Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 702
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Drewnowski A - - 2008
The American diet is high in calories, but low in nutrients. To help consumers obtain more nutrition from the calories they consume, research is underway to develop a nutrient profiling approach that can be used to evaluate individual foods and help people build healthful diets. A nutrient profiling system that ...
Habib Hosam M - - 2009
The pits from date palm fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.) are nutrient dense but the nutrient composition across varieties has not been extensively studied. In the present study, 18 leading varieties of date pits from date fruits cultivated in the United Arab Emirates (Khalas, Barhe, Lulu, Shikat alkahlas, Sokkery, Bomaan, Sagay, ...
Hathcock John N - - 2008
The original tolerable upper intake level (UL) method greatly improved the application of risk assessment to the evaluation of nutrient safety for humans, but a UL is only set where the data establish a hazard resulting from high intakes. Absence of a UL for those nutrients with no established hazard ...
Powers W - - 2008
Poultry production faces increasing environmental challenges, in the United States and globally. Although the environmental impact of poultry production has been decreased, regulatory and social pressures mandate that further improvements be made to decrease the pollution potential even more. Concerns over air and water quality to date have been related ...
Taylor Christine L - - 2008
Regulatory officials world-wide are paying attention to the process for establishing the upper level of intake for nutrient substances. The rapidly expanding use of dietary supplements, fortified foods, and functional foods, coupled with increased trade in these products, has focused attention on ensuring their safety and on harmonizing standards internationally. ...
Feige Jérôme N - - 2008
The maintenance of metabolic homeostasis relies on the balanced intake of nutrients from food. Consequently, diet composition strongly impacts whole-body physiology. Dietary formulations with strong nutrient imbalances can lead to metabolic disorders, with lipids and simple sugars playing a prominent role. This unit describes how diet formulation can be modified ...
Arvanitoyannis Ioannis S - - 2008
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a highly nutritious, mild flavored, easy to blend food that has many possibilities for "building in" desired nutrients. Varietal and environmental differences are known to exist in the shape, size, and nutritional content of potatoes. Different populations opt for varying sensory properties in relation to ...
Erkkola Maijaliisa - - 2009
The aim was to identify the important sources of added sucrose and determinants of high intake, and to evaluate what impact a high proportion of energy from added sucrose has on the intake of foods and nutrients. The subjects consisted of children invited to the nutrition study within the Type ...
Ilbäck Nils-Gunnar - - 2008
Interactions among infectious agents, nutrients and xenobiotics in which, xenobiotics and nutrients may affect host resistance to infection, as well as the microorganism virulence are a developing concern in food and environmental safety assessment. Nutrients and xenobiotics may induce either immunostimulative or immunosuppressive effects that may affect the host resistance ...
van Raaij Joop - - 2009
FOOD REFORMULATION: Reformulation of foods is considered one of the key options to achieve population nutrient goals. The compositions of many foods are modified to assist the consumer bring his or her daily diet more in line with dietary recommendations. INITIATIVES ON FOOD REFORMULATION: Over the past few years the ...
Maillot Matthieu - - 2008
Nutrient profiling ranks foods based on their nutrient content. They may help identify foods with a good nutritional quality for their price. This hypothesis was tested using diet modeling with linear programming. Analyses were undertaken using food intake data from the nationally representative French INCA (enquête Individuelle et Nationale sur ...
Lobstein T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To consider the use of systematic methods for categorising foods according to their nutritional quality ('nutrient profiling') as a strategy for promoting public health through better dietary choices. METHODS: We describe and discuss several well-developed approaches for categorising foods using nutrient profiling, primarily in the area of food labelling ...
Asadi-Pooya Ali A - - 2008
Anecdotal reports suggest that certain foods and dietary contents might influence the occurrence of seizures. However, the existing data are scanty and sometimes controversial. Some studies have found that the supplementation with individual nutrients reduced seizure frequency or improved other aspects of health in patients with epilepsy, while other studies ...
Parsons Michael L - - 2008
Four coral-dominated coastal sites within two embayments (Kealakekua Bay and Honokōhau Bay) on the lee of the island of Hawai'i were studied to assess evidence of anthropogenic impacts in these relatively pristine locales. Nutrient-loading parameters were analyzed in relation to benthic composition data. Statistically, there were significant positive relationships between ...
Benton David - - 2008
Various mechanisms by which sucrose could influence behavior are reviewed. Firstly there is food intolerance. There are dozens of foods to which an adverse reaction has been demonstrated, although a reaction to sucrose is less frequent than many other foods. A second possible mechanism is hypoglycemia. There is evidence that ...
Ferguson Elaine L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: F100 is a fortified milk-based food used as a standard therapy for severe malnutrition. Our aim was to assess whether optimal combinations of local foods in Ghana, Bangladesh, and Latin America could achieve the nutrient density levels of F100 and, if that was unachievable, to identify the key limiting ...
Hooper R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are large differences in the prevalence of atopic disease between urban and rural areas of developing countries, without good explanation. Diet has been associated with atopic disease, but studies of specific nutrients are contradictory, cross-sectional studies often being unsupported by trials. We investigated diet as an explanation for ...
Ashwell Margaret - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is considerable variation in the recommended micronutrient intakes used by countries within Europe, partly due to different methodologies and concepts used to determine requirements and different approaches used to express the recommendations. As populations become more mobile and multi-national, and more traditional foods become available internationally, harmonised recommendations ...
Marcoval M Alejandra - - 2008
Experiments (6-8 days) were conducted during late summer, late fall and late winter, 2003 with waters collected off Bahía Nueva, Chubut, Argentina (42.7 degrees S, 65 degrees W) to determine the combined effects of solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280-400 nm) and nutrient addition on phytoplankton communities. Samples were put in ...
Andrès Emmanuel - - 2008
Anemia, defined as a hemoglobin level < 13 g/dL in men and < 12 g/dL in women, is an important healthcare concern among the elderly. Nutrient-deficiency anemia represents one third of all anemias in elderly patients. About two thirds of nutrient-deficiency anemia is associated with iron deficiency and most of ...
Mshandete, Anthony Manoni
In Tanzania wild edible mushrooms collected during the rainy season have broad cultural acceptance and constitute a traditionally very important nutritious food. However, their assessment as food, which is based on their chemical analysis, has not been adequately studied and documented. The objective of the study was to determine the ...
Reedy Jill - - 2008
The purpose of this research was to compare food-based recommendations and nutrient values of three food guides: the US Department of Agriculture's MyPyramid; the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Eating Plan, and Harvard University's Healthy Eating Pyramid. Estimates of nutrient values associated with following ...
Drewnowski A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nutrient profiling of foods is defined as the science of classifying foods based on their nutrient content. Food rankings generated by nutrient profile models need to be tested against objective reality as opposed to public opinion. OBJECTIVE: To test the performance of selected nutrient profile models in relation to ...
Udofia, U S; ;
This work determined the effect of sun and shade drying on the nutrient, antinutrient and food toxicant composition of atama – Heinsia crinata, editan - Lasianthore Africana and water – leaf – Talinum tringulare vegetables. Two and a half kilogram of these green leafy vegetable were purchased from Uyo market, ...
Goulding Keith - - 2008
Increasing the inputs of nutrients has played a major role in increasing the supply of food to a continually growing world population. However, focusing attention on the most important nutrients, such as nitrogen (N), has in some cases led to nutrient imbalances, some excess applications especially of N, inefficient use ...
Gilmore Julie M E - - 2008
An easily administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)/dietary screener was developed for current (adult) and retrospective (adolescent) intakes of nutrients important for bone development and maintenance. This tool quantified serving sizes and nutrients from foods using gender and age specific techniques. Nutrients of interest were calcium, vitamin D, caffeine and alcohol, ...
Kanfi Yariv Y The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, - - 2008
Sirtuins have been shown to regulate life-span in response to nutritional availability. We show here that levels of the mammalian sirtuin, SIRT6, increased upon nutrient deprivation in cultured cells, in mice after fasting, and in rats fed a calorie-restricted diet. The increase in SIRT6 levels is due to stabilization of ...
Chan R S M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the daily intake of bone health-related nutrients and to explore the association between diet composition and estimated net endogenous acid production (estimated NEAP) in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. SUBJECT/METHODS: In total, 171 boys and 180 girls aged 10-12 years of Chinese origin from nine primary schools from ...
Darcy-Hall Tara L - - 2008
Short-term responses of producers highlight that key nutrients (e.g., N, P)-or combinations of these nutrients-limit primary production in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. These discoveries continue to provide highly valuable insights, but it remains important to ask whether nutrients always predominantly limit producers despite wide variation in nutrient supply and herbivory ...
Haytowitz David B - - 2008
The National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program (NFNAP) was designed to expand the quantity and improve the quality of data in the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) food composition databases through the collection and analysis of nationally representative samples of foods and beverages. This paper describes some of the ...
Paik Hee Young - - 2008
For more than 40 years, Recommended Dietary Allowances for Koreans (KRDA) were used as references for nutrient intake. In 2002, the Korean Nutrition Society organized a committee to revise the KRDA, which were transformed into the new Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans (KDRIs) in 2005. KDRIs include Estimated Average Requirements ...
Paerl Hans - - 2008
Nutrient and hydrologic conditions strongly influence harmful planktonic and benthic cyanobacterial bloom (CHAB) dynamics in aquatic ecosystems ranging from streams and lakes to coastal ecosystems. Urbanization, agricultural and industrial development have led to increased nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) discharge, which affect CHAB potentials of receiving waters. The amounts, proportions ...
