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Lin Chi-Min - - 2009
Abstract Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major pathogens that can cause staphylococcal infection and food poisoning. There are five major classical types of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs): SEA, SEB, SEC, SED, and SEE, as well as new SEs or SE-like superantigens (SAgs), such as SEG to SEU. Since many S. ...
Lee Sang-Ah - - 2009
Soy food is a rich source of isoflavones--a class of phytoestrogens that has both antiestrogenic and anticarcinogenic properties. The objective was to evaluate the association of adolescent and adult soy food intake with breast cancer risk in a cohort of 73,223 Chinese women who participated in the Shanghai Women's Health ...
Lampe Johanna W - - 2009
Gut bacterial modification of soy isoflavones produces metabolites that differ in biological activity from the parent compounds. Hydrolysis of glycosides results in more active compounds. In contrast, further degradation and transformation of aglycones produce more or less active compounds, depending on the substrate metabolized and the product formed. Bacterial metabolism ...
Yan Lin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have shown that the consumption of soy foods may be associated with a reduction in cancer risk in humans. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis on the association between soy consumption and prostate cancer risk in men. DESIGN: We systematically reviewed studies ...
Chun Ock Kyoung - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Isoflavones are derived from dietary sources and considered to promote health by preventing the onset of such chronic diseases as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and osteoporosis. Valid and reliable estimation of isoflavone intake is a prerequisite to establishing biological functions of isoflavones on health risks. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to ...
Franke Adrian A - - 2009
Isoflavones (IFLs) are natural products to which humans have been traditionally exposed predominantly through soy foods; more recently humans are also exposed to them through soy protein addition to processed foods or through supplements. They are structurally similar to steroidal estrogens and can exert estrogenic or antiestrogenic effects depending on ...
Ishimi Yoshiko - - 2009
Soybean isoflavones are structurally similar to estrogen, bind to estrogen receptors, and exhibit weak estrogenic activity. It has been reported that isoflavones play an important role in the prevention of hormone-dependent diseases, including osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and postmenopausal syndrome. There are many researches indicating isoflavones prevent bone loss caused ...
Hwang Ye Won - - 2009
Soybean products have been suggested to have a chemo preventive effect against prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive meta-analysis on the extent of the possible association between soy-based food consumption and the risk of prostate cancer. Five cohort studies and 8 case-control studies were ...
Ceballos A - - 2009
Soils in many regions of the world have a low Se content. Consequently, forages and crops grown on these soils may provide inadequate dietary Se for humans and grazing animals. Selenium supplementation has been used to enhance Se status and milk Se concentration, but results conflict. Milk Se concentration appears ...
Kwack Seung Jun - - 2009
Koreans generally consume high quantities of soybean-based foods that contain a variety of phytoestrogens, such as, daidzein, zenistein, and biochalin A. However, phytoestrogens are considered to be potential endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC), which interfere with the normal function of the hormonal and reproductive systems. Therefore, dietary exposure to soybean-based phytoestrogens is ...
Berr C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between fish consumption and plasma selenium (Se) and red blood-cell fatty acid (RBC FA) profile in aged subjects. We hypothesised that the importance of Se has been underestimated when interpreting the beneficial effect of fish consumption on health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from a prospective ...
Rothman Jessica M - - 2009
To understand the ways in which condensed tannins (CT) affect primate diet selection and nutritional status, correct measurements are essential. In the majority of studies of the CT contents of primate foods, a tannin source such as "quebracho" is used to standardize CT assays, but the CT in quebracho tannin ...
Kuhnle Gunter G C GG MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK. - - 2009
Dietary phytoestrogens may be involved in the occurrence of chronic diseases. Reliable information on the phytoestrogen content in foods is required to assess dietary exposure and disease risk in epidemiological studies. However, there is little information on isoflavone, lignan, and coumestrol content of cereals and cereal-based foods, leading to an ...
Ralston Nicholas V C - - 2008
Selenium (Se) is absolutely required for activity of 25-30 genetically unique enzymes (selenoenzymes). All forms of life that have nervous systems possess selenoenzymes to protect their brains from oxidative damage. Homeostatic mechanisms normally maintain optimal selenoenzyme activities in brain tissues, but high methylmercury (MeHg) exposures sequester Se and irreversibly inhibit ...
Pedersen Mona H - - 2008
Soybean containing products are widely consumed, thus reliable methods for detection of soy in foods are needed in order to make appropriate risk assessment studies to adequately protect soy allergic patients. Six methods were compared using eight food products with a declared content of soy: a direct sandwich ELISA based ...
Muscatello J R - - 2009
Uranium mining and milling operations have the potential to release trace elements such as arsenic, molybdenum, nickel, selenium and uranium and ions (e.g., sulfate, ammonium) into the receiving aquatic ecosystem. The major implication of elevated environmental selenium is its propensity to accumulate in the aquatic food chain, potentially impairing fish ...
Choi Mi-Kyeong - - 2009
This study aimed to analyze the amounts of copper, selenium, and molybdenum among trace minerals in foods and to evaluate their daily intakes in Korean adults. Contents of copper, selenium, and molybdenum in 366 varieties of foods commonly consumed by Koreans were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry ...
Kuhnle Gunter G C GG MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United Kingdom. - - 2008
Dietary phytoestrogens may be involved in the occurrence of chronic diseases. Reliable information on the phytoestrogen content in foods is required to assess dietary exposure and disease risk in epidemiological studies. However, existing analyses have focused on only one class of these compounds in plant-based foods, and there is only ...
Phommalth Siviengkhek - - 2008
Our research objective was to increase isoflavone content in the germinated soybean seeds of four different varieties (Pungsannamulkong, Cheongjakong, Aga4, and Aga3) by optimizing light treatments (dark, greenhouse, fluorescent, incandescent, and ultraviolet lamps). The results demonstrated that the highest isoflavone content was produced from the Aga3 variety, which was developed ...
Feng Shengbao - - 2008
Black soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] were germinated under fungal stress with food grade R. oligosporus for 3 days and were homogenized and fermented with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to produce soy yogurt. Fungal stress led to the generation of oxylipins [oxooctadecadienoic acids (KODES) isomers and their respective glyceryl esters] ...
Hannan Mohammad A - - 2009
The dietary intake of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), selenium (Se), and iodine (I) of 31 lactating Mexican-American women attending the Hidalgo County WIC program in Rio Grande Valley (RGV), Texas was estimated from 24-h dietary recall interviews. Milk samples were obtained from lactating mothers who had infants 3 months of ...
Murphy P A - - 2008
Isoflavones in soy protein foods are thought to contribute to the cholesterol-lowering effect observed when these products are fed to humans. The group B saponins are another ethanol-soluble phytochemical fraction associated with soy proteins and isoflavones and have also been associated with cholesterol-lowering abilities. We measured the group B soyasaponin ...
Pollock Brady - - 2009
Combined lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) and greater scaup (A. marila) populations have declined steadily from the 1970s. Accompanying the population decline have been two shifts in lesser scaup demographics: a decrease in the proportion of young birds and an increase in male to female ratio. In addition, there are concerns ...
Young Christopher M - - 2008
The authors assessed food availability and cost of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern and patients' opinion concerning diet and blood pressure by surveying grocery stores and clinic patients in low- and high-socioeconomic status (SES) areas of Boston, Massachusetts. The proportion of DASH items found in stores ...
Kuhnle Gunter G C GG MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United Kingdom. - - 2008
Phytoestrogens are secondary plant metabolites that have received increasing attention for their bioactivity, in particular due to their structural and functional similarity to 17beta-estradiol. Although urinary and plasma phytoestrogens can be used as biomarkers for dietary intake, this is often not possible in large epidemiological studies or in the assessment ...
Navarro-Alarcon Miguel - - 2008
Selenium levels in soil generally reflect its presence in food and the Se levels in human populations. Se food content is influenced by geographical location, seasonal changes, protein content and food processing. Periodic monitoring of Se levels in soil and food is necessary. Diet is the major Se source and ...
Chavarro Jorge E - - 2008
High isoflavone intake has been related to decreased fertility in animal studies, but data in humans are scarce. Thus, we examined the association of soy foods and isoflavones intake with semen quality parameters. The intake of 15 soy-based foods in the previous 3 months was assessed for 99 male partners ...
Messina Mark - - 2008
Traditional soyfoods have been consumed for centuries throughout much of East Asia and, recently, these foods have also become popular in the West. Soyfoods and specific soybean components, such as the protein and isoflavones, have attracted attention for their possible health benefits. Isoflavones are classified as phytoestrogens and have been ...
Chen Hui - - 2008
The appetite suppressing effect of tobacco is a major driver of smoking behaviour; however few studies have addressed the effects of chronic cigarette smoke exposure (SE) on appetite, body weight and metabolic markers. We compared the effects of SE to equivalent food restriction (pair-fed, PF), against sham-exposure, on body weight, ...
Samala, Aditya
The objective of this study was to develop soy concept foods with potential marketability in the food industry for health conscious consumers. Fourteen commercial soy protein isolate samples were obtained from various processors. The flavor profiles of the soy protein isolates were evaluated by five expert panelists. The three soy ...
Collison Mark W MW Archer Daniels Midland Co., Research Division, Analytical Chemistry, Decatur, IL 62521-1656, USA. - - 2008
An interlaboratory study was conducted to evaluate a method for determining total soy isoflavones in dietary supplements, dietary supplement ingredients, and soy foods. Isoflavones were extracted using aqueous acetonitrile containing a small amount of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and all 12 of the naturally occuring isoflavones in soy were determined by high-performance ...
Lemire Melanie - - 2009
Selenium (Se) is an essential element and deficit or excess of dietary Se is associated with health disorders. Relatively elevated Se levels have been reported in the Brazilian Amazon, where there are also important annual variations in the availability of different foods. The present study was conducted among six riparian ...
Rayman Margaret P - - 2008
There is a growing appreciation that it is not just the total intake of dietary Se that is important to health but that the species of Se ingested may also be important. The present review attempts to catalogue what is known about Se species in foods and supplements and the ...
Rayman Margaret P - - 2008
Following the publication of the landmark trial of Clark et al. in 1996 that appeared to show that Se could reduce the risk of cancer, awareness of the importance of Se to human health has markedly increased. As a result, there is now much more aggressive marketing of Se supplements ...
Muscatello J R - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the accumulation of selenium in lakes downstream of a uranium mine operation in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Selenium concentrations in sediment and biota were elevated in exposure areas even though water concentrations were low (<5 microg/L). The pattern (from smallest to largest) of ...
Fuhrman Barbara J - - 2008
Only 30% to 50% of people produce the daidzein-metabolite equol after eating soy. We conducted a cross-sectional study of the associations between equol status, intake of soy foods, and mammographic density in a sample of postmenopausal women recruited at a radiology clinic near Buffalo, New York. Participants were 48 to ...
Choi Mi-Kyeong - - 2008
This study analyzed boron content in commonly consumed foods by Koreans. Boron content was analyzed on 299 different foods using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. The content of boron in cereals, potatoes, starches, sugars, and confectionaries was 1.11 to 828.56 microg per 100 g. As for beans, nuts, and ...
Halm Brunhild M - - 2008
How oral antibiotics (OABX) alter isoflavones (IFLs) in soy-consuming children is unknown. We evaluated OABX effects on urinary IFL excretion rates (UIERs) in 17 children, ages 4 to 17 yr, who provided 2 urine collections in pairs of a baseline urine and an overnight urine collection after consuming a body-weight-adjusted ...
Lee Min-June - - 2008
In this study, the soy food intake behaviors including perception and intake frequency of soybean foods by sociodemographic variables were analyzed in housewives. The perception of housewives for soy foods showed that soybean paste, soybean curd, and Dambuk were high in the descending order for nutritional quality and health promotion ...
Falnoga Ingrid - - 2007
Selenium-mercury interactions were most extensively studied in relation to alleviation of Hg toxicity by added selenium. This presentation considers the influence of mercury on endogenous selenium, on its tissue and cellular "status" after lifelong or acute exposure to mercury vapor (Hg o). Discussed are data obtained from (1) humans living ...
Haug Anna - - 2007
The world's rare selenium resources need to be managed carefully. Selenium is extracted as a by-product of copper mining and there are no deposits that can be mined for selenium alone. Selenium has unique properties as a semi-conductor, making it of special value to industry, but it is also an ...
Chan Sieu-gaen - - 2007
The dietary sources, intake levels, and determinants of soy isoflavone intake were examined using 3217 dietary recalls (DR) collected from 141 Hong Kong Chinese women aged 50-61 y. Multiple-pass 24-h DR were administered by phone by trained interviewers on 23 random, nonconsecutive days to participants over a 12-mo period from ...
Gómez-Ollés S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Airborne soybean hull proteins are known causes of asthma epidemics around harbours and soy processing plants. Soy flour dust proteins may cause occupational allergy in food and feed industries. OBJECTIVE: To compare enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for soy hull and soy flour aeroallergens, exposure assessment in various work environments. METHODS: ...
Parshad R K - - 2007
Food acceptance and toxic effects of feeding sodium selenite (Se) alone and in combination with monosodium glutamate (MSG), a taste enhancer were studied in the laboratory rat. Dose-dependent stimulation of daily food intake was observed with MSG offered in no-choice or bi-choice with the plain food. Consumption of pellets containing ...
Thavarajah Dil - - 2007
Lentils (Lens culinaris L.) are a source of many essential dietary components and trace elements for human health. In this study we show that lentils grown in the Canadian prairies are additionally enriched in selenium, an essential micronutrient needed for general well-being, including a healthy immune system and protection against ...
Haratake, Mamoru
Niboshi is processed from the small Japanese anchovy with a 3-6 cm length by a several-minute boiling and subsequent drying. It is usually used in a variety of Japanese dishes. We assessed the Niboshi and its extract as food source of the micronutrient selenium (Se). The Se content in the ...
Fu Wu Sheng - - 2007
A survey of chloropropanols in soy sauce and some selected foods in China is reported. Thirty-seven traditionally brewed soy sauce samples contained 3-MCPD below the EC maximum limit (ML) of 0.02 mg kg(-1). All soy sauce samples (629) from retailers contained levels of 3-MCPD ranging between <0.005 (LOQ) and 189 ...
Bordoni Alessandra - - 2008
Since any significant modification in the Se status, leading to changes in the activity of the seleno-enzymes, may have important consequences on the susceptibility of tissues to oxidative stress, considerable efforts have been made upon increasing Se dietary intake. In this respect, an important debate is still open about the ...
May Thomas W - - 2008
The Solomon River Basin is located in north-central Kansas in an area underlain by marine geologic shales. Selenium is an indigenous constituent of these shales and is readily leached into the surrounding groundwater. Portions of the Basin are irrigated primarily through the pumping of selenium-contaminated groundwater from wells onto fields ...
Zhang Yiqiang - - 2007
Acceleration of bacterial reduction of selenate [Se(VI)] to insoluble elemental Se [Se(0)] plays an important role in Se bioremediation. Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), a redox mediator, was assessed for its ability to enhance the reduction of Se(VI) (2000 microg/L) to Se(0) by Enterobacter taylorae in various media. The results showed that addition ...
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