Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 996
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Hoyt Garrett - - 2005
In most carbohydrate-containing foods, the blood insulin response is predictable and is closely linked to the food's glycaemic index (GI). A single study, examining whole milk and fermented milk products made from whole milk, recently reported a large dissociation between the GI and insulinaemic index (II) in healthy normal adults. ...
Colahan-Sederstrom Paula M - - 2005
The ability of epicatechin (EC) to inhibit the thermal development of aroma compounds (i.e., Maillard reaction products) formed during ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) processing of bovine milk was evaluated. Volatile extracts were prepared for two UHT-processed milk samples made from (1) raw milk and (2) raw milk containing 0.1% EC by solvent-assisted ...
Morais Tania Beninga - - 2005
To evaluate the bacterial contamination and the nutrient content of home-prepared milk feeding bottles, 48 samples of their lacteal contents were collected; of these, 29 samples were cultured and 48 were analyzed to determine their macronutrients composition by chemical analyses. The medians (percentiles 25 and 75) of the counts (bacteria/ml) ...
Leng Gareth - - 2005
A baby sucks at a mother's breast for comfort and, of course, for milk. Milk is made in specialized cells of the mammary gland, and for a baby to feed, the milk must be released into a collecting chamber from where it can be extracted by sucking. Milk "let-down" is ...
D'Haese Eva - - 2005
At present there is no rapid microbiological method for the detection of viable Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in milk. By combining an extensive milk sample pretreatment with solid phase cytometry as the detection technique we were able to demonstrate viable mycobacterial cells in 50 ml of artificially contaminated pasteurized milk in less ...
Mauriello G - - 2005
AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of a packaging film coated with nisin to inhibit Micrococcus luteus ATCC 10240 in tryptone soya broth (TSB) and the microbiota of raw milk during storage. A further aim was to examine the release of nisin from the activated film. METHODS AND RESULTS: An active ...
Potineni R V - - 2005
Flavor loss in dairy products has been associated with enzymatic degradation by xanthine oxidase. This study was conducted to investigate the influence of milk thermal processing conditions (or xanthine oxidase inactivation) on benzaldehyde stability. Benzaldehyde was added to whole milk which had been thermally processed at 4 levels: (1) none ...
Weiss D - - 2005
The application of prestimulation results in enhanced milking performance compared with milking without prestimulation. In the present study oxytocin (OT) release and milking characteristics were investigated in 43 dairy cows after the application of various prestimulation routines by vibration stimulation lasting between 0 and 90 s. Additionally, different maximum pulsation ...
Constable Peter D - - 2005
Abomasal ulceration occurs commonly in suckling calves, and the cause for the high prevalence of abomasal ulceration is unknown. We hypothesized that diet may play a role in the etiopathogenesis of abomasal ulceration. Six male dairy calves with an abomasal body cannula suckled fresh Holstein cow's milk, all milk-protein milk ...
Rutherfurd S M - - 2005
Reactive lysine contents, true ileal reactive lysine digestibility, and true ileal digestible reactive lysine contents were determined in a wide range of processed milk products. A previously validated assay based on determining reactive lysine in both food and ileal digesta, after reaction of these materials with O-methylisourea, was applied. Semisynthetic ...
Vobecký Miloslav - - 2005
Effects of a high bromide intake in lactating rats on the performance of the dams and on the prosperity of their young were studied. In the dams, two marked consequences undoubtedly caused by high bromide intake were observed: stagnation in the extent of diet and water consumption in the course ...
Diarra Kouane - - 2005
Since the early 1950s, numerous reports have been published suggesting that peanut milk and peanut milk based products can be prepared in a wide variety of ways. Emphasis has shifted from preparing inexpensive milk like beverages, very nutritious but somewhat lacking consumers appeal, to using the peanut milk or peanut ...
Oliver S P - - 2005
Milk and products derived from milk of dairy cows can harbor a variety of microorganisms and can be important sources of foodborne pathogens. The presence of foodborne pathogens in milk is due to direct contact with contaminated sources in the dairy farm environment and to excretion from the udder of ...
Komorowski E S - - 2005
The attitudes of the UK milk processing industry to a nuclear incident which resulted in milk supplies being suspected of being contaminated, or actually being contaminated, with radioactivity is examined. The factors influencing these attitudes are discussed, together with their implications. In the event of a nuclear incident in which ...
Bhatti Meena - - 2004
The ability of Listeria monocytogenes to proliferate in milk and the antilisterial activities of nisin are well documented. Although milk fat was reported to reduce the antimicrobial activities of nisin, there is little information on the influence of milk fat on the antilisterial activities of nisin in refrigerated milk, and ...
Dzidic A - - 2004
Four different methods of teat preparation during milking in an automatic milking system were studied in 2 experiments on Red Holstein/German Fleckvieh cross-breed cows. Milking routines used were milking: 1) without premilking teat preparation; 2) with one cleaning cycle (58 to 60 s) with cold (13 to 15 degrees C) ...
Hattori Hiroyuki - - 2004
To evaluate the molybdenum (Mo) status in the Japanese population, the Mo content in various foods and human milk was determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and the average Mo intake was estimated. The difference in Mo content among food groups was marked; Mo levels in several plant ...
Knowles S O - - 2004
Staple meat and milk provide excellent nutrition, but when traditional foods and ingredients are tailored to meet the particular nutritional or lifestyle demands of a population they become even more attractive and valuable. These foods can be considered as delivery systems for health-promoting nutrients. Nutritional improvement of meat and milk ...
Pollott G E - - 2004
The Assaf breed of dairy sheep, a stabilized cross of the Awassi and East Friesian breeds, has replaced the Awassi as the breed of choice in its country of origin, Israel, and has spread to other Mediterranean countries. In Israel the Assaf breed is managed under an intensive production system ...
Riediker Sonja - - 2004
The stability of five major beta-lactam antibiotics (amoxicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, oxacillin, and penicillin G) in fortified milk and in milk extracts prepared for LC-ESIMS/MS analysis was studied at varying cold temperatures (4, -20, and -76 degrees C). Storage of milk samples at 4 degrees C resulted in measurable losses of ...
Dall Sasha R X - - 2004
Lactation is a ubiquitous feature of mammalian reproduction. Because lactating females can draw on their nutrient reserves for milk production, it offers mothers and their dependent young independence from fluctuations in their food supplies. However, converting food to reserves and milk is relatively inefficient at delivering nutrients to offspring. We ...
Michaud Sophie - - 2004
Independent risk factors for campylobacteriosis (eating raw, rare, or undercooked poultry; consuming raw milk or raw milk products; and eating chicken or turkey in a commercial establishment) account for <50% of cases in Quebec. Substantial regional and seasonal variations in campylobacteriosis were not correlated with campylobacter in chickens and suggested ...
Hefle Susan L - - 2004
Cows' milk is a commonly allergenic food. Cross-contamination of milk proteins into nondairy, kosher-pareve foods prepared on shared processing equipment can cause severe, life-threatening reactions in milk-allergic individuals. A sandwich-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA; 96-well plate format) was developed for the detection of undeclared casein in foods. Rabbit anti-casein antibodies ...
Girelli M E - - 2004
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the relationships between urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and the intake of milk and other foods, in a group of school children of the Veneto region, in North East Italy. A questionnaire, concerning the daily intake of milk, yoghurt, cheese and other ...
Sanggaard K M - - 2004
Longitudinal studies indicate that milk and fermented milk products lower basal plasma cholesterol concentrations, despite their high content of saturated fat, and therefore have favourable health effects. However, there have been few studies on the postprandial effects of milk products. The present study compared the effect of whole milk with ...
Strotmeyer Elsa S - - 2004
Infant milk and food introduction may be linked to type 1 diabetes risk in high incidence populations. Dietary data through age 12 months was collected for 247 type 1 diabetic cases and 443 controls in China, a low incidence population, to determine if milk and solid food intake differed. Age ...
Svensson K - - 2004
AIM: The aim of the study was to try to induce anti-secretory factor (AF) in human milk and possibly prevent mastitis. METHODS: Forty mothers who had normal deliveries and healthy full-term infants were randomly divided into two groups, 3-7 days postpartum. The experimental group received a food inducing AF. The ...
Hu Rongliang - - 2004
Lumbrokinase is an important fibrinolytic enzyme derived from earthworm. Although its cDNA has been isolated and sequenced, there is still no report on expression of the lumbrokinase due to unknown reasons. To determine the elements affecting the expression of lumbrokinase, two copies of a lumbrokinase cDNA(w) obtained by RT-PCR and ...
O'Reilly Ciara E - - 2004
Over the 13-month period from October 2000 to November 2001 (inclusive), the Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) carried out surveillance of Irish bulk raw (n = 389) and commercially pasteurized (n = 357) liquid-milk supplies to determine the incidence of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. The pasteurization time-temperature conditions were recorded for ...
Ayadi Moez - - 2004
Effects of six different milking intervals on the distribution of milk between cistern and alveoli were studied in a randomized, incomplete Latin Square experiment with four lactating Holstein cows. Cisternal and alveolar milk was measured by udder quarter at 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24-h intervals with a 3-d ...
Franić Z - - 2004
Results of systematic measurements of 90Sr activity concentrations in milk for the period 1961-2001 are summarized. An exponential decline of radioactivity followed the moratorium on atmospheric nuclear testing. The highest activity of 90Sr deposited by fallout, 1,060 Bq m(-2), was recorded in 1963, while the peak 90Sr activity concentration in ...
García-Peláez B - - 2004
Estrone is a powerful growth-inducing hormone that is present in milk, mainly in the form of fatty acid esters, at concentrations that promote growth in experimental animals. We present here a method useful for the measurement of this natural hormone in foods and applied it to several common dairy products. ...
Oskarsson Agneta - - 2004
A simple and rapid milking technique for mice is described by which multiple milk samples can be collected from anaesthetised dams after 1h separation from the litter. Three samples of milk were collected from each dam by aspiration via a flexible tubing fitted to the nipple and approximately 0.3-0.5 ml ...
