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Bravi F - - 2013
Background:Besides tobacco and alcohol, dietary habits may have a relevant role in oral cavity and pharyngeal (OCP) cancer.Methods:We analysed the role of selected food groups and nutrients on OCP cancer in a case-control study carried out between 1997 and 2009 in Italy and Switzerland. This included 768 incident, histologically confirmed ...
Eslamian Ghazaleh - - 2013
Several studies have indicated the association between intake of foods high in dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) with an increased risk of digestive tract cancers. We hypothesized that GI and GL may be associated with risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in a high-risk population in ...
Miura Kyoko - - 2013
Caffeine may repair skin damage induced by excessive exposure to ultraviolet light. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between caffeine intake and incidence of basal cell (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We also assessed the associations between coffee consumption and incidence of these skin cancers. ...
Iriti Marcello - - 2013
Evidence available from nutritional epidemiology has indicated an inverse association between regular consumption of fruits and vegetables and the risk of developing certain types of cancer. In turn, preclinical studies have attributed the health-promoting effects of plant foods to some groups of phytochemicals, by virtue of their many biological activities. ...
de Jong Nynke - - 2012
If a diet, food or food constituent is recognised to have both health benefits and health risks, the benefits have to be compared with the risks to develop coherent scientific evidence-based dietary advice. This means that both risk and benefit assessment should follow a similar paradigm and that benefits and ...
Jones E K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endocannabinoid systems are strongly implicated in the physiological control of appetite and eating behaviour, with cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonists and antagonists, respectively, increasing or decreasing food intake. This study examined the acute actions of the putative endocannabinoid noladin ether on food intake and eating motivation, assessing how ...
Schmitt Christophe - - 2012
Aims: To explore the effect of food intake on the relative bioavailability of R1663 and on its pharmacodynamic effects (prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)) after a single oral dose of 200 mg. Methods: This was a prospective, open-label, randomized, two-way crossover study. Eight healthy male volunteers ...
Stroh Mark - - 2012
PURPOSE: Ridaforolimus, a potent inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), is under development for the treatment for solid tumors. This open-label, randomized, 3-period crossover study investigated the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of ridaforolimus 40 mg as well as safety and tolerability of the study medication. METHODS: Ridaforolimus ...
Amato Russell Joseph - - 2012
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), 7-keto DHEA, and several comparison drugs (ethanol, chlordiazepoxide, rauwolscine, and RO15-4513) were administered to male rats responding under a multiple schedule of food and ethanol presentation to determine their selectivity for decreasing ethanol-maintained responding. DHEA and 7-keto DHEA significantly decreased both ethanol-maintained and food-maintained responding, compared with the ...
Battacone G - - 2012
The feedstuffs used in dairy animals must be able to give consumers confidence about the wholesomeness of milk with regard to aflatoxin contamination. The aim of this study was to determine the excretion patterns of aflatoxin M(1) (AFM1) in the milk of dairy goats fed a single dose of pure ...
Eller Esben - - 2012
Large studies of individual thresholds and risk profiles for foods are sparse. Previous reports indicate that thresholds adjusted for the protein content in foods would be comparable. To establish and compare clinical threshold values for egg, hazelnut, milk and peanut, and correlating them to severity of symptoms. Seven hundred eighty-one ...
Bailón Elvira - - 2012
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) is one of the most prevalent human food-borne allergies, particularly in children. Experimental animal models have become critical tools with which to perform research on new therapeutic approaches and on the molecular mechanisms involved. However, oral food allergen sensitization in mice requires several weeks and ...
Giri Soma - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To study the distribution of 210Po activity in food. Materials and methods: (210)Po were analysed in the food samples of plant origin such as cereals, pulses, fruits, vegetables and food of animal origin such fish, chicken, egg etc. in and around Bagjata uranium mining area as a part ...
Teeters Bethany S - - 2012
Concern about the role of pesticides in honey bee decline has highlighted the need to examine the effects of sublethal exposure on bee behaviors. The video-tracking system EthoVisionXT (Noldus Information Technologies) was used to measure the effects of sublethal exposure to tau-fluvalinate and imidacloprid on honey bee locomotion, interactions, and ...
Marusich Julie A - - 2012
Despite its propensity to increase motivation for food consumption, marijuana use in humans has been associated with "amotivational syndrome." This "amotivational syndrome" can be characterized by a reduction in response persistence in tasks requiring sustained, but not maximal, effort. To examine this hypothesis, dose-effect functions for THC (0.03-10 mg/kg) and ...
Yosten Gina L C - - 2012
Nesfatin-1, a post-translational product of the nucleobindin-2 (NucB2) gene, is produced in several brain areas known to be important in neuroendocrine, autonomic and metabolic function, including hypothalamus and medulla. The hallmark action of the peptide is its ability at picomole doses to inhibit food and water intake in rodents, and ...
van der Zwaal Esther M - - 2012
Both olanzapine and sibutramine target serotonergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission and influence body weight, but in opposite ways. The second-generation antipsychotic olanzapine, an antagonist at serotonergic and noradrenergic receptors, frequently induces weight gain as a side-effect, whereas sibutramine, a noradrenaline/serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is known as a weight-reducing agent. To investigate whether ...
