Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 874
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Kelly L - - 2005
The comparative approach to food safety assessment is based on the idea that the safety of a new food can largely be determined by its comparison to the benchmark of commonly consumed foods already in the food supply (also called the 'conventional counterpart'). Any differences between the new food and ...
Adams T B - - 2005
This publication is the ninth in a series of safety evaluations performed by the Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA). In 1993, the Panel initiated a comprehensive program to re-evaluate the safety of more than 1700 GRAS flavoring substances under conditions of intended use. Elements that ...
Jensen K K - - 2005
As in many other areas, there is a divide between lay and expert perceptions of risk within the food sector, and this can lead to disagreement over priorities in food risk management. The risk perception literature tends to stress that the parties involved in this disagreement have different concepts of ...
Valeeva N I - - 2005
This study determined the relative importance of attributes of food safety improvement in the production chain of fluid pasteurized milk. The chain was divided into 4 blocks: "feed" (compound feed production and its transport), "farm" (dairy farm), "dairy processing" (transport and processing of raw milk, delivery of pasteurized milk), and ...
Ringman John M - - 2005
There is substantial in-vitro data indicating that curcumin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-amyloid activity. In addition, studies in animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) indicate a direct effect of curcumin in decreasing the amyloid pathology of AD. As the widespread use of curcumin as a food additive and relatively small ...
Vialette Michèle - - 2005
The management of microbial risk in food products requires the ability to predict growth kinetics of pathogenic microorganisms in the event of contamination and growth initiation. Useful data for assessing these issues may be found in the literature or from experimental results. However, the large number and variety of data ...
Cerniglia C E - - 2005
The administration of antimicrobial agents to livestock creates potential for antibiotic residues to enter the food supply and be consumed by humans. Therefore, as a process of food animal drug registration, national regulatory agencies and international committees evaluate data regarding the chemical, microbiologic, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, pharmacologic, toxicologic, and antimicrobial properties ...
Flachowsky Gerhard - - 2005
Plant breeders have made and will continue to make important contributions toward meeting the need for more and better feed and food. The use of new techniques to modify the genetic makeup of plants to improve their properties has led to a new generation of crops, grains and their by-products ...
Poortinga Wouter - - 2005
Although there is ample empirical evidence that trust in risk regulation is strongly related to the perception and acceptability of risk, it is less clear what the direction of this relationship is. This article explores the nature of the relationship, using three separate data sets on perceptions of genetically modified ...
Phillips Tania J - - 2005
Adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin are topical retinoids that are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and have overall favorable safety profiles. These agents are effective in a variety of skin disorders. Local adverse events, seen especially during the early course of treatment, include peeling, erythema, dryness, burning, ...
Adams T B - - 2005
This publication is the eighth in a series of safety evaluations performed by the Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA). In 1993, the panel initiated a comprehensive program to re-evaluate the safety of more than 1700 GRAS flavoring substances under conditions of intended use. Elements that ...
Adams T B - - 2005
This publication is the ninth in a series of safety evaluations performed by the Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA). In 1993, the Panel initiated a comprehensive program to re-evaluate the safety of more than 1700 GRAS flavoring substances under conditions of intended use. Elements that ...
Friedhoff R A - - 2005
Effective assurance of microbiological food safety practices in small and/or less developed businesses is not yet resolved. Although a start has been made by drafting hygiene codes, feasible methods for verifying manufacturing processes that rely on strict and meaningful criteria to be applied to process points are still lacking. This ...
Alexander C - - 2005
The importance of major stakeholders participating in the formulation of strategies for maintaining food safety and agricultural production following a nuclear accident has been successfully demonstrated by the UK 'Agriculture and Food Countermeasures Working Group' (AFCWG). The organisation, membership and terms of reference of the group are described. Details are ...
Vassioukovitch O - - 2005
Species identification represents a critical issue in food chain safety and quality control. Several procedures are available to detect animal proteins in cattle feed or to trace transgenic foods. The most effective approach is based on the use of DNA as a marker. Amplification of DNA provides rapid, sensitive and ...
Lin Ming-Yu - - 2005
A droplet-based microfluidic system was developed for biochemical assays of triglycerides and methanol as potential applications in medical rapid diagnostics and food safety. We present a novel platform to manipulate biology reaction droplets with features of self-moving, self-mixing, and self-positioning toward the detection spot. The driving force comes from the ...
Bánáti D - - 2005
Food safety problems are gaining importance throughout Europe. National food safety strategies are required and in the center of these strategies are consumers. The aim of our study was to analyse the behavior of Hungarian consumers and their food safety-related knowledge based on cluster analysis of principal component scores. We ...
von Wright Atte - - 2005
This article reviews pertinent legislation regulating the safety of probiotics within the European Union (EU). Currently available probiotic organisms and known issues regarding their safety are briefly summarised. While most of the species and genera, particularly lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are apparently safe, certain micro-organisms may be problematic; particularly the enterococci, ...
Gingerich D A - - 2005
Bovine milk-derived ingredients from cows hyperimmunized with a variety of antigens have been available experimentally or commercially for several decades. Although the safety of milk is rarely questioned, an assessment of ingredients derived from the milk of cows hyperimmunized with a proprietary bacterin (S100) was made to determine that these ...
Redmond Elizabeth C - - 2004
Consumer perceptions of risk, control and responsibility related to microbial food safety in domestic food preparation have been investigated. Results showed that consumers demonstrated judgements of 'optimistic-bias' and the 'illusion of control', as well as notions of perceived invulnerability to food poisoning from self-prepared foods. Statistical associations between perceptions of ...
Joseph Giby - - 2004
On the morning of 14 August 2002, a 1 in. transfer hose used in a rail tank car unloading operation at DPC Enterprises, near Festus, Missouri, catastrophically ruptured and initiated a sequence of events that led to the release of 48,000 pounds of chlorine--a toxic gas--into neighboring areas. The facility ...
Kendall Patricia A - - 2004
A reliable and validated set of food safety behavior questions that could be used with confidence when evaluating food safety education programs was identified in this study. A list of 29 food-handling and consumption behaviors rank-ordered within five pathogen control factors by nationally recognized food safety experts was the basis ...
Strohbehn Catherine H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Assess perceptions of consultant registered dietitians (RDs) and dietary managers about food safety practices and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) implementation in assisted-living and long-term care facilities for the elderly. DESIGN: A mail questionnaire was developed using a modified Delphi process. Respondents were asked to assess food ...
Sneed Jeannie - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current food-handling practices and employee food safety knowledge and attitudes and to provide baseline data for implementing the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) program in assisted-living foodservices for elderly persons. DESIGN: Food-handling practices were observed at each assisted-living facility using a structured observation form. A ...
Elmi M - - 2004
This paper reviews the topic of food safety with reference to the Eastern Mediterranean Region. The differing views of food safety and the current situation with regard to ensuring food safety are presented. Also discussed are some of the unaddressed issues and challenges related to food safety. The new conditions ...
Wilson Carlene - - 2004
Previous research has reported strong consumer perception that genetically modified (GM) food crops may lead to adverse outcomes in a number of different areas. This is despite the widespread promulgation of the potential benefits and opportunities ascribed to the same technology by many scientists and other experts. A computer-based information ...
Sheth Mini - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Food safety education (FSE) was imparted in order to reduce the prevalence of diarrhea in children and improving the knowledge, attitude and practices of mothers regarding safe feeding practices. METHODS: The study was conducted on mothers (n=200) of underprivileged children (6-24 months) through Anganwadi workers (AWW). The food safety ...
Kramer J - - 2004
Safe food handling in ready-to-eat food establishments is a basic element in the reduction of foodborne illness. The aim of this research was to investigate (using a questionnaire), knowledge and attitudes about food safety held by management and staff in ready-to-eat food establishments. Fieldwork was conducted in 2002 in Wellington ...
Medeiros Lydia C - - 2004
This paper explores reasons why cancer and transplant patients are at greater risk for food-borne illnesses and which pathogens and food-handling behaviors are of particular concern. Cancer and bone marrow transplant patients experience neutropenia because of medical treatments, whereas patients with solid organ transplants become immunosuppressed from a pharmacological regimen ...
Townsend Ellen - - 2004
Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the role of feelings in framing perceptions and decisions about risk, yet no study has specifically examined the impact of feelings on perceptions/judgments about biotechnology. This exploratory study investigated current perceptions of genetically modified (GM) food to examine (1) the effects ...
Athearn Prudence N - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To better understand pregnant women's food safety attitudes and beliefs that affect food selection, preparation and handling behaviors, sources of food safety information, motivators and barriers to adopting current recommendations, and preferences for receiving food safety materials. METHODS: Eleven focus groups were conducted with 69 women (57 pregnant and ...
van Gerwen Suzanne J C - - 2004
Food safety control is a matter for concern for all parts of the food supply chain, including governments that develop food safety policy, food industries that must control potential hazards, and consumers who need to keep to the intended use of the food. In the future, food safety policy may ...
Woodward Kevin - - 2004
The contents of the safety section of dossiers supporting marketing authorisation applications for veterinary medicinal products have improved markedly over the last 15-20y. This is particularly true for products intended for use in food producing animals and well exemplified in the European Union. The concept of the acceptable daily intake ...
Morales Shelly - - 2004
Semistructured interviews were conducted with 23 health care professionals who work with pregnant women in a preliminary study to understand health care providers' attitudes regarding current food safety recommendations for pregnant women and interest in education and patient materials on food safety during pregnancy. Only 8 of 23 interviewed currently ...
Collins J D - - 2004
Controlling zoonotic agents in animal and poultry reservoirs has the effect of reducing the challenge to food safety management systems in processing and further along the food chain. Producing and maintaining healthy stock requires good husbandry practices, which include stock selection and veterinary attention. Feed is a key input, both ...
König A - - 2004
This paper provides guidance on how to assess the safety of foods derived from genetically modified crops (GM crops); it summarises conclusions and recommendations of Working Group 1 of the ENTRANSFOOD project. The paper provides an approach for adapting the test strategy to the characteristics of the modified crop and ...
van den Eede G - - 2004
In 2000, the thematic network ENTRANSFOOD was launched to assess four different topics that are all related to the testing or assessment of food containing or produced from genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Each of the topics was linked to a European Commission (EC)-funded large shared cost action (see http://www.entransfood.com). Since ...
Kuiper H A - - 2004
The most important results from the EU-sponsored ENTRANSFOOD Thematic Network project are reviewed, including the design of a detailed step-wise procedure for the risk assessment of foods derived from genetically modified crops based on the latest scientific developments, evaluation of topical risk assessment issues, and the formulation of proposals for ...
Heinemann Jack A - - 2004
Often the limits of detection of genetically engineered organisms (GEOs, LMOs, GMOs) determine what legislation sets as thresholds of allowable contamination of the human food chain with GEOs. Many countries have legislation that is triggered by certain thresholds of contamination. Importantly, international trade in food and animal feed is becoming ...
Moerman Frank T - - 2004
Inulin (general formulas GFn and Fm, with G = anhydroglucose and F = anhydrofructose) naturally occurs as a homologous series of oligo- and polysaccharides with different chain lengths. For reasons of growing interest in the food and pet food industries, the short chain inulins have to be separated from their ...
Berner T O - - 2004
Trivalent chromium is an essential element required for normal carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism in humans and animals. This article describes how one particular form of trivalent chromium, chromium tripicolinate (Chromax), a stable complex of trivalent chromium and picolinic acid, was determined to be safe for use as a nutrient ...
Soule Ed - - 2004
This article probes the advisability of regulating U.S. food and drug safety according to the precautionary principle. To do so, a precautionary regulatory regime is formulated on the basis of the beliefs that motivate most proponents of this initiative. That hypothetical regime is critically analyzed on the basis of an ...
Martin Ambroise - - 2004
The comparison of actual intakes of essential amino acids to the dietary reference intakes indicates that amino acid supply is likely not a public health concern in industrialized countries. This fact does not preclude the interest in specific amino acid intake in some physiological or pathological situations in targeted subgroups ...
Wong R Y - - 2004
As an integral part of the UK food surveillance scheme, routine food sampling is undertaken by officers at local councils. One of the main purposes of the food sampling programme is to detect food contaminants before they are sold to the public. This paper investigated the current UK food sampling ...
Schrankel Kenneth R - - 2004
Food flavorings are an essential element in foods. Flavorings are a unique class of food ingredients and excluded from the legislative definition of a food additive because they are regulated by flavor legislation and not food additive legislation. Flavoring ingredients naturally present in foods, have simple chemical structures, low toxicity, ...
Kroes R - - 2004
Although botanicals have played a role in the marketing of health products for ages, there is an increased interest today due to their perceived health benefits. Not only do consumers increasingly take charge of their health, but the scientific information and understanding of the beneficial health effects of bioactive substances ...
Havelaar Arie H - - 2004
Food Safety Objectives (FSOs) have been proposed as a practical tool to translate public health targets for food safety into tolerable levels of pathogens in a food product. The FSO concept is subject to intensive debate, and has not been developed in detail. We evaluate the proposed definition of FSOs ...
Chemat Farid - - 2004
Emerging technologies, such as ultrasound (US), used for food and drink production often cause hazards for product safety. Classical quality control methods are inadequate to control these hazards. Hazard analysis of critical control points (HACCP) is the most secure and cost-effective method for controlling possible product contamination or cross-contamination, due ...
Almanza Barbara A - - 2004
Food handlers often lack food safety training. Adequate training is important because foodborne illness results in costs of $7.7 to $23 billion per year to consumers, the food industry, and the national economy. Generally, however, training is evaluated through standardized examinations for which a certificate is awarded. Many states have ...
Scheule Barbara - - 2004
A written questionnaire was used to assess the opportunities and challenges for food safety education in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). The sample included directors and health professionals with nutrition counseling responsibilities in 79 WIC clinics in a midwestern state. Seventy-two percent of the ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >