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Results 51 - 100 of 705
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Dhuban Khalid Bin - - 2013
Background: While a central role for the T helper (Th) 1/Th2 axis in food allergy has been established, the Th17 response in food-allergic humans has not been addressed. Methods: Th17 responses in 18 peanut-allergic children, who were also allergic to at least one additional food allergen, were assessed relative to ...
Werts Rachel L - - 2013
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is a leading cause of significant neurobehavioral and neurocognitive deficits. Its potential consequences for eating behaviors, nutritional status, and other nutritional issues in childhood have received little attention. Nineteen children (11 boys, 8 girls) of mean age 9.6 years, referred for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) screening ...
Zhu Yong - - 2013
Recent studies have shown that increasing the number of chews before swallowing reduces meal size in young adults. However, whether this ingestive behavior influences meal size in older adults is unknown. Eighteen older adults (4 males and 14 females, age 72±1years, body mass index 25.9±1.2kg/m(2)) participated in this randomized cross-over ...
de Jonge Layla L - - 2013
Nutrition in infancy seems to be associated with cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in adulthood. These associations may be explained by cardiovascular developmental adaptations in childhood in response to specific infant feeding patterns. The aim of this study was to assess whether duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding and timing ...
de Castro Michelle A MA Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
A major challenge in nutritional studies focusing on children is estimating "true" intake because the type and amount of foods eaten change throughout growth and development, thereby affecting the variability of intake. The present study investigated the hypothesis that age and body weight status affect the ratio of the within- ...
Shin Hyehyung - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between dairy product intake and the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components among middle-aged Koreans. We examined 7,240 adults aged 40-69 yr without MetS at baseline over a 45.5-month follow-up period. They were taken from the Anseong and ...
Pimpin Laura L From Diet and Population Health, Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom (LP, GLA, and SAJ); Health Behaviour Research Centre, the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom (CHL, CHMvJ, and JW); and the Centre for Exercise, Nutrition, and Health Sciences, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom - - 2013
The early years in life are increasingly recognized as a critical period for the development of diet-related behavioral traits. However, discussions continue on the relative role of genes and the environment in determining dietary intake, particularly in young children for whom detailed dietary information is limited. This study tested the ...
Norizoe Chihiro - - 2013
To elucidate whether maternal vitamin D supplementation during lactation improves infantile eczema and other subsequent allergic disorders, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed. Mothers (n=164) of infants with facial eczema at one-month checkup were randomly assigned to receive vitamin D3 supplements (n=82; 800 IU/day) or placebo (n=82) for 6 ...
Cuanalo de la Cerda Heriberto E - - 2013
Abstract Background: The National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT in Spanish) reported high rates of under-nutrition in children of Yucatan. Is food intake the main cause of under-nutrition in children of the state of Yucatan, Mexico? Aim: Identify the primary causes of under-nutrition in pre-school children in Yucatan. Subjects: ...
Clark Sunday - - 2013
Several studies suggest an increase in both the prevalence of food allergy and in the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for food-related allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. This study evaluates time trends in the frequency of ED visits for food allergy, with a focus on possible differences by age. Data ...
Iannotti Lora - - 2013
Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) (virus type H5N1) have led to extensive bird culling and other control measures throughout the world, with implications especially for the livelihoods of the poor. There is limited empirical evidence for the impact of HPAI on poultry consumption and nutrition of vulnerable populations. ...
Flagg Lee A - - 2013
To examine the extent to which the gendered division of labour persists within households in the USA in regard to meal planning/preparation and food shopping activities. Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data. 2007-2008 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sub-sample of 3195 adults at least 20 years old who had ...
Lazzeri Giacomo - - 2013
There are very few studies on the frequency of breakfast and snack consumption and its relation to fruit and vegetable intake. This study aims to fill that gap by exploring the relation between irregular breakfast habits and snack consumption and fruit and vegetable intake in Tuscan adolescents. Separate analyses were ...
Tatlow-Golden Mimi - - 2013
Growing awareness of the importance of healthy diet in early childhood makes it important to chart the development of children's understanding of food and drink. This study aimed to document young children's evaluation of food and drink as healthy, and to explore relationships with socioeconomic status, family eating habits, and ...
Otsuka Toshiaki - - 2013
Excess salt intake increases blood pressure (BP). Identifying individuals with excess salt intake is therefore important for the prevention of hypertension. To examine the predictive value of subjective evaluation of salty foods intake for the risk of incident hypertension in a middle-aged population. A total of 970 nonhypertensive workers (mean ...
Meyer R - - 2013
The mainstay of dietary management of food allergies remains the elimination diet. However, the removal of major food groups may predispose children to an inadequate nutrient intake. We therefore set out to establish growth status in food allergic children receiving dietetic input in the UK. Dietitians were approached via the ...