Madsen Henry - - 2012
From the mid-1980s, we recorded a significant increase in urinary schistosomiasis infection rate and transmission among inhabitants of lakeshore communities in the southern part of Lake MalaƔi, particularly on Nankumba peninsula in Mangochi District. We suggested that the increase was due to over-fishing, which reduced the density of snail-eating fishes, ...
Piqueras-Fiszman Betina - - 2012
We report a study designed to investigate the influence of the weight of the container on expected satiety prior to tasting the food within and on the perceived density of the food and any feelings of fullness expected to follow consumption (expected satiation). The results demonstrate that the contents of ...
Teekachunhatean Supanimit - - 2012
The objectives of this paper were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of ganoderic acids A and F after a single oral dose of the water extract of MG2-strain Ling Zhi (MG2FB-WE) and to assess the influence of food on the pharmacokinetics in 12 healthy male volunteers. This study was a single-dose, ...
Calvani Mauro - - 2012
The diagnostic gold standard for food allergy is an oral food challenge (OFC) with the suspected food. Usually, an OFC is stopped at the onset of mild objective symptoms for fear of severe reactions, but there is no consensus on this issue. To investigate the effectiveness and side effects of ...
Sánchez-García Silvia - - 2012
In the last two decades milkoralimmunotherapy has gained interest as an effective treatment option for milk-allergic patients. To report on the efficacy of a milk oral immunotherapy. Children with immunoglobulin E-mediated cow's milk allergy were included in the protocol. The treatment consisted of an induction phase in which milk doses ...
Lamorde Mohammed M Infectious Diseases Institute, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 22418, Kampala, - - 2012
We investigated the effect of food on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of a proprietary fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablet containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)/emtricitabine/efavirenz. Fifteen Ugandan HIV-1 patients at steady-state dosing with TDF/emtricitabine/efavirenz were admitted for 24-hour intensive pharmacokinetic sampling after dosing in the fasting state. Blood sampling was repeated seven days ...
Tavares Letícia Ferreira - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between food intake and metabolic syndrome (MetS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional design conducted from July 2006 to December 2007. SETTING: Adolescents assisted by the Family Doctor Program (FDP) in Niterói, a metropolitan area in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. SUBJECTS: Survey of 210 adolescents. Individuals with three ...
Hanekamp Jaap C - - 2012
In this contribution we will show that research in the field of toxicology, pharmacology and physiology is by and large characterised by a pendulum swing of which the amplitudes represent risks and benefits of exposure. As toxicology usually tests at higher levels than the populace routinely is exposed to, it ...
Ben Slama Fethi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The change of the way of life and the food practices in Tunisia due inter alia to the improvement of the socioeconomic conditions induced low fuel consumption of food with significant nutritional interest such as those rich in food fibres which have positive effects on the reduction and the ...
Bowman Gene L - - 2011
There is great interest in the nutritional strategies for the prevention of age-related cognitive decline, yet the best methods for nutritional assessment in the populations at risk for dementia are still evolving. Our study objective was to examine the reliability and validity of the 2 common nutritional assessments (plasma nutrient ...
De Keyzer Willem - - 2011
Food photographs are widely used as instruments to estimate portion sizes of consumed foods. Several food atlases are available, all developed to be used in a specific context and for a given study population. Frequently, food photographs are adopted for use in other studies with a different context or another ...
German A J - - 2011
Many pet cats and dogs are fed dry extruded kibbled food by measuring cup, yet the precision and accuracy of this feeding strategy is not known. Over 12 studies, we assessed precision and accuracy of weighing out food portions, of various dry kibbled foods, by measuring cup. Poor precision was ...
Liese Angela D - - 2010
Despite interest in the built food environment, little is known about the validity of commonly used secondary data. The authors conducted a comprehensive field census identifying the locations of all food outlets using a handheld global positioning system in 8 counties in South Carolina (2008-2009). Secondary data were obtained from ...
Knaapila Antti - - 2011
Food neophobia has been studied extensively in children, but its causal origins and relationship to eating behavior in adults are not well understood. We studied genetic and environmental effects on variation in food neophobia, measured using the Food Neophobia Scale, and explored associations between food neophobia and personality, pleasantness and ...
Kwan Marilyn L - - 2010
Multiple-day diet records can be unsuitable for cohort studies because of high administrative and analytical costs. Costs could be reduced if a subsample of participants were analyzed in a nested case-control study. However, completed records are usually reviewed ("documented") with participants to correct errors and omissions before analysis. The authors ...
Barrett Jacqueline S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fermentable, short chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) have been identified as triggers for functional gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition, excess FODMAP consumption has been implicated in the onset of Crohn's disease, and animal studies suggest that a low glycemic index diet can impair absorption of fructose, a major dietary FODMAP. Such hypotheses ...
Burrows Tracy L - - 2010
Measuring dietary intake in children enables the assessment of nutritional adequacy of individuals and groups and can provide information about nutrients, including energy, food, and eating habits. The aim of this review was to determine which dietary assessment method(s) provide a valid and accurate estimate of energy intake by comparison ...
Antoine-Jonville Sophie - - 2010
The aim was to examine the relationship between physical activity pattern and dietary profile. Although some clustering of the variables related to these major determinants of cardiovascular risk has been demonstrated, they have not been extensively studied together. Two hundred two female university students from the main Guadeloupe (French West ...
Martin-Prevel Yves - - 2010
To be useful proxies of micronutrient intake at the population level in resource-limited societies, dietary diversity indicators should be simple and easy to collect in large surveys and their accuracy needs to be assessed. The present study aimed at comparing food group diversity indicators (FGI) derived from simple qualitative list-based ...
Crispim Sandra P - - 2011
The use of two non-consecutive 24 h recalls using EPIC-Soft for standardised dietary monitoring in European countries has previously been proposed in the European Food Consumption Survey Method consortium. Whether this methodology is sufficiently valid to assess nutrient intake in a comparable way, among populations with different food patterns in Europe, ...
Swierk Monika - - 2011
To develop and validate a simple non-invasive method that estimates the intakes of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in a healthy adult population. A new electronic PUFA food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was validated by comparison with a 3-d weighed food record and blood biomarkers (erythrocytes and plasma) using ...
Brogden Nina - - 2010
We explored the relationship between three food attributes and portion size estimation. Twenty-seven men rated liking, familiarity and expected satiation (ES) of a chocolate bar, muffin, banana, cola, cornflakes, potato chips (crisps), hot chocolate drink and ice-cream, before estimating portion size when hungry and full. Portion estimates correlated with liking ...
Sugiyama Yukimaru - - 2011
In a wild-living, artificially provisioned population of Japanese macaques at Takasakiyama in southern Japan, nine sets of twins were recorded from 12,392 known deliveries over a 56-year study period. Recorded twinning frequency was 0.073%. During the first 28-year period, artificial food was given until macaques were satiated and population size ...
Pakseresht Mohammadreza - - 2011
To assess the validity of a 148-item quantitative FFQ (QFFQ) that was developed for the Barbados National Cancer Study (BNCS) to determine dietary intake over 12 months and examine the dietary risk factors. A cross-sectional validation study of the QFFQ against 4 d food diaries. Spearman's rank correlations (ρ), intra-class ...
Kalantar-Zadeh Kamyar - - 2011
Periodic assessment of dietary intake across a given dialysis population may help to improve the clinical outcomes related to nutrients such as dietary protein, phosphorus, or potassium. Although dietary recalls and food records are used to assess dietary intake at individual level and over shorter periods, food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) ...
Jilcott Stephanie B - - 2010
Development of accurate and sensitive methods to characterize the food environment is needed. Thus, we examined convergent and criterion validity of 2 retail food environment data sources and then examined differences in predictive validity between 3 ways of measuring the rural and urban food environment. Ten counties were selected in ...
Natarajan Loki - - 2010
Dietary intervention trials aim to change dietary patterns of individuals. Participating in such trials could impact dietary self-report in divergent ways: Dietary counseling and training on portion-size estimation could improve self-report accuracy; participant burden could increase systematic error. Such intervention-associated biases could complicate interpretation of trial results. The authors investigated ...
Dufour Darna L - - 2011
Although both konzo and neurolathyrism are diseases associated with diet, we know surprising little about the diets of the groups at risk. The objective of this paper is to discuss methods for assessing dietary intake in populations at risk for konzo and lathyrism. These methods include weighed food records and ...
Tran N L - - 2010
The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between dietary AA and hemoglobin adducts using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 2003-04). Measured acrylamide (AA-Hb) and glycidamide (Gly-Hb) hemoglobin adducts for over 7000 participants >3 years, 24-h dietary recall, food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), lifestyle and demographic ...
Araujo Marina Campos - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies must have a reliable method for evaluating food intake; therefore, valid, precise, and practical instruments are essential. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative validity and estimate the calibration factors of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for adolescents. DESIGN: Validation and calibration study. SUBJECTS/SETTINGS: This study enrolled 169 ...
Zhang Ying - - 2010
Epidemiologic studies have shown that populations that consume more fruits and vegetables have lower incidences of some diseases. These health effects have largely been attributed to flavonoid intake and bioavailability. However, no published data on the estimated flavonol and flavone intake of Chinese adults are currently available. Considering reports that ...
Hedrick Valisa E - - 2010
Consuming energy-containing beverages may lead to weight gain, yet research investigating this issue is limited. An easily administered beverage intake assessment tool could facilitate research on this topic. The purpose of this cross-sectional investigation was to determine the validity and reliability of a self-administered beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ) that estimates ...
Turconi Giovanna - - 2010
Our objective was to assess the reliability and relative validity of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) among adult people. In a cross-sectional study carried out in northern Italy, 112 adults were recruited. A total of 189 food and drink items were selected according to those typically consumed by Italians. FFQ ...
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