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Results 401 - 450 of 749
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Baxter Suzanne Domel - - 2009
To use data from a published validation study concerning retention interval and school food-service production records to examine intrusions (uneaten items reported eaten) in the school-meal parts of 24 h recalls. For that study, children were observed eating two school meals (breakfast, lunch) and interviewed under one of six conditions ...
Evans Alexandra - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between food environments and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption of adolescents (n=246) living in Residential Children's Homes (RCHs) in North and South Carolina, USA. Administrators of 21 RCHs completed the Physical Activity and Dietary Environmental Assessment (PADEA), an instrument assessing ...
Jaime Patricia Constante - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness of school food and nutrition policies world wide in improving the school food environment, student's dietary intake, and decreasing overweight and obesity. METHODS: Systematic review of published and unpublished literature up to November 2007 of three categories of nutrition policy; nutrition guidelines, regulation of food ...
Blum Janet E Whatley - - 2008
To examine change in high school students' beverage consumption patterns pre- and post-intervention of reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and diet soda in school food venues. A prospective, quasi-experimental, nonrandomized study design. Public high schools. A convenience sample from control (n = 221) and intervention (n = 235) high ...
De Rosa Mauro - - 2008
The purpose of this article is to illustrate the importance of socio-cultural factors in risk management and the need to incorporate these factors in a standard, internationally recognized (WTO) framework. This was achieved by analysing the relevance of these factors in three cases. It can be concluded that the pre-eminent ...
- - 2008
Schools are in a unique position to help improve youth dietary behaviors and prevent and reduce obesity. In most schools, foods and beverages are made available to students through the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) school meal programs and the sale of competitive foods, which are any foods and beverages ...
Molnar Alex - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Despite calls for children to lower their consumption of food high in fat and sugar (FHFS) and food of minimal nutritional value (FMNV), such foods are heavily marketed to and consumed by children. This study provides the first nationally representative survey to measure the nature and extent of marketing ...
Dowler Elizabeth - - 2008
Members of low-income households in the UK are more likely to have patterns of food and nutrient intakes that are less inclined to lead to good health outcomes in the short and long term. Health inequalities, including the likelihood of child and adulthood obesity, have long been documented in the ...
Lobstein Tim - - 2008
Among the measures recommended by the WHO to reduce the risk of obesity and non-communicable disease, the consumption of a diet rich in micronutrients but with a relatively-low energy density features prominently. However, only a small percentage of the UK population (<1) appears to be consuming the recommended diet. Dietary ...
Chung N - - 2008
A consensus meeting of leading Asian hypertension experts was held in January 2007 in Seoul, Korea, to discuss how to address the growing challenge of hypertension management in the region. This report summarises key recommendations from the group, including: raising public awareness about the impact of hypertension; improving physician education ...
van der Horst Klazine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Because students may purchase food and drinks in and around their schools, the school food environment may be important for obesity-related eating behaviors such as soft drink and snack consumption. However, research exploring the associations between school environments and specific eating behaviors is sparse. METHODS: Associations of the availability ...
Finkelstein Daniel M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe school food environments and policies in US public schools and how they vary according to school characteristics. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the third School Nutrition and Dietary Assessment study by using a nationally representative sample of 395 US public ...
Pieroni Andrea - - 2008
An urban ethnobotanical study was carried out among a community of Russlanddeutschen (Germans from Russia) who in recent years have moved from Russia and Central Asia to Künzelsau, a small town located in Württemberg, in South-Western Germany. Thirty-six in-depth interviews were conducted with the women in this community, and 62 ...
Poorey V K - - 2008
Children up to the age of 6 years present commonly in the ENT Department with the foreign bodies in the aero-digestive tract. The most common foreign body is coin in the cricopharynx. But it is rare to see foreign body in neonate. Authors have come across with a rare case ...
Elinder Liselotte Sch?fer - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The focus in understanding the causes of and preventing obesity has broadened from the individual level to include the obesogenic environment. Proving a causal relationship between environmental factors and eating patterns poses a great challenge because randomised controlled trials are seldom possible or feasible to conduct. Interactions between the ...
Horne P J - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous research in the United Kingdom, where there is a school canteen system, has shown that the Food Dudes intervention substantially increases children's fruit and vegetable consumption. The current study evaluated its effectiveness in Ireland where school meals are not provided and children bring food to school in lunchboxes. ...
Giang Tracey - - 2008
The issue of access to healthy foods has been central to the work of many community-based organizations around the country. One such organization, The Food Trust, launched an effective advocacy campaign to bring awareness and policy change to the issue. The Food Trust's efforts with its partners resulted in the ...
