Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 745
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Clement Sarah - - 2008
AIM: This study aimed to assess change in the quality of reporting of schizophrenia in UK national daily newspapers, comparing 1996 with 2005. METHODS: Five newspapers were searched using the PROQUEST database for articles published in 1996 or 2005 which contained the term 'schizo...'. 1196 articles were identified and rated ...
Lozada Michelle - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish the school eating habits of Mexican children, who are prone to obesity and later to high rates of adult chronic diseases. DESIGN: Questionnaires for students and parents with staff questionnaires and interviews. SETTING: Randomly sampled schools in a socio-economically representative district of Mexico City. SUBJECTS: Subjects were ...
Delva Jorge - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study are to examine the extent to which (1) more-healthy and less-healthy food choices are available to American secondary students in their schools, and (2) there are differences in the availability of such foods as a function of grade, racial/ethnic background, and socioeconomic status (SES). ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2007
The pressure to regulate the marketing of high-energy, nutrient-poor foods to young people has been mounting in light of concern about rising worldwide levels of overweight and obesity. In 2004, the World Health Organization called on governments, industry, and civil society to act to reduce unhealthy marketing messages. Since then, ...
Zenk Shannon N - - 2008
We examined the availability of fast food restaurants and convenience stores within walking distance (0.5 miles or 805 m) of US public secondary schools. We found that one-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance. In multivariate analyses, schools in the ...
Matwiejczyk Louisa - - 2007
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Research has shown that childcare menus in South Australia, Australia and overseas lack key nutrients recommended for children. This paper describes an incentive initiative that aimed to improve the nutrition provided to children attending childcare centres in the southern metropolitan area of South Australia between 2001 and 2003. ...
Rose Donald - - 2007
The Thrifty Food Plan (TFP) has a unique role in US Nutrition Policy, integrating both dietary guidance and antihunger policies. Not only are food items in the TFP market basket chosen based on the latest dietary recommendations, but the Plan serves as the basis for inflation adjustments to Food Stamp ...
Howe Neil - - 2007
Business projects with very long time horizons--such as those involving product R&D, workplace design, and total compensation planning--have to contend with a crucial question: What will be the needs, demands, and desires of consumers and employees decades from now? If you think the answer is "Just more of the same," ...
Rideout Karen - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the number and types of different food sales outlets, the types of foods offered for sale in all school food outlets, and the extent of nutrition policy implementation in schools in British Columbia. We also directly measured the number and types of ...
Larson Nicole I - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: An inadequate diet and physical inactivity may compound the many deleterious effects of smoking on health. Some research indicates that smoking behavior is related to other health behaviors, but little research has examined how smoking may be related to dietary intake of key nutrients, consumption of fast food, sedentary ...
Banerjee Devi K - - 2007
Some schools implement peanut-free guidelines (PFG) requesting omission of peanut from lunches. Our study assessed parental awareness of, and adherence to, PFG by comparing the percentage of lunches containing peanut between primary school classes with and without PFG in Montreal, Québec. Parents, school principals and teachers were queried concerning the ...
Egan M B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of food composition data in Europe in four sectors, namely health, trade regulation and legislation, agriculture and the environment. RESULTS: The need for further harmonization of data across Europe is clearly identified and evidenced from a number of previous successful European collaborations. CONCLUSIONS: Data on ...
Suarez-Balcazar Yolanda - - 2007
A major public health crisis facing America's society is the increase in child and youth obesity, which has seen a fourfold increase in the last four decades. Major concerns include what children eat for school lunch and what other foods are available in schools. This paper illustrates efforts towards systems ...
Matthews Anne E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Rising levels of obesity in school-age children across Europe are causing increasing concern. The 'Children, Obesity and associated avoidable Chronic Diseases' project sought to examine the effects of promotion within food marketing, given the influential role it plays in children's diets. METHOD: A questionnaire and data-collection protocol was designed ...
Burns C M - - 2007
Access to healthy food can be an important determinant of a healthy diet. This paper describes the assessment of access to healthy and unhealthy foods using a GIS accessibility programme in a large outer municipality of Melbourne. Access to a major supermarket was used as a proxy for access to ...
Molcho Michal - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationships between food poverty and food consumption, health and life satisfaction among schoolchildren. DESIGN: Analysis of the 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, a cross-sectional survey that employs a self-completion questionnaire in a nationally representative random sample of school classrooms in the Republic of ...
Rideout Karen - - 2007
We offer a critique of Canada's approach to domestic food security with respect to international agreements, justiciability and case law, the breakdown of the public safety net, the institutionalisation of charitable approaches to food insecurity, and the need for 'joined-up' food and nutrition policies. We examined Canada's commitments to the ...
Nelson M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To undertake secondary analyses of the 1997 National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Young People aged 4-18 years in order to describe the contribution of school meals to daily food and nutrient intakes; and to compare the findings from 1997 with data collected in English primary and secondary schools ...
Fleischhacker Sheila - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Environmental and policy influences are potentially the most powerful-and yet the least understood-strategies for reversing the current childhood obesity epidemic. METHODS: This essay focuses on the school lunch environment and examines the key legal and policy factors that affect competitive foods or foods of minimal nutritional value (FMNV) in ...
Smitasiri Suttilak - - 2007
To reduce the increased burden of diet-related disease and promote human potential through food and nutrition globally, harmonization of efforts is urgently needed. This article examines the concept of food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) and discusses the possibilities and challenges of harmonizing the process of developing and implementing dietary guidelines. The ...
Vorster Hester H - - 2007
The process of applying nutrient intake values (NIVs) for dietary assessment, planning, and implementing programs is discussed in this paper. In addition to assessing, monitoring, and evaluating nutritional situations, applications include planning food policies, strategies, and programs for promotion of optimal nutrition and preventing and treating malnutrition (both over- and ...
Kipke Michele D MD Community, Health Outcomes, and Intervention Research Program, The Saban Research Institute, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles and Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90027, USA. - - 2007
The rapid increase in obesity over the past two decades suggests that behavioral and environmental influences, including poor nutrition and physical inactivity, are fueling what is now widely recognized as a public health crisis. Yet, limited research has been conducted to examine how environmental factors, such as neighborhood-level characteristics, may ...
Yoon Eunju - - 2007
This pilot study investigated perceived importance and frequency of specific preventive measures, and food and nutrition professionals' and foodservice directors' willingness to develop a food defense management plan. A mail questionnaire was developed based on the US Department of Agriculture document, Biosecurity Checklist for School Foodservice Programs--Developing a Biosecurity Management ...
Stone Margaret A - - 2007
Childhood obesity is an escalating health concern with important implications, including increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Although South Asians in the UK have an increased risk of developing these conditions, detailed studies on their lifestyles including the dietary habits of young people are scarce. As part ...
Rogers I S IS Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2007
To compare the food and nutrient intakes of primary school children eating school dinners and packed lunches. Six-hundred and twenty-one 7-year-old children participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children in South West England. Diet was assessed by 3-day unweighed food record. The composition of both types of ...
Fairchild Ruth M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness that the provision of healthy food relies on the co-ordinated efforts of a number of diverse disciplines, not merely those traditionally linked with food. This paper documents the development of a food and health strategy, commissioned by the health alliance for the city of ...
Hang Chi-Ming - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the snack intake and snack availability of elementary school children. Data analyzed were from 722 4th to 6th graders' food availability and food intake questionnaires collected in the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002. The ...
Sargeant J M - - 2007
This exploratory qualitative study was conducted to identify constraints to microbial food safety policy in Canada and the USA from the perspective of stakeholder groups along the farm to fork continuum. Thirty-seven stakeholders participated in interviews or a focus group where semi-structured questions were used to facilitate discussion about constraints ...
Steuer Walter - - 2007
A PROBLEM THAT IS OFTEN OVERLOOKED OR SIMPLY NOT GIVEN ENOUGH ATTENTION: the food served to patients from the kitchen is not sterile. If food is allowed to stand at room temperature for a long time, both in the case of food cooked for lunch and of food intended for ...
Utter Jennifer - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the current study is to describe the demographic characteristics and food choices of school canteen/tuckshop users. METHOD: Data for the current study were collected as part of the 2002 National Children's Nutrition Survey. 3275 students aged 5 to 14 completed a food frequency questionnaire and food ...
Ellis Rona M - - 2007
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of a school traffic light nutrition tool on the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Key Stage 1 children (aged five to seven years). METHODS: A school traffic light nutrition tool is created, adopting the principles advocated by the House of Commons Health Select Committee on ...
Mokuolu Olugbenga A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of the 2004 national artemisinin-based malaria treatment policy on consumption pattern of antimalarials. The study was undertaken at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Nigeria. Prescription and sales data at our pharmacy outlets were gathered from January to December ...
Caccialanza Riccardo R Nutrition and Dietetic Service, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo , - - 2007
It is recognized that much of the dietary data on adolescents and athletes is prone to reporting error, mostly through under-reporting. Nevertheless, in the majority of studies assessing the nutritional intake of young soccer players under-reporting has not been taken into consideration. The purpose of this study was to assess ...
Worsley Anthony - - 2006
A random population survey administered by mail to examine lay people's views of children's food policies and their associations with demographics, personal values and confidence in authorities was conducted among adults in Victoria, Australia. Three hundred and seventy-seven people responded (response rate 57.6%). The questionnaire contained 35 items about children's ...
Timotijevic Lada - - 2007
This paper reports on an evaluation study of two deliberative methods of public participation of the "hard-to-reach" in food-policy development--the citizens' workshop and the citizens' jury. The participation was conducted on a live food-policy topic (food retailing) and the specific hard-to-reach group of older people was recruited. The evaluation of ...
Tsiliyannis C A - - 2007
Environmental policies based on fixed recycling rates may lead to increased environmental impacts (e.g., landfilled wastes) during economic expansion. A rate policy is proposed, which is adjusted according to the overall strength or weakness of the economy, as reflected by overall packaging demand and consumption, production and imports-exports. During economic ...
Wiecha Jean L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between use of school vending machines and fast-food restaurants and youth intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SUBJECTS/SETTING: From a group randomized obesity intervention, we analyzed baseline data from 1,474 students in 10 Massachusetts middle schools with vending machines that sold soda and/or ...
Cullen Karen Weber - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the impact of changes in school food policy on student lunch consumption in middle schools. METHODS: Two years of lunch food records were collected from students at three middle schools in the Houston, Texas area. During the first year, no changes occurred in the school food ...
Bergeaud-Blackler Florence - - 2006
In less than a decade, European food institutions have gone through a period of important reform. This reform was intended to address new challenges posed by a succession of food safety crises, the entry into the world markets of novel foods, and general public distrust of the actions of the ...
Minaker Leia M - - 2006
In an attempt to elucidate broader determinants of adolescent dietary intake and habits, food intakes and selected food behaviours of grades 9 and 10 students from Ontario and Alberta were examined according to school region socio-economic status and urban/rural locale. Using a stratified random sample framework, 53 high schools from ...
Idowu O A - - 2006
Ingestion of infective eggs and cysts of faecal orally transmissible parasites has been linked with the level of environmental and personal hygiene. The possibility of contamination of food with eggs and cysts by infected food vendors has also been recorded. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of parasites ...
Aranceta Bartrina Javier - - 2006
School meals have changed during the last decades. The traditional service style with on-site food preparation has shifted towards catering delivery services. Vending machines, school cafeterias and other ways of food distribution are widely used in many schools, particularly in secondary schools. From a health promotion approach, the quality and ...
Caraher Martin - - 2006
AIM: To conduct a policy review of the regulations related to food advertising on television aimed at children. DESIGN: The study consisted of documentary analysis of relevant legislation and policy documents related to children's advertising from both industry and non-governmental organisations at a global level and in 20 countries. This ...
Finch Meghan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify sources of food eaten during the school day, the types of foods and frequency of purchases from the canteen and association with SES and weight status in primary school-aged children. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Hunter region of New South Wales. Primary schools were ...
Johns Timothy - - 2006
Simplification of human diets associated with increased accessibility of inexpensive agricultural commodities and erosion of agrobiodiversity leads to nutrient deficiencies and excess energy consumption. Non-communicable diseases are growing causes of death and disability worldwide. Successful food systems in transition effectively draw on locally-available foods, food variety and traditional food cultures. ...
Kim Daniel - - 2006
This article highlights characteristics of two related yet distinct economic approaches to addressing the current obesity epidemic in the United States: the general taxation of soft drinks, snack foods, and/or fast foods, and the application of pricing incentives/disincentives on foods sold in schools and worksites. The article specifically focuses on ...
Izumi Betty T - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to investigate Michigan school food service directors' interest in, and opportunities and barriers to, implementing a farm-to-school program. Farm-to-school may be a timely and innovative approach to improving the school food environment and helping food service directors meet their nutrition goals for school meals. ...
Regan Gail - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence is higher among those who live in impoverished environments. This investigation identified obesogenic factors in urban neighborhoods surrounding public housing developments (HDs). DESIGN: Cross-sectional quantitative survey data from 14 HD neighborhoods and qualitative interviews of the HD managers. SETTING: Kansas City, Kansas, and Kansas City, Missouri. SUBJECTS: ...
Temple Norman J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the food consumption patterns of adolescent students at schools. Our findings are intended to reveal the overall nutritional quality of foods eaten by students at school, including foods brought to school and foods purchased at school. METHODS: A questionnaire was completed by 476 students, mostly from grades ...
MacDonald Anita - - 2006
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessively inherited disorder which prevents the normal metabolism of protein foods. Phenylalanine builds up in the blood and if untreated will cause mental retardation. PKU is treatable by a low-phenylalanine diet for life. The prognosis is good provided the condition is diagnosed within the first ...
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