital, with comparison of adult and older adult age category Methods: Cross-sectional study. This study involved cancer patients admitted to a hospital in 2010. Dietary habits were collected using a Brazilian food frequency ...
Galbany Jordi J Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology, Department of Anthropology, The George Washington University, Washington DC, United States of America; Departament de Biologia Animal - Secció d'Antropologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Tooth wear in primates is caused by aging and ecological factors. However, comparative data that would allow us to delineate the contribution of each of these factors are lacking. Here, we contrast age-dependent molar tooth wear by scoring percent of dentine exposure (PDE) in two wild African primate populations from ...
Anderson Laura L a Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Calgary , Calgary , Alberta , - - 2014
Forced migration puts families at risk of household food insecurity and economic hardship. We administered a questionnaire to examine household food insecurity in a sample of 49 recently legally resettled Sudanese refugees with at least one child under age 3 years. Of households polled, 37% had experienced household food insecurity ...
Gribble Kristin E KE Marine Biological Laboratory, 7 MBL St., Woods Hole, MA 02543, - - 2013
Caloric restriction (CR) is cited as the most robust means of increasing lifespan across a range of taxa, yet there is a high degree of variability in the response to CR, both within and between species. To examine the intraspecific evolutionary conservation of lifespan extension by CR, we tested the ...
Cheah Y S YS Diabetes Research Group, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Rates of obesity are greatest in middle age. Obesity is associated with altered activity of brain networks sensing food-related stimuli and internal signals of energy balance, which modulate eating behaviour. The impact of healthy mid-life ageing on these processes has not been characterised. We therefore aimed to investigate changes in ...
Delphine Franssen - - 2013
We studied the effects of neonatal exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES) on pubertal timing in female rats. We examined associated neuroendocrine changes and effects of prenatal food restriction. Age at vaginal opening was advanced after exposure to 10μg/kg/day of DES and delayed after 1μg/kg/day (subcutaneous injections). Using this lower dose, pulsatile ...
Ravenscroft Julia - - 2013
Abstract Background: Native American youth have greater rates of overweight/obesity than same-aged youth from the general population. Even though dietary shifts are suspected, surprisingly little information exists concerning the dietary patterns of contemporary Native American adolescents. Aim: This study examines the dietary composition of Native American adolescents residing in upstate ...
Pelé Fabienne - - 2013
Environmental exposures, including dietary contaminants, may influence the developing immune system. This study assesses the association between maternal pre-parturition consumption of seafood and wheeze, eczema, and food allergy in preschool children. Fish and shellfish were studied separately as they differ according to their levels of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (which ...
Chan Edmond S - - 2013
Allergic conditions in children are a prevalent health concern in Canada. The burden of disease and the societal costs of proper diagnosis and management are considerable, making the primary prevention of allergic conditions a desirable health care objective. This position statement reviews current evidence on dietary exposures and allergy prevention ...
Ihabi A N AN Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical - - 2013
During the past two decades, the rates of food insecurity and obesity have risen. Although a relationship between these two seemingly-paradoxical states has not been repeatedly seen in men, research suggests that a correlation between them exists in women. This study examines nutritional outcomes of household food insecurity among mothers ...
Kim Eun-Soo ES Department of Food and Nutrition, Wonkwang University, 460 Iksan-daero, Iksan, Jeonbuk 570-749, - - 2013
There is little information on dietary vitamin K intake and nutritional status of daily requirements of vitamin K in Korea. The objective of this study was to investigate the vitamin K intake and major food sources of Vitamin K in Koreans. The survey data from the 2010-2011 Korean National Health ...
Park Miran M Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Environmental Health Center for Atopic Diseases, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
There are scanty epidemiologic data on the prevalence of food allergy (FA) among preschool children in Asia. We performed this study to determine the prevalence and causative foods of immediate-type FA in early childhood in Korea. A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study was performed between September and October 2011. Children aged 0-6 ...
Brauchla Mary - - 2013
Dietary fiber (DF) intake in American children is suboptimal, increasing the risk of GI distress and contributing to poor diet quality. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of introducing two high-fiber snacks per day on gastrointestinal function as well as nutrient and food group intake in ...
Grimshaw Kate E C - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:To address questions regarding breastfeeding, complementary feeding, allergy development, and current infant-feeding recommendations.METHODS:This was a nested, case-control within a cohort study in which mothers of 41 infants diagnosed with food allergy by the age of 2 years (according to double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge) and their 82 age-matched controls kept prospective ...
Hsu Kun-Jung - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate which masticatory factor is the best predictor of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in elderly Taiwanese individuals aged 65 years and older. Subjects were 332 community-dwelling, independently living elderly adults (mean age, 76.0 ± 0.4 years) in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Information concerning age, gender, and socioeconomic status was ...
Vega Lizama Elma Maria EM Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, Yucatán, México, - - 2014
The relationship between diet and oral health is widely known, yet data on dental caries prevalence is lacking for many indigenous groups with traditional or rapidly modernizing diets. This research documents caries prevalence in two Maya communities from northern Yucatán (Mexico) with significantly different levels of market integration, subsistence, and ...
Vilela Sofia - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the association between the consumption of energy-dense foods at 2 years of age and the consumption of foods and diet quality at 4 years of age. The sample included 705 children evaluated at 2 and 4 years of age, as part of the population-based ...
Dreiss A N - - 2013
To compete over limited parental resources, young animals communicate with their parents and siblings by producing honest vocal signals of need. Components of begging calls that are sensitive to food deprivation may honestly signal need, whereas other components may be associated with individual-specific attributes that do not change with time ...
Munesue Seiichi - - 2013
Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) have been implicated in aging and the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, inflammation, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer. AGE engage the cell surface receptor for AGE (RAGE), which in turn elicits intracellular signaling, leading to activation of NF-κB to cause deterioration of tissue homeostasis. AGE are not only ...
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