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Results 101 - 150 of 708
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Vishwanathan Rohini - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review was to examine the evidence on zinc intake from foods and supplements in the primary prevention and treatment of Age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective cohort, retrospective cohort and case-control studies that investigated zinc intake from foods and/or supplements ...
Ali Habiba I - - 2013
In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), overweight, obesity, and associated chronic diseases have recently emerged as major public health concerns among all age groups, including children and adolescents. We hypothesized that although energy needs might be met by the majority of Emirati children and adolescents, their diet quality and intakes ...
Pettigrew Simone - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the impact of television and Internet food advertising on Australian parents and children. DESIGN: Parents and their children aged 8 to 14 years were exposed to a television advertisement, an Internet advertisement or a control picture for four commonly advertised energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods. SETTING: Online ...
Demuth Karen - - 2013
Food allergy affects 8% of preschool children, but factors responsible for food allergy in children are poorly understood. Use of antacid medication may be a contributing factor. The purpose of this study was to determine if parent-reported antacid medication use was associated with higher prevalence of food allergy in atopic ...
Luisa Demattè M - - 2013
Food neophobia is strictly connected with many different aspects of human feeding, ranging from food preferences to food choice, from active chemosensory exploration of the world (sniffing and tasting) to physiological responses associated with alertness. Therefore in this study, we tested the ability of 167 participants (54 women and 113 ...
Ranzenhofer Lisa M - - 2013
Loss of control eating confers risk for excess weight gain and exacerbated disordered eating. Affect theory proposes that loss of control eating is used to cope with negative mood states. Self-report data suggest that negative affect may contribute to the etiology of loss of control eating, but this theory has ...
Kuitunen Mikael - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the current literature on clinical trials of probiotics for eczema and food allergy prevention in view of recent new approaches and long-term follow-ups. RECENT FINDINGS: Attempting allergy prevention by probiotic administration has been most successful when assessing atopic eczema, the most prevalent allergic disease at ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2013
Advances in our knowledge of the physiological functions of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have led to an increased interest in food sources and the level of dietary intake of these nutrients. Up to now, no representative data was available for the Belgian adult population. This study aimed to describe ...
Monteagudo C - - 2013
An adequate folic acid intake has been related to female fertility. The recommended intake of this vitamin was recently increased to 400 ug/day, with an additional 200 ug/day during pregnancy. The Mediterranean Diet includes sources of folate such as pulses, green-leaf vegetables, fruit, cereals, and dried fruits; other foods of ...
Feldens C A - - 2013
Family expenditures on food for children may represent an important barrier to the adoption of healthy feeding practices in populations of low socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between cariogenic feeding practices, expenditures on food for children and dental caries. This cross-sectional study included ...
Worsley Anthony - - 2013
This study aimed to examine food safety knowledge and its associations among Australians. An Internet-based nationwide survey of 2,022 consumers was conducted in 2011. Quota sampling was used to ensure that the age, gender, educational background, and state of residence of the respondents were representative of the Australian population. A ...
Harris Jennifer L - - 2013
Food and beverage companies have pledged to reduce unhealthy marketing to children through the Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CFBAI). However, public health experts question the initiative's effectiveness because pledges apply to only some types of marketing. For instance, the CFBAI covers only TV advertising that is "child-directed," defined ...
Don M - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome is a non-IgE-mediated food allergy that typically occurs within the first year of age and it is often misdiagnosed for its rarity. This syndrome is usually caused by milk or soy in formula-fed infants, but it can also be associated to solid food proteins, fruit proteins ...
Mathias Kevin C KC Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, - - 2013
Although consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with higher caloric intakes, the amount SSBs contribute to higher intakes has not been addressed. To estimate the amount SSBs contribute to higher caloric intakes and determine how the diets of SSB consumers and nonconsumers differ. The What We Eat In America, ...
Pampaloni B - - 2013
Bone mass increases steadily until age 20-30 years, when peak bone mass (PBM) is acquired. Nutrition plays a critical role in achievement of the optimal genetically programmed PBM, with reduction in the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Intake of nutrients can be estimated through the use of various tools; typically, ...
Morinaka Tomoko - - 2013
Introduction and objective. Nowadays, the process of the westernization of eating habits is perceived to be one of the main causes of epidemics of civilization diseases, such as metabolic syndrome. The aim of the study was to assess the westernization of eating habits among 100 Japanese (aged 18-23 years) and ...
González S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Polyphenols are bioactive compounds widely found in fruit, vegetables and beverages of plant origin. Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between polyphenol intake and health; antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and other bioactivities may contribute to these beneficially protective effects. To date, most epidemiological studies describing polyphenol intake have been limited ...
Toda Masako - - 2013
Abstract Food allergies are abnormal responses to a food triggered by the immune system. The majority of allergenic foods are often subjected to thermal processing before consumption. The Maillard reaction is a non-enzymatic reaction between reducing sugars and compounds with free amino groups such as amino acids and proteins, and ...
