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Results 301 - 350 of 557
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Zangenberg Marianne - - 2004
Intake of phytosterols (and -stanols) has been shown to decrease the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and thus protect against development of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, studies on the cultivar and year-to-year variation in phytosterol content in rye grains have been performed. The phytosterol content and composition of different rye cultivars, ...
Wenrich Tionni R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the consumption and perceptions of soy among low-income adults. DESIGN: A survey, which included demographic items, Likert scales for items on perceived benefits and barriers to soy consumption and factors that may increase soy consumption, and a soy food consumption frequency questionnaire. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A convenience sample of ...
Cerundolo Rosario - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify and determine the concentrations of phytoestrogens in commercial dog foods. SAMPLE POPULATION: 24 commercial dog foods, including 12 moist or dry extruded commercial dog foods that contained soybeans or soybean fractions and 12 foods without any soybean-related ingredients listed on the label. PROCEDURE: Foods were analyzed for ...
Li Martin - - 2004
In view of the possible health benefits of phytoestrogens, a pilot study was carried out to quantitate the phytoestrogen content of soy foods and tea commonly consumed in Hong Kong, and also of traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) products that are prescribed for menopausal symptoms and diseases relating to the menopause. ...
Boyle Rebecca R - - 2004
Eucalyptus leaf-eating marsupials such as the brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) ingest large amounts of terpenes, especially 1,8-cineole (cineole)--the major component of many eucalyptus oils. Brushtail possums were acclimated to a non-Eucalyptus diet with increasing concentrations of cineole (0.5-4.0% wet weight) added over 18 d. We measured food and cineole consumption ...
Faughnan Marian S - - 2004
Urinary isoflavone excretion is used to monitor compliance and examine biological effects. The present study determined if there were alterations in urinary isoflavone excretion following the ingestion of different soya foods and if age and gender potentially modified profiles. Twenty premenopausal women, seventeen post-menopausal women and twenty men received a ...
Ximénez-Embún Pilar - - 2004
Selenium has been recognized as essential for all mammals; therefore, its concentration level and speciation are of great concern. Plants are one of the main sources of selenium in the diet. Thus, inorganic selenium uptake and its transformation in different species were evaluated in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea), sunflower (Helianthus ...
Fox T E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To measure the bioavailability of selenium from cooked and raw fish in humans by estimating and comparing apparent absorption and retention of selenium in biosynthetically labelled fish with labelled selenate and biosynthetically labelled selenium in brewers yeast. DESIGN: The intervention study was a parallel, randomised, reference substance controlled design ...
Marzec Zbigniew - - 2004
Chromium, nickel, and selenium have been known to be essential for proper functioning of human organisms. Since the Polish data concerning their content in diets are scarce, the study was undertaken to examine the levels of these elements in daily food rations (DFRs) in adults from the Lublin region in ...
Hadley, Craig
Tomato-based products and soy foods contain compounds that have been shown to beneficially impact health, however, adequate information on phytochemical in vivo biodistribution and bioavailability, as well as the effect of consumption of these foods on antioxidant/oxidative environment regulation and prostate biomarker modulation is not available. First, in a study ...
Daun, Charlotte
Glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) activity, and total and soluble selenium content were compared in five bovine and porcine organs. The highest GSHPx activity in porcine tissues was found in the liver (35.0 U/g), spleen (29.3 U/g) and kidney (27.3 U/g) with much lower values in the heart (1.8 U/g) and diaphragm ...
Hokin Bevan - - 2004
The cobalt content of Australian foods is unknown, and as this content is, at least in part, related to the respective concentrations in the Australian soil, data collected previously in other countries may not reflect the levels in Australian produce. To compare reported food cobalt levels to that found in ...
Ohno Y - - 2004
We investigated the effect of several lectins, such as soy bean lectin (SBA), concanavalin A (Con A), and wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), on the transport of some food ingredients (isoflavones, quercetin glycosides, carnosine/anserine) across Caco-2 cell monolayers. After incubation of food ingredients (0.03 approximately 2 mmol/L) in the presence or ...
