Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 559
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Halm Brunhild M - - 2008
How oral antibiotics (OABX) alter isoflavones (IFLs) in soy-consuming children is unknown. We evaluated OABX effects on urinary IFL excretion rates (UIERs) in 17 children, ages 4 to 17 yr, who provided 2 urine collections in pairs of a baseline urine and an overnight urine collection after consuming a body-weight-adjusted ...
Lee Min-June - - 2008
In this study, the soy food intake behaviors including perception and intake frequency of soybean foods by sociodemographic variables were analyzed in housewives. The perception of housewives for soy foods showed that soybean paste, soybean curd, and Dambuk were high in the descending order for nutritional quality and health promotion ...
Falnoga Ingrid - - 2007
Selenium-mercury interactions were most extensively studied in relation to alleviation of Hg toxicity by added selenium. This presentation considers the influence of mercury on endogenous selenium, on its tissue and cellular "status" after lifelong or acute exposure to mercury vapor (Hg o). Discussed are data obtained from (1) humans living ...
Haug Anna - - 2007
The world's rare selenium resources need to be managed carefully. Selenium is extracted as a by-product of copper mining and there are no deposits that can be mined for selenium alone. Selenium has unique properties as a semi-conductor, making it of special value to industry, but it is also an ...
Chan Sieu-gaen - - 2007
The dietary sources, intake levels, and determinants of soy isoflavone intake were examined using 3217 dietary recalls (DR) collected from 141 Hong Kong Chinese women aged 50-61 y. Multiple-pass 24-h DR were administered by phone by trained interviewers on 23 random, nonconsecutive days to participants over a 12-mo period from ...
Gómez-Ollés S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Airborne soybean hull proteins are known causes of asthma epidemics around harbours and soy processing plants. Soy flour dust proteins may cause occupational allergy in food and feed industries. OBJECTIVE: To compare enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for soy hull and soy flour aeroallergens, exposure assessment in various work environments. METHODS: ...
Parshad R K - - 2007
Food acceptance and toxic effects of feeding sodium selenite (Se) alone and in combination with monosodium glutamate (MSG), a taste enhancer were studied in the laboratory rat. Dose-dependent stimulation of daily food intake was observed with MSG offered in no-choice or bi-choice with the plain food. Consumption of pellets containing ...
Thavarajah Dil - - 2007
Lentils (Lens culinaris L.) are a source of many essential dietary components and trace elements for human health. In this study we show that lentils grown in the Canadian prairies are additionally enriched in selenium, an essential micronutrient needed for general well-being, including a healthy immune system and protection against ...
Haratake, Mamoru
Niboshi is processed from the small Japanese anchovy with a 3-6 cm length by a several-minute boiling and subsequent drying. It is usually used in a variety of Japanese dishes. We assessed the Niboshi and its extract as food source of the micronutrient selenium (Se). The Se content in the ...
Fu Wu Sheng - - 2007
A survey of chloropropanols in soy sauce and some selected foods in China is reported. Thirty-seven traditionally brewed soy sauce samples contained 3-MCPD below the EC maximum limit (ML) of 0.02 mg kg(-1). All soy sauce samples (629) from retailers contained levels of 3-MCPD ranging between <0.005 (LOQ) and 189 ...
Bordoni Alessandra - - 2008
Since any significant modification in the Se status, leading to changes in the activity of the seleno-enzymes, may have important consequences on the susceptibility of tissues to oxidative stress, considerable efforts have been made upon increasing Se dietary intake. In this respect, an important debate is still open about the ...
May Thomas W - - 2008
The Solomon River Basin is located in north-central Kansas in an area underlain by marine geologic shales. Selenium is an indigenous constituent of these shales and is readily leached into the surrounding groundwater. Portions of the Basin are irrigated primarily through the pumping of selenium-contaminated groundwater from wells onto fields ...
Zhang Yiqiang - - 2007
Acceleration of bacterial reduction of selenate [Se(VI)] to insoluble elemental Se [Se(0)] plays an important role in Se bioremediation. Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), a redox mediator, was assessed for its ability to enhance the reduction of Se(VI) (2000 microg/L) to Se(0) by Enterobacter taylorae in various media. The results showed that addition ...
Yadav Sanjiv K - - 2008
The selenium status in the food grains of the agricultural lands of northern parts of India was estimated by using the HG-AAS technique. The areas where lesser rains were received or less irrigation water was available in northern Indian states viz. Rajasthan and southern parts of the Haryana had higher ...
Genovese Maria Inés - - 2007
The knowledge of the contents and profile of isoflavones present in soy protein ingredients, as well as the effect of industrial processing, is important for the development of functional foods rich in these compounds. The results obtained here showed that the total isoflavone content varied significantly among products. For defatted ...
Pachón Helena - - 2007
BACKGROUND. Optimal feeding of infants and young children in developing countries includes daily feeding of animal-source foods. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate constraints on the availability of animal-source foods at the community level, access to animal-source foods at the household level, and intake of animal-source foods at the individual level among children ...
Rauhamaa P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to sum up the dietary selenium intake of the Estonian people according to the serum selenium concentrations. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This research compiles the information published in the literature about the levels of selenium in the serum of the Estonian people. We compare these results ...
Unrine Jason M - - 2007
Selenium is an essential trace element in vertebrates, but there is a narrow concentration range between dietary requirement and toxicity threshold. Although a great deal is known about the biochemistry of Se from a nutritional perspective, considerably less attention has been focused on the specific biochemistry of Se as an ...
Schryver Tamara - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify self-identities among mainstream and natural foods shoppers and the relationship of these self-identities to soy consumption and BMI. We hypothesized that soy consumers (SCs) would have lower BMIs than non-consumers (NCs) and that persons who self-identify themselves as SCs, natural foods, ...
Bates Christopher J CJ MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Fulbourn Road, Cambridge CB1 9NL, UK. - - 2007
Contributions of fish and other foods to variance of selenium and mercury status were studied in British adults. Plasma and red-cell selenium and whole-blood mercury concentrations were measured during the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of Adults aged 19-64 years in mainland Britain, 2000-2001 (n = 1216). Food intake was ...
Beydoun M A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic factors may affect diet quality, perhaps differentially across gender and ethnicity. The mechanism of this association is still largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: We examined the independent effects of socio-economic status (SES), perceived barrier of food price (PBFP) and perceived benefit of diet quality (PBDQ) on diet quality indicators and ...
Amigo-Benavent Miryam - - 2007
Furosine, generated by acid hydrolysis of fructosyllysine, an early Maillard reaction product, is a highly valuable indicator of food quality and, more specifically, of food protein quality. Ion pair RP-HPLC and CZE techniques were employed to determine furosine content in beverages based on soymilk (n = 15) and cow's milk ...
Xia Shu Kai - - 2007
Se-enriched Lactobacillus bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) was generated by administration of sodium selenite (0, 1, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64 mg/L, respectively) in MRS medium and enriched selenium manifestation in L. bulgaricus was investigated using transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry and alterations of essential elements and amino acids ...
Alves Rita C - - 2007
Espresso coffee (EC) brews were analyzed for beta-carboline [norharman (NH) and harman (H)] contents, by RP-HPLC with fluorescence detection. The influence of the coffee species (arabica or robusta), the roast degree, and the brew length was studied. The results show that the content of NH and H in EC is ...
Eick, Frode
Background Tuberculosis is a world wide pandemic and a major problem for people in low income countries. The intracellular infection has a bidirectional link with under nutrition, and wasting is a common symptom of the disease. Wasting in tuberculosis patients is associated with the severity of lung disease, low serum ...
Alexander Jan - - 2007
Selenium occurs as inorganic selenite or selenate and in organic forms in plants and other organisms used for food. The human selenoproteome consists of 25 selenoproteins. The main groups are glutathione peroxidases 1-5, iodothyronine deiodinases 1-3, thioredoxin reductases, selenoprotein P (SelP), and other proteins mostly with unknown function. In selenoproteins ...
Li Song-Lin - - 2007
Rhizoma Chuanxiong (Ligusticum chuanxiong HORT.) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicinal herb for the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. Significant variations of the main components in this herb were observed in commercial samples. The present study investigated effects of post-harvest drying and processing methods on nine main components in the ...
Agha Sohail - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An ITN intervention was initiated in three predominantly rural districts of Eastern Province, Zambia, that lacked commercial distribution and communication infrastructures. Social marketing techniques were used for product and message development. Public sector clinics and village-based volunteers promoted and distributed subsidized ITNs priced at 2.5 dollars per net. A ...
Park Min Kyung - - 2007
Asian populations including Koreans are assumed to have a higher isoflavone intake due to the higher consumption of soybean. However, it is difficult to estimate isoflavone intake because there is no isoflavone database in Korea. In this study, an isoflavone database was established with systematic review. Literature with analytical values ...
MoŇ£a Maria - - 2007
Soya, cultivated for more than 3000 years, is both a drug and a food product. It has numerous nutritional benefits, given by its content of isoflavones, essential amino acids, fibers, poly-unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. The use of soy reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases: it has an antioxidant ...
Lee Min-June - - 2007
This study estimated the isoflavone intake level in Koreans using Food Frequency Questionnaire and analyzed related variables. The results showed that the average daily intake of isoflavone in adults was shown as 23.1 mg. The isoflavone intake level at 50 percentile was 16.9 mg (0~190 mg), and 10% of adults ...
Muscatello Jorgelina R - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate selenium toxicosis in larval northern pike (Esox lucius) originating from reproductively mature pike collected downstream of a uranium milling operation in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Eggs were obtained from female pike collected from a reference site and three sites representing an exposure gradient ...
Fournier Elodie - - 2006
The uptake of Se by the freshwater alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and the subsequent transfer to the Asiatic clam Corbicula fluminea was investigated. The objective was to investigate the bioavailability of algal-bound Se for C. fluminea while taking into account Se speciation and bivalve ventilation. First, uptake rates of waterborne Se ...
