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Results 501 - 550 of 935
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Jugdaohsingh Ravin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that silicon is important in bone formation. The main source of silicon for humans is the diet, but the bioavailability of silicon from solid foods is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We estimated the dietary intake of silicon by adults, separately for men and women and for ...
Svilaas A - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dietary changes such as reducing the consumption of foods high in saturated fat, and increasing the daily intake of unsaturated fat, fibre and vitamins may have beneficial effects on long-term health. Accurate dietary information is essential for dietary counselling. Most of the methods used to examine an ...
Omidvar Nasrin - - 2002
A high percentage of women in their childbearing years suffer from subclinical vitamin A deficiency; 10% to 20% of pregnant women worldwide are vitamin A deficient. This study aimed to design and validate a short food-frequency questionnaire to serve as a simple screening tool for vitamin A status in women ...
Kim Jeongseon - - 2002
A food frequency questionnaire for Korean Americans (KFFQ) was developed by modifying Block's Health Habits and History Questionnaire (HHHQ). The final KFFQ contained 118 food items taking into account culturally specific dietary patterns. Validation of the KFFQ was conducted to compare the nutrient intakes assessed by the KFFQ against those ...
Fremann Dorothee - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The habitual intake of the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomer C18:2 c9t11 (rumenic acid, RA) was assessed and compared with plasma biomarkers. DESIGN: The newly developed food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) comprised 46 food items and was validated by means of a 7-day estimated record (7-d ER). Additionally, the dietary intake ...
Thompson Frances E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To test whether changing a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) on the basis of cognitive theory and testing results in greater accuracy. Accuracy was examined for 4 design issues: a) Grouping: asking about foods in a single vs multiple separate questions; b) different forms of a food: asking consumption frequency ...
Green J Hilary - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement between the 24 h diet recall and a short 17-item 24 h food intake recall in assessing calcium intake. The calcium intakes of 21 women over the age of 50 were assessed by both methods on four occasions. The mean ...
Carmichael James V JV - - 2002
What do searchers find when they look for literature on homosexuality? This question has profound implications for older as well as younger gays in their coming out, as well as in their subsequent identity development. Library records provide credible data to answer the question, since they represent relatively free sources ...
Britton Julie A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Describe the development of a questionnaire to assess past year physical activity, including activities of daily living, in a multi-ethnic/racial cohort. Describe energy expenditure (EE) patterns in the sample used for questionnaire development. METHODS: 24-hour activity recalls were collected from a convenience sample (N = 367) at four New ...
Van Assema Patricia - - 2002
A short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake was validated. Forty-nine adults and fifty-one adolescents (12-18 years old) completed the FFQ at home, and subsequently kept diet records for seven successive days. Mean daily intake of F&V was overestimated by the FFQ as compared to ...
Chee W S S - - 2002
The objective of this study was to compare the dietary calcium intakes assessed by a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the three-day food record method in 230 Chinese postmenopausal women aged 50-65 years in Kuala Lumpur. The results showed that the mean calcium intake from the dietary records was ...
Kynast-Wolf Gisela - - 2002
Large scale dietary assessment instruments are usually based on the food frequency technique and have therefore to be tailored to the involved populations with respect to mode of application and inquired food items. In multicenter studies with different populations, the direct comparability of dietary data is therefore a challenge because ...
Berrut Gilles - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in hospital, mainly in geriatric, wards. Weight loss results from a negative energy balance, a situation where energy intake does not match energy requirements. Estimates of patient calorie consumption are not performed routinely because of technical difficulties. We performed three studies to investigate the meal-portion ...
Kabagambe E K - - 2001
Little is documented about the performance of the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in US minority groups and in populations in developing countries. The authors applied a novel technique, the method of triads, to assess the validity and reproducibility of the FFQ among Hispanics. The subjects were men (n = 78) ...
Valdés-Ramos R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The World Cancer Research Fund convened an expert committee who analyzed the literature related to the causation of human cancers. Recommendations for preventing cancer through behavioral practices were formatted into a 14-point guideline. OBJECTIVE: We parsed the cancer prevention guidelines to determine to what extent relevant information on individual ...
Welch A A - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A new data-entry system (DINER - Data Into Nutrients for Epidemiological Research) for food record methods has been devised for the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) cohort study of 25,000 men and women in Norfolk. DINER has been developed to address the problems of efficiency and ...
Buzzard I M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the systematic development and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed to meet the specific research requirements of the Goals for Health cancer prevention intervention program for rural middle school children. DESIGN: A 4-step process was used to develop a brief FFQ for scoring intakes of ...
Torheim L E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to validate a quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) created for assessing the usual intake of foods and nutrients in the prevailing season in Western Mali. DESIGN: Intake of foods and nutrients over the week preceding the interview was measured with a 69-item QFFQ. Intakes ...
Sharma S - - 2001
Diet can play a key role in the management of disorders such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension, conditions highly prevalent in the British African Caribbean population. In this paper, information not previously available is provided on the dietary habits and foods consumed by a British African-Caribbean population representative of the ...
Johnson B - - 2001
AIMS: To evaluate the reliability and criterion validity of a food intake questionnaire (FIQ) designed for use in schoolchildren. METHODS: Study of reliability: 98 young people aged 13-14 years attending two schools in deprived areas of Liverpool completed the FIQ on three separate occasions over a 3-month period. VALIDITY STUDY: ...
Prochaska J J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Clinical preventive guidelines recommend that health care providers counsel adolescents on nutrition. Brief, accurate, and reproducible dietary assessments are needed. The purpose of the current pair of studies was to develop a dietary fat screening measure for use with adolescents. METHODS: Two measures were developed-a 21-item and a 4-category ...
Raju B I - - 2001
In vivo attenuation and backscatter coefficients of normal human forearm dermis and subcutaneous fat were determined in the ranges 14 to 50 MHz and 14 to 34 MHz, respectively. Data were collected using three different transducers to ensure that results were independent of the measurement system. Attenuation coefficient was obtained ...
Rosner B - - 2001
Nutrient intake is often measured with error by commonly used dietary instruments such as the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) or 24-hour recall. More accurate assessments of true intake are obtained by using weighed diet records, in which subjects record what they eat on a real-time basis, but these records are ...
Drewnowski A - - 2001
Food-frequency questionnaires have become the dominant method for assessing dietary intakes in epidemiologic studies. However, their accuracy continues to be questioned. In a recent study, volunteers consumed three diets of varying fat content over 6 weeks. Compared with diet records, the food-frequency questionnaire provided less reliable estimates of the absolute ...
Ma J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To examine the appropriateness of the five-stage schema developed for addictive behaviors when applied to nonaddictive behaviors such as fruit and vegetable consumption. DESIGN: A cross-sectional mail survey was conducted. SETTING: Self-administered questionnaires were mailed to the home addresses of respondents recruited in 10 states and returned upon completion. ...
Takahashi Y - - 2001
Assessment of dietary intake is important to understand the relationship between nutrition and health. Although the role of specific carotenoids has recently been of great interest, there are no comprehensive food composition tables for intake of specific carotenoids in Japan. We have therefore developed a new carotene food composition table ...
Mackelvie K J - - 2001
PURPOSE: We investigated ethnic differences in areal bone mineral density (aBMD; g x cm(-2)) and its determinants at two levels of maturity in Asian- and Caucasian-Canadian girls. METHODS: Participants were 131 Asian (26 Tanner breast stage I (aTI) and 30 Tanner II (aTII)), and Caucasian (30 Tanner I (cTI) and ...
Jackson M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An interviewer-administered quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was developed to determine the energy and nutrient intakes of adult Jamaicans of African origin as part of a study of the epidemiology of diabetes and hypertension. METHODS: Reproducibility of the questionnaire was investigated in 123 participants aged 25-74 years. The relative validity ...
Novotny J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare qualitative descriptions of the same food items eaten by different persons using 24-hour dietary recall interviews. DESIGN: Eleven pairs of subjects were interviewed twice using 24-hour dietary recalls such that each member of the pair described the same day's foods. Each pair shared a home and ate ...
Schröder H - - 2001
AIM: To assess the validity and the short-term reproducibility of a semi-quantitative, self-administrated food frequency questionnaire and a structured 72-hour recall in a Mediterranean Spanish population. METHODS: 44 free-living volunteers participated in the study. Macronutrient, vitamin and mineral intake, recorded on the food frequency questionnaire and the structured 72-h recall ...
Yamamoto S - - 2001
Valid food-frequency questionnaires (FFQ) need to be developed to assess isoflavone intake in investigations of its possible association with the lower incidence of breast and prostate cancer in Asian countries. We investigated the validity and reproducibility of isoflavone (daidzein and genistein) intakes from self-administered semiquantitative FFQ used in the JPHC ...
Navarro A - - 2001
A Food-Frequency questionnaire (FFQ) is the method chosen for estimating dietary intake in epidemiological studies because it can provide valid and reliable estimates of usual intake in a variety of populations. Colorectal cancer is associated with diet but no information about validity and reproducibility of dietary exposure assessment is available ...
Keen H - - 2001
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Deterioration and improvement in the electrocardiogram are important outcomes in cardiovascular disease progression assessment. We used a sample of serial records from the WHO Multinational Study of Vascular Disease in Diabetes (WHO MSVDD) to assess Minnesota coding variability. METHODS: A constructed subsample of 118 of the 352 paired (baseline ...
Tokudome S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ) against 28 day weighed diet records (WDRs). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The SQFFQ was administered to 106 (21 male and 85 female) Japanese dietitians in Aichi Prefecture in autumn, 1996 and four-season consecutive 7 day WDRs were carried ...
Heetderks-Cox M J - - 2001
This study observed the effect of using a computerized vs manual method of self-monitoring among Air Force personnel receiving nutrition counseling for weight loss. Subjects who enrolled during the first 2 weeks of the 4-week recruitment period completed food records for 6 weeks using a CD-ROM nutrient database (intervention group) ...
Erkkola M - - 2001
The authors developed a self-administered 181-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary intake during pregnancy for Finnish women from August 1995 to July 1996. In the validation study (n = 113), the data that were collected by using two 5-day food records completed during the eighth month of pregnancy ...
Verkasalo P K - - 2001
Soya products contain high levels of the isoflavones genistein and daidzein, and their glucosides, and may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and cancer. The present cross-sectional study investigated plasma concentrations of daidzein and genistein and their correlations with dietary soya consumption in four groups of twenty premenopausal British ...
McKeown N M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The validity of dietary assessment methods should be established before diet-disease associations are reported. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to validate a 7-d food diary and a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against independent biomarkers of intake in urine (nitrogen, potassium, and sodium) and blood (plasma ascorbic acid). DESIGN: A total of ...
Sallander M H - - 2001
The validity and repeatability of a telephone questionnaire on demographics, diet, living patterns, exercise and health status in a well-defined dog population was assessed. Randomly selected dogs aged 1-3 years in the largest animal-insurance database of Sweden were included in the study. The repeatability was measured by doing two identical ...
Warneke C L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine which of 2 fruit and vegetable food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) most closely approximated intake measured by the average of four 24-hour dietary recalls. DESIGN: Participants completed either a 31-item FFQ (n = 70) or 7-item FFQ (n = 76) on 2 occasions approximately 2 ...
Murphy S P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the validity of food behavior items, using a biological measure (serum carotenoids) as the criterion for validity of fruit and vegetable intake, and the results from multiple 24-hour recalls to test convergent validity with nutrient intake. DESIGN: Participants responded to 39 food-behavior questions and later completed three ...
Farkas L G - - 2001
Measurements (23 projective linear, 2 angular) taken in the 6 craniofacial regions of 127 patients with Down's syndrome showed that 63.1% (1,836 of 2,908) were within normal limits and 36.9% (1,072) were outside them. Abnormal measurements were subnormal in 90.8% (973) and supernormal in 9.2% (99). All statistical summaries were ...
de Kleijn M J - - 2001
Many plants that are consumed contain phytoestrogens. Only a few published studies have examined the dietary intake of phytoestrogens in the general Western population. The potentially positive health effects of phytoestrogens might be of relevance to postmenopausal women. The aim of the present study was to estimate the intake of ...
Bingham S A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe methods and dietary habits of a large population cohort. DESIGN: Prospective assessment of diet using diet diaries and food-frequency questionnaires, and biomarkers of diet in 24-h urine collections and blood samples. SETTING: Free living individuals aged 45 to 75 years living in Norfolk, UK. SUBJECTS: Food and ...
Smith K W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To develop a scoring algorithm and evaluate the reliability and validity of scores from the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH) Food Checklist (CFC) as measures of total fat, saturated fat, and sodium intake in middle school students. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial in which participants were assigned ...
Nakamura M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: One of the proposed aetiological mechanisms for idiopathic sudden deafness is vascular disease. However, it is not known whether traditional cardiovascular risk factors, such as particular dietary factors, are associated with this condition. METHODS: A case-control study using pooled controls was conducted in Japan to investigate the relationship between ...
Hakim I A - - 2001
Epidemiological studies suggest that tea drinking may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancers. Although tea is an important source of antioxidant phytochemicals, variation in preparation techniques may translate to variation in antioxidant capacity. However, most large-scale epidemiological studies use regular food frequency questionnaires to estimate tea intake, and ...
van Erp-Baart M A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for food consumption data collection in ethnic groups in the Netherlands. METHODS: Two pilot studies have been carried out, one among Moroccan women and one among Surinam men. First, focus group discussions were held to obtain background information from members of the target population. For ...
Amanatidis S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The effect on individual rankings and total intakes of nutrients of correcting total fruit and vegetable frequencies from a long food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) using the responses to two summary questions was examined in a group of women. METHODS: The performance of a self-administered FFQ in ranking individual levels ...
Ambrosini G L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare intra- and inter-method reliability of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) designed specifically to measure beta carotene (BC) and retinol intake, using two methods - the limits of agreement (LOA) and the correlation coefficient. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of dietary intake. SETTING: A randomized trial of vitamin ...
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