Liu Zhaoping - - 2004
This study evaluated the intake of soy foods and soy isoflavones by rural adult women and potential determinant factors. Soy food consumption and information on age, education and medical history were collected on 1,188 subjects in Gansu Province and Hebei Province, China using a food frequency questionnaire to gather data ...
Takyi E E K - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine and evaluate dietary intake of selenium and copper by resident undergraduate students of the University of Ghana. DESIGN: Prospective/comparative study. SETTING: The university of Ghana, Legon, Accra. SUBJECT: One hundred and fifty undergraduate resident students in five out of seven halls of residence of the University of ...
You Li - - 2004
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived compounds with estrogen-like activities. Certain foods such as soy-derived products are known to have high levels of phytoestrogens, and about 25% of commercial infant formulas used in the United States are soy-based. One of the most important phytoestrogens is the isoflavone genistein. Human exposures to genistein occur ...
Zhang Min - - 2004
To investigate whether intake of soy and isoflavones has an inverse association with ovarian cancer risk, a case-control study was conducted in Hangzhou, China. Cases were 254 patients with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer. The 652 controls comprised 340 hospital visitors, 261 non-neoplastic hospital outpatients, and 51 women recruited from ...
Finley John W - - 2004
The concentration of selenium (Se), an essential nutrient, is variable in foods, depending, in part, on how and where foods are produced; some foods accumulate substantial amounts of Se when produced on high-Se soils. The chemical form of Se also differs among foods. Broccoli is a Se-accumulating plant that contains ...
Hawkes Wayne Chris - - 2003
Previous metabolic studies of selenium used pure selenium compounds with pharmacologic activities unrelated to selenium nutrition. Healthy men were fed foods naturally high or low in selenium while confined to a metabolic research unit. Selenium intake was 47 microg/d (595 nmol/d) for 21 d while energy intakes and body weights ...
Safford Bob - - 2003
The advantages that regular consumption of a diet containing soy may have on human health have been enshrined in a major health claim that has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA, regarding potential protection from heart disease by soy. This could have a major influence ...
Vijayapushpam T T National Institute of Nutrition (Indian Council of Medical Research), Jamai Osmania PO, Hyderabad - 500 007, India. - - 2003
To assess the nutrition knowledge levels and dietary intake pattern of schoolchildren belonging to two groups of different socio-economic status (SES; high income/high SES and low income/low SES). A purposive sampling method was employed. A validated food-frequency questionnaire was administered to assess the dietary intake of schoolchildren in four schools ...
Fanti Paolo - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Soya foods, a staple in several Asian countries, have received increasing attention because of their nutritional properties and their high isoflavone content. We have shown recently abnormal pharmacokinetics of soya isoflavones following acute oral intake, in soya-naive end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. No information is available, however, about blood ...
Flight Ingrid - - 2003
Exposure to diverse cultures and higher socio-economic status (SES) may increase knowledge of a wide variety of stimuli, including food, and be negatively associated with food neophobia. We contrasted questionnaire responses from two groups of Australian high school students (aged 12-18 years) from remote rural (rural, n=243) and cosmopolitan urban ...
Setchell Kenneth D R - - 2003
The reliability of databases on the isoflavone composition of foods designed to estimate dietary intakes is contingent on the assumption that soy foods are consistent in their isoflavone content. To validate this, total and individual isoflavone compositions were determined by HPLC for two different soy protein isolates used in the ...
Lee Marion M - - 2003
This case-control study in China evaluated the effect of soy food consumption and isoflavones (genistein and daidzein) on the risk of prostate cancer. One hundred and thirty-three cases and 265 age- and residential community-matched controls between the ages of 50 and 89 years were interviewed in person between 1989 and ...
