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Joseph Pamela - - 2012
Rapid change in food intake, physical activity, and tobacco use in recent decades have contributed to the soaring rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Aboriginal populations living in Canada. The nature and influence of contextual factors on Aboriginal health behaviours are not well characterized. To ...
Pettigrew Simone S School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health (M408), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, 6009 Australia. - - 2012
This study investigated community attitudes to fast food companies' sponsorship of community events. The aim was to inform future efforts to introduce greater restrictions on these marketing activities to reduce child obesity. While previous research has focused on the sponsorship of sporting events, the present study included all community events ...
Helle Heikki - - 2011
1. The effects of environment experienced during early development on phenotype as an adult has started to gain vast amounts of interest in various taxa. Some evidence on long-term effects of juvenile environment is available, but replicated experimental studies in wild animals are still lacking. 2. Here we report the first replicated ...
Sant'anna Bruno Sampaio - - 2011
Tributyltin (TBT) contamination affects the reproductive system of many species of invertebrates worldwide. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of exposure to TBT pollution on the reproduction of the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus. An orthogonal experiment was designed with two treatments: contamination (with or without TBT in ...
Ferreira J Andries - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the longer-term effects of reduced gonadal hormones on food intake, food efficiency, voluntary running activity and body weight in mature male and female rats, compared to age-matched controls. We hypothesized that hormonal effects would differ for rats that were not rapidly growing ...
Adámkova Vera - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a commonly monitored issue in many studies. In contrast, almost no information has been published on beverage intake in adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To evaluate beverage intake, we studied a population of 1, 200 adults (656 males and 544 females, aged 18-54 years). The volumes and ...
Lebreton Sébastien - - 2011
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has become a model for olfaction and odour-mediated behaviour. In the wild, Drosophila flies aggregate on decaying fruit where they mate and oviposit and a strategy to find mates would be to locate fruit which has already been colonized by other flies. We therefore developed ...
Gumert Michael D - - 2011
We investigated sex differences in how Burmese long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis aurea) used stone tools to open shelled food items along the shores of two islands in Laemson National Park, Thailand. Over a 2-week period in December 2009, we collected scan and focal samples on macaques when they were visible ...
Herczeg G - - 2011
Geographical variation in behaviour within species is common. However, how behavioural plasticity varies between and within locally adapted populations is less studied. Here, we studied behavioural plasticity induced by perceived predation risk and food availability in pond (low predation - high competition) vs. coastal marine (high predation - low competition) ...
Li Kin-Kit - - 2012
To examine sex differences in eating habits and nutrient intakes and explore whether eating habits mediate the effects of sex on nutrient intakes and whether sex moderates the effects of eating habits on nutrient intakes. Cross-sectional survey of eating habits and food-intake frequency in a convenience sample of college students. ...
Takamata Akira - - 2011
Oestrogen replacement in ovariectomised (OVX) rats has been reported to attenuate food intake, especially during the light phase. To gain better insight into the central mechanism of oestrogen-induced reduction of food intake, we examined the effect of chronic oestrogen replacement in OVX rats on c-Fos expression in the suprachiasmatic nucleus ...
Simon Jasper C - - 2011
Cues from both an animal's internal physiological state and its local environment may influence its decision to disperse. However, identifying and quantifying the causative factors underlying the initiation of dispersal is difficult in uncontrolled natural settings. In this study, we automatically monitored the movement of fruit flies and examined the ...
Comhaire Frank - - 2011
In male infertility, complementary treatment with antioxidant-containing food supplements quadruples the spontaneous pregnancy rate and reduces the cost per pregnancy by 60%.
Cucina Andrea - - 2011
Patterns of carious lesions were analyzed in the Classic period coastal Maya population of Xcambó, a salt production and administration center in northern Yucatan. To this end, the study investigated caries in the permanent dentitions of 163 adult skeletons, 23 from the Early Classic (AD 250-550) and 140 from the ...
Reslan Summar - - 2011
Males and females engage in comparable rates of binge eating, but gender differences in what constitutes a "binge" may contribute to the disproportionate likelihood of females meeting diagnostic criteria for binge eating disorder (BED). Using data from one university enrolled in the 2010 Healthy Minds Study, we investigated the differences ...
Hardin Jill - - 2011
Prostate cancer is a common but complex disease, and distinguishing modifiable risk factors such as diet for more aggressive disease is extremely important. Previous work has detected intriguing associations between vegetable, fruit, and grains and more aggressive prostate cancer, although these remain somewhat unclear. Here we further investigate such potential ...
Eriksson Britas Klemens BK Department of Marine Benthic Ecology and Evolution, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 11103, 9700 CC Groningen, The - - 2011
We tested the relative strength of direct versus indirect effects of an aquatic omnivore depending on the functional composition of grazers by manipulating the presence of gastropod and amphipod grazers and omnivorous shrimp in outdoor mesocosms. By selectively preying upon amphipods and reducing their abundance by 70-80%, omnivorous shrimp favoured ...
Levis Silvina - - 2010
The findings of the Women's Health Initiative resulted in a sharp decline in the use of estrogen therapy. Increasingly, menopausal women have been interested in soy foods as an alternative to estrogen therapy for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. This article provides an overview of the limited number of studies ...
Jenny-Burri J - - 2010
The selenium concentration in foods was analysed in order to identify principal sources of this trace element in Switzerland. Selenium intake estimations based on three different approaches were carried out. From the relationship between intake and serum/plasma concentration, the selenium intake was estimated to 66 µg day(-1). The second approach ...
Doerge Daniel R - - 2011
Isoflavones are non-nutritive components of soy responsible for estrogenic responses observed in vitro and in experimental animals. Possible beneficial effects (e.g., reduction of serum lipids, increased bone mineral density, relief of hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms, mammary and prostate cancer chemoprevention) in humans have been attributed to consumption of ...
Budhathoki Sanjeev - - 2011
Abstract Objective. It has been suggested that soy food and isoflavone intake may be protective against the risk of colorectal cancer. However, epidemiologic evidence remains sparse and inconsistent. We addressed this issue in the Fukuoka Colorectal Cancer Study. Material and methods. The study subjects were the 816 incident cases of ...
Gammelgaard Bente - - 2011
The aim of this review is to present and evaluate the present knowledge of which selenium species are available to the general population in the form of food and common supplements and how these species are metabolized in mammals. The overview of the selenium sources takes a horizontal approach, which ...
Jenkins David J A - - 2010
The apparently smaller LDL cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering effect of soy in recent studies has prompted the U.S. FDA to reexamine the heart health claim previously allowed for soy products. We therefore attempted to estimate the intrinsic and extrinsic (displacement) potential of soy in reducing LDL-C to determine whether the heart health ...
Rowe Christopher L - - 2011
Selenium (Se) and vanadium (V) are contaminants commonly found in aquatic systems affected by wastes derived from fossil fuels. To examine their effects on a widely distributed species of amphibian, we exposed gray tree frogs (Hyla versicolor) to Se (as SeO(2)) or V (as NaVO(3)) in their diet from the ...
Lemire Mélanie - - 2010
Selenium (Se) intake is generally from food, whose Se content depends on soil Se and plant accumulation. For humans, adequate Se intake is essential for several selenoenzymes. In the Lower Tapajós region of the Brazilian Amazon, Se status is elevated with large inter-community variability. Se intake in this region, where ...
Dorjgochoo Tsogzolmaa - - 2011
It has been suggested that soy food and its components may relieve menopausal symptoms (MPS) including hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness in healthy women. However, little is known about the effect of soy food intake on MPS in women with breast cancer. We examined associations of occurrence of ...
Neely Erika A - - 2010
Although many researchers have studied potential ways to deliver soy in novel forms, little is known about specific sensory attributes associated with soy snacks, or how those attributes drive liking for consumers. The first objective of this study was to use sensory descriptive analysis to characterize 9 extruded soy snacks ...
Kang Jie - - 2010
Epidemiological and clinical studies have linked consumption of soy foods with low incidences of a number of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and osteoporosis. Over the past decades, enormous research efforts have been made to identify bioactive components in soy. Isoflavones and soy protein have been suggested as ...
Portella Marcia Bitar - - 2010
To determine, by chemical analysis, the macronutrient, energy, sodium, and iron contents of homemade foods prepared for infants in two socioeconomic classes in Belém, state of Pará, Brazil. Cross-sectional study of 78 infants (aged 6 to 18 months) distributed into two groups according to socioeconomic status (high or low). Chemical ...
Koro Marlen E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Low SES has been shown to be linked to poorer-quality diets, decreased consumption of fresh produce, and an increased reliance on small retail stores. PURPOSE: The objective of this research was to determine if there is a difference in the microbial quality and potential safety of food available to ...
Kumar Vineet - - 2010
Sucrose content in soybean seeds is desired to be high because as a sweetness-imparting component, it helps in wider acceptance of soy-derived food products. Conversely, galactosyl derivatives of sucrose, that is, raffinose and stachyose, which are flatulence-inducing components, need to be in low concentration in soybean seeds not only for ...
Letsiou S - - 2010
The trace element selenium is an essential micronutrient for human health, and its low levels in serum are implicated in the pathogenesis of several chronic diseases. The determination of total serum selenium levels may contribute to the assessment of the health status of all populations. Since the serum selenium levels ...
Fairweather-Tait Susan J - - 2010
Information on selenium bioavailability is required to derive dietary recommendations and to evaluate and improve the quality of food products. The need for robust data is particularly important in light of recent suggestions of potential health benefits associated with different intakes of selenium. The issue is not straightforward, however, because ...
Barnes Stephen - - 2010
In this review of the chemistry, absorption, metabolism, and mechanisms of action of plant isoflavones, emphasis is placed on the isoflavones in soy and the food products derived from them. Soybeans have been part of food history in Asia for several millennia but did not reach the Americas and Europe ...
Frias Juana - - 2010
The selenium supply in almost all European countries is below the recommended daily intake, and different strategies are followed to fortify foods. In the present work, the influence of germination of garden cress ( Lepidium sativum cv. Ogrodowa) in different selenium solutions (Na(2)SeO(3) and Na(2)SeO(4)) on Se uptake, total antioxidant ...
Yang Jingyuan - - 2010
Selenium deficiency is widely accepted as a fundamental cause of Keshan disease (KD). In the present study, the selenium levels of hair and food samples of KD in some endemic areas were measured; the prevalence and incidence of KD for the year 2007 in these areas were surveyed. The results ...
Sakai Shinobu - - 2010
The labeling of foods containing ingredients derived from soybean is recommended in Japan because of an increasing number of patients who are allergic to soybeans. To ensure proper labeling, a novel sandwich ELISA kit for the determination of soybean protein in processed foods (FASTKIT Ver. II, "Soybean", Nippon Meat Packers, ...
Li Suyun - - 2010
The primary objective of this study was to determine the variables associated with intention to consume soy products and identify key variables that could be used as targets in soy nutrition education and consumption promotion. A pre/post-test survey was used during a three session class focused on diabetes that discussed ...
Valdiglesias Vanessa - - 2010
Selenium is an oligoelement with essential biological functions. Diet is the most important selenium source, and intake of this element depends on its concentration in food and amount of food consumed. Among the essential human micronutrients, selenium is peculiar due to its beneficial physiological activity and toxicity. It may have ...
Gore Fiona - - 2010
Chemical elements such as selenium, fluoride, iron, calcium and magnesium are essential to the human being, although some are toxic when absorbed in high doses. In this paper, the risks associated with insufficient and excessive intake of selenium in the diet are reviewed, focusing on drinking water. Two different approaches ...
Vinkeles Melchers Natalie V S - - 2009
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Obesity is at crisis proportions. Individuals of low socio-economic status (SES) are more likely to consume higher energy dense diets than their high socio-economic status counterparts. The contribution of supermarket purchases of energy dense, nutrient poor foods has not been well-researched and has largely depended on unverified self-report. ...
Bolca Selin - - 2009
The microbial metabolism of dietary phytoestrogens varies considerably among individuals and influences the final exposure to bioactive compounds. In view of the increasing number of food supplements combining several classes of phytoestrogens, the microbial potential to activate various proestrogens within an individual was evaluated in 3 randomized dietary crossovers. Treatment ...
Eick F - - 2009
Wasting in tuberculosis (TB) patients is associated with the severity of lung disease and low serum level of selenium. Low serum levels of selenium may be due to low food intake or altered absorption/metabolism in the body. We therefore wanted to measure and compare the intake of selenium and sulphur ...
Reiter Evelyne - - 2009
Isoflavone-rich food and food supplements have gained increasing popularity also in the Western world. Their weak estrogenic effect has been considered as a potential risk, although all epidemiological studies and clinical trials show a significant cancer protection and decreased risk of cardiovascular diseases. In vitro data suggest that the concerted ...
Mortensen Alicja - - 2009
This paper provides an overview of analytical techniques used to determine isoflavones (IFs) in foods and biological fluids with main emphasis on sample preparation methods. Factors influencing the content of IFs in food including processing and natural variability are summarized and an insight into IF databases is given. Comparisons of ...
Triggiani Vincenzo - - 2009
Micronutrients, mostly iodine and selenium, are required for thyroid hormone synthesis and function. Iodine is an essential component of thyroid hormones and its deficiency is considered as the most common cause of preventable brain damage in the world. Nowadays about 800 million people are affected by iodine deficiency disorders that ...
Ozden Ozkan - - 2009
Two bivalve's species (Chamelea gallina and Donax trunculus) were investigated in terms of proximate and mineral compositions (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, iodine and selenium) throughout the year. The concentrations of minerals were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Ranges of moisture, protein, fat, ash and carbohydrate contents were 82.70-86.57%, ...
Gawalko E - - 2009
Canada is a significant exporter of field peas and, thus, issues of food safety are important in all grain and food products within the international marketplace. Environmental contaminants, such as trace elements, may be present in all foods and, as a result, international standards have been established for a number ...
Herrera Henry - - 2009
This article addresses the intersection of the food system and public health from the community perspective, based on the work of the HOPE Collaborative in Oakland, California. The HOPE Collaborative initiated intensive community outreach and engagement as part of its planning process to address inequitable access to healthy food in ...
Hamilton-Reeves Jill M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether isoflavones exert estrogen-like effects in men by lowering bioavailable T through evaluation of the effects of soy protein or isoflavone intake on T, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), free T, and free androgen index (FAI) in men. DESIGN: PubMed and CAB Abstracts databases were searched through July ...
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