Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 559
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Finley John W - - 2006
Selenium (Se), an essential nutrient, is needed for activity of several important proteins. Additionally, the consumption of Se in amounts that exceed the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) may protect against prostate and colorectal cancer. Supplemental Se may be acquired through the diet, but Se bioavailability depends on the source. Therefore, ...
Singletary Keith - - 2006
Higher soy food intake has been hypothesized to be a major factor explaining the decreased breast cancer risk in Asian countries, compared to those regions of the world consuming predominantly Western-style diets. Consumption of soy isoflavones, particularly genistein, has received considerable attention as the soy component largely responsible for the ...
Orr Patricia L - - 2006
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient, exhibiting a narrow margin between nutritionally optimal and potentially toxic concentrations. Egg-laying vertebrates at the top of aquatic food chains are most at risk in environments with elevated aqueous Se concentrations. The Elk River watershed in British Columbia, Canada receives effluents containing Se from ...
Ohno Yumiko - - 2006
The effect of three plant lectins, soybean lectin (SBA), Japanese jack bean lectin (CGA), and wheat germ lectin (WGA), on the transport of various food factors, such as isoflavones, quercetin, dipeptides, and calcium ions, were investigated by use of an intestinal tract model, Caco-2 cell monolayers. The lectins increased the ...
Lu Hua - - 2006
Few studies have been conducted in low-selenium areas of China to assess the relationships between dietary intake of selenium and zinc and the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE). We studied dietary mineral and trace element intake and risk of SCCE in a population- based, case-control study ...
Cassidy Aedin - - 2006
The precise role that isoflavones play in the health-related effects of soy foods, and their potential for adverse effects are controversial. This may be due in part to a lack of basic knowledge regarding their bioavailability and metabolism, particularly as it relates to the soy source. To date, there is ...
González Sonia - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is becoming apparent that the essential trace element selenium plays a critical role in the maintenance of optimal health status. The objective of this study was to identify the food groups that most contributed to selenium intake and its serum levels in elderly people. METHODS: Dietary intake was ...
Ritchie Margaret R - - 2006
The principal phyto-oestrogens (PO) in food are isoflavones, lignans, coumestans and prenylated flavonoids, with isoflavones and lignans being the most commonly found in UK diets. Until recently obtaining accurate data on the PO content of foods was hampered by lack of suitable analytical methods and validation techniques. Furthermore, although PO ...
Messina Mark - - 2006
There is substantial interest in the possible anticancer effects of soy foods. In part, this is because of the historically low incidence rates of breast and prostate cancer in Asia. Of the several putative soybean chemopreventive agents, isoflavones have received the most attention. Awareness of this research has led increasing ...
Tayyem Reema F - - 2006
Curcumin, derived from the rhizome curcuma longa, is one of the primary ingredients in turmeric and curry powders that are used as spices in Middle Eastern and Asian countries, especially on the Indian subcontinent. More recently, laboratory studies have demonstrated that dietary curcumin exhibits various biological activities and significantly inhibits ...
Dabney Alan R - - 2006
A response to Preferred analysis methods for Affymetrix GeneChips revealed by a wholly defined control dataset by SE Choe, M Boutros, AM Michelson, GM Church and MS Halfon. Genome Biology 2005, 6:R16.
Reash Robin J - - 2006
Bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) and caddis flies (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae) were collected from a stream receiving fly ash discharge and nearby reference streams to determine tissue levels of selenium (Se) and other metals, and compare these levels to published "no effect" thresholds. Stingy Run samples contained elevated levels of several metals. ...
Shi Z - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the differences in food habits and preferences among the adolescents according to socio-demographic characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, cluster design survey in 2002. SETTING: Eight middle schools in two distinct socio-economic areas of the Jiangsu province, China. SUBJECTS: Some 824 young adolescents (12-14 y) attending public schools with a ...
Nakajima Nobuyoshi - - 2005
To produce a tempeh-like functional food containing a high level of isoflavone with a high absorptivity, we analyzed changes in the composition of isoflavone during tempeh fermentation and the difference in isoflavone content depending on the soybean variety and particular tissue. By adding soybean germ (hypocotyl) that contained a large ...
Allred Clinton D - - 2005
Soy foods and nutritional supplements are widely consumed for potential health benefits. It was previously shown that isoflavone-supplemented diets, which contained equal genistein equivalents, differentially stimulated mammary tumor growth in athymic mice based on the degree of processing. This paper reports plasma pharmacokinetic analysis and metabolite identification using the parental ...
Reeves Philip G - - 2005
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient for humans and animals. The Se RDA for adult humans is 55 mug/d; however, dietary amounts as high as 200 mug/d in the highly available form of selenomethionine in yeast were shown to reduce the incidence of certain cancers. A number of natural foods ...
Abdulah Rizky - - 2005
The growing interest in the prevention role of selenium in certain degenerative diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease has fostered research on natural sources of selenium. In this research, total selenium concentrations in over 120 items of selected Japanese foods were determined. The selenium concentration was measured fluorometrically by ...
Schyver Tamara T Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108-6099, - - 2005
To examine the attitudes and beliefs of soy foods consumers (SCs) versus nonconsumers (NCs). Seven focus groups were conducted. Mainstream or natural foods grocery stores. Fifty-three participants, ages 18 to 91 years. Focus groups included discussions on lifestyle practices, beliefs about soy, conversion to soy consumption, and suggestions on how ...
Fang Carolyn Y - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to examine sociodemographic correlates of soy food consumption among women at increased risk of breast cancer, describe factors influencing soy food consumption or nonconsumption, and identify women's sources of information about soy foods. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, self-report survey was used to assess ...
El-Ghawi U M - - 2005
Cyclic and pseudocyclic instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) has been used to determine the Se content of 40 Libyan food items. The selected samples include different varieties of local and imported foods such as wheat and barley products (bran and flours), rice, bread, almond, peanuts, vegetables as bean and peas, ...
Maskarinec Gertraud - - 2005
Soya foods may protect against the development of breast cancer. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is under investigation as a possible link between nutrition and cancer. We examined the effect of soya foods on circulating IGF-1 and IGF binding protein (BP)-3 levels among 196 healthy premenopausal women in a 2-year randomised ...
Spallholz Julian E - - 2005
The selenium (Se) content of the diet and/or selenium supplements might have an ameliorating effect on arsenic (As) toxicity as recently shown by Wang et al., Yang et al., and as reviewed by Spallholz et al.. The underlying principles of the ameliorating effect is the complexation of Se with As ...
Omoni Adetayo O - - 2005
Isoflavones have been proposed to be the active component responsible for the beneficial effects of soybean foods, and appear to work in conjunction with the proteins to protect against cancer, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis. Most of the research activities on the benefits of soybean foods have focused on the role ...
Frankenfeld Cara L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Intestinal bacterial metabolize the soy isoflavone daidzein to O-desmethylangolensin (O-DMA) or equol. Some individuals do not excrete O-DMA or equol after soy consumption, suggesting they do not harbor bacteria capable of producing these metabolites. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in relation to ...
Hamilton Steven J - - 2005
Adult razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus) were exposed to various selenium concentrations in ponds and isolated river channels of the Colorado River near Grand Junction, CO, to determine effects on their growth and residue accumulation over an 11-month period. Adults at Horsethief ponds were fed a commercial diet, whereas fish at ...
Fox Tom E - - 2005
There is limited information on the absorption of selenium from different foods in humans because of technical difficulties associated with isotopic labeling of dietary selenium. Wheat, garlic, and cod fish were intrinsically labeled with Se-77 or Se-82 stable isotopes. Labeled meals were fed in random order to 14 adults, with ...
Infante Heidi Goenaga - - 2005
This document reviews the most relevant mass spectrometry approaches to selenium (Se) speciation in high-Se food supplements in terms of qualitative and quantitative Se speciation and Se-containing species identification, with special reference to high-Se yeast, garlic, onions and Brazil nuts. Important topics such as complexity of Se speciation in these ...
Jensen Peter D - - 2005
Megaselia scalaris (Loew) (Diptera: Phoridae) is an important and ubiquitous terrestrial detritivore that consumes both animal and plant material. Because both plants and animals convert selenium pollutants into various forms, the relative toxicities of ecologically relevant concentrations of sodium selenate, sodium selenite, seleno-L-methionine, and Se-(methyl) selenocysteine hydrochloride to larvae were ...
Hopkins William A - - 2005
Little is known about the accumulation and effects of selenium in reptiles. We developed a simplified laboratory food chain where we fed commercial feed laden with seleno-D,L-methionine (30 microg/g dry mass) to crickets (Acheta domestica) for 5-7 d. Se-enriched crickets (approximately 15 microg/g Se [dry mass]) were fed to juvenile ...
Xia Yiming - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Selenium is an essential micronutrient with a recommended dietary allowance for adults of 55 mug/d. It functions as an essential constituent of selenoproteins. Although there is no evidence of selenium deficiency in the United States, people in many other areas of the world are selenium deficient, with the consequence ...
Stopper H - - 2005
Plant extracts containing phytohormones are very popular as 'alternative' medicine for many kinds of diseases. They are especially favored by women who enter menopause and are concerned about the side effects of hormone replacement therapy. However, adverse health effects of phytoestrogens have often been ignored. This review examines the literature ...
Yoshimura Tomoaki - - 2005
Seven types of processed foods, namely, cornstarch, cornmeal, corn puffs, corn chips, tofu, soy milk, and boiled beans, were trial produced from 1 and 5% (w/w) genetically modified (GM) mixed raw materials. In this report, insect resistant maize (MON810) and herbicide tolerant soy (Roundup Ready soy, 40-3-2) were used as ...
Muñiz-Naveiro Oscar - - 2005
A procedure has been developed for determining the selenium in cow's milk using hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS) following microwave-assisted acid digestion. The selenium distributions in milk whey, fat and micellar casein phases were studied after separating the different phases by ultracentrifugation and determining the selenium in all of them. ...
Maskarinec G - - 2005
To investigate the compliance of young girls with a soy intervention. An 8-week dietary intervention and urine sample collection. Free-living girls. A convenience sample of 8- to 14-y-old girls (20 started and 17 finished the study) recruited through flyers distributed to staff members and previous study participants. The girls consumed ...
Harding Lee E - - 2005
Selenium has been found at elevated concentrations in water, sediments, and aquatic biota in the Elk River (British Columbia, Canada) and some of its tributaries downstream of several coal mines. Selenium water concentrations in those areas exceed Canadian and British Columbia guidelines and are above levels at which adverse effects ...
Simcock S E - - 2005
AIMS: To determine the total selenium concentrations in petfoods commercially available in New Zealand and to establish whether these meet the current minimum recommended requirements of selenium in foods for cats and dogs. METHODS: Samples (n=89) from petfoods commercially available in New Zealand were analysed for total selenium concentration using ...
Lyons Graham H - - 2005
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for animals and humans, and wheat is a major dietary source of this element. It is important that postharvest processing losses of grain Se are minimized. This study, using grain dissection, milling with a Quadrumat mill, and baking and toasting studies, investigated the distribution ...
Coulman Karen D - - 2005
The mammalian lignans enterolactone and enterodiol, which are produced by the microflora in the colon of humans and animals from precursors in foods, have been suggested to have potential anticancer effects. This study determined the production of mammalian lignans from precursors in food bars containing 25 g unground whole flaxseed ...
Park Denise - - 2005
Epidemiologic studies have shown that women with a higher dietary intake of phytoestrogens, plant-derived compounds with partial estrogen agonist properties, have a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease and breast and uterine cancer than women with a lower dietary intake of these substances. The most-studied category of phytoestrogens is the isoflavones ...
Sasaki Takanori - - 2005
Staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) activities remain after boiling or treating with proteases. The main symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea, are caused by the ingestion of SEs. Among SEs, SEA has been reported to be the major and most toxic protein. A highly specific and simple assay system is required to ...
Robbins Rebecca J - - 2005
Broccoli is a food often consumed for its potential health-promoting properties. The health benefits of broccoli are partly associated with secondary plant compounds that have bioactivity; glucosinolates and phenolic acids are two of the most abundant and important in broccoli. In an effort to determine how variety, stress, and production ...
Schlekat Christian E - - 2004
Trophic transfer is the main process by which upper trophic level wildlife are exposed to selenium. Transfers through lower levels of a predator's food web thus can be instrumental in determining the threat of selenium in an ecosystem. Little is known about Se transfer through pelagic, zooplankton-based food webs in ...
Linz George M - - 2004
Brown rice is used as a bait-carrier for the avicide DRC-1339 (3-chloro-4-methylaniline) when baiting blackbirds (Icteridae). In March and April 1996 and 1997, we assessed non-target granivorous bird use of rice-baited plots placed in harvested corn and soybean fields in eastern South Dakota for 168 observation hours. In both years ...
Miyazaki Yukiko - - 2004
We used a Simple Food Frequency Questionnaire (SFFQ) in combination with other dietary approaches to estimate the selenium intake from different food groups based on the average long-term diet, in two rural communities in Japan, one in a mountain area and the other in a coastal area. The intake frequencies ...
Saiki M K - - 2004
This study was implemented to determine if western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) populations in the Grassland Water District suffer from impaired reproduction because of seleniferous inflows of agricultural drainwater from the Grassland Bypass Project. During June to July 2001, laboratory trials with pregnant female fish collected from two seleniferous treatment sites ...
Hansen Jens C - - 2004
In Greenland, the human intake of selenium has always been relatively high and is closely connected to intake of the traditional food of marine origin. Analyses of historic and present day human and animal hair samples have indicated that the selenium level in the marine environment has been constant over ...
Stewart A Robin - - 2004
Chemical contaminants disrupt ecosystems, but specific effects may be under-appreciated when poorly known processes such as uptake mechanisms, uptake via diet, food preferences, and food web dynamics are influential. Here we show that a combination of food web structure and the physiology of trace element accumulation explain why some species ...
Moreno-Labanda Juan F - - 2004
The presence of stilbenes in wine is becoming an important issue due to their claimed relation to a low incidence in coronary diseases and their increasing implication as cancer chemopreventive and neuroprotective agents. Total resveratrol content, quantified as glucoside and aglycone forms of resveratrol, has been determined in a survey ...
Hopkins William A - - 2004
Excessive concentrations of dietary Se are toxic to oviparous vertebrates (i.e., fish and birds) but little is known about its accumulation and effects in reptiles. We exposed female brown house snakes, Lamprophis fuliginosus, to 10 and 20 microg/g Se by injecting seleno-D,L-methionine into their prey items and compared the snakes ...
Oshiro Caryn - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of implementing a soy intervention in female adolescents. Twenty girls, ages 8 to 14, were recruited to consume 1 daily serving of soymilk or soy nuts. They also provided 9 weekly urine samples over a 2-month period. Information about the ...
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