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Results 301 - 350 of 873
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Wilson Nick - - 2007
To examine the content and trends of safety-related consumer information in magazine vehicle advertisements, as a case study within the worldwide marketing of vehicles. Content analysis of popular current affairs magazines in New Zealand for the 5-year period 2001-2005 was undertaken (n = 514 advertisements), supplemented with vehicle data from ...
van Dijk Heleen - - 2008
Recent emphasis within policy circles has been on transparent communication with consumers about food risk management decisions and practices. As a consequence, it is important to develop best practice regarding communication with the public about how food risks are managed. In the current study, the provision of information about regulatory ...
Hepburn P - - 2008
The role of post-market monitoring (PMM) in the safety assessment of novel foods is critically discussed in order to derive guidelines as to in which situations the application of PMM might be warranted. Available data sources on food consumption and health status, and the methodologies for generating such data are ...
Henle Thomas - - 2007
Physiological consequences resulting from protein-bound Maillard compounds in foods must be discussed carefully. This was the idea behind the debate, which is put for discussion by the papers by Sebekova and Somoza, who argued for the motion that dietary advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are a health risk, and by ...
Delaney Bryan - - 2007
A number of genetically modified (GM) crops bioengineered to express agronomic traits including herbicide resistance and insect tolerance have been commercialized. Safety studies conducted for the whole grains and food and feed fractions obtained from GM crops (i.e., bioengineered foods) bear similarities to and distinctive differences from those applied to ...
Membré Jeanne-Marie - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the practicality of designing a heat treatment process in a food manufacturing operation for a product governed by a Food Safety Objective (FSO). Salmonella in cooked poultry meat was taken as the working example. Although there is no FSO for this product ...
Roseman Mary G - - 2007
The study reported here examined the food safety perceptions, food safety behaviors, and emergency food preparedness of elderly people participating in congregate-meal and home-delivered-meal (HDM) programs as influenced by demographic and socioeconomic variables. Interviewers surveyed elderly people participating in a congregate-meal and HDM program in nine counties in central Kentucky ...
Panunzio Michele F - - 2007
With respect to food safety, many works have studied the effectiveness of self-monitoring plans of food companies, designed using the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) method. On the other hand, indepth research has not been made concerning the adherence of the plans to HACCP standards. During our research, ...
Sohier Danièle - - 2008
Safety assessment requires uniform and reproducible nomenclature schemes for all the micro-organisms deliberately added in fermented food products. The QPS approach described by EFSA is based on the identity of an isolate at the highest taxonomic unit that is appropriate for the purpose for which the evaluation is intended. This ...
Ogier Jean-Claude - - 2008
Unlike most of lactic acid bacteria, the Enterococcus genus is not considered "generally recognized as safe" (GRAS). Safety assessment for enterococci remains controversial. While enterococci are considered "positive" or useful in cheese technology, isolates of this genus have emerged as opportunistic pathogens for humans. Thus these bacteria have the paradoxical ...
Coveney John - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore consumer trust in food, especially people's experiences that support or diminish trust in the food supply; consumer practices to strengthen trust in food; and views on how trust in the food supply could be increased. SETTING: Adelaide, South Australia. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative research interviews and focus groups. ...
Allum Nick - - 2007
Few scholars doubt the importance of trust in explaining variation in public perception of technological risk. Relatively little, however, is known about the particular types of judgments that people use in granting or withholding trust. This article presents findings from an empirical study that explores several dimensions of trust relevant ...
Fischer Arnout R H - - 2007
It has been established that, to a considerable extent, the domestic hygiene practices adopted by consumers can result in a greater or lesser microbial load in prepared meals. In the research presented here, an interdisciplinary study is reported in which interviews, observations of consumers preparing a recipe, and microbial contamination ...
Wallner Stephanie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate the efficacy of an online continuing education course for professionals who provide food safety information to high-risk populations. DESIGN: A 2-credit graduate-level class was converted into six web-based modules (overview of foodborne illness, immunology, pregnancy, human immunodeficiency virus, cancer and transplants, and lifecycle) and offered ...
Byrd-Bredbenner Carol - - 2007
With limited opportunities to learn safe food handling via observation, many young adults lack the knowledge needed to keep them safe from foodborne disease. It is important to reach young adults with food safety education because of their current and future roles as caregivers. With a nationwide online survey, the ...
Dharod Jigna Morarji - - 2007
The study was conducted to compare and identify the magnitude of differences between self-reported and observed food safety behaviors among women preparing a chicken and salad dish at home. The observed food safety practices also were compared according to sociodemographic variables and prior food safety education. Sixty Puerto Rican women ...
Dwinger R H - - 2007
Following several animal disease outbreaks and food contaminant scandals in Europe in recent years, the European Commission adopted the White Paper on Food Safety in 2000. This White Paper contains a number of recommendations aimed to increase food safety, improve the traceability of food products and regain consumer confidence in ...
Miller Henry I - - 2007
There is currently considerable debate in many countries over the effects of public policy - in particular, governmental regulation - on the development of innovative pharmaceuticals. Regulators must balance patients' access to therapies with ensuring the safety of drugs. The consequences of poor decisions can be dire: if access is ...
Smith David F - - 2007
An outline of the "risk society" thesis of the German social theorist Ulrich Beck is given, and some points that he has taken from food safety examples are discussed. The potential for exploring the viability and utility of the thesis, via a comparative study of historical food safety episodes is ...
Tyshko Nadezhda V - - 2007
The beginning of the 21st century is characterized by growing interest in the problems of biosafety, which are determined, on the one hand, by the wide use of novel biotechnologies and the necessity to develop the adequate precautionary measures, and, on the other hand, by the objective threat of bioterrorism. ...
Kosa Katherine M - - 2007
To reduce bacterial growth and to ensure the quality and safety of food products, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advise consumers to clean their refrigerators regularly, use a refrigerator thermometer, and keep refrigerator temperatures at 40 degrees F (4.4 degrees C) or below. ...
Schneider Klaus - - 2007
Environmental contaminants originate from diverse sources and, owing to their ubiquitous presence in the environment, may appear in foods. Setting standards in food is increasingly important within the European Union and world-wide to protect consumers' health and to avoid trade barriers. This paper analyses how maximum levels for environmental contaminants ...
Knight John - - 2008
Concerns about food safety, and mistrust of food production systems within China, result in imported food products generally enjoying a higher reputation than locally produced food products. Findings from interviews of gatekeepers are discussed in relation to conspicuous consumption, social trust, and the symbolic value of foreign brands and production. ...
Constable A - - 2007
Very few traditional foods that are consumed have been subjected to systematic toxicological and nutritional assessment, yet because of their long history and customary preparation and use and absence of evidence of harm, they are generally regarded as safe to eat. This 'history of safe use' of traditional foods forms ...
Hugas Marta - - 2007
International, community and national food safety law and any subsequent decision-making practices aim to be based on risk analysis--a process consisting of risk assessment, risk management and risk communication. With the appointment of the European Food Safety Authority as an independent scientific point of reference in risk assessment, there is ...
de Jonge Janneke - - 2007
Understanding of the determinants of consumer confidence in the safety of food is important if effective risk management and communication are to be developed. In the research reported here, we attempt to understand the roles of consumer trust in actors in the food chain and regulators, consumer recall of food ...
Hinsz Verlin B - - 2007
The authors considered work habits within an integrated framework of motivated behavior. A distinction made between automatic and controlled action led to 2 measures of work habits: a habit strength measure reflecting the 4 characteristics of automaticity and a measure of work routines under conscious control. Workers at a turkey ...
Gilbert S E - - 2007
The purpose of this survey was to obtain information on the domestic meat and poultry handling practices of New Zealanders in order to support the development of quantitative risk models, as well as providing data to underpin food safety campaigns to consumers. A sample of 1000 New Zealand residents, over ...
Trepka Mary Jo - - 2007
Pregnant women and infants are two groups at the highest risk of severe outcomes from foodborne illnesses. We surveyed adult clients of a Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic serving predominately African Americans in inner-city Miami, Florida, to assess food safety practices. Eligible and consenting women completed a 23-item self-administered ...
Rajić Andrijana - - 2007
Canada's vision for the agri-food industry in the 21st century is the establishment of a national food safety system employing hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) principles and microbiological verification tools, with traceability throughout the gate-to-plate continuum. Voluntary on-farm food safety (OFFS) programs, based in part on HACCP principles, ...
Reske Kimberly A - - 2007
Announced inspections are being incorporated into restaurant inspection programs to support active managerial control; however, their effectiveness is unknown. The study reported here examined the results of 1314 inspections conducted from June 2001 through August 2003 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Of these, 343 were routine inspections that preceded and 157 were ...
Cooke Lara - - 2007
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Food provided and food safety and serving practices in out-of-school-hours (OOSH) services. METHODS: Health promotion strategies, developed in partnership with an advisory committee, were directed at three main areas: supporting local services; developing statewide training and resources; and advocacy. RESULTS: Significant improvements were seen in the food provided, ...
Byrd-Bredbenner Carol - - 2007
Food mishandling in home kitchens likely causes a significant amount of foodborne disease; however, little is known about the food safety hazards lurking in home kitchens. The purposes of this study were to audit the kitchens of young adults with education beyond high school to identify food safety problems and ...
Tebbutt G M - - 2007
This review looks at the contribution of microbiological sampling to the safety of retail foods in England and Wales. It compares sampling methods available and assesses the value of testing as part of outbreaks of foodborne disease, as part of routine management by local authorities, as part of work done ...
Rieu Emilie - - 2007
The World Trade Organization introduced the concept of appropriate level of protection (ALOP) as a public health target. For this public health objective to be interpretable by the actors in the food chain, the concept of food safety objective (FSO) was proposed by the International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for ...
Kornelis Marcel - - 2007
The aim of this study is to examine the preferences of consumers for different information sources when they have a question about food safety. On the basis of a nationally representative survey conducted in the Netherlands, five distinct consumer groups are identified that not only differ on the reported use ...
Nevai Andrew L - - 2007
Decision makers who minimize costly errors should flexibly adjust the way they trade off competing demands, depending on their current state. We explore how state (amount of hoarded food) affects willingness to take extra predation risk to obtain larger food rewards, particularly in animals that may overemphasize safety. Assuming a ...
Ball Douglas - - 2007
Safety thresholds for chemical impurities and leachables in consumer products such as foods and drugs have helped to ensure public health while establishing scientifically sound limits for identification and risk assessment of these compounds. The Product Quality Research Institute (PQRI) Leachables and Extractables Working Group, a collaboration of chemists and ...
Subba Rao G M - - 2007
In India, most of the diarrhoeal deaths among children (<5 years) are attributed to food and water contamination. Mothers are usually the final line of defence against food borne illnesses. Thus, the role of mothers in ensuring food safety at homes is well accepted. There are hardly any studies in ...
Green Laura R - - 2007
To identify factors related to food worker hand hygiene practices, we collected (i) observational data on food worker (n = 321) hand hygiene practices (hand washing and glove use) and (ii) observational and interview data on factors related to hygiene behavior, such as worker activity, restaurant characteristics, worker food safety ...
Potterat Olivier - - 2007
Products derived from Noni fruit (Morinda citrifolia) have been commercialised in the USA since the 1990s and are increasingly distributed all over the world. A large number of beneficial effects have been claimed for Noni. Fruit juice of Noni has been approved as a Novel Food by the European Commission ...
Ferreira Vânia - - 2007
"Chouriça de Vinhais" and "Salpicão de Vinhais" are traditional smoked naturally fermented meat products produced in the North of Portugal, Trás-os-Montes. The objective of this study was the characterisation of these products, giving particular attention to their microbiological and chemical safety. Nitrite, nitrate, heavy metals and biogenic amines were within ...
Milner J A - - 2007
Consumers throughout the world are increasingly questioning the quality and safety of their diets and how the foods they eat are influencing their health. Much of this interest stems from mounting evidence that bioactive food components cannot only influence one's ability to achieve one's genetic potential, but can also have ...
Domingo José L - - 2007
According to the information reported by the WHO, the genetically modified (GM) products that are currently on the international market have all passed risk assessments conducted by national authorities. These assessments have not indicated any risk to human health. In spite of this clear statement, it is quite amazing to ...
Logue Catherine M - - 2007
Food safety and the development of an understanding of issues surrounding pathogens associated with food is of considerable importance in modern-day food production. The design and use of risk models to estimate the likelihood of human illness has become an important part of our understanding of food safety issues. In ...
Sleator Roy D - - 2007
While much information is available concerning the health promoting benefits associated with dietary reformulations (e.g. replacing sugar with aspartame and salt (NaCl) with KCl), to reduce the incidence of obesity and heart disease, potential food safety risks arising from such reformulations have received considerably less attention. Reformulation inevitably changes the ...
Cho Bo-Hyun - - 2007
A critical assessment of voluntary approaches in regulatory programs is presented. When accounting for heterogeneous firms, with varying effectiveness of risk control, the optimality of a lump-sum financial incentive to encourage voluntary adoption is questioned. The paper uses a game-theoretic model to characterize the strategies of a regulator and firms. ...
Varzakas Theodoros H - - 2007
The question of nutritional quality has arisen in the International Community over the last few years along with other important issues such as population aging, multipopulation societies, and political conflicts. The nutritional issue is questioned both quantitatively and qualitatively. It is well known that the planet faces enormous problems with ...
Cornish Patti - - 2007
The inadvertent administration of concentrated potassium chloride resulting in patient death is well-documented in Canada and other countries. Vials of potassium phosphates contain more than twice the concentration of potassium compared to vials of potassium chloride concentrate. If inadequately diluted or administered too rapidly, intravenous potassium phosphate can also lead ...
Gröhn Yrjö - - 2007
As a part of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) agreement, the World Trade Organization requires that member countries establish SPS measures on the basis of an appropriate risk assessment. In addition, many governments use risk assessment in their management of food safety. Consequently, a number of risk assessments for different ...
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