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Harris Jennifer L - - 2013
Food and beverage companies have pledged to reduce unhealthy marketing to children through the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CFBAI). However, public health experts question the initiative's effectiveness because pledges apply to only some types of marketing. For instance, the CFBAI covers only TV advertising that is "child-directed," defined ...
Don M - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome is a non-IgE-mediated food allergy that typically occurs within the first year of age and it is often misdiagnosed for its rarity. This syndrome is usually caused by milk or soy in formula-fed infants, but it can also be associated to solid food proteins, fruit proteins ...
Mathias Kevin C KC Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, - - 2013
Although consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with higher caloric intakes, the amount SSBs contribute to higher intakes has not been addressed. To estimate the amount SSBs contribute to higher caloric intakes and determine how the diets of SSB consumers and nonconsumers differ. The What We Eat In America, ...
Pampaloni B - - 2013
Bone mass increases steadily until age 20-30 years, when peak bone mass (PBM) is acquired. Nutrition plays a critical role in achievement of the optimal genetically programmed PBM, with reduction in the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Intake of nutrients can be estimated through the use of various tools; typically, ...
Morinaka Tomoko - - 2013
Introduction and objective. Nowadays, the process of the westernization of eating habits is perceived to be one of the main causes of epidemics of civilization diseases, such as metabolic syndrome. The aim of the study was to assess the westernization of eating habits among 100 Japanese (aged 18-23 years) and ...
González S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Polyphenols are bioactive compounds widely found in fruit, vegetables and beverages of plant origin. Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between polyphenol intake and health; antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and other bioactivities may contribute to these beneficially protective effects. To date, most epidemiological studies describing polyphenol intake have been limited ...
Toda Masako - - 2013
Abstract Food allergies are abnormal responses to a food triggered by the immune system. The majority of allergenic foods are often subjected to thermal processing before consumption. The Maillard reaction is a non-enzymatic reaction between reducing sugars and compounds with free amino groups such as amino acids and proteins, and ...
Martone Deborah - - 2013
Abstract The food consumption and food habits of Italian third-class-primary-school children were assessed and their energy and nutrient intakes were compared with requirements. The study involved 1740 subjects (900 males and 840 females) aged 8-9 years, from the north, centre and south of Italy. Body weight and height were measured. ...
Al Mamun Mohammad - - 2013
Abstract We carried out a cross-sectional study to determine the level of knowledge and awareness regarding children's food safety issues among the school-based street food vendors in Dhaka city. A total of 250 school-based street food vendors were interviewed employing a pre-tested structured questionnaire comprising foodborne illness and food hygiene-related ...
Black Jennifer L - - 2013
National dietary guidelines pertaining to the intake of fruits and vegetables (FV) were recently amended, in both Canada and the United States, to provide specific recommendations about dark green and orange vegetables and juice consumption. However, little is known about the extent to which Canadians meet the updated recommendations for ...
Coelho J P - - 2013
The main aim of this study was to ascertain the biomagnification processes in a mercury-contaminated estuary, by clarifying the trophic web structure through stable isotope ratios. For this purpose, primary producers (seagrasses and macroalgae), invertebrates (detritivores and benthic predators) and fish were analysed for total and organic mercury and for ...
Akyüz Umit - - 2013
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammatory condition of esophagus. It is generally seen in childhood and young population. Men are more commonly affected than women. However, it is not common in an advanced age. Eosinophilic esophagitis decreases the ability of the esophagus to stretch and accommodation against foods. Therefore, the major ...
Nwaru B I - - 2013
To study the associations between timing and diversity of introduction of complementary foods during infancy and atopic sensitization in 5-year-old children. In the Finnish DIPP (Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention) birth cohort (n = 3781), data on the timing of infant feeding were collected up to the age of 2 years and ...
Bunting H - - 2013
Understanding consumer attitudes towards foods remains critically important for manufacturers, retailers and governing bodies. Regulation within the food industry should therefore support food choice whilst protecting members of society. There have been concerns regarding beverages marketed as 'energy drinks' and the levels of caffeine in these drinks. Focus groups were ...
Hartmann Christina - - 2013
A cooking skill scale was developed to measure cooking skills in a European adult population, and the relationship between cooking skills and the frequency of consumption of various food groups were examined. Moreover, it was determined which sociodemographic and psychological variables predict cooking skills. The data used in the present ...
Kaseva Nina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess dietary intake in young adults born preterm at very low birth weight (VLBW) (≤1500 g). STUDY DESIGN: We studied 151 young adults aged 19-27 years who were born at VLBW and 156 term-born controls, group-matched for age, sex, and birth hospital. Participants completed a 3-day food record, ...
Kovalskys Irina - - 2013
Introduction. The main objectives of this study were to analyze food intake and to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-aged children. Population and Methods. Fifth-grade children from 80 randomly-selected public schools from the Buenos Aires metropolitan area were included. Data on food intake were collected using a ...
Souza Amanda de M Ade - - 2013
To describe the most commonly consumed foods in Brazil. This analysis is based on food intake data obtained on the first of two non-consecutive days' food records from 34,003 subjects aged 10 or over, resident in 13,569 households selected to participate in the National Dietary Survey 2008-2009 from the probabilistic ...
Bezerra Ilana Nogueira - - 2013
To describe foods consumed away from home and associated factors in Brazil. The study was based on the National Dietary Survey which was conducted among residents aged over 10 years old in 24% of households participating in the Household Budget Survey in 2008-2009 (n = 34,003). The consumption of food ...
Valicente F H - - 2013
Cannibalism in the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (FAW), is a limiting factor in a baculovirus production system. To detect the impact of cannibalism, a two-step bioassay was conducted with different larval ages of FAW fed on two food sources (corn and castor bean leaves) contaminated with ...
Gowda Charitha - - 2013
We are delighted that our article has stimulated novel analyses regarding the relationship between food insecurity and well-being. Theall et al. describe how there were no significant associations found between food security and inflammation among a younger age group (adolescents aged 12-17 years) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Spindler Stephen R - - 2013
Chronic treatment with β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) agonists increases mortality and morbidity while βAR antagonists (β-blockers) decrease all-cause mortality for those at risk of cardiac disease. Levels of sympathetic nervous system βAR agonists and βAR activity increase with age, and this increase may hasten the development of age-related mortality. Here, we ...
Mensink G B M GB Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute, General-Pape-Strasse 64, DE-12101 Berlin, - - 2013
Achieving an understanding of the extent of micronutrient adequacy across Europe is a major challenge. The main objective of the present study was to collect and evaluate the prevalence of low micronutrient intakes of different European countries by comparing recent nationally representative dietary survey data from Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, ...
Niva Mari - - 2013
This article examines everyday ideals of eating for weight management as described by middle-aged and elderly Finns with varying experiences of managing their weight. The paper draws on the theoretical approach of appropriation and looks at the meanings, understandings and use of foods for weight management in the context of ...
Bel-Serrat Silvia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare, specifically by age group, proxy-reported food group estimates obtained from the food frequency section of the Children's Eating Habits questionnaire (CEHQ-FFQ) against the estimates of two non-consecutive 24 h dietary recalls (24-HDR). DESIGN: Estimates of food group intakes assessed via the forty-three-food-group CEHQ-FFQ were compared with those ...
Brownie S - - 2013
Objective: To explore older independently-living Australians' perceptions and practices about what constitutes a healthy diet for older people. Design: Qualitative methodology, focus groups. Setting: Independently-living retirees in Northern NSW, Australia. Participants: A total of 29 participants in five focus groups, ranging in age from 60-93 years, with a mean age ...
Sattler Elisabeth Lilian Pia - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between changes in food insecurity (FI) and cost-related medication nonadherence (CRN) among Older Americans Act Nutrition Program participants and wait-listed individuals in Georgia. This study used data collected from 3 waves of self-administered mail surveys conducted 4 months apart in 2008 ...
Block Jason P - - 2013
To investigate estimation of calorie (energy) content of meals from fast food restaurants in adults, adolescents, and school age children. Cross sectional study of repeated visits to fast food restaurant chains. 89 fast food restaurants in four cities in New England, United States: McDonald's, Burger King, Subway, Wendy's, KFC, Dunkin' ...
Lazzerini Marzia - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in this issue of EBCH, first published as: De-Regil L, Suchdev PS, Vist GE, Walleser S, Pena-Rosas JP. Home fortification of foods with multiple micronutrient powders for health and nutrition in children under two years of age. Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
Drewnowski Adam - - 2013
Sodium intakes, from foods and beverages, of 22,852 persons in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES 2003-2008) were examined by specific food source and by food location of origin. Analyses were based on a single 24-h recall. Separate analyses were conducted for children (6-11 years of age), adolescents ...
Saavedra Jose M - - 2013
The latest exhaustive survey of dietary patterns in infants from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) in North America documents and quantifies current trends in infant feeding. These include higher than generally recommended energy, protein, and saturated fat intakes. The majority of infants are bottle fed at some point ...
Allen V - - 2013
Objectives: Investigate the impact of the provision of ONS on protein and energy intake from food and ability to meet protein and calorie requirements in people with dementia. Design: After consent by proxy was obtained, participants took part in a cross over study comparing oral intake on an intervention day ...
Martone Anna Maria - - 2013
Anorexia of aging, defined as a loss of appetite and/or reduced food intake, affects a significant number of elderly people and is far more prevalent among frail individuals. Anorexia recognizes a multifactorial origin characterized by various combinations of medical, environmental and social factors. Given the interconnection between weight loss, sarcopenia ...
Finger Jonas D - - 2013
The positive association between education level and health outcomes can be partly explained by dietary behaviour. We investigated the associations between education and several indices of food intake and potential influencing factors, placing special emphasis on physical-activity patterns, using a representative sample of the German adult population. The German National ...
Batal Malek - - 2013
To compare the dietary intake and food choices between Francophone Canadians in a state of linguistic minority (outside of Quebec) and the English-speaking majority. We used the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) cycle 2.2 (general health and 24-hour dietary recalls) to describe dietary intake of Francophone Canadians (excluding Quebec) ...
Islam Khan Ashraful A icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; - - 2013
Background: Nutritional insults and conditions during fetal life and infancy influence subsequent growth and body composition of children. Objectives: Effects of maternal food and micronutrient supplementation and exclusive breastfeeding counseling on growth of offspring aged 0-54 months and their body composition at 54 months of age were studied. Methods: In ...
Ford Christopher N CN Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, - - 2013
Between 1989 and 2008, obesity increased markedly in children of all ages. We examined changes in the diets of children ages 2 to 6 years in the United States between 1989 and 2008. Our study provides new insight into diet changes that might have contributed to the sharp rise in ...
Polloni Laura - - 2013
Avoidance of food allergens requires adapting dietetic habits, changing nutritional approach. A restriction of food choice can result in a monotonous diet and impact social life. This study investigated the impact of food allergy on nutritional behavior and attitudes of patients and their families. A survey involving mothers of food ...
Akhter Neyamul N Department of Parasitology, ICDDR, B Dhaka, - - 2013
This study estimated the nutritional as well as the severe thinness status (according to the World Health Organization [WHO]) of a low-income family's adolescent girl and also their early age of life in both urban and rural adolescent girls in Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study measured the height, weight and muac ...
Wilking Cara L - - 2013
Since 2004, 25 states have passed Commonsense Consumption Acts (CCAs) to shield the food industry from civil liability for claims arising from obesity-related health harms. These laws continue to be introduced. CCAs have generally been discussed in terms of "tort reform." For this article, we conducted a systematic analysis of ...
Fulkerson Jayne A JA School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 5-160 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2013
Assess cross-sectional and prospective associations between food responsiveness and parental food control and anthropometric outcomes among American Indian children. Parents/caregivers completed psychosocial surveys and trained staff measured children's anthropometry at baseline (kindergarten) and at follow-up (1st grade) as part of a school-based obesity prevention trial (Bright Start). On/near the Pine ...
Oladunni M O MO Department of Human Nutrition, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan. - - 2013
Several factors, including nutritional status and dietary pattern are paramount to optimum performance among athletes. Notwithstanding, risky behaviours that limit or impair athletic performance are widely prevalent among athletes; these include excessive weight reduction and inappropriate dietary practices. This study was conducted to provide information on the nutritional status and ...
Iuliano S S Department of Endocrinology, Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital, West Heidelberg, Australia, 3081. - - 2013
Institutionalized elderly are at high risk of malnutrition, including those residing in low-level aged-care and able to self-feed. We used comprehensive dietary intake assessments to determine the nutritional adequacy of food served to residents and if food waste contributed to insufficient nutrient intakes. Cross sectional. 18 low-level aged care facilities. ...
Iuliano S S University of Melbourne / Austin Health, West Heidelberg, Australia. - - 2013
Low-level aged-care residents are at risk of malnutrition. Oral supplements and fortified foods used to treat malnutrition in the elderly require special preparation and administration by staff. Therefore we aimed to determine if increasing dairy food intake in residents by two serves per day would improve energy and nutrient intakes ...
Powles John J Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Cambridge Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, - - 2013
To estimate global, regional (21 regions) and national (187 countries) sodium intakes in adults in 1990 and 2010. Bayesian hierarchical modelling using all identifiable primary sources. We searched and obtained published and unpublished data from 142 surveys of 24 h urinary sodium and 103 of dietary sodium conducted between 1980 ...
Yen Wan-Ju J - - 2013
This study was conducted to assess the impact of a nutrition education intervention on food groups and omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid consumption in middle-aged women. We hypothesized that participants who received educational materials about n-3 fatty acids would have a higher consumption of foods rich in n-3 fatty acids than ...
Baye Kaleab - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To characterize current feeding practices and to evaluate the adequacy of energy and nutrient intakes of young children in subsistence farming rural households in North Wollo, Ethiopia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study examining sociodemographic status, anthropometry, breast-feeding and complementary feeding practices using two in-home non-consecutive 24 h recalls. Settings Two ...
Plessz Marie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vegetable consumption varies highly across households, based on household structure and socio-economic status, but little is known about the share of fresh vs. processed (e.g. frozen or canned) vegetables. Our aim was to compare the social and economic determinants of fresh and processed vegetable consumption. METHODS: We reviewed detailed ...
Na Sumin - - 2012
This study was conducted to measure the concentration of PBDEs in various food stuffs from Korea and to estimate levels of PBDE intake from food for the Korean population according to geographical location and age. 20 types of food samples were collected from four heavily populated cities (Seoul, Gwangju, Daejeon, ...
Gilbert Jo-Anne - - 2012
The article describes the after-school (AS) snacking pattern of young Canadians and its relationship with the amount of energy consumed daily and at dinner. We analyzed cross-sectional dietary data, measured by 24h recall, from 9,131 children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 years from the Canadian Community Health Survey, cycle ...
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