Martone Deborah - - 2013
Abstract The food consumption and food habits of Italian third-class-primary-school children were assessed and their energy and nutrient intakes were compared with requirements. The study involved 1740 subjects (900 males and 840 females) aged 8-9 years, from the north, centre and south of Italy. Body weight and height were measured. ...
Al Mamun Mohammad - - 2013
Abstract We carried out a cross-sectional study to determine the level of knowledge and awareness regarding children's food safety issues among the school-based street food vendors in Dhaka city. A total of 250 school-based street food vendors were interviewed employing a pre-tested structured questionnaire comprising foodborne illness and food hygiene-related ...
Black Jennifer L - - 2013
National dietary guidelines pertaining to the intake of fruits and vegetables (FV) were recently amended, in both Canada and the United States, to provide specific recommendations about dark green and orange vegetables and juice consumption. However, little is known about the extent to which Canadians meet the updated recommendations for ...
Coelho J P - - 2013
The main aim of this study was to ascertain the biomagnification processes in a mercury-contaminated estuary, by clarifying the trophic web structure through stable isotope ratios. For this purpose, primary producers (seagrasses and macroalgae), invertebrates (detritivores and benthic predators) and fish were analysed for total and organic mercury and for ...
Akyüz Umit - - 2013
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammatory condition of esophagus. It is generally seen in childhood and young population. Men are more commonly affected than women. However, it is not common in an advanced age. Eosinophilic esophagitis decreases the ability of the esophagus to stretch and accommodation against foods. Therefore, the major ...
Nwaru B I - - 2013
To study the associations between timing and diversity of introduction of complementary foods during infancy and atopic sensitization in 5-year-old children. In the Finnish DIPP (Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention) birth cohort (n = 3781), data on the timing of infant feeding were collected up to the age of 2 years and ...
Bunting H - - 2013
Understanding consumer attitudes towards foods remains critically important for manufacturers, retailers and governing bodies. Regulation within the food industry should therefore support food choice whilst protecting members of society. There have been concerns regarding beverages marketed as 'energy drinks' and the levels of caffeine in these drinks. Focus groups were ...
Hartmann Christina - - 2013
A cooking skill scale was developed to measure cooking skills in a European adult population, and the relationship between cooking skills and the frequency of consumption of various food groups were examined. Moreover, it was determined which sociodemographic and psychological variables predict cooking skills. The data used in the present ...
Kaseva Nina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess dietary intake in young adults born preterm at very low birth weight (VLBW) (≤1500 g). STUDY DESIGN: We studied 151 young adults aged 19-27 years who were born at VLBW and 156 term-born controls, group-matched for age, sex, and birth hospital. Participants completed a 3-day food record, ...
Kovalskys Irina - - 2013
Introduction. The main objectives of this study were to analyze food intake and to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-aged children. Population and Methods. Fifth-grade children from 80 randomly-selected public schools from the Buenos Aires metropolitan area were included. Data on food intake were collected using a ...
Souza Amanda de M Ade - - 2013
To describe the most commonly consumed foods in Brazil. This analysis is based on food intake data obtained on the first of two non-consecutive days' food records from 34,003 subjects aged 10 or over, resident in 13,569 households selected to participate in the National Dietary Survey 2008-2009 from the probabilistic ...
Bezerra Ilana Nogueira - - 2013
To describe foods consumed away from home and associated factors in Brazil. The study was based on the National Dietary Survey which was conducted among residents aged over 10 years old in 24% of households participating in the Household Budget Survey in 2008-2009 (n = 34,003). The consumption of food ...
Valicente F H - - 2013
Cannibalism in the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (FAW), is a limiting factor in a baculovirus production system. To detect the impact of cannibalism, a two-step bioassay was conducted with different larval ages of FAW fed on two food sources (corn and castor bean leaves) contaminated with ...
Gowda Charitha - - 2013
We are delighted that our article has stimulated novel analyses regarding the relationship between food insecurity and well-being. Theall et al. describe how there were no significant associations found between food security and inflammation among a younger age group (adolescents aged 12-17 years) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Spindler Stephen R - - 2013
Chronic treatment with β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) agonists increases mortality and morbidity while βAR antagonists (β-blockers) decrease all-cause mortality for those at risk of cardiac disease. Levels of sympathetic nervous system βAR agonists and βAR activity increase with age, and this increase may hasten the development of age-related mortality. Here, we ...
Mensink G B M GB Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute, General-Pape-Strasse 64, DE-12101 Berlin, - - 2013
Achieving an understanding of the extent of micronutrient adequacy across Europe is a major challenge. The main objective of the present study was to collect and evaluate the prevalence of low micronutrient intakes of different European countries by comparing recent nationally representative dietary survey data from Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, ...