Zahir Zahir A - - 2003
Rice straw has been successfully tested as an effective organic source and a carrier of selenate [Se(VI)]-reducing bacteria to remove Se(VI) from agricultural drainage water. In this study, an Se(VI)-reducing bacterium identified as Enterobacter taylorae was isolated from rice straw and used to remove Se(VI) from a 0.5% tryptic soy ...
Lyons Graham - - 2003
The metalloid Se is ubiquitous in soils, but exists mainly in insoluble forms in high-Fe, low-pH and certain leached soils, and hence is often of limited availability to plants. Consequently, it is often supplied by plants to animals and human consumers at levels too low for optimum health. Se deficiency ...
Fletcher R J - - 2003
Phyto-oestrogens are dietary components found in some plants, which act in vivo like weak oestrogens. They may reduce the risk of some degenerative diseases moderated by oestrogen, including breast cancer and osteoporosis. The most widely studied are the isoflavones genistein and daidzein from soyabeans, but lignans may be more prevalent ...
Valsta Liisa M - - 2003
Information on phyto-oestrogen intake in various populations has been scanty until now, primarily because data on the content of these compounds in foods were lacking. We report here on expansion of the Finnish National Food Composition Database (Fineli) with values for the plant lignans matairesinol and secoisolariciresinol and the isoflavones ...
Holt P S - - 2003
Induced molting is an important economic tool used by the egg industry to recycle an aging layer flock. It is estimated that approximately 70% of the flocks nationwide and almost 100% in California are molted annually. Considering that there are approximately 240 million hens in production in the U.S., a ...
Kiely Mairead - - 2003
The objective of the Vegetal Estrogens in Nutrition and the Skeleton (VENUS) project was to evaluate existing data on dietary exposure to compounds with oestrogenic and anti-oestrogenic effects present in plant foods as constituents or contaminants, and to identify and disseminate in vitro and in vivo methodologies to analyse the ...
van Erp-Baart Marie-Agnes J - - 2003
The aim of this study was to identify the level of isoflavone intake (total isoflavones, daidzein and genistein) in four European countries: Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands and the UK. For this purpose national food composition databases of isoflavone content were created in a comparable way, using the Vegetal Estrogens in ...
Barnes Stephen - - 2003
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for preventing loss of bone following the menopause is utilised by only 8-10 % of possible users, largely due to a fear of increased risk of breast cancer. Plant oestrogen-like compounds (phyto-oestrogens) have been proposed as an alternative to HRT to prevent osteoporosis. One class of ...
Arthur John R - - 2003
There are now concerns that dietary Se intake is inadequate for the population in the UK and parts of Europe. Many different methods can be proposed to deal with this problem. Experience from Finland suggests that the addition of Se to fertiliser is a safe and effective means of increasing ...
Spears Jerry W - - 2003
Absorption of selenium and copper is much lower in ruminants than in nonruminants. The low absorption of these minerals in ruminants is due to modifications that occur in the rumen environment. Selenium bioavailability is reduced by high dietary sulfur and the presence of cyanogenetic glycosides in certain legumes. Feeding organic ...
Amweg E L - - 2003
Selenium (Se) is naturally abundant in the soils of the western San Joaquin Valley, California, USA. Intense agricultural activity in this region requires irrigation which leaches Se into surface waters draining to the San Joaquin River. Se water contamination and subsequent accumulation in wildlife is a serious problem in the ...
Weese S Jean - - 2003
Treatment of galactosemia requires a galactose-restricted diet. Although meats are not traditionally thought of as a dietary carbohydrate source, small amounts may be present in free form and/or bound to proteins or lipids. The purpose of this study was to determine the free and bound galactose contents of baby food ...
Sicilia Tina - - 2003
Phytoestrogens of the lignan type are widely distributed in plant-derived food items and are believed to protect against hormone-dependent cancer. The richest known dietary source of lignans is flaxseed. Flaxseed has been reported to contain glycosides of secoisolariciresinol as the major lignan, together with small amounts of matairesinol, isolariciresinol, and ...