Słociak Emilia - - 2008
The main purpose of this research was to assess the quality and quantity of daily food rations and the intakes of selected nutrients by males aged 30 to 50 years--the Seventh-Day Adventists (SDA) from the Warsaw assembly. The assessment of the daily intakes of nutrients showed no significant difference from ...
Hubbard Van S - - 2008
The compilations of papers derived from the presentations at the 2nd Asian Network Symposium that are published concurrently in this issue offer an opportunity for the reader to gain a better understanding of the processes used for the development of country-specific nutrient reference intake recommendations and national dietary guidelines. This ...
Winichagoon Pattanee - - 2008
Micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) are present mostly in small amounts, or concentrated in certain foods. Traditional Asian diets are very diverse and consist largely of foods of plant sources, including several herbs and spices. Challenges in assessing dietary intake include difficulties in collecting information on ingredients in dishes as well ...
Kennedy Eileen - - 2008
Consumption patterns are changing globally. As a result both researchers and policy makers require simple, easy to use measures of diet quality. The Healthy Eating Index (HEI) was developed as a single, summary measure of diet quality. The original HEI was a ten component index based on the US Dietary ...
Lesser Stephanie - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the AgeingNutrition project, funded by the European Commission, partners from 10 'Eastern/Baltic' (new) European (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Turkey) and 5 'Central/Western' (old) European countries (Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, and Spain) performed a comparative analysis of existing data on nutritional ...
Drewnowski Adam - - 2008
Nutrient profiling of foods, described as the science of ranking foods based on their nutrient content, is fast becoming the basis for regulating nutrition labels, health claims, and marketing and advertising to children. A number of nutrient profile models have now been developed by research scientists, regulatory agencies, and by ...
Barba Corazon V C - - 2008
The Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), as in the past, led the review and revision of the 1989 Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for Filipinos, a vital and essential tool recognized in the nutrition and health community as the source of information ...
Mitroi Nicoleta - - 2008
Since Hippocrates it is known that nutrition plays a very important role in maintaining health, people being advised to consider "food intake as a real medicine". Modern science shows that important and necessary for an optimal state of health is not only the intake of some specific nutrients, but, above ...
Wahlqvist Mark L - - 2008
Food fortification generally refers to the addition of micronutrients and other favourably bio-active food components to food-stuffs where there are recognised deficiencies in the target population. Each forticant has had or could have regulatory implications. It is understandable, although arguable, in the face of a limited food supply skewed, for ...
Murphy Suzanne P - - 2008
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are nutrient standards that may be used to plan nutrient intakes. Thus, they are useful as the basis for formulating dietary guidelines. The guidelines are often presented to the public as a food guide that will promote nutrient adequacy without risk of excessive intake. Such guides ...
Grieger Jessica A - - 2008
Rice is commonly consumed in the Philippines; however the contribution of other foods to the diet is not well defined. Our aim was to determine the nutrient intake and food group intake of Philippine nuns and compare their intakes to the current estimated average requirements (EAR), and food-based recommendations, respectively, ...
Sun Mingui M School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. - - 2008
Overweight and obesity have become an epidemic in many parts of the world threatening the health of over one billion people. In order to combat this epidemic effectively, it is desirable to develop new methods to monitor individual's food intake and provide quantitative information about the nutrients and calories consumed ...
Garsetti Marcella - - 2007
Nutrient profiling is a discipline aimed at classifying foods based on their nutritional composition. So far, several profiling schemes have been proposed for varied purposes world-wide. Primary aim to inventory the main profiling schemes that have been developed so far (both applied and not) and to summarise their main aspects. ...
Tetens Inge - - 2007
The background of the workshop was the proposed EU legislation to regulate nutrition and health claims for foods in Europe. This regulation will require the development of a science-based nutrient profiling system in order to determine which foods or categories of foods will be permitted to make nutrition or health ...
Volatier Jean-Luc - - 2007
Nutrient profiles of foods are increasingly used as the scientific basis of nutritional labeling, health claims, or nutritional education. Nutrient profiling schemes are based on sets of rules, scores, or thresholds applied to the nutritional composition of foods. However, there is a lack of scientific validation of nutritional profiling schemes. ...
Quinio Caroline - - 2007
A new EU regulation on nutrition and health claims made on foods has entered into force in January 2007. The regulation provides for the use of nutrient profiles to determine which foods may bear claims but does not specify what the profiles should be or how they should be developed. ...
Lin David T - - 2008
Nutrient enrichment from shrimp aquaculture poses an increasing environmental threat due to the industry's projected rapid growth and unsustainable management practices. Traditional methods to monitor impacts emphasize water quality sampling; however, there are many advantages to bioindicators, especially in developing countries. We investigated the usefulness of three bioindicators -- growth, ...
Rafferty K - - 2007
Despite more than 20 y of awareness of the importance of calcium to health, U.S. calcium intakes remain suboptimal. Fortification of foods with shortfall nutrients is probably the optimal strategy for dealing with widespread nutrient deficiencies, as it has the best chance of reaching the population segments most at risk, ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >