Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 936
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Ambrosini G L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare intra- and inter-method reliability of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed specifically to measure beta carotene (BC) and retinol intake, using two methods - the limits of agreement (LOA) and the correlation coefficient. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of dietary intake. SETTING: A randomized trial of vitamin ...
Rifas-Shiman S L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Diet is an important determinant of health outcomes, but physicians have few ways to identify persons with suboptimal diets. The purposes of this study were to examine the reproducibility of a short dietary assessment questionnaire (PrimeScreen) and to compare its results with those of a longer food frequency questionnaire ...
Tsubono Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: Although the empirical weight (regression-based) method has theoretical advantages over the traditional food composition method in predicting nutrient levels from food frequency questionnaires (FFQs), the empirical assessments have been limited. METHODS: We compared the validity of the two approaches for a 44-item questionnaire used in a population-based prospective study ...
Rasmussen L B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used to assess the dietary intake of iodine. DESIGN: The iodine intake determined by the FFQ was compared with 4-day dietary records and with iodine excretion in 24 h urine samples in a subgroup of participants in a cross-sectional study of iodine ...
O'Neill M E - - 2001
A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and carotenoid database with information on alpha- and beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene and beta-cryptoxanthin was prepared and used to compare the carotenoid intakes in five European countries: UK, Republic of Ireland, Spain, France and The Netherlands. Eighty, age- (25-45 years) and sex-matched volunteers were recruited in ...
Hartwell D L - - 2001
Our objective was to assess the relative validity of a self-administered food amount frequency questionnaire (FAQ), using 4-day estimated food records (FRs) as a reference method, for use in a subsequent clinical study of patients undergoing heart surgery. Thirty healthy subjects (19 males, 11 females), aged 45-75 years, were randomly ...
Subar A F - - 2001
In this study, the authors sought to determine the effects of length and clarity on response rates and data quality for two food frequency questionnaires (FFQs): the newly developed 36-page Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ), designed to be cognitively easier for respondents, and a 16-page FFQ developed earlier for the Prostate, ...
MacIntyre U E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative validity of the culture-sensitive quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) developed for the Transition, Health and Urbanisation in South Africa (THUSA) study by 7-day weighed food records, urinary nitrogen excretion and basal metabolic rate (BMR). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A community-based study in a population ...
Purba M B - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study addressed whether food and nutrient intakes were correlated with skin wrinkling in a sun-exposed site. METHODS: 177 Greek-born subjects living in Melbourne (GRM), 69 Greek subjects living in rural Greece (GRG), 48 Anglo-Celtic Australian (ACA) elderly living in Melbourne and 159 Swedish subjects living in Sweden (SWE) ...
MacIntyre U E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess the reproducibility of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) sensitive to the culture of the African population of the North West Province, South Africa. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A community-based field study in a population stratified according to level of urbanization from deep rural ...
Hankin J H - - 2001
This report describes the development and validation/calibration of a structured food frequency questionnaire for use in a large-scale cohort study of diet and health in Chinese men and women aged 45-74 years in Singapore, the development of a food composition database for analysis of the dietary data, and the results ...
Perez N - - 2001
In order to assess the different dimensions of disability and handicap analyzed in the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and Dizziness Characteristics and Impact on Quality of Life (UCLA-DQ) questionnaires a factor analysis study was done. The instruments used were the corresponding transculturally adapted versions of the originals into Spanish. The ...
Shahar D R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nutritional epidemiology studies are usually based on one dietary assessment without taking into account the season in which the interview is taken or adjusting for the difference in reporting dietary intake in different seasons. The semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire has become the primary questionnaire method for measuring dietary intake ...
French M R - - 2001
The aim of this study was to develop and validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess the folate intake of women of childbearing age (between 18 and 45 years). An FFQ containing 140 foods that have the potential to contribute significantly to folate intake was developed. The FFQ was ...
Serdula M K - - 2001
Accurate assessment of dietary intake among preschool-aged children is important for clinical care and research, for nutrition monitoring and evaluating nutrition interventions, and for epidemiologic research. We identified 25 studies published between January 1976 and August 2000 that evaluated the validity of food recalls (n = 12), food frequency questionnaires ...
Speck B J BJ School of Nursing, Health Sciences Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, - - 2001
To examine the reliability and validity of the Eating Habits Questionnaire (EHQ) for adolescents and assess eating habits in the context of the Food Pyramid. Subjects were 446 students (81.2% female) attending three middle schools (sixth to eighth grades). Over half (56.9%) were African-American. Reliability was assessed with 48-h and ...
Hodge A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of the Anti Cancer Council of Victoria food frequency questionnaire (ACCVFFQ) relative to seven-day weighed food records (WFRs) in 63 women of child-bearing age. METHOD: 63 women completed WFRs to assess iron intake as part of a study on iron deficiency. These women also completed ...
Resnicow K - - 2000
The validity of self-reported fruit and vegetable intake in minority populations has not been adequately established. In this study, the authors examined the association of three food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-hour dietary recalls with serum carotenoid levels. Approximately 1,000 African-American adults recruited from 15 churches in Atlanta, Georgia (1997-1998) ...
Sandqvist G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Hand Mobility in Scleroderma (HAMIS) is a hand function test for persons who have systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). The purpose of HAMIS is to obtain an estimation of the hand mobility that is precise enough to detect limitation of motion at the same time as it indicates the ability to ...
Drewnowski A - - 2000
To determine whether self-reported frequencies of food use were linked to self-reported preferences for the same foods. The hypothesis was that both food frequencies and food preferences can predict nutrient intakes. Participants were adult women patients (n = 339), recruited through the University of Michigan Breast Care Center. The sample ...
Myint T - - 2000
Meat consumption predicts risk of several chronic diseases. The authors validate the accuracy of meat consumption reported by food frequency questionnaires and the mean of eight 24-hour recalls, using urinary methylhistidine excretion, in 55 Black and 71 White Adventist subjects in Los Angeles and San Diego, California, in 1994-1997. 1-Methylhistidine ...
Vuckovic N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This article reports on the use of focus groups and an experimental participatory activity to investigate factors influencing participants' decisions about what to eat and what to report on food records and food frequency questionnaires. DESIGN: Four focus groups examined participants' experience with diet records and 3 focus groups ...
Subar A F - - 2000
Although every food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) requires a nutrient database to produce nutrient intake estimates, it is often unclear how a particular database has been generated. Moreover, alternative methods for constructing a database have not been rigorously evaluated. Using 24-hour recalls from the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by ...
Jain M - - 2000
PURPOSE: The study was designed to assess if category-based Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) could be substituted for exact-frequency based questionnaires. METHODS: Nutrient estimates on 203 subjects from Toronto, Canada, derived from recoding an exact frequency based 132 item food frequency questionnaire (E-FFQ) into categories were evaluated for validity against a ...
Hansson L M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire used to assess past dietary habits. DESIGN: Repeated retrospective assessment of dietary habits of a population sample. SETTING: Uppsala-Orebro Health Care Region of Sweden. SUBJECTS: One-hundred and four subjects participating as control subjects in a case-control study on thyroid cancer. ...
Flagg E W - - 2000
We assessed the validity and reproducibility of a self-administered 68-item food frequency questionnaire completed in 1992-1993 by approximately 185,000 adults. Four hundred forty-one participants completed four 24-hour dietary recall interviews over a 1-year period and a repeat administration of the food frequency questionnaire. For 20 nutrients and 10 food groups, ...
Laberge M - - 2000
Structured instruments (SI) or free-recall instruments (FRI) can be used to examine worry themes. In the case where both types are use jointly, order of presentation may influence number and content of free-recall worries. Half of a large undergraduate sample (N = 609) received the SI before the FRI and ...
Rooney R M - - 2000
A national survey of local authorities, carried out in 1997, investigated how they dealt with sporadic cases of suspected food poisoning. A standard questionnaire for recording routine follow up information was then designed and piloted for three months in 30 local authorities in England. The questionnaire captured information on clinical ...
Venter C. S. - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a book of photographs of commonly eaten foods to be used as a visual aid in the description of portion sizes in a large cross-sectional study on the health profile of Africans in transition (THUSA - Transition, Health and Urbanization in South Africa). SETTING: Clinics ...
Thompson F E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Measurement of fruit and vegetable intake is important in the surveillance of populations and in epidemiologic studies that examine the relations between diet and disease. Some situations require the use of brief dietary assessment tools. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the performance of 2 brief dietary assessment instruments, ...
Welten D C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Because the percentage of missing portion sizes was large in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS), careful consideration of the accuracy of standard portion sizes was necessary. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the consequences of using standard portion sizes instead of reported portion sizes on ...
Tefft M. E. - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The food frequency questionnaire is widely regarded as more appropriate for ranking and grouping individuals according to levels of nutrient intake than for estimating absolute nutrient amounts. AIMS: To develop a method for estimation of amount of nutrient intake from food frequency questionnaires by reference to an independent weighed ...
Xu L - - 2000
PURPOSE: Develop and evaluate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for assessing calcium intake in Chinese postmenopausal women. METHODS: An interviewer-conducted FFQ that asks respondents about their consumption of 110 calcium-containing foods over the previous week was developed and administered to 21 randomly selected postmenopausal women from Chengdu. This FFQ uses ...
