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Nwaru Bright I BI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere; Allergy & Respiratory Research Group, Center for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, the bacterial diversity of the intestinal flora and the diversity of various environmental factors during infancy have been linked to the development of allergies in childhood. Food is an important environmental exposure, but the role of food diversity in the development of asthma and allergies in childhood is poorly ...
Goto Keiko K 1.California State University-Chico, Chico, CA, - - 2014
Objectives:The current study examined parental perceptions of sociocultural factors associated with healthy child feeding practices among parents of preschool-age children in rural Japan.Methods:Fifteen Japanese mothers of preschool-age children participated in this qualitative study. These participants were aged 22-39 years and resided in a rural town in western Japan. We conducted ...
Flint Alan J AJ Departments of Epidemiology (AJF, AEF, and EBR) and Nutrition (AJF and EBR), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; the Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (ANG); the Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ (WRC); the Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT (KDB); the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA (AEF); the Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (AEF and EBR); and the Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
Excess weight is a major threat to public health. An addiction-like tendency toward certain foods may contribute to overeating. We aimed to describe the prevalence and associated characteristics in relation to a food-addiction scale in middle-aged and older women. We examined the prevalence and associated characteristics of a food-addiction scale ...
Buss Julia J University of California, San Francisco, School of - - 2014
Ghrelin regulates homeostatic food intake, hedonic eating, and is a mediator in the stress response. In addition, ghrelin has metabolic, cardiovascular, and anti-aging effects. This cross-sectional study examined associations between total plasma ghrelin, caloric intake based on 3 day diet diaries, hedonic eating attitudes, stress-related and metabolic factors, and leukocyte ...
Capaldi-Phillips Elizabeth D - - 2014
Pairing foods with liked flavors repeatedly can increase preferences for those foods. We compared the effectiveness of associative conditioning (pairing vegetables with sweetened and unsweetened cream cheese) and exposure (presenting vegetables alone) in increasing liking and consumption of bitter and nonbitter vegetables. Twenty-nine children (aged 3 to 5 years) participated in ...
Giovannini Marcello - - 2014
Although the guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy recognize the role of nutrition, there is few literature on the practical issues concerning the nutritional management of children with food allergies.This Consensus Position Statement focuses on the nutritional management and follow-up of infants and children with food allergy.It ...
Willcox Bradley J - - 2014
To examine the role of two nutritional factors implicated in the healthy aging of the Okinawans: caloric restriction; and traditional foods with potential caloric restriction-mimetic properties. Caloric restriction is a research priority for the US National Institute on Aging. However, little is known regarding health effects in humans. Some caloric ...
Lesser Iris A IA Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Dietary acculturation, specifically the adoption of western dietary habits, may result in adverse health effects such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the role of acculturation in dietary patterns as well as awareness and knowledge of healthy nutrition among South Asian immigrants. This is ...
Gholamalizadeh Maryam M Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Nutrition in childhood has a significant role in current and adulthood health. Recent studies have shown that the mother's life-style has an important role in the methods used by mother to feed child, child's diet and body mass index (BMI). This study paper aimed to investigate the association between mother's ...
Jang Jae-Yeon JY Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to establish food ingestion factors needed to assess exposure to contaminants through food ingestion. The study reclassified the raw data of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2001 into 12 subcategories including grain products, meat products, fish and shellfish, and vegetables ...
Song Hee-Jung HJ a Department of Nutrition and Food Science , College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Maryland , College Park , Maryland , - - 2014
The Elderly Nutrition Program (ENP) is being challenged to improve the quality of meal programs. The purpose of this study was to explore how food preferences varied depending on gender and ethnic groups. A total of 2,024 participants in the ENP aged 60 years or older were interviewed. A majority ...
Hodge A M AM Allison Hodge, Research Coordinator-Core Programs, Cancer Epidemiology Centre, The Cancer Council of Victoria, 100 Drummond Street Carlton, Vic 3053, Australia. Phone: 61 3 9635 5063, Fax: 61 3 9635 5063, Email: - - 2014
Objectives: To examine associations between dietary patterns identified by factor analysis, and successful ageing. Design: Prospective cohort study with diet measured in 1990-4, and successful ageing in 2003-7. Ordered logistic regression with outcome determined as dead/usual ageing/successful ageing was used to examine associations with quintile groups of dietary factor scores. ...
Johnston R R Barry M. Popkin, PhD, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, CB: 8120, University Square, 123 W Franklin St, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997, Phone: 919-966-1732, Fax: 919-966-9159/6638, E-mail: - - 2014
Objective: We examined trends from 1977-2010 in calorie, macronutrient, and food group intake among US adults 55 and older. Design: Cross-sectional time series. Setting: A nationally representative sample of the US non-institutionalized population. Participants: Older Americans aged ≥55 years (n=18,603) from four surveys of dietary intake in 1977-1978, 1989-1991, 1994-1996, ...
Gómez Valiente da Silva Henyse H Universidade do Estado de Rio de Janeiro-UERJ. Brazil.. - - 2014
Objective: Evaluate the nutrient intake and nutritional status of food in cancer patients admitted to a university hospital, with comparison of adult and older adult age category Methods: Cross-sectional study. This study involved cancer patients admitted to a hospital in 2010. Dietary habits were collected using a Brazilian food frequency ...
Anderson Laura L a Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine , University of Calgary , Calgary , Alberta , - - 2014
Forced migration puts families at risk of household food insecurity and economic hardship. We administered a questionnaire to examine household food insecurity in a sample of 49 recently legally resettled Sudanese refugees with at least one child under age 3 years. Of households polled, 37% had experienced household food insecurity ...
Galbany Jordi J Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology, Department of Anthropology, The George Washington University, Washington DC, United States of America; Departament de Biologia Animal - Secció d'Antropologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Tooth wear in primates is caused by aging and ecological factors. However, comparative data that would allow us to delineate the contribution of each of these factors are lacking. Here, we contrast age-dependent molar tooth wear by scoring percent of dentine exposure (PDE) in two wild African primate populations from ...
Simon Paul A PA Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, 3530 Wilshire Blvd, 8th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90010. E-mail: - - 2014
We assessed public opinion on nutrition-related policies to address child obesity: a soda tax, restrictions on advertising unhealthy foods and beverages to children, and restrictions on siting fast food restaurants and convenience stores near schools. We analyzed data from 998 adults (aged ≥18 years) in the 2011 Los Angeles County ...
Costa Larissa Carvalho LC Pediatrics Department, Federal University of Uberlândia, Campus Umuarama, Avenida Para 1720, 38400-920 Uberlândia, MG, - - 2014
Background and Aims. Food allergy (FA) is a common disease that is rapidly increasing in prevalence for reasons that remain unknown. Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics and anthropometric data of patients with food allergies followed in a tertiary centre of allergy and immunology. ...
Najafian Jamshid J Assistant Professor of Cardiology, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
There are several studies about the positive relation between physical inactivity or low cardio respiratory fitness with development of metabolic syndrome (MS). In contrast, physical activity had favourable effects on all components of MS but the quantity and the frequency of physical activity necessary to produce this beneficial effect has ...
Lakkam Milinda M Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of - - 2014
Motivated by the lack of randomized controlled trials with an intervention-free control arm in the area of child undernutrition, we fit a trivariate model of weight-for-age z score (WAZ), height-for-age z score (HAZ) and diarrhea status to data from an observational study of supplementary feeding (100 kCal/day for children with ...
Chiu Chih-Yung CY Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan; Community Medicine Research Centre, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan; Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
A correct interpretation of sensitization to common allergens is critical in determining susceptibility to allergic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of sensitization to food and inhalant allergens, and their relation to the development of atopic diseases in early childhood. Children aged 0 through 4 ...
Tsai Gina G Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Epinephrine auto-injectors are the standard first aid treatment for anaphylaxis. Intramuscular delivery into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh is recommended for optimal onset of action of epinephrine. The most frequently prescribed auto-injector in North America and Canada is the EpiPen(®), which has a needle length of 15.2 mm. Currently, it ...
Issaka Abukari I AI School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith NSW 2751, Australia. - - 2014
This study was conducted to explore and identify factors associated with the practice of early introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods among infants aged 3-5 months in four Anglophone West African countries. Data sources for the analyses were the latest Demographic and Health Survey datasets of the 4 countries, ...
Gribble Kristin E KE Marine Biological Laboratory, 7 MBL St., Woods Hole, MA 02543, - - 2013
Caloric restriction (CR) is cited as the most robust means of increasing lifespan across a range of taxa, yet there is a high degree of variability in the response to CR, both within and between species. To examine the intraspecific evolutionary conservation of lifespan extension by CR, we tested the ...
Cheah Y S YS Diabetes Research Group, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Rates of obesity are greatest in middle age. Obesity is associated with altered activity of brain networks sensing food-related stimuli and internal signals of energy balance, which modulate eating behaviour. The impact of healthy mid-life ageing on these processes has not been characterised. We therefore aimed to investigate changes in ...
Delphine Franssen - - 2013
We studied the effects of neonatal exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES) on pubertal timing in female rats. We examined associated neuroendocrine changes and effects of prenatal food restriction. Age at vaginal opening was advanced after exposure to 10μg/kg/day of DES and delayed after 1μg/kg/day (subcutaneous injections). Using this lower dose, pulsatile ...
Ravenscroft Julia - - 2013
Abstract Background: Native American youth have greater rates of overweight/obesity than same-aged youth from the general population. Even though dietary shifts are suspected, surprisingly little information exists concerning the dietary patterns of contemporary Native American adolescents. Aim: This study examines the dietary composition of Native American adolescents residing in upstate ...
Pelé Fabienne - - 2013
Environmental exposures, including dietary contaminants, may influence the developing immune system. This study assesses the association between maternal pre-parturition consumption of seafood and wheeze, eczema, and food allergy in preschool children. Fish and shellfish were studied separately as they differ according to their levels of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (which ...
Chan Edmond S - - 2013
Allergic conditions in children are a prevalent health concern in Canada. The burden of disease and the societal costs of proper diagnosis and management are considerable, making the primary prevention of allergic conditions a desirable health care objective. This position statement reviews current evidence on dietary exposures and allergy prevention ...
Ihabi A N AN Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical - - 2013
During the past two decades, the rates of food insecurity and obesity have risen. Although a relationship between these two seemingly-paradoxical states has not been repeatedly seen in men, research suggests that a correlation between them exists in women. This study examines nutritional outcomes of household food insecurity among mothers ...
Satheannoppakao Warapone - - 2013
To estimate daily intake of sodium and examine the relation of socio-demographic factors with sodium intake exceeding the recommendations. Data from the Thai National Health Examination Survey IV (NHES IV) conducted during 2008-2009 were used. The 24-hour-dietary-recall data were available for a subsample of 10% of the total participants. All ...
Santos Leonardo Pozza Dos LP Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and nutritional status of Brazilian children. The National Demographic and Health Survey 2006 database is available on the worldwide web. Thus, the analyzed variables were obtained in this study, including nutritional indices, food insecurity and other socioeconomic ...
Kim Eun-Soo ES Department of Food and Nutrition, Wonkwang University, 460 Iksan-daero, Iksan, Jeonbuk 570-749, - - 2013
There is little information on dietary vitamin K intake and nutritional status of daily requirements of vitamin K in Korea. The objective of this study was to investigate the vitamin K intake and major food sources of Vitamin K in Koreans. The survey data from the 2010-2011 Korean National Health ...
Park Miran M Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; Environmental Health Center for Atopic Diseases, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
There are scanty epidemiologic data on the prevalence of food allergy (FA) among preschool children in Asia. We performed this study to determine the prevalence and causative foods of immediate-type FA in early childhood in Korea. A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study was performed between September and October 2011. Children aged 0-6 ...
Grimshaw Kate E C - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:To address questions regarding breastfeeding, complementary feeding, allergy development, and current infant-feeding recommendations.METHODS:This was a nested, case-control within a cohort study in which mothers of 41 infants diagnosed with food allergy by the age of 2 years (according to double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge) and their 82 age-matched controls kept prospective ...
Hsu Kun-Jung - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate which masticatory factor is the best predictor of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in elderly Taiwanese individuals aged 65 years and older. Subjects were 332 community-dwelling, independently living elderly adults (mean age, 76.0 ± 0.4 years) in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Information concerning age, gender, and socioeconomic status was ...
Vega Lizama Elma Maria EM Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, Yucatán, México, - - 2014
The relationship between diet and oral health is widely known, yet data on dental caries prevalence is lacking for many indigenous groups with traditional or rapidly modernizing diets. This research documents caries prevalence in two Maya communities from northern Yucatán (Mexico) with significantly different levels of market integration, subsistence, and ...
Vilela Sofia - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the association between the consumption of energy-dense foods at 2 years of age and the consumption of foods and diet quality at 4 years of age. The sample included 705 children evaluated at 2 and 4 years of age, as part of the population-based ...
Dreiss A N - - 2013
To compete over limited parental resources, young animals communicate with their parents and siblings by producing honest vocal signals of need. Components of begging calls that are sensitive to food deprivation may honestly signal need, whereas other components may be associated with individual-specific attributes that do not change with time ...
Munesue Seiichi - - 2013
Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) have been implicated in aging and the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, inflammation, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer. AGE engage the cell surface receptor for AGE (RAGE), which in turn elicits intracellular signaling, leading to activation of NF-κB to cause deterioration of tissue homeostasis. AGE are not only ...
Strunets Anton - - 2013
Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) are the most widely used anticoagulants for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Recently, the US FDA approved three novel anticoagulants that work through inhibition of coagulation cascade independent of Vitamin K-dependent enzymatic reactions and, therefore, should have less food-drug interactions. Since AF is ...
Dhuban Khalid Bin - - 2013
Background: While a central role for the T helper (Th) 1/Th2 axis in food allergy has been established, the Th17 response in food-allergic humans has not been addressed. Methods: Th17 responses in 18 peanut-allergic children, who were also allergic to at least one additional food allergen, were assessed relative to ...
Werts Rachel L - - 2013
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is a leading cause of significant neurobehavioral and neurocognitive deficits. Its potential consequences for eating behaviors, nutritional status, and other nutritional issues in childhood have received little attention. Nineteen children (11 boys, 8 girls) of mean age 9.6 years, referred for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) screening ...
Zhu Yong - - 2013
Recent studies have shown that increasing the number of chews before swallowing reduces meal size in young adults. However, whether this ingestive behavior influences meal size in older adults is unknown. Eighteen older adults (4 males and 14 females, age 72±1years, body mass index 25.9±1.2kg/m(2)) participated in this randomized cross-over ...
de Jonge Layla L - - 2013
Nutrition in infancy seems to be associated with cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in adulthood. These associations may be explained by cardiovascular developmental adaptations in childhood in response to specific infant feeding patterns. The aim of this study was to assess whether duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding and timing ...
de Castro Michelle A MA Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
A major challenge in nutritional studies focusing on children is estimating "true" intake because the type and amount of foods eaten change throughout growth and development, thereby affecting the variability of intake. The present study investigated the hypothesis that age and body weight status affect the ratio of the within- ...
Shin Hyehyung - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between dairy product intake and the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among middle-aged Koreans. We examined 7,240 adults aged 40-69 yr without MetS at baseline over a 45.5-month follow-up period. They were taken from the Anseong and ...
Pimpin Laura L From Diet and Population Health, Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom (LP, GLA, and SAJ); Health Behaviour Research Centre, the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom (CHL, CHMvJ, and JW); and the Centre for Exercise, Nutrition, and Health Sciences, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom - - 2013
The early years in life are increasingly recognized as a critical period for the development of diet-related behavioral traits. However, discussions continue on the relative role of genes and the environment in determining dietary intake, particularly in young children for whom detailed dietary information is limited. This study tested the ...
Norizoe Chihiro - - 2013
To elucidate whether maternal vitamin D supplementation during lactation improves infantile eczema and other subsequent allergic disorders, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed. Mothers (n=164) of infants with facial eczema at one-month checkup were randomly assigned to receive vitamin D3 supplements (n=82; 800 IU/day) or placebo (n=82) for 6 ...
Cuanalo de la Cerda Heriberto E - - 2013
Abstract Background: The National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT in Spanish) reported high rates of under-nutrition in children of Yucatan. Is food intake the main cause of under-nutrition in children of the state of Yucatan, Mexico? Aim: Identify the primary causes of under-nutrition in pre-school children in Yucatan. Subjects: ...
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