Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 939
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Cullen K W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Compare the validity and reliability of a one-week fruit, juice and vegetable (FJV) food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that does not require averaging in response categories and one-week food recognition form (FRF) against three to four 24-hour dietary recalls (24hdr) among mostly African-American boys and 17 to 20 year-old adults ...
Field A E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to classify children and adolescents in terms of daily servings of fruits and vegetables and intake of calories, protein, fat, carbohydrate, dietary fibre, vitamin C, phosphorous, calcium and iron. DESIGN: FFQs were collected in the autumn ...
Voskuil D W - - 1999
The aim of this study was to evaluate loss of information from a reduced food frequency questionnaire as compared with an extensive reference method developed to assess the intake of heterocyclic amines (HCAs). Food frequency data were linked to concentrations of HCAs in cooked foods to estimate the individual daily ...
Forman M R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Diet validation research was conducted to compare the respondents' reporting of dietary intake in a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) with intake reported in food recalls. Because the population received annual salary increments that could modify food intake, diet validation studies (DVSs) were conducted during two time intervals. DESIGN: A ...
Breen H J - - 1999
Clinical periodontal measurement is plagued by many sources of error which result in aberrant values (outliers). This study sets out to compare probeable crevice depth measurements (PCD) selected by the option-4 algorithm against those recorded with a conventional double-pass method and to quantify any reduction in site-specific PCD variances. A ...
Egami I - - 1999
A self-administered 97-item simple food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), without portion size questions for most items, was completed twice at an one-year interval by 88 men and women in central Japan to evaluate its reproducibility. This FFQ was further validated by referring to four 4-day weighed dietary records (DRs) which were ...
Wakai K - - 1999
We developed a simple food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) based on one-day dietary records (DRs) among 1001 subjects in Nagoya, Japan. A total of 97 foods and dishes were selected through a two-step procedure; first by ranking food items according to the contribution to the population intake of nutrient variables, and ...
Drewnowski A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Self-reported food preferences and frequencies of food consumption have served as proxy measures of the current diet in consumer research and in nutritional epidemiology studies, respectively. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether food preferences and food-frequency scores are associated variables that are predictive of nutrient intakes. DESIGN: College-age ...
Mayer-Davis E J - - 1999
PURPOSE: There is limited support for the validity and reproducibility of dietary assessment in culturally diverse populations. The goal of this study was to evaluate the comparative validity and reproducibility of a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) used in the observational, multi-cultural Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS). METHODS: Women (n = ...
Wilson L A - - 1999
A method was developed to determine the levels of two intense sweeteners, saccharin and acesulfame-K, in human urine. Measurement of these two analytes in urine allowed an assessment to be made of dietary exposure to the sweeteners using intake/excretion curves. This paper describes an intake/excretion study in which 22 volunteers ...
Kloppenburg W D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Urea kinetic modeling (UKM) and food records are widely used to assess the dialysis adequacy. Clinicians use these methods in individual patients to decide whether the dialysis prescription should be adjusted. We determined the variation in UKM parameters and dietary intake within individual patients in order to determine the ...
Heitmann B L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Obesity is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Additionally, synergistic effects of genes and environments may be important in the development of obesity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test for genetic effects on food consumption frequency, food preferences, and their interaction with subsequent weight gain. DESIGN: ...
Weber J L - - 1999
Training in portion-size estimation is known to improve the accuracy of dietary self-reporting in adults, but there is no comparable evidence for children. To obtain this information, we studied 110 second- and third-grade American Indian schoolchildren (34 control subjects were not trained), testing the hypotheses that a 45-min portion-size estimation ...
Patterson R E - - 1999
PURPOSE: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) is the largest research program ever initiated in the United States with a focus on diet and health. Therefore, it is important to understand and document the measurement characteristics of the key dietary assessment instrument: the WHI food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). METHODS: Data are ...
Anderson D A - - 1999
While many studies have shown that individuals under-estimate caloric intake, few studies have examined how individuals estimate intake when using other units of measurement (e.g. cups, ounces). Forty-one women (21 obese, 20 normal weight) ate a test meal of Häagen-Dazs chocolate ice cream and were asked to estimate the amount ...
Little P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To validate a range of dietary assessment instruments in general practice. METHODS: Using a randomised block design, brief assessment instruments and more complex conventional dietary assessment tools were compared with an accepted "relative" standard--a seven day weighed dietary record. The standard was checked using biomarkers, and by performing test-retest ...
Slimani N - - 1999
A computerized 24-h diet recall interview program (EPIC-SOFT) was developed for use in a large European multi-center study, namely the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). This program, which was adapted for each participating country and translated into nine languages, was developed to standardize interviews between the 22 ...
Hebert J R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a quantitative, interviewer-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to ascertain nutrient intakes of individuals in northern India. DESIGN: A 92-item FFQ was developed based on food use and market surveys of the study area. A validation study was conducted consisting of 24-h diet recalls (24HR) administered ...
Cavadini C - - 1999
Several physical, psychological and behavioural changes may affect food habits during adolescence and have long-term consequences on adult health status. Also, as food habits are related to lifestyle and physical activity, all should be assessed together. This paper describes a self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed to assess semi-quantitatively food ...
Ganss C - - 1999
The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency and severity of dental erosions and its association with nutritional and oral hygiene factors in subjects living on a raw food diet. As part of a larger dietary study 130 subjects whose ingestion of raw food was more than 95% ...
Angbratt M - - 1999
The aim of this study was to construct and evaluate reliable questions concerning calcium intake and to include them in a questionnaire to be used in a community-based intervention program for preventing osteoporosis. Estimating calcium intake is an important factor in evaluating risk profiles for community residents. A very large ...
Jain MEERA - - 1999
The object of this work was to develop self-administered, culture-specific food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) for use in a prevalence study of cardiovascular disease. The cultures included the general Canadian population, south Asian Canadians and Chinese Canadians and the FFQs were based on the structure of our previously reported FFQ used ...
Shimizu H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A self-administered quantitative food frequency questionnaire (Qx) was developed for a population-based cohort study on cancer in Takayama, Japan. METHODS: The Qx was tested among 58 male and 59 female volunteers. Average daily nutrient intakes for the previous year calculated from the Qx were compared with those from 3-day ...
Wirfält A K - - 1998
Food frequency questionnaires, major tools in epidemiologic studies, are often criticized for biased and imprecise intake estimates. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of two widely used food frequency questionnaires, a reduced 60-item Block questionnaire and a 153-item Willett food frequency questionnaire, relative to three 24-hour ...
Blalock S J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To develop a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) assessing calcium intake and a prediction equation for estimating total calcium intake from the short FFQ. METHODS: Data were collected from 536 women via mailed questionnaires at 3 time points. Stepwise regression analyses were used to identify those foods and beverages ...
Roach V J - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to estimate the dietary intake of phytoestrogens and to measure urinary phytoestrogen excretion in postmenopausal Chinese women. METHODS: Postmenopausal Chinese women were recruited from the hormone replacement clinic of the Prince of Wales Hospital. Dietary intake of phytoestrogen-rich foods was estimated using a ...
Nagata C - - 1998
We hypothesized that validity of semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire would be affected by food diversity (variety of foods consumed), because greater food diversity may be related to greater within-individual variation of nutrient intake, which can attenuate the correlation coefficient measuring validity of the questionnaire. We obtained 12 one-day diet records ...
Singhal S - - 1998
India is a land of varied foods and food habits. This makes the task of collecting dietary and nutrient intake data difficult. Methods need to be devised to improve the accuracy in reporting intakes by various population subgroups. There is an urgent need to develop a questionnaire that is simple ...
Tokudome S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: We designed a data-based semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire to clarify the relationship between food intake and lifestyle-related diseases among middle-aged Japanese. METHODS: A total of 351 middle-aged individuals were recruited to a one-day weighed diet record survey in 1994. In all, 586 foods were consumed. Intake of 31 nutrients ...
Muhlheim L S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: A bogus pipeline paradigm was utilized to assess whether food intake underreporting by unsuccessful dieters is intentional. METHOD: Twenty-eight subjects completed 1-week food diaries. Then, 17 subjects in the experimental condition kept 2-week food diaries while being told the researcher was verifying their report. Eleven subjects in the control ...
Fraser G E - - 1998
Past dietary habits are etiologically important to incident disease. Yet the validity of such measurements from the previous 10-20 years is poorly understood. In this study, the authors correlated food frequency results that were obtained in 1994-1995 but pertained to recalled diet in 1974 with the weighted mean of five ...
Sharma M - - 1998
The 24-hour dietary recall method is frequently used for dietary assessment. However, it is subject to errors by both respondent and observer bias and is largely influenced by the motivation and recall ability of the respondent. The weighment method is regarded as the gold standard for estimating nutrient intake. This ...
Ervin R B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether using an encoding strategy and/or providing more support at the time of retrieval improves the accuracy of 24-hour dietary recalls among the elderly. DESIGN: Posttest-only control group design. SETTING: The sample was recruited through advertisements and at senior centers and a low-income apartment building in rural ...
Hebert J R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: In the vast majority of surveys and research in humans, dietary data are obtained from self-reports: recalls; records; or historical methods, usually food frequency questionnaires (FFQ). This study provides a rare opportunity to compare data derived from all three methods. DESIGN: A crossover study of dietary fat in which ...
Tucker K L - - 1998
To study issues of diet and health among Hispanic adults living in the northeastern United States, the authors adapted a version of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)/Block food frequency questionnaire. Foods that contributed to nutrient intake of Puerto Rican adults in the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES) were ...
Surrao J - - 1998
Information on the macronutrient composition of the diet is needed in doubly labeled water studies to convert measured rates of carbon dioxide production into values for total energy expenditure. There is no general consensus, however, about the best method to determine food intake for this purpose. Four common methods of ...
Klipstein-Grobusch K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to assess the relative validity of a 170-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) adapted for use in the elderly. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The study was carried out in a sample of 80 men and women aged 55-75 y participating in a community based prospective cohort ...
Ling A M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of a 16-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure consumption of cereal foods, fruit and vegetables in Chinese Singaporeans. DESIGN: Subjects completed the questionnaire twice, at the beginning and end of a six-week period during which they also provided three 24 h diet recalls. Estimates ...
Smith W - - 1998
This study assesses the validity and reproducibility of a 145-item self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in a representative older population aged 63 to 80. Semi-quantitative FFQs were completed by 89% of 3,654 residents attending a community-based eye study in Sydney, Australia. The FFQ's validity was assessed against three, four-day weighed ...
Närhinen M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the daily variations in sales data for individual food items in a supermarket and to assess the usefulness of the computerized sales data of supermarkets for reliable monitoring and evaluation of shopping behaviour. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. SETTING: The study was ...
Peterson J - - 1998
We describe foods on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire with respect to their botanical taxonomic classification and the likely presence of flavonoids. Foods listed in the NCI questionnaire were classified for potential flavonoid content using information from Linnaean taxonomic classification and processing techniques known to modify ...
Hebert J R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for use in rural areas of Kerala, India. DESIGN: Based on food use and market surveys of the study area, a quantitative 81-item interviewer-administered FFQ was developed. A validation study was conducted consisting of 24-h diet recalls (24HR) administered on ...
Taylor R W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of a short calcium food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for use in young children. DESIGN: Calcium intake from an estimated 4 d diet record (4DDR) was compared with the calcium intake from a 35 item FFQ specifically designed to assess habitual calcium intake and previously validated ...
Radimer K L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Examine the validity of self-reported use of reduced fat and reduced salt foods. DESIGN: Compare data collected in a food frequency questionnaire with supermarket sales data and food supply data. SETTING: Rural Australia. SUBJECTS: Four hundred and fifty-three respondents from an original sample of 1616 randomly-selected residents. INTERVENTIONS: Community ...
Wold R S - - 1998
Although verbal and written instructions on how to record dietary intake are commonly used in research, little information has been published describing instructional methods or materials. In the New Mexico Aging Process Study, a longitudinal study of nutrition and aging, participants keep a 3-day diet record each year. Classroom instruction ...
Persson P G - - 1998
To study the magnitude of agreement between a short self-administered food frequency questionnaire and a 7-day weighed dietary record regarding the consumption of fibre and fat, we collected information from 92 randomly selected middle-aged Swedish men. The participants first recorded all foods and drinks consumed over seven consecutive days by ...
Hernández-Avila M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproducibility and validity of a 116 item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), designed to assess the relation between dietary intake and chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To test the reproducibility of the FFQ questionnaire, the FFQ was administered twice to 134 women residing in Mexico City ...
Mselle, Laurent Sadikieli.
A validation study was conducted in the Maasai and Batemi communities of Arusha, Tanzania between December 1996 and January 1997. The aim of this study was to compare a participatory nutrition status assessment procedure carried out by community members with an assessment completed by a professional. The study validated women ...
Lubin F - - 1998
The effects of methodology on the results of epidemiologic studies that involve collection of nutritional data, especially those involving long-term-onset illnesses such as cancer, have not yet been carefully evaluated. We present methodological features of a quantitative dietary history and physical activity questionnaire and discuss their contribution to the final ...
Shoff S M - - 1998
Consumption of phytoestrogens may reduce hormone-dependent cancer risk through alterations in the actions or metabolism of steroid hormones. Studies in humans of phytoestrogen-hormone interactions have been limited and inconsistent. Relations between the consumption of phytoestrogen-containing foods and serum sex hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin were studied in a population-based sample ...
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