Lambe J - - 2000
In principle, a proper risk assessment for a food chemical requires that the time-frame for food chemical intake estimates matches the time-frame for the toxicological assessments upon which the safety statements (ADI, PTWI, etc.) are based. For food additives, the toxicological assessments are based on exposure over a lifetime. While ...
Viegi G - - 2000
The aim of this work was to describe the results of a simple quality control procedure for the flow-volume curve adopted in a multicentre epidemiological study (PEACE). In 14 centres, 8-15 individuals (n = 157) performed forced vital capacity (FVC) manoeuvres following a standard protocol with both the local spirometer/pneumotachograph ...
Koehler K M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Brief dietary assessment instruments are needed to evaluate behavior changes of participants in dietary intervention programs. The purpose of this project was to design and validate an instrument for children participating in Pathways to Health, a culturally appropriate, cancer prevention curriculum. DESIGN: Validation of a brief food selection instrument, ...
Fregapane G - - 2000
In this study a self-administered meal-based semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was developed, whose main aim was to classify individuals by their intake of food groups and nutrients. The respondents (205 final participants) from the target population were recruited from students and staff of the Faculty of Chemistry of the University ...
Huang M H - - 2000
The primary objective of this study was to assess the accuracy of a modified Block food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) with respect to its ability to assess usual dietary intakes of daidzein and genistein. Participants were a convenience sample of 51 Japanese and 18 Caucasian women. All interviews were conducted between ...
Hansson L M - - 2000
Using data from a population-based case-control study on thyroid cancer, we studied two approaches of handling missing answers in a food frequency questionnaire when estimating food consumption and nutrient intakes. We analyzed the dietary reports of 165 cases and 248 control subjects. In the first approach, the omitted food items ...
Daurès J P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used to assess usual food intake in Southern France has been validated by the classical means of multiple-day food records. To minimise over-estimation of the correlation between the dietary assessments by the FFQ and the reference method, which occurs if the random errors of questionnaire ...
Resnicow K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Eat for Life, a multicomponent intervention to increase fruit and vegetable (F & V) consumption among African Americans, is delivered through African American churches. METHODS: Fourteen churches were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: 1) comparison; 2) culturally-sensitive multicomponent intervention with one phone call; and 3) culturally-sensitive ...
Wei E K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: In 1989, a validation study of eight nutrients was performed on a modified food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) specifically designed for low-income pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to broaden the scope of the previous study by assessing the validity of the FFQ for 17 additional nutrients. METHODS: ...
Caan B J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the benefit of utilizing a nutritionist review of a self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), to determine whether accuracy could be improved beyond that produced by the self-administered questionnaire alone. DESIGN: Participants randomized into a dietary intervention trial completed both a FFQ and a 4-day ...
Casey P H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare 24-hour dietary recalls collected over the telephone to in-person recalls collected in the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII). DESIGN: Trained interviewers collected 24-hour dietary recalls over the telephone using the multiple-pass approach. These results were compared to in-person interviews from a pooled subsample ...
Pijls L T - - 1999
This study, conducted in the Netherlands in 1994-1996, assessed the reproducibility, validity, and responsiveness of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used with older subjects with type 2 diabetes. During a period of 6 months, 93 subjects had a stable protein intake according to their urinary urea excretion (UUE). An FFQ ...
Kroke A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The validation of dietary assessment instruments is critical in the evaluation of diet as a chronic disease risk factor. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the validity of a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire by comparison with dietary recall, urinary nitrogen excretion, and total energy expenditure data. DESIGN: Over a 1-y ...
Martínez M E - - 1999
Various chemoprevention trials have assessed dietary intake by means of food frequency questionnaires. However, it is important to assess the degree to which such questionnaires can measure diet. We conducted reproducibility and validity analyses of our Arizona Food Frequency Questionnaire (AFFQ) in our recently completed, randomized, Phase III chemoprevention trial ...
Cullen K W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Compare the validity and reliability of a one-week fruit, juice and vegetable (FJV) food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that does not require averaging in response categories and one-week food recognition form (FRF) against three to four 24-hour dietary recalls (24hdr) among mostly African-American boys and 17 to 20 year-old adults ...
Field A E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to classify children and adolescents in terms of daily servings of fruits and vegetables and intake of calories, protein, fat, carbohydrate, dietary fibre, vitamin C, phosphorous, calcium and iron. DESIGN: FFQs were collected in the autumn ...
Voskuil D W - - 1999
The aim of this study was to evaluate loss of information from a reduced food frequency questionnaire as compared with an extensive reference method developed to assess the intake of heterocyclic amines (HCAs). Food frequency data were linked to concentrations of HCAs in cooked foods to estimate the individual daily ...
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