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Results 551 - 600 of 698
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Katsouyanni K - - 1991
A case-control study concerning the association between diet and peripheral arterial occlusive disease was conducted in Athens, Greece. The case series consisted of 100 patients with this disease, whereas controls were 100 patients with conditions requiring minor surgical care who were admitted to the same teaching hospital. Diet was ascertained ...
Perloff B P - - 1990
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Nutrient Data Base for Nationwide Dietary Intake Surveys is specifically organized and maintained to analyze data from nationwide dietary surveys within the federal government's National Nutrition Monitoring System. These surveys include the Nationwide Food Consumption Survey and the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by ...
Dowling S - - 1990
The efficacy of a dietetic service was evaluated in an AIDS clinic; 17 asymptomatic (CDC II) and 17 symptomatic (CDC IV) patients participated in a 12 week evaluation of out-patient dietetic advice. The symptomatic group, classified as CDC stage IV according to the Centre for Disease Control classification, were significantly ...
Sanjur D - - 1990
Over a 2-year period, dietary and socioeconomic data were collected from 793 food records of 90 toddlers, aged 1 to 2 years, who were predominantly U.S. Hispanics living in low-income households in Denver, CO. This study was part of a larger investigation designed to assess the efficacy of vitamin and ...
Dennison D - - 1989
In 1986, a collaborative effort among professional associations resulted in the publication of Worksite Nutrition: A Decision Maker's Guide (The American Diabetic Association, 1986). The booklet describes nutrient analysis methodology as a good "promotional gimmick". The development of DINE was an effort to move nutrient analysis from the gimmick level ...
Wharton B A - - 1989
It is clearly necessary to set upper limits for a nutrient in a formula where the nutrient can have a direct toxic effect (e.g., vitamin A) or can lead to a reduced margin of safety (e.g., high dietary renal solute load during gastroenteritis). In addition, there are plausible arguments for ...
Perloff B P - - 1989
A reliable dietary analysis system is a requirement for accurate nutritional analysis of dietary data. Information provided in this paper can be used to assist with the development of new systems or with evaluation of existing systems. Development of a dietary analysis system for research usually beings with a food ...
Gherardi S G - - 1989
The effects of post-rumen supply of nutrients on the rumen digesta load and voluntary consumption of roughage by Border Leicester X Merino ram lambs was investigated. A chopped wheaten hay was offered to the ram lambs (n 24), whose nutrient intake was altered by infusing into the abomasum a liquid ...
Hailemariam B - - 1989
For the purpose of computing changes in food cost over time as well as the planning of proper nutrition education and dietary counselling, the cost of important Ethiopian foods was collected in Addis Ababa markets for three and one-half years and computed for the amount of energy and protein yield ...
Feskanich D - - 1989
A computer system has been developed which facilitates standardized and in-depth collection and analysis of dietary intake information required for nutritional research. The system uses a hierarchically arranged database of food descriptions. A user identifies a consumed food by traversing a hierarchy and reaching a leaf node food item via ...
Lenhart N M - - 1989
A dietary assessment of food pantry and soup kitchen users was conducted. A demographic and socioeconomic profile of participants was developed. One hundred ninety-one persons completed 30- to 40-minute interviews while in line to receive food assistance. Dietary status was determined from 24-hour recall data. Intakes of calcium, iron, thiamin, ...
Yontchev E - - 1989
In ninety-six patients with oro-facial and general complaints, which the patients assumed were caused by galvanic currents and/or metallic restorations, the recording and analysis of dietary pattern, energy and nutrient intake were performed. The records, in household measures, of the intake of food and beverages during 7 consecutive days according ...
Wenkam N S - - 1989
Validity of food intake values, self-estimated by subjects and weighed by researchers, was evaluated during the assessment of a new military ration. As an addition to food intake measured by the two methods, a third set of intake values was generated by combining food intakes from the self-estimated and weighted ...
Guthrie H A - - 1989
Although this discussion has focused on the interpretation of dietary data, assuming that it is representative of actual and usual intake and that the nutrient analysis based on it involved the use of up-to-date food composition tables, the readers should be sensitive to other potential sources of error or bias ...
Borrud L G - - 1989
Dietary intake was assessed among 431 black, white, and Mexican American men and women in southeast Texas using 24-hour dietary recall interviews. These data were collected to provide information on ethnic-specific food sources of selected nutrients; this information was used to construct a food frequency questionnaire for a study of ...
Fekete S - - 1989
The rabbit is one of the most common laboratory animals. Consequently, there is an enormous number of publications concerning its physiology. The present review is restricted to a special field and deals with the new findings of the rabbit's digestive physiology. For the sake of better intelligibility the most important ...
Yeung D L - - 1989
The contribution of the various food groups to the nutrient intakes of a group of independently-living elderly individuals in Toronto is described. The pattern of meal and food intakes generally provided enough of the nutrients, excepting calcium, to meet the Recommended Nutrient Intakes for Canadians. Mean energy intake was low. ...
Cade J E - - 1988
Diet records from 2402 middle-aged men and women in three English towns have been used to derive food lists which indicate the percentage contribution each food, or group of foods, makes to the intake of specific nutrients. Comparison of these food lists with those based on the American diet show ...
Schakel S F - - 1988
A nutrient database that contains current, reliable data is a prerequisite for accurate calculation of dietary intakes. Most nutrient databases are expanded from data supplied by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and may include additional foods or nutrients or data from more recent analyses, food manufacturers, or foreign food tables. ...
Feskanich D - - 1988
The Dietary Data Collection (DDC) microcomputer system is currently being developed as a tool for the standardized and detailed collection of dietary intake data for human nutrition research studies. The system operates interactively, soliciting all necessary information on menu selection screens to ensure user entry of complete food descriptions and ...
Subar A F - - 1988
A volunteer group of 162 women aged 25 to 49 years was recruited from three suburban supermarkets in central New York state. The women completed 3-day food records, which were analyzed for total nutrient intake and contribution of eight nutrients from three sources: (a) nutrients naturally present in food, (b) ...
Oenning L L - - 1988
Three different methods of estimating calcium and phosphorus content were compared with the chemical analysis of 20 daily diets taken from general hospital and cafeteria menus, individual food records, and menus designed for research. Comparisons of chemical analyses with estimated values showed an insignificant trend toward underestimation of calcium content; ...
Barnes K E - - 1988
Nutrient intake was assessed for 15 long-stay elderly patients by 7-d weighed inventory. Analysis revealed neither significant day-to-day nor weekday/weekend variations for any studied nutrient except fibre. It would appear that acceptable indications of customary intake in this population can be achieved by measurement over a shorter period than 7 ...
Hollman P C - - 1988
Chemical analyses of nutrient values in foods form the basis of much of the science and practice of nutrition and dietetics, but little is known about the accuracy and precision of common macronutrient analyses. Therefore, an interlaboratory study was set up. One batch each of egg powder, full-fat milk powder, ...
Thompson S N - - 1988
An improved alginate formulation containing Spirulina algae or freeze-dried lettuce is described for experimental maintenance of Biomphalaria glabrata. Snail growth, food consumption and assimilation were higher on the gel containing Spirulina. The increased growth was not entirely the result of the higher food consumption observed with Spirulina, but appeared to ...
Katsouyanni K - - 1988
A case-control study of the role of diet in the cause of breast cancer was conducted in Athens, Greece. The case series consisted of 120 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed breast cancer admitted to either of two teaching hospitals over a 12-month period. The controls were 120 patients admitted to ...
Riboli E - - 1988
Diet, tobacco and alcohol consumption, and occupational histories have been investigated in stratified random samples of the adult population in 6 areas in France (departement of Calvados), Italy (province of Varese and city of Torino), Spain (provinces of Navarra and Zaragoza) and Switzerland (canton of Geneva), to be used as ...
Sud S - - 1988
1. The glycaemic response of healthy males to potato, bread, rice and green gram (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) was compared with that to meals equivalent to these foods in terms of carbohydrate, protein, fat and fibre content, but made up of maize flour, casein, maize oil and ispaghula husk. 2. Natural ...
Wurtman R J - - 1987
This review examines the changes in brain composition and in various brain functions, including behavior, that can follow the ingestion of particular foods or nutrients. It details those that are best understood: the increases in serotonin, catecholamine, or acetylcholine synthesis that can occur subsequent to food-induced increases in brain levels ...
Vailas L I - - 1987
Documentation of nutrition counseling effectiveness is essential to reinforce its value in an era of escalating health care costs. Counseling effectiveness can be determined definitively only if dietary assessment is made both before and after intervention. Unfortunately, methods currently available have drawbacks that limit feasibility of routine use. A directly ...
Greger J L - - 1987
Food, supplements, and fortified foods can all be appropriate sources of nutrients. It is the responsibility of nutrition educators to help consumers use those nutrient sources appropriately. Consumers should consider at least six factors when they select foods, supplements, and fortified foods: flavor, convenience, cost, nutrient content, toxic factors, and ...
Basiotis P P - - 1987
The number of days of food intake data needed to estimate the intake of 29 male (n = 13) and female (n = 16) adult subjects, individually and as a group, was determined for food energy and 18 nutrients. The food intake records were collected in a year-long study conducted ...
Levine J A - - 1987
Dietary intake was assessed in 50 patients in hospital by using a dietary history method and computer based system for data collection and standard food tables to calculate the composition of nutrients. The results were compared with those from a weighed assessment that was calculated by using both food tables ...
Rivlin R S - - 1987
Nutrition has important potential for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Ensuring the adequacy of calcium intake is central to any program of osteoporosis control, but it must be considered in the context of the many factors, including other nutrients, diseases, and drugs, which influence calcium absorption, utilization, and excretion. ...
Endres J - - 1987
Sodium intake of infants varies widely with the type of food consumed. However, few reports are available describing the nutrients, including sodium values, of dietary intakes of infants receiving supplemental foods. The purpose of this study was to determine the sodium, energy, and nutrient values of diets for infants from ...
Young V R - - 1987
We have reviewed, in brief, various aspects of human protein and amino-acid metabolism with particular reference to the assessment of protein and amino acid needs. The current requirements for protein and amino acids in various groups of healthy people were then summarized. Emerging from this discussion was the view that ...
Garlick P J - - 1987
Rates of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production have been measured in healthy adults during 4 h of fasting followed by 4 h of hourly small meals. Both rates rose to new steady values during feeding, and the respiratory quotient (RQ) increased from 0.792 to 0.924. The RQ was consistent ...
Posner B E - - 1987
The food and nutrient intake of 53 homebound older persons (mean age = 82 years) who receive home medical care in metropolitan Boston was examined, using the 24-hour recall and food frequency methodologies. Demographic data were collected in personal interviews, and systematic analyses were conducted of subjects' medical records. Mean ...
Ries C P - - 1987
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of eating away from home (at commercial establishments) on nutrient adequacy by examining frequency of eating away from home, the nutritional value of foods eaten both away and at home, and the nutritional adequacy of the daily diets of individuals. ...
Mattes R D - - 1987
Sensory, particularly chemosensory, experiences play an important role in food intake as well as digestive and metabolic processes which influence nutrient utilization in humans. This review first presents evidence that the sensory properties of foods and the sensory capacities of individuals with marked, marginal or no apparent nutrient deficiencies influence ...
Iyengar G V - - 1987
Using 201 foods from the United States Food and Drug Administration's Total Diet Study (FDA TDS), a mixed diet composite (USDIET-I) was prepared to represent the intake of 25-30-year-old males in the United States. Proximate analyses, phytate determination, and assays for nutrient elements and selected toxic elements, as well as ...
Tuyns A J - - 1987
The role of nutrients and food factors in relation to esophageal cancer was observed in a large case-control study in a region having a high incidence of the disease. Several factors that increased or decreased the risk were identified. After adjusting for other covariates, we found that animal proteins and ...
Sri Kantha S - - 1987
In recent years, the results of research studies have suggested a positive beneficial relationship between a vegetarian-based diet and low incidence of diseases, including coronary heart disease, cancer, obesity, dental caries, and osteoporosis. beta-Carotene has specifically been suggested as a nutrient with antitumorigenic properties. In this regard there is a ...
Salmon R E - - 1986
One thousand eight hundred Small White turkeys were fed diets of 3 nutrient densities, representing approximately 0, 30 and 90 g added fat/kg of diet, or a fourth treatment which provided increasing nutrient densities from 6 weeks of age to slaughter at 12, 13 and 14 weeks. Within each nutrient ...
Kenney M A - - 1986
Sources of nutrients were determined in diets of teenaged girls, a group generally thought to be at nutritional risk. This study of Southern adolescent girls of two races examines intakes of energy, energy-yielding nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and other components of various food groups. Effects of race, age, place of residence, ...
Newberne P M - - 1986
Food additives continue to be a source of benefits to the consuming public but there are also perceived risks. Concern for the latter in the last decade has produced a society afflicted with cancer phobia. The intentional additives including sugars, salt, corn syrup, and dextrose make up 90% of the ...
Marr J W - - 1986
The variation from day to day, between individuals and within individuals, in the consumption of energy and a variety of nutrients is presented for two groups of executive grade civil servants aged 40-49, numbering 83 and 68 and working in London in 1970-1971, and for 98 drivers and 83 conductors ...
Murphy S P - - 1986
Nutrient intakes of 1,066 young women 18 to 24 years of age were estimated using a shortened nutrient data base (the University of California, Berkeley Minilist) containing 235 food items. The dietary data consisted of 24-hour recalls collected during the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). A ...
Block G - - 1986
A self-administered diet history questionnaire has been developed for epidemiologic and clinical use. Both the food list and the nutrient values to be associated with it were developed using dietary data from 11,658 adult respondents to the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). Food items were selected ...
Haile R W - - 1986
Three methods were developed to identify a limited number of foods that are important dietary contributors of fat, dietary fiber, and vitamins A, C, and E. In the first method, foods were ranked by the amount of each nutrient supplied per person per day and the effect each food had ...
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