Bayer O - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Healthy eating behaviours, such as increasing fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC), are frequently used as a target or outcome measure in obesity prevention interventions. The goal of this study was to demonstrate replacement of high-caloric foods/drinks by FVC and changes in body mass index (BMI) z-score associated with FVC.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Anthropometric measurements ...
Skypala I J - - 2013
Pollen-food syndrome (PFS), a food allergy affecting pollen-sensitized individuals, is likely to be the most prevalent food allergy in adults, estimated to affect 50-90% of people allergic to birch tree pollen. A validated PFS diagnostic questionnaire (PFSDQ2) was used to determine the prevalence of PFS and also to characterize those ...
Koplin J J - - 2013
There have been dramatic changes in timing of first exposure to solid foods for children over the last 40 years, ranging from exposure prior to 4 months of age for most infants in the 1960s, to guidelines recommending delaying solids until after 6 months of age introduced in the 1990s. Infant diet, specifically ...
Chapin Meyli M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of nonfatal choking on food among US children.METHODS:Using a nationally representative sample, nonfatal pediatric choking-related emergency department (ED) visits involving food for 2001 through 2009 were analyzed by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program. Narratives ...
Kristiansen Anne Lene - - 2013
National dietary surveys among Norwegian 12-months olds have been conducted twice: in 1999 and 2007. At both time-points diet were assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) (the SFFQ-1999 and the SFFQ-2007). Modifications in the SFFQ-2007 compared to the SFFQ-1999 have been made; therefore, the objective of the present ...
Gupta Ruchi S - - 2013
Limited studies exist on predictors of food allergy tolerance. To describe factors associated with tolerance to 9 common food allergens based on caregiver report in a nationally representative survey. Data from children with current and outgrown food allergies were identified for analysis from a randomized, cross-sectional survey administered in US ...
Grimshaw Kate E C - - 2013
After an era of only considering the allergenic properties of the infant diet and allergy outcomes, emerging data suggest that the overall composition of the infant diet might be a more important factor in the development of allergic disease. We sought to assess the relationship between infant dietary patterns in ...
Latreille Julie - - 2013
Intake of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFAs) supplementation has been reported to be associated with reduced UVB-erythemal sensitivity, but their relationship to photoaging has not been studied to date. To investigate associations between daily n-3 PUFA intake and the severity of skin photoaging. A cross-sectional study was conducted on ...
Foy Capri G - - 2013
Despite the benefits of regular physical activity among older adults, physical activity rates are low in this population. The Program for Active Aging and Community Engagement (PACE) is an ongoing randomized controlled trial designed to compare the effects of two interventions on physical activity at 12months among older adults. A ...
Sette Stefania - - 2013
Abstract Introduction: To promote healthy food consumption patterns, information is required on the contribution of food groups to total nutrient intake. The objective of this paper is to identify the main dietary sources of nutrients in the diet of the population in Italy. Methods: Data collected through individual food records ...
Evans Sophie E - - 2013
Mandatory folic acid fortification of breads in New Zealand was put on hold in 2009. At this time, bread manufacturers were requested to adopt greater voluntary fortification and agreed to add folic acid to approximately one-third of their bread range. We sought to evaluate the impact of increased voluntary fortification ...
Peklar Jure - - 2013
Use of food supplements in the developed world is increasing in all age groups. With older age, the prevalence of multimorbidity and pharmacotherapy increases. Aim was to explore the prevalence of food supplement use among population aged≥50 years in Ireland and to identify factors associated with food supplement use. Cross-sectional ...
Baskin Monica L - - 2013
To assess caregivers' perceptions of the extent to which the food marketing environment influences food consumption among African-American children (aged 3-11 years) in order to generate potential strategies to make the marketing environment more favourable to healthier eating. Individual semi-structured interviews with caregivers were conducted by trained community leaders to ...
Pyrhönen K - - 2013
To provide evidence on the association between Caesarean section and allergic manifestations in an unselected child population. Research focused on all children aged one to four years (N=4,779) born between April 2001 and March 2005 and living in the province of South Karelia, Finland. They were identified from the nationwide ...
de Moura Souza Amanda - - 2013
Information on the main dietary sources of sodium is essential for developing public health strategies to reduce sodium intake. This study aimed to describe sodium intake according to sex, age, and income and identify the main dietary sources of sodium in Brazil. In total, 34,003 subjects aged 10 years and ...
Meyer Barbara J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the associations between incidence of depression and dietary intakes of foods and fatty acids in adult Australians. Data from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey (NNS), the 1995 Australian National Health Survey (NHS) and an updated fatty acid database were merged and ...
Bains A - - 2013
Healthy Foods North (HFN) is a community-based intervention designed to promote a healthy diet and lifestyle of Inuit and Inuvialuit populations in Arctic Canada. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of HFN on the nutrient intake of women of childbearing age. Six communities in Nunavut ...