Wharton Christopher M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although great focus has been placed on nutritional and other consequences of changes in food-related policies within schools, few reports exist describing the impact of such changes on school revenue. This review provides an overview of the few revenue-related studies published recently, as well as information from a sampling ...
Dragovic Milan - - 2008
The dominant genetic models of human handedness (Annett, 1985; McManus, 1985a) have contrasting views on its nature. Whereas Annett's model proposes that handedness is distributed continuously (following the distribution of performance asymmetries of the hands), McManus's model proposes that handedness is distributed dichotomously. The aim of this study was to ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2008
Few preschool children have a diet in line with nutrition recommendations. The school food policy is one of the factors that can influence children's eating habits. Multilevel regression analyses were carried out to test the potential influence of a school's food policy (N=50) on the children's (N=1678; ages 2.5-6.5 year) ...
Graves Andrea - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the school breakfast environment in rural Appalachian schools to inform school environment intervention and policy change. METHODS: A total of 4 rural schools with fourth- and fifth-grade students in East Tennessee were assessed. A cross-sectional descriptive examination of the school food ...
Yeatman Heather - - 2008
Public health professionals have an opportunity to refocus national attention on food and nutrition policy, within a sustainability agenda. A broadly based national Food and Nutrition Policy was developed in 1992. However, its implementation has been selective and primarily based within the health sector. Other major policy areas, for example; ...
Mazur A - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of food advertising in primary and secondary schools on the food purchasing habits of children. METHODS: All forty-four primary and secondary schools in Rzeszow, Poland were included in the investigation; 15000 children attend primary and secondary schools in ...
Simon Paul A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the proximity of fast food restaurants to public schools and examine proximity by neighborhood income and school level (elementary, middle, or high school). METHODS: Geocoded school and restaurant databases from 2005 and 2003, respectively, were used to determine the percentage of schools with one or more fast ...
de Assis M A A - - 2008
The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and external validity of the Previous Day Food Questionnaire (PDFQ) designed to obtain a report of the foods eaten on the previous day by schoolchildren. Participants were 7-10-year-old school children of the first four grades of a public school in ...
Clews Ailsa - - 2008
Brought up in a small Shropshire village, Ailsa says she enjoyed most subjects at school, but particularly English, Geography and Chemistry. However, in a possible early pointer to her subsequent career, she says she had "always been interested in food"; her mother was trained as a home economics teacher and, ...
James W P T - - 2008
Most policy makers do not yet understand that the obesity epidemic is a normal population response to the dramatic reduction in the demand for physical activity and the major changes in the food supply of countries over the last 40 years. A national focus on individual behaviour reflects a failure ...
Quattrin Rosanna - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To know how Italian nursery and primary schools survey and manage children with food-related problems. DESIGN: A pilot study during the period March-May 2005, filling out a questionnaire. SETTING: All nursery and primary schools in a Northern Italian region (Friuli Venezia Giulia). SUBJECTS: There were 479 eligible schools RESULTS: ...
Howell Davies O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: National Nutritional Standards for school lunches were reintroduced in 2001, and included guidance on portion sizes for primary schools. For the first time since 1997, nationally representative data on school food portion sizes in England have been collected using direct assessment rather than reported portion sizes. METHODS: Food portions ...
Michels Karin B KB Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2008
To investigate the importance of cost and awareness of health- or disease-promoting properties of foods and meals for choices by customers of a cafeteria. A non-randomized intervention study. A medium size cafeteria in the Harvard School of Public Health. Customers of the cafeteria mainly consisting of public health students, faculty, ...
Warren Emily - - 2008
The paper draws on qualitative data collected in focus groups with primary school pupils in years three and five (ages 7-11 years), carried out as part of a wider study evaluating the Primary School Free Breakfast Initiative in Wales. A total of 16 focus groups were carried out across eight ...
Story Mary - - 2008
Food and eating environments likely contribute to the increasing epidemic of obesity and chronic diseases, over and above individual factors such as knowledge, skills, and motivation. Environmental and policy interventions may be among the most effective strategies for creating population-wide improvements in eating. This review describes an ecological framework for ...
Hartstein Jill - - 2008
We assessed the impact of a pilot middle school a la carte intervention on food and beverage purchases, kilocalories, fat, carbohydrate, and protein sold per student, and nutrient density of the foods sold. A la carte sales were obtained from six middle schools in three states for 1 baseline week ...
Taylor Mary Kay - - 2008
Global food supplies are at risk of both accidental and deliberate contamination. As past incidents have demonstrated, food terrorism may cause social, economic, and political disruption. The United States increased its efforts to protect its food after 9/11 by broadening the roles of existing agencies, including the U.S. Department of ...
Nakamura Teiji - - 2008
After World War II, Japan has imported food from other countries to solve malnutrition, and then dietitians provided nutrition education to people for effective food utilization. Flour and skimmed milk imported from the United State were distributed to the school lunch program. Dietitians were trained to encourage the people to ...
Park Hye-Kyung - - 2008
Since 1970s, the economic and social development in South Korea, as well as dietary pattern, has undergone various changes. Concerns for the decreased nutrition quality and physical activities among Koreans, especially young population, call for a need of a holistic approach in national food and nutrition policy. The National Health ...
Sacks Gary - - 2008
As obesity prevention becomes an increasing health priority in many countries, including Australia and New Zealand, the challenge that governments are now facing is how to adopt a systematic policy approach to increase healthy eating and regular physical activity. This article sets out a structure for systematically identifying areas for ...
Krishnaswamy Kamala - - 2008
Single nutrients are no solution to the problem of malnutrition. It is essential that food based dietary guidelines (FBDG) are developed and implemented to overcome the diet related diseases and promote health in the population. A multidisciplinary group was constituted to develop FBDGs in India. A manual with scientific details ...
Sirichakwal Prapaisri P - - 2008
Although under-nutrition problems have been decreasing in Thailand, non-communicable diseases have become leading causes of death and disability. Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) is a key strategy to promote healthy daily food consumption and appropriate lifestyles. The development consists of qualitative and quantitative parts. The purposes were 1) to assist consumers ...
Moffat Tina - - 2008
PURPOSE: Food consumption was investigated in children attending three elementary schools in urban Hamilton, Ontario. METHODS: Dietary data were collected from 92 children in grades 2 to 4 through 24-hour dietary recalls (39% participation rate). Servings of four food groups were compared with recommended daily servings in Canada's Food Guide. ...
O'Brien Melanie - - 2008
Mandatory new standards for food served in schools in England are being phased in from September 2008. These comprise three sets of standards: food-based, nutrient-based and standards covering food other than lunch. They reflect the Governments concern about poor nutrition and rising trends of obesity among the school-age population and ...
Larsen Kristian - - 2008
A growing body of research suggests that the suburbanization of food retailers in North America and the United Kingdom in recent decades has contributed to the emergence of urban 'food deserts', or disadvantaged areas of cities with relatively poor access to healthy and affordable food. This paper explores the evolution ...
Leydon Noella - - 2008
High rates of malnutrition exist in long-term care residents in Canada. Residents may be admitted in a malnourished state or may become malnourished while in care. Nutritional decline of residents may be due to medical conditions but may also result from the failure to provide for the unique nutritional needs ...
Mishra D - - 2007
Taenia solium is the commonest parasitic infection of CNS and an important cause of new-onset seizures and epilepsy in children and adults. Human activities impact on almost every one of the stages of the lifecycle of the worm as man is responsible for dispersion of the parasite's egg through outdoor ...
Story Cyndie - - 2007
Managers of onsite retail foodservice operations, particularly those in centralized school foodservice operations, are called on to provide meals during emergencies, yet there is a paucity of research on their readiness to handle emergencies. Qualitative research and a cross-sectional survey design were used to conduct a needs assessment for emergency ...
Snelling Anastasia M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Across the nation, schools have become actively involved in developing obesity prevention strategies both in classrooms and in cafeterias. We sought to determine the type of foods being offered during lunch in the cafeteria of 3 public high schools in 1 county and if this reflects the purchasing patterns ...
Whatley Blum Janet E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood "overweight" and "at risk for overweight" has become a major public health concern. School food environments can affect key nutritional risk factors, especially in high schools where foods of poor nutrient value are pervasive in à la carte and vending programs. This study examines à ...
Rossiter Melissa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Schoolteachers can affect students' eating habits in several ways: through nutrition knowledge, positive role modeling, and avoidance of unhealthy classroom food practices. In this study, the knowledge, attitudes, and eating behaviors of prospective teachers as determinants of intended classroom food practices and the school environment and its potential impact ...
Cullen Karen Weber - - 2008
We assessed the effect of the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy on middle school student lunchtime food consumption. Three years of lunch food records were collected from middle school students in southeast Texas: baseline (2001-2002), after local district changes (2002-2003), and 1 year after implementation of the Texas Public School ...
Dapi Léonie N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors influencing rural and urban adolescents' food perceptions during a time of nutritional transition in Cameroon, Africa. DESIGN: Qualitative in-depth interviews. SETTINGS: Yaoundé urban and Bandja rural areas. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen adolescents 12 to 15 years old purposely selected from schools in urban and rural areas. ANALYSIS: Interviews ...
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