Niva Mari - - 2013
This article examines everyday ideals of eating for weight management as described by middle-aged and elderly Finns with varying experiences of managing their weight. The paper draws on the theoretical approach of appropriation and looks at the meanings, understandings and use of foods for weight management in the context of ...
Bel-Serrat Silvia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare, specifically by age group, proxy-reported food group estimates obtained from the food frequency section of the Children's Eating Habits questionnaire (CEHQ-FFQ) against the estimates of two non-consecutive 24 h dietary recalls (24-HDR). DESIGN: Estimates of food group intakes assessed via the forty-three-food-group CEHQ-FFQ were compared with those ...
Brownie S - - 2013
Objective: To explore older independently-living Australians' perceptions and practices about what constitutes a healthy diet for older people. Design: Qualitative methodology, focus groups. Setting: Independently-living retirees in Northern NSW, Australia. Participants: A total of 29 participants in five focus groups, ranging in age from 60-93 years, with a mean age ...
Sattler Elisabeth Lilian Pia - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between changes in food insecurity (FI) and cost-related medication nonadherence (CRN) among Older Americans Act Nutrition Program participants and wait-listed individuals in Georgia. This study used data collected from 3 waves of self-administered mail surveys conducted 4 months apart in 2008 ...
Block Jason P - - 2013
To investigate estimation of calorie (energy) content of meals from fast food restaurants in adults, adolescents, and school age children. Cross sectional study of repeated visits to fast food restaurant chains. 89 fast food restaurants in four cities in New England, United States: McDonald's, Burger King, Subway, Wendy's, KFC, Dunkin' ...
Iuliano S - - 2013
Objetives: Low-level aged-care residents are at risk of malnutrition. Oral supplements and fortified foods used to treat malnutrition in the elderly require special preparation and administration by staff. Therefore we aimed to determine if increasing dairy food intake in residents by two serves per day would improve energy and nutrient ...
Iuliano S - - 2013
Objetives: Institutionalized elderly are at high risk of malnutrition, including those residing in low-level aged-care and able to self-feed. We used comprehensive dietary intake assessments to determine the nutritional adequacy of food served to residents and if food waste contributed to insufficient nutrient intakes. Design: Cross sectional. Setting: 18 low-level ...
Lazzerini Marzia - - 2013
This is a commentary on a Cochrane review, published in this issue of EBCH, first published as: De-Regil L, Suchdev PS, Vist GE, Walleser S, Pena-Rosas JP. Home fortification of foods with multiple micronutrient powders for health and nutrition in children under two years of age. Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
Drewnowski Adam - - 2013
Sodium intakes, from foods and beverages, of 22,852 persons in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES 2003-2008) were examined by specific food source and by food location of origin. Analyses were based on a single 24-h recall. Separate analyses were conducted for children (6-11 years of age), adolescents ...
Saavedra Jose M - - 2013
The latest exhaustive survey of dietary patterns in infants from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) in North America documents and quantifies current trends in infant feeding. These include higher than generally recommended energy, protein, and saturated fat intakes. The majority of infants are bottle fed at some point ...
Allen V - - 2013
Objectives: Investigate the impact of the provision of ONS on protein and energy intake from food and ability to meet protein and calorie requirements in people with dementia. Design: After consent by proxy was obtained, participants took part in a cross over study comparing oral intake on an intervention day ...
Martone Anna Maria - - 2013
Anorexia of aging, defined as a loss of appetite and/or reduced food intake, affects a significant number of elderly people and is far more prevalent among frail individuals. Anorexia recognizes a multifactorial origin characterized by various combinations of medical, environmental and social factors. Given the interconnection between weight loss, sarcopenia ...
Finger Jonas D - - 2013
The positive association between education level and health outcomes can be partly explained by dietary behaviour. We investigated the associations between education and several indices of food intake and potential influencing factors, placing special emphasis on physical-activity patterns, using a representative sample of the German adult population. The German National ...
Batal Malek - - 2013
To compare the dietary intake and food choices between Francophone Canadians in a state of linguistic minority (outside of Quebec) and the English-speaking majority. We used the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) cycle 2.2 (general health and 24-hour dietary recalls) to describe dietary intake of Francophone Canadians (excluding Quebec) ...
Islam Khan Ashraful A icddr,b, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; - - 2013
Background: Nutritional insults and conditions during fetal life and infancy influence subsequent growth and body composition of children. Objectives: Effects of maternal food and micronutrient supplementation and exclusive breastfeeding counseling on growth of offspring aged 0-54 months and their body composition at 54 months of age were studied. Methods: In ...
Ford Christopher N CN Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, - - 2013
Between 1989 and 2008, obesity increased markedly in children of all ages. We examined changes in the diets of children ages 2 to 6 years in the United States between 1989 and 2008. Our study provides new insight into diet changes that might have contributed to the sharp rise in ...
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