Pappa Eleni C - - 2006
The total selenium content of foods purchased from the North West part of Greece was determined using hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectroscopy. The results of this study were within the range from other countries. The overall mean average of selenium concentration of the foods examined, in decreasing order, was found ...
Lam Isaac K S - - 2006
We examined transgenerational retention and maternal transfer of selenium (Se) in three consecutive generations (F0, F1, and F2) of Daphnia magna. The F0 generation was exposed to dietary selenium (as selenite) only, and the F1 and F2 generations received only the maternally derived selenium from F0 and F1, respectively. Algal ...
Bates C J CJ MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, UK. - - 2006
Relationships between Se and Hg in erythrocytes, and between these indices and intakes of fish and other foods, were studied as an adjunct to the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) of young people aged 4-18 years. Hg was measured in 965 packed erythrocyte samples by inductively coupled plasma ...
Jensen Thomas C - - 2006
We examined the effect of different food qualities, in terms of the C:N:P content, on the collembolan Hypogastrura viatica. We hypothesised that (faster growing) juveniles would have higher demands for P and N than adults; this, however, was rejected by our experiments. There was no difference between the elemental compositions ...
Setchell Kenneth D R - - 2006
7-Hydroxy-3-(4'-hydroxyphenyl)-chroman (S-equol) is a specific end-metabolite formed in the biotransformation of the dietary soy isoflavones daidzin and daidzein by intestinal bacteria. The frequency of equol production varies among individuals and populations, and it is suggested that the efficacy of soy foods differs depending on the ability of an individual to ...
Dumont Emmie - - 2006
Especially in the last decade, a vast number of papers on Se and its role in health issues have been published. This review gives a brief, critical overview of the main analytical findings reported in these papers. Of particular interest is the Se content in different food sources worldwide and ...
Lee Byong-Gweon - - 2006
Selenium uptake from food (assimilation efficiency) and dissolved phase (influx rate) as well as loss kinetics (efflux rate) were compared between two bivalves, Corbicula fluminea and Potamocorbula amurensis. The effects of salinity and temperature on these kinetic parameters for both clam species also were evaluated. The Asiatic clam, C. fluminea, ...
Lee Nora - - 2006
Some food products naturally contain phytoestrogens, but there are few in Western diets that are significant sources. The foods that are the most significant sources are soy beans, containing isoflavones, and flaxseed, which contains lignans. These foods have, however, until recently been relatively little used in Canada and the United ...
Cai Lin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, few studies have been conducted to date regarding dietary selenium and the potential gene-nutrient interactions with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in different pathways on the risk of esophageal cancer. METHODS: The authors investigated the role of dietary selenium intake and its interplay with SNPs of the ...
Alomar D - - 2006
Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to predict the nutritional value of dog foods sold in Chile. Fifty-nine dry foods for adult and growing dogs were collected, ground and scanned across the visible/NIR range and subsequently analysed for dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), total fat, ...
Glew R H - - 2006
Dried seeds and nuts are widely consumed by indigenous populations of the western Sahel, especially those who inhabit rural areas. In light of the need for quantitative information regarding the content of particular nutrients in these plant foods, we collected dried pumpkin (Cucurbita spp) seeds and nuts of Cyperus esculentus ...
Tuzen M - - 2007
A simple and economic separation and speciation procedure for selenium in food and water samples have been presented prior to its graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). Magnesium hydroxide coprecipitation system for selenium(IV) was applied to the separation and speciation of selenium ions. The influences of the various analytical parameters ...
Broadley Martin R MR Plant Sciences Division, Univerisity of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK. - - 2006
Se is an essential element for animals. In man low dietary Se intakes are associated with health disorders including oxidative stress-related conditions, reduced fertility and immune functions and an increased risk of cancers. Although the reference nutrient intakes for adult females and males in the UK are 60 and 75 ...
Sundberg Sarah E - - 2006
In a pilot constructed wetland treatment system specifically designed to treat constituents of flue gas desulfurization wastewater, detritus adsorbs significantly high concentrations of Hg, Se, and As. Results of this research indicate that Hg, Se, and As were enriched in detritus from Schoenoplectus californicus and Typha angustifolia collected from the ...
Liu Zhen - - 2006
Plant lignans occur in many foods, with flaxseed presently recognized as the richest source. Some plant lignans can be converted by intestinal microbiota to the mammalian lignans, enterodiol and enterolactone, which may have protective effects against hormone-related diseases such as breast cancer. This study determined whether plant lignans in sesame ...
de Pascual-Teresa Sonia - - 2006
If soy isoflavones are to be effective in preventing or treating a range of diseases, they must be bioavailable, and thus understanding factors which may alter their bioavailability needs to be elucidated. However, to date there is little information on whether the pharmacokinetic profile following ingestion of a defined dose ...
Chung Jinwook - - 2006
A H2-based, denitrifying and sulfate-reducing membrane-biofilm reactor (MBfR) was shown to be effective for removing selenate (Se(VI)) from water or wastewater by reducing it to insoluble Se(0). When Se(VI) was first added to the MBfR, Se(VI) reduction--first to selenite (Se(IV)) and then mostly to Se(0)--took place immediately and then increased ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >