Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 701
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Murphy S P - - 1986
Nutrient intakes of 1,066 young women 18 to 24 years of age were estimated using a shortened nutrient data base (the University of California, Berkeley Minilist) containing 235 food items. The dietary data consisted of 24-hour recalls collected during the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). A ...
Block G - - 1986
A self-administered diet history questionnaire has been developed for epidemiologic and clinical use. Both the food list and the nutrient values to be associated with it were developed using dietary data from 11,658 adult respondents to the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). Food items were selected ...
Haile R W - - 1986
Three methods were developed to identify a limited number of foods that are important dietary contributors of fat, dietary fiber, and vitamins A, C, and E. In the first method, foods were ranked by the amount of each nutrient supplied per person per day and the effect each food had ...
Litchford M D - - 1986
Characteristics common to mentally retarded adults with marginal or inadequate nutrient intakes who may be high risk for specific nutrient deficiencies were identified. Although physiological and psychological influences, feeding practices, and weight status were not found to influence the average nutrient intakes of the sample population, intakes of iron, calcium, ...
Ries C P - - 1986
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Nutrient Guide as a quantitative estimate of dietary adequacy. Using 24-hour dietary recalls of 300 men, food group and overall diet scores based on the Nutrient Guide were compared with nutrient adequacy ratios for eight nutrients and a ...
Fanelli M T - - 1986
The professional responsibility of dietetic and nutrition educators and counselors is to provide clients and the public with accurate, understandable information and counseling concerning the relationship of diet to health and disease. Dietary guidance expressed as energy and nutrient content is clear to the nutrition professional, but it frequently is ...
Stockley L - - 1986
A Food Recording Electronic Device has been developed for quantitative collection of dietary data in the home for a period of up to 3 weeks. The accumulated information on the weights and types of food, and time of consumption, is transferred to a host computer for calculation of the nutrient ...
Grandjean A C - - 1986
Good nutrition is one of the elements of training and conditioning necessary for optimal performance. The athlete should consume a diet composed of a wide variety of foods to help ensure that nutrient needs are met, whereas maintenance of ideal competitive weight is the indicator of adequate calorie intake. The ...
Acosta P B - - 1986
Provision of nutritionally complete elemental diets for pregnant women with PKU requires greater knowledge of 'conditionally' essential nutrient requirements than is presently available as well as application of known information. Formulation of elemental products needs to be improved to enhance aroma and taste and to decrease osmolality. Designers of the ...
Schneeman B O - - 1985
Protein, trypsin inhibitor, and fiber can alter food intake by several unique mechanisms, but there may also be some common mechanisms. For example, both poorly digested proteins and fibers like guar gum and pectin lead to an accumulation of material in the small intestine and appear to delay nutrient absorption ...
Deutsch J A - - 1985
The paper is concerned with the locus of provenance of satiety signals, what these are generated by, and pathways by which they reach the brain. Satiety signals are generated by the stomach and are of two kinds: distention at high volume and nutrient content. The former, but not the latter, ...
Ashley D V - - 1985
Studies of brain mechanisms controlling food intake and feeding behaviour have often neglected interactions between total food (energy) intake and qualitative aspects of the dietary intake. Generally, experimental animals are presented with a single diet of fixed nutritional composition. Thus, if as a result of a given treatment, an animal ...
Windham C T - - 1985
Mathematical clustering algorithms were used to classify foods within dairy, grain, and fat commodity groups on the basis of nutrients with limited availability in the food supply as well as those posing a possible health risk due to excess consumption. The procedure overcomes the problem that has made objective and ...
Truesdell D D - - 1985
Nutrients that may be deficient in diets of vegetarian infants and preschoolers and that affect growth and development are energy, protein, calcium, iron, zinc, riboflavin, and vitamins B-12 and D. Reasons for these nutrient deficiencies include: limited volumetric capacity of the stomach of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers; low-caloric-density foods eaten ...
Block G - - 1985
Dietary data from 11,658 adult respondents in the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to provide quantitative information regarding the contribution of specific foods to the total population intake of the following nutrients: calories, protein, carbohydrate, total fat, saturated fat, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and cholesterol. The ...
Robichaux F - - 1985
The study indicated that neither method of serving was superior to the other in terms of food consumption, thus supporting the theory that food consumption was not adversely affected when offer vs. serve was implemented. Although the study did not include an analysis of nutrients consumed, it can be assumed ...
Block G - - 1985
Dietary data from 11,658 adult respondents in the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to provide quantitative information regarding the contribution of specific foods to the total population intake of the following 10 nutrients: vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin C, iron, phosphorus, calcium, sodium, and potassium. ...
Byers T - - 1985
There is considerable interest in developing a means of assessing dietary intake of specific nutrients with minimal time and expense in epidemiologic studies. Using data from 1,682 individuals who were interviewed using an extensive food frequency dietary history, the authors examined the question of how many foods might be minimally ...
Randall E - - 1985
Variety is espoused as a key to dietary adequacy, yet data from new shortcut dietary measures suggest that intakes of relatively few foods can accurately classify individuals according to nutrient intake. This study examines diet diversity, caloric intake, and nutrient density values as contributors to the level of selected nutrients ...
Jacobs D R DR - - 1985
A set of 54 24-hour dietary recalls collected in 1975-1976 from males aged 35-57 years who were participating in a cardiovascular risk factor intervention program was submitted to three different nutrient calculation systems to investigate how much of a difference exists among systems in calculating nutrient intakes. The three computerized ...
Guthrie H A - - 1985
This study was designed to assess the magnitude of variation in nutrient intake of individuals over a 3-day period. It is based on an analysis of 3-day food intake records of 21,867 participants in the Nationwide Food Consumption Study (NFCS), 1977-78. Results from a subsample of 7,287 subjects showed a ...
Hoover L W - - 1985
The USDA Nutrient Data Base (NDB) used to calculate dietary intake in the Nationwide Food Consumption Survey of Individuals 1977-1978 (NFCS) was reduced to two levels. Both reduced data bases were used in analysis of 3-day dietary records collected on 7,914 individuals during the first quarter of that survey. Baseline ...
Sauberlich H E - - 1985
In recent years, there has been a reduction in caloric intake in populations with decreased energy demands. This has place a greater emphasis on the bioavailability of nutrients in foods because the total intake of nutrients is generally closely linked with total caloric intake. An assessment of the adequacy of ...
Langdon C J - - 1985
The development of microparticulate food particles for marine suspension-feeders is discussed with respect to the difficulties of nutrient delivery in the aquatic environment and to feeding and digestion in crustacea and bivalve molluscs. Loss of nutrients from particles suspended in seawater must be minimized by either trapping nutrients in gel ...
Ganganna P - - 1985
A composite nutrient index was computed for ten states of India by using principal component analysis based on the average intake of eight nutrients, namely protein, calories, iron, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin C. The new nutrient index is significant from a nutritional point of view in a ...
Wretlind A - - 1985
We now have a fairly good knowledge of the number of essential nutrients required in man. However, the studies are limited on the exact basic, minimal and optimal requirements of these nutrients in various conditions. Many more investigations are necessary in this field of clinical nutrition. We also need more ...
Schwimer S R - - 1984
Several of the most commonly used ultrasound coupling gels were found to adversely affect sperm motility. These gels should not be used in patients undergoing insemination immediately after a transvaginal pelvic ultrasonographic examination. Instead, we recommend the use of Proception Sperm Nutrient Douche, Nutrient Mixture F-10 (HAM), or nonlubrication of ...
Eiser J R - - 1984
In a study of the effects of information concerning nutrient content on ratings of foods, subjects (247 male and female school students aged 13-14 years) rated a list of 21 common foods on two scales "good for you" and "pleasant", either without prior information (control group) or after being shown, ...
Butrum R - - 1984
The current interest in the area of nutrition, diet, and cancer has called attention to some major deficiencies in the data base available to support a variety of research activities in the field. These deficiencies have been especially evident in epidemiologic studies where attempts are being made to characterize the ...
Frank G C - - 1984
Recording practices of interviewers who independently collected dietary recalls from children for the same 24-hour eating period were analyzed. For each duplicate pair, three aspects of recording were examined: name of foods, quantity assessed from child, and food identification number selected prior to nutrient analysis. There was a 76% agreement ...
Hewson D C - - 1984
The usual dietary intake of 142 people with multiple sclerosis (MS), from different areas of Great Britain, has been assessed using the 7-day weighed intake method. This sample represents those subjects who said they had not altered their diets since diagnosis, ie, one-third of those who originally joined the management ...
Magarey A - - 1984
A study of the usual nutrient intake of a sample of 183 healthy 4 year olds is reported. These children have been the subject of a longitudinal study from birth. Data include daily intakes of food energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, fibre, minerals, and vitamins. Minor differences in nutrient intake were ...
Frank G C - - 1984
It is unknown how different calculation procedures for quantitating foods can influence variation in nutrient values. Precision of calculation and transcription, plus a double-checking procedure, is standard Bogalusa Heart Study protocol. These procedures likely would minimize human error. Nevertheless, converting gram weight values for food (BHS) into the closest household ...
Hrboticky N - - 1984
Acculturation changes in the perceived qualities of foods was demonstrated in a group of first and second generation Chinese adolescent immigrants. The type and degree of change in perceived flavor, health value and prestige ratings varied for individual foods. The second generation subjects and those with more accultured patterns of ...
Heymsfield S B - - 1984
The net absorption and retention of energy, fat, nitrogen, and six elements (potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, sodium, and chloride) from two intrajejunally infused enteral formulas were compared to solid food. Undernourished patients (group 1) underwent two consecutive 7-day balance studies on a predigested protein-low fat (elemental) formula and an intact ...
Truesdell D D - - 1984
Persons who use tables of food composition have often found that foods that vegetarians commonly eat are not included. To help remedy this situation, a table is presented which includes the 49 foods on the vegetarian Exchange Lists and 18 additional nonmeat foods. Nutrient contents of household measures of these ...
Michela J L - - 1984
This study examined children's conceptions about nutrients and the dimensions underlying their classifications of foods into groups. Children aged 5 to 11 (59 girls and 56 boys) placed 71 foods into groups by whatever criteria they wished. The bases of these classifications were recorded, as were the children's answers to ...
Fidanza F - - 1984
The food and nutrient consumption was examined in two rural population groups of 22 middle age men of Italy in connection with a longitudinal study of coronary heart disease. Most of the data were collected with use of the individual weighing method. In the 20 year interval increases and decreases ...
Verdier P - - 1984
Rapid Calculation of the nutrient content of foods and diets requires a current, easily accessible data base. The Canadian Nutrient File is a computerized information bank containing average values for nutrients in foods available in Canada. For easy accessibility, it contains subfiles for food names, nutrient names, and nutrient amounts. ...
Bright-See E - - 1983
Ingestion of vitamin and mineral supplements is widespread in North America despite the fact that nutritional deficiencies are rare except among small groups with unusual or severely restricted food intakes. Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNIs) for Canadians have recently been revised. These values can be used to assess individual food intakes ...
Johnson R L - - 1983
A self-recording, directly computer-readable, seven-day food record system (the Nutrient Analysis System [NAS]) was developed using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Food Table as a data bank for the nutrient analysis. This article describes the system and reports the results of a study which evaluates the system in ...
Bowerman S J - - 1983
Mean energy and nutrient intakes from food of 150 users or non-users of nutrient supplements were compared. Independent of supplement use, no significant differences in nutrient intakes between the two groups were observed. Some significant differences were noted in average nutrient intakes between men and women of the same age ...
Engstrom A M - - 1983
An increased awareness of sodium's possible relation to hypertension has resulted in many Americans trying to avoid foods high in sodium without realizing the nutritional risks taken when these foods are eliminated from the diet. A recent study shows that a significant proportion of the population is consuming less than ...
Hoover L W - - 1983
Food composition tables now being compiled include a wide range of food items and nutrients. This trend is paralleled in the development of computer-stored nutrient data bases that are being utilized for numerous applications, such as cost-optimized menu planning, dietary record analysis, and nutritional assessment. In 1976, several participants at ...
Allington J K - - 1983
A three-day average of the nutritive value of pounds of food served indicated that none of the 14 nursing homes surveyed served a selection of foods which supplied recommended amounts of vitamin B6 and folacin when compared with the Recommended Dietary Allowances. Suggestions for limiting kilocalories, while providing adequate sources ...
Lowell J P - - 1983
Five dietary interactive programs have been written based on the 4th edition of McCance and Widdowson's 'The composition of foods' (Paul & Southgate, 1978) to which additional recipes and foods, including products used in therapeutic diets, have been added. The programs are DIET1 for calculating the nutrient content of a ...
Deutsch J A - - 1983
Signals for meal termination are traced to the stomach rather than duodenum or mouth when rats eat familiar food. Two types of signal occur, one measuring amount of nutrient independent of volume or dilution, the other gastric distention. The signals concerning the second ascend the vagus. Nutrient content is measured ...
Khan M A - - 1983
A review of the nutritional quality of foods served by selected types of foodservices reveals the lack of information in this area. The foodservice industry is growing rapidly with new technological innovations and management practices. However, little effort has been made toward the nutrient quality of foods served by important ...
Overholt C - - 1982
Protein-energy malnutrition in synergism with infection is a major problem for most developing countries, and inadequate food consumption is a critical factor in its development. Food supplementation programs can improve nutrient consumption but may also have unintended consequences. Changes in consumption of foods as well as nutrients need to be ...
Ferroni M A - - 1982
Food patterns, and energy and nutrient intake of a sample of rural and urban families in the Peruvian Andes are analyzed and compared with requirements and recommended figures of nutrient allowances. It is concluded that, with the exception of vitamin A, there is very little nutrient deficiency where calorie requirements ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >