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Results 301 - 350 of 856
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Miller Henry I - - 2007
There is currently considerable debate in many countries over the effects of public policy - in particular, governmental regulation - on the development of innovative pharmaceuticals. Regulators must balance patients' access to therapies with ensuring the safety of drugs. The consequences of poor decisions can be dire: if access is ...
Smith David F - - 2007
An outline of the "risk society" thesis of the German social theorist Ulrich Beck is given, and some points that he has taken from food safety examples are discussed. The potential for exploring the viability and utility of the thesis, via a comparative study of historical food safety episodes is ...
Tyshko Nadezhda V - - 2007
The beginning of the 21st century is characterized by growing interest in the problems of biosafety, which are determined, on the one hand, by the wide use of novel biotechnologies and the necessity to develop the adequate precautionary measures, and, on the other hand, by the objective threat of bioterrorism. ...
Kosa Katherine M - - 2007
To reduce bacterial growth and to ensure the quality and safety of food products, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advise consumers to clean their refrigerators regularly, use a refrigerator thermometer, and keep refrigerator temperatures at 40 degrees F (4.4 degrees C) or below. ...
Schneider Klaus - - 2007
Environmental contaminants originate from diverse sources and, owing to their ubiquitous presence in the environment, may appear in foods. Setting standards in food is increasingly important within the European Union and world-wide to protect consumers' health and to avoid trade barriers. This paper analyses how maximum levels for environmental contaminants ...
Knight John - - 2008
Concerns about food safety, and mistrust of food production systems within China, result in imported food products generally enjoying a higher reputation than locally produced food products. Findings from interviews of gatekeepers are discussed in relation to conspicuous consumption, social trust, and the symbolic value of foreign brands and production. ...
Constable A - - 2007
Very few traditional foods that are consumed have been subjected to systematic toxicological and nutritional assessment, yet because of their long history and customary preparation and use and absence of evidence of harm, they are generally regarded as safe to eat. This 'history of safe use' of traditional foods forms ...
Hugas Marta - - 2007
International, community and national food safety law and any subsequent decision-making practices aim to be based on risk analysis--a process consisting of risk assessment, risk management and risk communication. With the appointment of the European Food Safety Authority as an independent scientific point of reference in risk assessment, there is ...
de Jonge Janneke - - 2007
Understanding of the determinants of consumer confidence in the safety of food is important if effective risk management and communication are to be developed. In the research reported here, we attempt to understand the roles of consumer trust in actors in the food chain and regulators, consumer recall of food ...
Hinsz Verlin B - - 2007
The authors considered work habits within an integrated framework of motivated behavior. A distinction made between automatic and controlled action led to 2 measures of work habits: a habit strength measure reflecting the 4 characteristics of automaticity and a measure of work routines under conscious control. Workers at a turkey ...
Gilbert S E - - 2007
The purpose of this survey was to obtain information on the domestic meat and poultry handling practices of New Zealanders in order to support the development of quantitative risk models, as well as providing data to underpin food safety campaigns to consumers. A sample of 1000 New Zealand residents, over ...
Trepka Mary Jo - - 2007
Pregnant women and infants are two groups at the highest risk of severe outcomes from foodborne illnesses. We surveyed adult clients of a Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic serving predominately African Americans in inner-city Miami, Florida, to assess food safety practices. Eligible and consenting women completed a 23-item self-administered ...
Rajić Andrijana - - 2007
Canada's vision for the agri-food industry in the 21st century is the establishment of a national food safety system employing hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) principles and microbiological verification tools, with traceability throughout the gate-to-plate continuum. Voluntary on-farm food safety (OFFS) programs, based in part on HACCP principles, ...
Reske Kimberly A - - 2007
Announced inspections are being incorporated into restaurant inspection programs to support active managerial control; however, their effectiveness is unknown. The study reported here examined the results of 1314 inspections conducted from June 2001 through August 2003 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Of these, 343 were routine inspections that preceded and 157 were ...
Cooke Lara - - 2007
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Food provided and food safety and serving practices in out-of-school-hours (OOSH) services. METHODS: Health promotion strategies, developed in partnership with an advisory committee, were directed at three main areas: supporting local services; developing statewide training and resources; and advocacy. RESULTS: Significant improvements were seen in the food provided, ...
Byrd-Bredbenner Carol - - 2007
Food mishandling in home kitchens likely causes a significant amount of foodborne disease; however, little is known about the food safety hazards lurking in home kitchens. The purposes of this study were to audit the kitchens of young adults with education beyond high school to identify food safety problems and ...
Tebbutt G M - - 2007
This review looks at the contribution of microbiological sampling to the safety of retail foods in England and Wales. It compares sampling methods available and assesses the value of testing as part of outbreaks of foodborne disease, as part of routine management by local authorities, as part of work done ...
Rieu Emilie - - 2007
The World Trade Organization introduced the concept of appropriate level of protection (ALOP) as a public health target. For this public health objective to be interpretable by the actors in the food chain, the concept of food safety objective (FSO) was proposed by the International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for ...
Kornelis Marcel - - 2007
The aim of this study is to examine the preferences of consumers for different information sources when they have a question about food safety. On the basis of a nationally representative survey conducted in the Netherlands, five distinct consumer groups are identified that not only differ on the reported use ...
Nevai Andrew L - - 2007
Decision makers who minimize costly errors should flexibly adjust the way they trade off competing demands, depending on their current state. We explore how state (amount of hoarded food) affects willingness to take extra predation risk to obtain larger food rewards, particularly in animals that may overemphasize safety. Assuming a ...
Ball Douglas - - 2007
Safety thresholds for chemical impurities and leachables in consumer products such as foods and drugs have helped to ensure public health while establishing scientifically sound limits for identification and risk assessment of these compounds. The Product Quality Research Institute (PQRI) Leachables and Extractables Working Group, a collaboration of chemists and ...
Subba Rao G M - - 2007
In India, most of the diarrhoeal deaths among children (<5 years) are attributed to food and water contamination. Mothers are usually the final line of defence against food borne illnesses. Thus, the role of mothers in ensuring food safety at homes is well accepted. There are hardly any studies in ...
Green Laura R - - 2007
To identify factors related to food worker hand hygiene practices, we collected (i) observational data on food worker (n = 321) hand hygiene practices (hand washing and glove use) and (ii) observational and interview data on factors related to hygiene behavior, such as worker activity, restaurant characteristics, worker food safety ...
Potterat Olivier - - 2007
Products derived from Noni fruit (Morinda citrifolia) have been commercialised in the USA since the 1990s and are increasingly distributed all over the world. A large number of beneficial effects have been claimed for Noni. Fruit juice of Noni has been approved as a Novel Food by the European Commission ...
Ferreira Vânia - - 2007
"Chouriça de Vinhais" and "Salpicão de Vinhais" are traditional smoked naturally fermented meat products produced in the North of Portugal, Trás-os-Montes. The objective of this study was the characterisation of these products, giving particular attention to their microbiological and chemical safety. Nitrite, nitrate, heavy metals and biogenic amines were within ...
Milner J A - - 2007
Consumers throughout the world are increasingly questioning the quality and safety of their diets and how the foods they eat are influencing their health. Much of this interest stems from mounting evidence that bioactive food components cannot only influence one's ability to achieve one's genetic potential, but can also have ...
Domingo José L - - 2007
According to the information reported by the WHO, the genetically modified (GM) products that are currently on the international market have all passed risk assessments conducted by national authorities. These assessments have not indicated any risk to human health. In spite of this clear statement, it is quite amazing to ...
Logue Catherine M - - 2007
Food safety and the development of an understanding of issues surrounding pathogens associated with food is of considerable importance in modern-day food production. The design and use of risk models to estimate the likelihood of human illness has become an important part of our understanding of food safety issues. In ...
Sleator Roy D - - 2007
While much information is available concerning the health promoting benefits associated with dietary reformulations (e.g. replacing sugar with aspartame and salt (NaCl) with KCl), to reduce the incidence of obesity and heart disease, potential food safety risks arising from such reformulations have received considerably less attention. Reformulation inevitably changes the ...
Cho Bo-Hyun - - 2007
A critical assessment of voluntary approaches in regulatory programs is presented. When accounting for heterogeneous firms, with varying effectiveness of risk control, the optimality of a lump-sum financial incentive to encourage voluntary adoption is questioned. The paper uses a game-theoretic model to characterize the strategies of a regulator and firms. ...
Varzakas Theodoros H - - 2007
The question of nutritional quality has arisen in the International Community over the last few years along with other important issues such as population aging, multipopulation societies, and political conflicts. The nutritional issue is questioned both quantitatively and qualitatively. It is well known that the planet faces enormous problems with ...
Cornish Patti - - 2007
The inadvertent administration of concentrated potassium chloride resulting in patient death is well-documented in Canada and other countries. Vials of potassium phosphates contain more than twice the concentration of potassium compared to vials of potassium chloride concentrate. If inadequately diluted or administered too rapidly, intravenous potassium phosphate can also lead ...
Gröhn Yrjö - - 2007
As a part of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) agreement, the World Trade Organization requires that member countries establish SPS measures on the basis of an appropriate risk assessment. In addition, many governments use risk assessment in their management of food safety. Consequently, a number of risk assessments for different ...
Havelaar A H - - 2007
Decisions on food safety involve consideration of a wide range of concerns including the public health impact of foodborne illness, the economic importance of the agricultural sector and the food industry, and the effectiveness and efficiency of interventions. To support such decisions, we propose an integrated scientific approach combining veterinary ...
Sugiura Katsuaki - - 2007
The Animal Products Safety Division (APSD) of Japan was created in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in October 2005 to strengthen the role of the Ministry in animal production food safety. The authors outline the background to the establishment of the APSD and its functions. The APSD is ...
Lupien John R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Food systems are rapidly changing as world population grows, increasing urbanization occurs, consumer tastes and preferences change and differ in various countries and cultures, large scale food production increases, and food imports and exports grow in volume and value. Consumers in all countries have become more insistent that foods ...
Huang Yiqun - - 2007
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been applied in almost every aspect of food science over the past two decades, although most applications are in the development stage. ANNs are useful tools for food safety and quality analyses, which include modeling of microbial growth and from this predicting food safety, interpreting ...
Scanlan Francis P - - 2007
Contaminants are a vast subject area of food safety and quality. They are generally divided into chemical, microbiological and physical classes and are present in our food chain from raw materials to finished products. They are the subject of international and national legislation that has widened to cover more and ...
Fleming Kenneth - - 2006
The relationship between local news media and public perceptions of food safety was examined in a statewide telephone survey (n = 524). The theoretical framework of the study was based on a review of the social and psychological factors that affect public concerns about food safety, the relationship between mass ...
Maudoux J P - - 2006
The principal responsibility of the Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC) is to guarantee the safety along the food chain. In order to accomplish this responsibility, the FASFC has developed an integrated official control program to check compliance with various regulations. The original methodology developed ...
Leikas Sointu - - 2007
Risks appear to be perceived in two different ways, affectively and rationally. Finnish adult internet users were contacted via e-mail and asked to fill an internet questionnaire consisting of questions of food risks and measures of avoidance and approach motivation, analytic and intuitive information processing style, trait anxiety, and gender ...
Trepka Mary Jo - - 2006
To determine beliefs about and barriers to good food safety practices among clients of a Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC Program). Five audiotaped focus groups. A large WIC Program clinic in Miami, Florida. Thirty-two women attending the clinic who were demographically similar to clinic clients. ...
Pina M C - - 2006
Given the scope and magnitude of the food supply in modern societies, there is no way to ensure that all foods are kept free from potential sources of contamination. Instead, food safety is enhanced by systematically concentrating upon minimizing opportunities for contamination at every point from food production and processing ...
Bhogal Nirmala - - 2006
At the request of the Food Standards Agency, the Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and the Environment (COT) established a Working Group on Variation and Uncertainty in Toxicology (WG VUT). In April 2006, the WG VUT produced a draft report for public consultation. FRAME made a ...
Fischer Arnout R H - - 2006
To reduce consumer health risks from foodborne diseases that result from improper domestic food handling, consumers need to know how to safely handle food. To realize improvements in public health, it is necessary to develop interventions that match the needs of individual consumers. Successful intervention strategies are therefore contingent on ...
Alexandrova Nevena - - 2006
The OECD Blue Book, "Recombinant DNA: Safety Considerations" was published in 1986. The developed principles and concepts on the stepwise and case-by-case approach for risk assessment in the Blue Book have been used as a foundation for building national biosafety frameworks and international instruments for the regulation of the products ...
Mumford Elizabeth L - - 2006
Animal health is the crucial first part of the food chain and must be considered when developing the controls or preventative measures for an endemic or emerging zoonotic food-borne diseases. Increasing the number of complementary control measures at various points along the food processing chain results in overall risk reduction ...
Gaugitsch Helmut - - 2006
The role of OECD in the development of national and international risk/safety assessment frameworks is presented and discussed. The most relevant OECD bodies in this context have contributed a lot to the development of international biosafety frameworks, inter alia by organizing international conferences in the areas of food/feed and environmental ...
Poulsen Morten - - 2007
The 90-day animal study is the core study for the safety assessment of genetically modified foods in the SAFOTEST project. The model compound tested in the 90-day study was a rice variety expressing the kidney bean Phaseolus vulgaris lectin agglutinin E-form (PHA-E lectin). Female Wistar rats were given a nutritionally ...
Poulsen Morten - - 2007
Genetically modified plants expressing insecticidal traits offer a new strategy for crop protection, but at the same time present a challenge in terms of food safety assessment. The present 90-day feeding study was designed to assess the safety of a rice variety expressing the snowdrop Galanthus nivalis lectin (GNA lectin), ...
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