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Results 351 - 400 of 752
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Harris Jennifer L - - 2009
Marketing practices that promote calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods directly to children and adolescents present significant public health risk. Worldwide, calls for government action and industry change to protect young people from the negative effects of food marketing have increased. Current proposals focus on restricting television advertising to children under 12 years ...
Larson Nicole - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diet-related environmental and policy interventions are being advocated at a population level because individual change is more likely to be facilitated and sustained if the environment within which choices are made supports healthful food options. PURPOSE: This study aims to review research that examines factors having an influence on ...
Hearst Mary O MO Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South Second Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2009
The purpose of this research is to evaluate 2 methods of assessing foods available on school à la carte lines for schools' ability to assess the proportion of foods that are healthful options. This observational study used data collected at 38 middle schools, October 2006-May 2007. An inventory method was ...
Moore Sue - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: School meal improvement is a major component of UK government policy to improve children's diets. This study investigated the pragmatic influences on local education authority (LEA) and primary school policies affecting the food available during school mealtimes, together with the professional practices of catering staff that further influence the ...
Caine-Bish Natalie L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Schools have the opportunity, through the National School Lunch Program and Local School Wellness Policies, to have a significant impact on healthy eating behaviors. An understanding of children's and adolescents' food preferences in relation to gender and age will facilitate the successful creation of both healthy and financially viable ...
Snelling Anastasia M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With adolescent obesity rates on the rise, the school food environment is receiving closer scrutiny. This study looks at the effects of nutrient standards as part of a wellness policy that was implemented in 3 public high schools in 1 county, by analyzing the nutritional value of competitive food ...
Moore S N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In parent-child interactions, feeding strategies including pressure, restriction, modelling, rewards, encouragement and repeated taste exposure have been reliably shown to influence children's eating. Because there is no evidence that the psychosocial interactions inherent in the strategies are context-dependent, the present study investigated their utilisation during primary school meal supervision. ...
Mitchell S A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Assessment of children's diets is problematic, typically relying on error-prone parent or child recall or reporting, or resource intensive direct observation. The School Food Checklist (SFC) is an objective instrument comprising of 20 food and beverage categories designed to measure the foods contained in children's packed lunches. The present ...
Hastert Theresa A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: As rates of childhood obesity rise, the nutritional content of lunches eaten at school is more heavily scrutinized. We examined the association between dietary behaviors and the number of days that adolescents bring lunch to school. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data for 2,774 adolescents who responded to the 2005 ...
Holthe Asle - - 2010
Drawing on a multiple case design, this study examines the role of physical structures in the implementation of national guidelines for healthy school meals at three Norwegian schools. Findings suggest that the degree of implementation of the guidelines was influenced by types of consumer product, facilities in buildings and regulation ...
P?rez-Ferrer Carolina - - 2010
Trans fatty acids (TFA) are a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and are consumed in large quantities in low- and middle-income countries as they are used to produce low cost, commonly eaten processed food products. International organizations agree that evidence linking TFA and CVD is strong enough to ...
Harris Jennifer L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyse cross-promotions targeted to children and adolescents on packaging in the supermarket. DESIGN: On three occasions from 2006 to 2008, researchers purchased all foods in a large supermarket that included a cross-promotion on the package. A total of 397 products were categorized by promotional partner, food category, targeted ...
Neuhouser Marian L - - 2009
School nutrition policies limiting access to sweetened beverages, candy, and salty snacks have the potential to improve the health of children. To effectively evaluate policy success, appropriate and validated dietary assessment instruments are needed. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a beverage and snack questionnaire suitable ...
Westerlund Lisa - - 2009
The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among children is of special concern. Inverse associations between sleep length and overweight have been found in children. Short sleeping hours result in hormonal changes, which increase perceived hunger and appetite. This could affect food intake, and consequently lead to overweight. The aim ...
Ask Anne Selvik - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study whether service of a free school lunch has an impact on weight development and food intake among pupils at a lower secondary school, and to assess the association between self-perceived school behaviour and food intake. DESIGN: A controlled intervention study involving service of a free healthy school ...
Craven J A - - 2009
In North America, the United Kingdom and Australasia, veterinary school accreditation is an integral part of the process of registering veterinarians to practise. In these regions, the relevant accrediting authority develops a set of standards which form the basis for individual schools to prepare a self-evaluation report, in preparation for ...
Roberts Stephen M - - 2009
The objective of this study was to learn about the experiences of principals and school food service directors with the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy. Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted to gain first hand reactions to the new nutrition policy. Data were gathered from Texas middle schools. Principals and food ...
Kubik Martha Y MY School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 308 Harvard St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2009
This descriptive, cross-sectional study aimed to examine classroom, school-wide, and club/sports teams fundraising policies and practices of middle and high schools; concordance between policy and practice; and associations between healthful policy/practice scores and selected school characteristics. In 2006, principals/designees of middle (n=45) and high (n=71) schools in the St Paul/Minneapolis, ...
Terry-McElrath Yvonne M YM Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106-1248, USA. - - 2009
This study identifies trends in the availability of various food choices in United States' middle and high schools from 2004 to 2007, and examines the potential associations between such food availability and students' self-reported eating habits and body mass index (BMI)-related outcomes. Data are based on nationally representative samples of ...
Thow Anne Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe pathways through which trade liberalisation affects the food environment, relevant to the nutrition transition, in order to enable public health nutritionists to understand trade policy as a macro-level influence on food consumption. DESIGN: The pathways mapped in the present paper are based on the agreements of the ...
Nollen Nicole L NL Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd, Mail Stop 1008, Kansas City, KS, 66160, USA. - - 2009
Schools have an important role to play in obesity prevention, but little is known about the food environment in small, predominately rural schools. The primary purpose of this study was to compare the availability and student purchasing of foods sold outside of the reimbursable meals program through à la carte ...
Arcan Chrisa C School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2009
Students attending alternative high schools are an at-risk group of youth for poor health behaviors and obesity. However, little is known about their dietary practices. To examine associations between sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status and selected dietary practices, including consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, high-fat foods, and fruits and vegetables and ...
Evans C E L - - 2009
This review details the history of school meals in the UK, from their origin in the mid-19th Century, to the present day, and provides a summary of how each country has independently developed its own food and or nutrient-based standards for school meals. The standards in place in the UK ...
DeVault Norma - - 2009
In response to the increased incidence of child overweight, a school-based program, It's All About Kids, was designed by the Tulsa Health Department, Tulsa Public Schools, and community partners to improve food choices and increase physical activity of students in first through fifth grade. The nutrition component consisted of six ...
Tan Andy S L - - 2009
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in New York City and contributes to significant burden of disease in the United States and internationally. Excessive intake of artificial trans-fatty acids has been causally associated with increased risk of heart disease. This article describes New York City's 2007 trans-fatty acids ...
Story Mary M School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA. - - 2009
Much progress has been made in the past 5 to 10 years in measuring and understanding the impact of the food and physical activity environments on behavioral outcomes. Nevertheless, this research is in its infancy. A work group was convened to identify current evidence gaps and barriers in food and ...
Trübswasser Ursula - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aims at describing the current status of nutrition policy in the WHO European Region and to discuss the implications for public health. The stages of policy development in the Region are illustrated and achievements in specific aspects of food and nutrition policy are highlighted. DESIGN: The ...
Gelli Aulo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The provision of food in and through schools has been used to support the education, health, and nutrition of school-aged children. The monitoring of financial inputs into school health and nutrition programs is critical for a number of reasons, including accountability, transparency, and equity. Furthermore, there is a gap ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2009
The partnership of parents, teachers, and schools is necessary to develop effective school food interventions. To gather parents' and teachers' opinions and perceptions about the school food policy, 884 parents and 70 teachers of preschoolers completed a questionnaire. School food policy is an issue of importance for parents and teachers: ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2009
Pricing policies have been posited as potential policy instruments to address the increasing prevalence of obesity. This article examines whether altering the cost of unhealthy, energy-dense foods, compared with healthy, less-dense foods through the use of fiscal pricing (tax or subsidy) policy instruments would, in fact, change food consumption patterns ...
Story Mary M Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1300 S. 2nd Street, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2009
Research consistently shows that the majority of American children do not consume diets that meet the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, nor do they achieve adequate levels of daily physical activity. As a result, more children are overweight today than at any other time in U.S. history. Schools ...
Levy L B - - 2009
There are a range of government food policies at national and international level. Overall, their aims are diverse but all will have an impact on women and thus impact on the developmental origins of adult disease through their role as mothers of future generations. The present paper describes the approach ...
Walton Mat - - 2009
Schools are commonly seen as a site of intervention to improve children's nutrition, and prevent excess weight gain. Schools may have limited influence over children's diets; however, with home and community environments also exerting an influence within schools. This study considered the environment of food outlets and outdoor food advertisements ...