Volynsky Anatoly B - - 2003
The effect of pre-reduced Pt and Ir modifiers towards simultaneous determination of As, Se and In in a sodium sulphate matrix was investigated. In spite of application of very isothermal THGA atomizer, negative influence of the matrix is pronounced. The efficiency of iridium modifier is somewhat higher than that of ...
Nestel Paul - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Isoflavones - plant polyphenols with oestrogenic activity - are becoming widely distributed in foods and sold as nutriceuticals. Their similarity to steroidal oestrogens has stimulated research into potential cardiovascular benefits. The two major areas, those of lipid lowering and of improved vascular function, are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Hemingway R G - - 2003
Retained placenta, endometritis, cystic ovaries and low conception rates are often considered as interconnected conditions in cattle. Wide ranges in amounts of selenium and vitamin E supplements have been advised in late-pregnancy diets and, frequently, they can be synergistically beneficial. Animals at grass or with other green foods should be ...
Karita Kanae - - 2003
Selenium (Se) levels in serum and erythrocytes were measured in 215 adults to assess the relative validity of Se intake estimated from 28-day dietary records (DR) and the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used in the 5-year follow-up survey of the JPHC study. Se intake estimated from DR was correlated with ...
Starkey Jason A - - 2002
Capillary electrochromatography using a specialty monolithic matrix was utilized in developing a rapid and highly efficient separation of isoflavones in biological materials. Without a preconcentration technique, it is relatively easy to reach ppm-ppb concentrations of these compounds in soy-based foods and verify them structurally using a photodiode array detector. With ...
Nève Jean - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review how selenium has been appreciated in nutrition and therapeutics for the last few decades. RECENT FINDINGS: Selenium is a powerful micronutrient constituting the active centre of about 20 eukaryotic proteins highly relevant in biochemistry, mostly for redox state-regulating properties. This element is now better recognized ...
Dorea Jose G - - 2002
The objective of the present review is to discuss Se nutrition during breast-feeding, encompassing environmental and maternal constitutional factors affecting breast-milk-Se metabolism and secretion. A literature search of Medline and Webofscience was used to retrieve and select papers dealing with Se and breast milk. Although Se in natural foods occurs ...
Brandon David L - - 2002
Proteins of soybeans (Glycine max) are widely used in animal and human nutrition. In addition to the bulk of the seed storage proteins, which are classified as albumins and globulins, approximately 6% of soybean proteins are classified as inhibitors of trypsin and chymotrypsin and approximately 0.5% are sugar-binding lectins. The ...
Liggins J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyse 75 cereals and three soy flours commonly eaten in Europe for the phytoestrogens daidzein and genistein. DESIGN: The phytoestrogens daidzein and genistein were extracted from dried foods, and the two isoflavones quantified after hydrolytic removal of any conjugated carbohydrate. Completeness of extraction and any procedural losses of ...
Hamilton Steven J - - 2002
Elevated selenium concentrations documented in water, sediment, and biota in irrigation drain water studies by U.S. Department of the Interior agencies and academia have raised concerns that selenium may be adversely affecting endangered fish in the upper Colorado River basin. The objective of the study was to determine the effects ...
Jaiswal Deo Das - - 2002
This paper reports on the development, standardization, and application of instrumental as well as radiochemical neutron activation analysis (INAA and RNAA) techniques for determining the concentrations of iron, zinc, cobalt, cesium, strontium, selenium, thorium, and calcium in food consumed in India. Based on the analysis of 20 diet samples, prepared ...
Hevia Sonia Edith - - 2002
In Argentina there are no values regarding the content selenium in food or its effect on nutritional status. Neutron activation analysis and a radiochemical separation scheme for selenium has been adjusted for blood samples from healthy adult individuals. Fasting whole blood was collected, lyophilized, packed, and irradiated in a nuclear ...
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