Cotugna Nancy - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The sodium intake of participants of the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span study who were in three of the special population groups identified by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 (those with hypertension, African Americans, and those >51 years) was analyzed to determine if ...
Zajac Joanna - - 2013
Introduction: Acrylamide is used for wide range of industry purposes and it is produced in food during heating process. Foods with high acrylamide concentration include French fries, chips, bread crust, cereal, different baked goods. The electrophilic nature of acrylamide allows to interact with biological molecules. It is easily absorbed via ...
Garden F L - - 2013
Atopy in early life is heterogeneous in timing of onset, remission and persistence and in the nature of specific sensitization to allergens. However, this heterogeneity is not well characterized. Our aim was to define longitudinal phenotypes of atopy between ages 1.5 and 8 years, and to assess the relationship of the ...
Nerbass Fabiana Baggio - - 2013
Salt intake increases fluid intake and, consequently, blood pressure (BP) and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG), known as morbi-mortality risk factors for hemodialysis (HD) patients. Evaluate salt intake and food sources, as well as its relationship with demographics, clinical and nutritional parameters. Cross-sectional study with 109 patients (66% women, age = ...
Reed Monique - - 2013
African American (AA) girls aged 10-12 living in urban communities designated as food deserts have a significantly greater prevalence of overweight and obesity than girls that age in the general population. The purpose of our study was (a) to examine the agreement in nutritional intake between AA girls aged 10-12 ...
Schnettler Berta - - 2013
This study investigates the relationship between food neophobia, satisfaction with life and food-related life, and acceptance of the use of nanotechnology in food production. Questionnaire data was collected from a sample of 400 supermarket shoppers in southern Chile. The questionnaire measured knowledge of nanotechnology and willingness to purchase food products ...
Pearce J - - 2013
The WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months of age and continued breastfeeding until 2 years of age or beyond. Appropriate complementary foods should be introduced in a timely fashion, beginning when the infant is 6 months old. In developing countries, early or inappropriate complementary feeding may lead to malnutrition ...
Kautto E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Food habits, nutrient needs and intakes differ between males and females, although few nutritional studies on patients with coeliac disease (CD) have reported results stratified by gender. OBJECTIVES: To compare energy and nutrient intakes among 13-year olds diagnosed with CD in early childhood with those of a non-coeliac (NC) ...
Nicklas Theresa A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the variability of food portions served and consumed by African-American and Hispanic-American pre-school children attending Head Start. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Food consumption by pre-schoolers (n 796) enrolled in sixteen Head Start centres in Houston, Texas (51 % boys, 42 % African-American, mean age 4 years) were assessed ...
Smith Lindsey - - 2013
Age and portion size have been found to influence food intake in American children but have not been examined in an international context. This study evaluated the association between age and the effects of portion size on the food intake of kindergarteners in Kunming, China. Using a within-subjects crossover design ...
Vila Leticia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, there have been an increasing number of studies on achieving tolerance to foods by specific oral tolerance induction (SOTI). Still, the underlying mechanism of SOTI is unknown. Our aim was to describe changes in CD63 expression on basophils following in vitro Ag-specific stimulation by basophil ...
Wright-St Clair Valerie A - - 2013
This cross-country, cross-cultural study explored the meaning of older women's food-related activities for the annual festivals of Songkran (Thai New Year) in Chiang Mai, Thailand; and Christmas in Richmond, Kentucky, USA; and Auckland, New Zealand. A derived etic method was used. The community-dwelling participants were 33 Thai women, aged 60 ...
Drewnowski Adam - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, no studies have examined energy intakes by food purchase location and food source using a representative sample of US children, adolescents and adults. Evaluations of purchase location and food sources of energy may inform public health policy. METHODS: Analyses were based on the first day of ...
Chedraui P - - 2013
ABSTRACT Interactions between genetic (genome) and environmental factors (epigenome) operate during a person's entire lifespan. The aging process is associated with several cellular and organic functional alterations that, at the end, cause multi-organic cell failure. Epigenetic mechanisms of aging are modifiable by appropriate preventive actions mediated by sirtuins, caloric input, ...
Vishwanathan Rohini - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review was to examine the evidence on zinc intake from foods and supplements in the primary prevention and treatment of Age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective cohort, retrospective cohort and case-control studies that investigated zinc intake from foods and/or supplements ...
Ali Habiba I - - 2013
In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), overweight, obesity, and associated chronic diseases have recently emerged as major public health concerns among all age groups, including children and adolescents. We hypothesized that although energy needs might be met by the majority of Emirati children and adolescents, their diet quality and intakes ...
Pettigrew Simone - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the impact of television and Internet food advertising on Australian parents and children. DESIGN: Parents and their children aged 8 to 14 years were exposed to a television advertisement, an Internet advertisement or a control picture for four commonly advertised energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods. SETTING: Online ...
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