Briefel Ronette R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Changes to school food environments and practices that lead to improved dietary behavior are a powerful strategy to reverse the childhood obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the effects of school food environments and practices, characterized by access to competitive foods and beverages, school lunches, and nutrition promotion, on children's ...
Condon Elizabeth M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Children's food intakes do not meet dietary recommendations. Meals offered through the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program make substantial contributions to school-aged children's diets. OBJECTIVES: This article describes foods offered in school meals and consumed by children at lunch and breakfast, and differences in foods consumed ...
Fox Mary Kay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With ongoing efforts to develop and implement school wellness policies, there is a need for information about the availability and consumption of competitive foods in schools. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of competitive foods in US public schools, consumption of competitive foods by children, and contributions of competitive foods ...
Fox Mary Kay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With the ongoing interest in implementing school policies to address the problem of childhood obesity, there is a need for information about the relationships between school food environments and practices and children's weight status. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between school food environments and practices and children's body mass ...
Somerset Shawn - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and usage of food gardens in primary schools in three distinct climatic regions of north-eastern Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys combining quantitative and qualitative data collection. Two separate telephone questionnaires were developed and implemented, according to the presence or absence of a food garden within the ...
DunnGalvin A - - 2009
To date, there is no model of psychosocial development based on empirical food allergy (FA) research. This limits the ability of clinicians, researchers and policy-makers to predict and evaluate the real impact of FA on the child, with implications for prevention, treatment, intervention and health policy. To provide an integrated ...
Westergren Albert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Disease-related malnutrition is a major health problem in the elderly population, but it has until recently received very little attention, especially are management issues under-explored. By identifying residents at the risk of undernutrition (UN), appropriate nutritional care can be provided. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if study circles and policy documents ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Applying the Intervention Mapping Protocol, an intervention was developed to assist Belgian preschools in the implementation of a healthy school food policy. In the present study the impact of the intervention on children's food consumption is investigated. METHODS: Teachers and parents from 16 schools (8 intervention; 8 control) were ...
Thow Anne Marie - - 2009
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Central America has undergone extensive trade liberalization over the past two decades, and has recently signed a Free Trade Agreement with the United States. The region is also experiencing a dual burden of malnutrition with the growth of dietary patterns associated with the global 'nutrition transition'. This study ...
Jung Jisook - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare student's satisfaction with school food service environment to improve the quality of middle school meal service. A survey was conducted of 680 students (boys 246, girls 433) from 6 middle schools providing school meals from October to November 2007. The questionnaires were ...
Mandal Jyotshna - - 2009
: Food allergy may be defined as an immunoglobulin E-mediated immune response to food proteins. Such studies have previously not been done in Calcutta, India. The present study was therefore undertaken to record the sensitivity to commonly consumed foods in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma. : A survey of ...
Dodson Elizabeth A EA Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2009
As the prevalence of obesity rapidly climbs among youth in the United States, public health practitioners and policymakers seek effective means of slowing and reversing these trends. Recently, many state laws and regulations addressing childhood obesity have been introduced and enacted. Understanding determinants of such legislation may inform the development ...
Dubuisson Carine - - 2009
In 2001, a circular addressing both the composition of school meals and food safety issues was introduced in France to improve the nutrient composition of school meals and provided food-frequency guidelines to guarantee dietary balanced meals. The present study assesses the extent to which secondary state schools are familiar with ...
Davis Brennan - - 2009
We examined the relationship between fast-food restaurants near schools and obesity among middle and high school students in California. We used geocoded data (obtained from the 2002-2005 California Healthy Kids Survey) on over 500,000 youths and multivariate regression models to estimate associations between adolescent obesity and proximity of fast-food restaurants ...
Cree L M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the UK Food Surveillance System (FSS UK) currently in operation in Scotland and Northern Ireland, and being introduced UK-wide, particularly in relation to the development, scope and roll-out of the system. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot questionnaire, followed by pilot information technology (IT)-based study and subsequent roll-out. METHODS: A ...
Seliske Laura M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: There is growing interest in how the physical environment influences obesity. Few studies have considered how the food retail environment surrounding schools influences overweight in students. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relationship between food retailers surrounding schools and overweight among Canadian youth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING/METHODS/SUBJECTS: The ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Food marketing is linked to childhood obesity through its influence on children's food preferences, purchase requests and food consumption. We aimed to describe the volume and nature of outdoor food advertisements and factors associated with outdoor food advertising in the area surrounding Australian primary schools. METHODS: Forty primary schools ...
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