Kopecky Kenneth J - - 2004
Residents of eastern Washington, northeastern Oregon, and western Idaho were exposed to I released into the atmosphere from operations at the Hanford Nuclear Site from 1944 through 1972, especially in the late 1940's and early 1950's. This paper describes the estimated doses to the thyroid glands of the 3,440 evaluable ...
Ortega Rosa M - - 2004
Thiamin deficiency remains an important public health problem in some populations. The aim of the present investigation was to study thiamin status during the third trimester of pregnancy and its influence on the concentration of this vitamin in transition (days 13-14 of lactation) and mature breast milk (day 40 of ...
Trucksess Mary W - - 2004
Peanuts contain proteins that can cause severe allergic reactions in some sensitized individuals. Studies were conducted to determine the percentage of recovery by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method in the analysis for peanuts in energy bars and milk chocolate and to determine the sampling, subsampling, and analytical variances associated ...
Esiyok Dursun - - 2004
Medical benefits of herbs have been known for centuries. Many examples contain powerful active components that, if used correctly, can help in healing the living organism. These herbs can also be provided in the form of capsules and powders, as dietary supplements, and thus differ from conventional foods or food ...
Vetrugno Vito - - 2004
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) belongs to Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) or Prion diseases. BSE is a feed borne infection of cattle. Epidemiological and laboratory data suggest that the BSE infectious agent is responsible for the variant form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) and that the oral route is the most plausible ...
Chi D - - 2004
The authors examined the association of milk and milk products consumption (MMPC) with serum lipid profiles including total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerols (TG), HDL cholesterol (HDLC), LDL cholesterol (LDLC), and TC/HDLC ratio in a community-based sample. The study population comprised 461 men and 834 women aged 40-79 years who, in 2001, ...
Soejima T - - 2004
Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin that may be contained at low concentrations in milk and dairy products can cause food poisoning. To detect this enterotoxin at low concentrations, samples should be concentrated. We evaluated the performance of centrifugal ultrafiltration method (UF) in comparison with trichloroacetic acid precipitation method (TCA) for the concentration ...
Thomas Chirathalattu S - - 2004
The internal arrangement of the mammary gland cavity system, cisternal and alveolar milk fractions and the characteristics of milk ejection were investigated in buffaloes. Twenty-four Murrah buffaloes in three different stages of lactation and of two age groups were used. Continuous ultrasound cross-sections during milk ejection induced by exogenous oxytocin ...
Kinoshita J - - 2004
A comprehensive econometric model was developed to evaluate potential impacts of recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) approval in Japan. Three novel features of the analyses include 1) investigation of impact of rbST on herd-size structure, 2) determination of economic feasibilities of rbST adoption by herd size, and 3) evaluation of policies ...
Elwood P C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that milk drinking increases the risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and ischaemic stroke in a prospective study. DESIGN: In the Caerphilly Cohort Study dietary data, including milk consumption, were collected by a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire in 1979-1983. The cohort has been followed for ...
Salama A A K - - 2004
Fourteen Murciano-Granadina dairy goats were used to evaluate udder compartments (cisternal and alveolar) and cisternal recoil after an oxytocin (OT) challenge at different milking intervals (8, 16, and 24 h) during wk 7 of lactation. Goats were milked once (1x; n = 7) or twice (2x; n = 7) daily ...
Sanchez Javier - - 2004
The present study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between milk optical density ratios (ODRs) from an indirect Ostertagia ostertagi ELISA, total milk IgG levels and milk production and then establish a correction factor to adjust ODR. Five hundred and sixty composite milk samples collected from 358 cows on ...
Pessler Frank - - 2004
Goat's milk has been used as a substitute for cow's milk in cow's milk-allergic individuals. It is currently advocated for this purpose in writings and internet resources directed at the lay person, and infant formula based on goat's milk is available in many countries. Clinically significant cross-allergenicity between cow's and ...
Ward Robert E - - 2004
The challenges to food research are to propel foods beyond the successes of safety, convenience, and inclusion of all the essential nutrients, and to build the knowledge of genetics, metabolism, and biomolecules necessary for developing foods that deliver optimal health to each individual. How then can scientific and biological principles ...
Biddle M K - - 2004
This study was executed to determine the effects of storage and thawing on the viability of Mycoplasma spp. in milk from cows with intramammary infections. The trial was designed using a control sample and seven handling regimens subjected to two methods of thawing. There was a significant treatment effect on ...
Ongör H - - 2004
The present study was carried out to investigate the presence of Chlamydophila abortus, the causative agent of ovine enzootic abortion, in milk samples collected from sheep flocks with and without the history of abortion in Eastern Turkey by means of immunomagnetic separation (IMS) in conjunction with the polymerase chain reaction ...
Taylor Steve - - 2004
Bovine milk-derived lactoferrin (BMDL), an iron-binding glycoprotein, is known to be an effective natural antimicrobial. It is used as a spray, applied electrostatically, to raw beef carcasses to detach bacteria adhering to the surface in order to reduce microbial contamination. The use of BMDL as a component (at not more ...
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