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Results 251 - 300 of 996
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Othmane M Houcine - - 2006
Simplified designs of milk-composition recording, based on information from a single monthly milking, adjusted or not for interval between milkings and for milk yield, were simulated and evaluated for 2553 ewe-test-day records belonging to 155 lactations of Churra dairy ewes. Accuracy of simplified methods was evaluated by comparing estimated trait ...
El-Saied Usama M - - 2006
A data file on 36,396 lactations was used to determine the strength of the phenotypic relationship between productive, reproductive and lifespan traits for 7935 Spanish Churra ewes. These ewes first lambed between 1989 and 1997 and belonged to 23 flocks. The study took into account four lifespan traits (lifetime, productive ...
Pinotti L - - 2006
We studied leptin content in bovine colostrum, milk and plasma during the first month of lactation, and investigated relationships between selected milk components and milk leptin in five multiparous dairy cows. Colostrum/milk yield and composition were measured on days 0, 10, 20, and 30 of lactation. Leptin was assayed using ...
Maga E A - - 2006
The potential for applying biotechnology to benefit animal agriculture and food production has long been speculated. The addition of human milk components with intrinsic antimicrobial activity and positive charge to livestock milk by genetic engineering has the potential to benefit animal health, as well as food safety and production. We ...
Walker Glenn - - 2006
Casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate nano-complexes (CPP-ACP) in chewing gum, lozenges and mouthrinses have been shown to re-mineralize enamel subsurface lesions in human in situ experiments. The aim of this double-blind, randomized clinical study was to investigate the capacity of CPP-ACP added to bovine milk to re-mineralize enamel subsurface lesions ...
Kaskous Shehadeh H - - 2006
Oxytocin (OT) release and lactation performance in primiparous Syrian Shami cows were evaluated in response to two different machine milking regimes. Six cows were milked in the presence of the calves (PC) and subsequently suckled, whereas six cows were exclusively machine milked without the presence of their calves (WC) until ...
Gonzalo C - - 2006
A total of 9,353 records for bulk tank total bacterial count (TBC) were obtained over 1 yr from 315 dairy ewe flocks belonging to the Sheep Improvement Consortium (CPO) in Castilla-León (Spain). Analysis of variance showed significant effects of flock, breed, month within flock, dry therapy, milking type and installation, ...
Schwambach Stacy L - - 2006
The influence of epicatechin (EC) on off-flavor development in low-heat skim milk powder samples during processing and storage was investigated. Milk powder samples were prepared from a concentrated skim milk (control) plus a concentrated skim milk with EC (treatment). Volatile extracts of the powders were analyzed by aroma extract dilution ...
M.A. Blanco
With the objective of studying milk production in Mexican ewes (Suffolk X Hamsphire X Rambouillet), in an intensive production unit, 20 ewes were selected at random, 12 h after lambing the new born was withdrawn and thereafter ewes were hand milked twice a day at 6:00 am and at 6:00 ...
Hoppe Camilla - - 2006
The strongest evidence that cow's milk stimulates linear growth comes from observational and intervention studies in developing countries that show considerable effects. Additionally, many observational studies from well-nourished populations also show an association between milk intake and growth. These results suggest that milk has a growth-stimulating effect even in situations ...
Jensen M B - - 2006
Calves fed by computer-controlled milk feeders are often weaned gradually by reducing the size of the milk portions. However, reducing the number of milk portions instead may lower calves' occupation of the milk feeder and stimulate their concentrate intake, especially when they are offered a high milk allowance. Before weaning, ...
Seno L O - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to estimate the index and individual responses to selection for milk (MY), fat (FY) and protein (PY) yields for different breeding goals for two commercial buffalo milk production systems in São Paulo State characterized by: 1) all milk produced is sold to the ...
Rechtman David J - - 2006
As a result of concerns over the transmission of infectious diseases by donor milk, as well as the possible loss of nutritional value of donor milk through exposure to a variety of environmental conditions, the practice in the United States has been to discard unpasteurized donor milk that has thawed ...
Maga Elizabeth A - - 2006
The addition of human milk components with intrinsic antimicrobial activity to livestock milk by genetic engineering has the potential to benefit milk safety and production as well as the health of the lactating animal. As a model for the dairy cow, we generated transgenic goats that expressed human lysozyme in ...
Negrão João Alberto - - 2006
This study evaluated the effect of exclusive machine milking on oxytocin (OT) and cortisol (CORT) release, and on milk yield and residual milk in Gir (group Gir), Holstein (group Hol) and crossbred animals (group GirHol). Six animals from each group were submitted to experimental milkings. As expected, milk yield was ...
Silva A S - - 2006
Clinical and experimental studies have shown that the use of phytosterol esters as a food ingredient reduces the plasma concentrations of cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, not affecting the HDL cholesterol levels. Based on the use of phytosterols as a food ingredient, we have conducted a 30-day feeding study with Wistar ...
Adebamowo Clement A - - 2006
There has been a remarkable paucity of evidence for an association between diet and acne. Our previous studies suggest that there is an association between milk intake and teenage acne. This is a prospective cohort study to evaluate that relationship. We studied 6,094 girls, aged 9-15 years in 1996, who ...
Tiger Jeffrey H - - 2006
The present study replicates and extends previous research on the treatment of food selectivity by implementing pairing and fading procedures to increase a child's milk consumption during regularly scheduled preschool meals. The treatment involved mixing a small amount of chocolate syrup into a glass of milk and gradually eliminating the ...
Clare D A - - 2005
Shelf-stable milk could benefit from sensory quality improvement. Current methods of heating cause flavor and nutrient degradation through exposure to overheated thermal exchange surfaces. Rapid heating with microwaves followed by sudden cooling could reduce or eliminate this problem. The objectives for this study were focused on designing and implementing continuous ...
O'Connell Rebecca - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a New Zealand cluster of thyrotoxicosis with low uptake on scintiscan was associated with soy milk consumption. METHOD: A case-control study was conducted, with controls matched by age, sex, and region. RESULTS: All cases (5/5) and one control (1/30) consumed soy milk before the index date. ...
Wüthrich Brunello - - 2005
There is a belief among some members of the public that the consumption of milk and dairy products increases the production of mucus in the respiratory system. Therefore, some who believe in this effect renounce drinking milk. According to Australian studies, subjects perceived some parameters of mucus production to change ...
Zanton G I - - 2005
Decreased mammary development has been observed as prepubertal average daily gain (ADG) is increased; however, responses in first-lactation milk production to alterations in prepubertal ADG have been inconsistent across several experiments. Due to the continuous nature of ADG, body weight at calving (BWC), milk production, and milk composition, designing an ...
Guan Rong-fa - - 2005
A FAST (fluorescence of advanced Maillard products and Soluble Tryptophan) method for identification of reconstituted milk made from skim milk powder in the fresh milk was developed. Considering milk and skim milk powders variations from different seasons and countries, milk was collected from different dairy farms in different seasons and ...
Mamikoglu Bulent - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to examine milk allergic patients to determine concomitant reactivity between milk, beef, pork and cat and dog dander and other common inhalant allergens. METHODS: 19 patients were selected according to their Immuno-CAP results, which had increased Ig-E levels against milk, pork or beef. ...
Skuterud L - - 2005
Sr-85 and (134)Cs in aqueous solution of the chlorides were administered daily to four pregnant reindeer during the last part of gestation. Radionuclide concentrations were determined in calves sacrificed at birth, and secretion of the nuclides was measured in milk. Although the gastrointestinal absorption of (85)Sr was low, an apparently ...
Guan Peng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The presence of dioxins in breast milk has gained much attention recently. However, in Japan the relationship between the consumption of different foods and the human breast milk dioxin concentrations is still unclear. METHODS: Breast milk was taken from 240 mothers residing in Tokyo, Japan to measure and analyze ...
Abeni F - - 2005
Thirty-eight Italian Friesian first-lactation cows were allocated to 2 groups to evaluate the effect of 1) an automatic milking system (AMS) vs. milking in a milking parlor (MP) on milk fat characteristics; and 2) milking interval (< or =480, 481 to 600, 601 to 720, and >720 min) on the ...
Ikeda Tetsuya - - 2005
A large-scale outbreak of food poisoning caused by consumption of skimmed milk powder contaminated with staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) occurred in Japan. No viable Staphylococcus aureus was detected in the skimmed milk powder, however, sea and nuc genes of S. aureus were detected in it by PCR. The number of ...
Matak K E - - 2005
Certain types of goat's cheeses are produced using unpasteurized milk, which increases the food safety concerns for these types of products. Popularity and consumption of goat's milk products have increased, and the niche market includes gourmet goat's cheeses. The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations and the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance both ...
Jørgensen Hannah J - - 2005
Mashed potato made with raw bovine milk was suspected to have been the source of a food poisoning outbreak. Almost 8 x 10(8)Staphylococcus aureus CFU g(-1) were detected in the mashed potato. S. aureus was also found in bulk milk from the farm that had supplied milk for the mashed ...
Chao How-Ran - - 2006
The present study determined the residues of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in human milk collected in central Taiwan between December 2000 and November 2001. The OCPs were analyzed by GC/MS for 36 human milk samples from healthy women ranging between 20 and 36 years of age. The predominant OCPs were p,p'-DDE, ...
Battacone G - - 2005
An experiment was carried out using dairy ewes to study the transfer of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) from feed to milk and from milk to cheese. The effects of AFB1 on liver function and hematological parameters were also investigated. Fifteen ewes were assigned to treatments in replicated 3 x 3 Latin ...
Phipps R H - - 2005
Data from 60 multiparous Holstein cows were used in a 12-wk continuous design feeding trial. Cows were allocated to 1 of 4 experimental treatments (T1 to T4). In T1 and T2, the total mixed ration (TMR) contained either corn silage from the genetically modified (GM) variety Chardon Liberty Link, which ...
Castillo Jorge L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Xylitol, a polyol sugar, has been shown to reduce dental caries when mixed with food or chewing gum. This study examines the taste acceptability of xylitol in milk as a first step toward measuring the effectiveness of xylitol in milk for the reduction of dental caries in a public ...
Sun Su-Ju - - 2005
Human milk specimens from 55 women in Shijiazhuang urban and Tangshan rural areas in Hebei Province in northern China were collected and analyzed for persistent organic pollutants, such as p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), beta-hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH), and dioxins. We administered a questionnaire to milk donors at collection time, asking about lifestyle ...
Rueckert Andreas - - 2006
Thermophilic bacilli, such as Anoxybacillus, Geobacillus and Bacillus, are common contaminants growing within the processing lines of milk powder producing factories. These contaminants are used as indicator organisms for plant hygiene and specification limits based on their numbers have been implemented to ensure milk powder quality. In this study, we ...
Zhang Yaodong - - 2005
A highly sensitive and rapid biosensor test based on disposable screen-printed thick-film electrodes was developed, which is suitable for monitoring organophosphate and carbamate residues in foods of animal origin with increased fat contents such as milk. The wild-type enzyme was combined with three engineered variants of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis acetylcholinesterase (NbAChE), ...
Ombui J N - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of enterotoxigenic Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) and enterotoxins in milk and milk products. DESIGN: A random sampling of milk products was carried out. SETTING: Market milk and milk products were collected from retail shops in Nairobi and analysed for contamination with enterotoxigenic B. cereus and ...
Nielsen H M - - 2005
The objective was to present 2 methods for the derivation of nonmarket values for functional traits in dairy cattle using deterministic simulation and selection index theory. A nonmarket value can be a value representing animal welfare and societal influences for animal production, which can be added to market economic values ...
Tian X Cindy - - 2005
The technology is now available for commercial cloning of farm animals for food production, but is the food safe for consumers? Here, we provide data on >100 parameters that compare the composition of meat and milk from beef and dairy cattle derived from cloning to those of genetic- and breed-matched ...
Bruckmaier R M - - 2005
More than 80% of the milk stored in the udder, i.e. the alveolar fraction, only available after milk ejection is induced by the release of oxytocin and myoepithelial contraction. Milk ejection is induced by tactile teat stimulation, either manually or by the milking machine. The time from the start of ...
Kuipers Remko S - - 2005
Current recommendations for arachidonic (AA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids in infant formulae are based on milk of Western mothers. Validity may be questioned in view of the profound dietary changes in the past 100 years, as opposed to our slowly adapting genome. Hominin evolution occurred in the proximity of East-African ...
Kirk Andrea B - - 2005
Perchlorate inhibits iodide uptake and may impair thyroid and neurodevelopment in infants. Recently, we unambiguously identified the presence of perchlorate in all seven brands of dairy milk randomly purchased from grocery stores in Lubbock, TX. How widespread is perchlorate in milk? Perchlorate in 47 dairy milk samples from 11 states ...
Gao Anli - - 2005
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of Johne's disease in cattle and it has been suggested that this organism may be associated with Crohn's disease in humans. Cows at the advanced stage of the disease shed this organism into both their milk and feces. The objective of ...
McDonald Wendy L - - 2005
The effectiveness of pasteurization and the concentration of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in raw milk have been identified in quantitative risk analysis as the most critical factors influencing the potential presence of viable Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in dairy products. A quantitative assessment of the lethality of pasteurization was undertaken using an ...
Zwald N R - - 2005
The potential of using electronically recorded data from on-farm milking parlor and herd management software programs for genetic evaluation of dairy sires for milking duration of their daughters was assessed in the present study. Single measurements of milking duration were collected weekly from 29 herds between June 1, 2003 and ...
Cheng I-Chi - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the effect of fermented soy milk on human ecosystem in the intestinal tract by way of examining the population of different microorganisms isolated from fecal samples. METHODS: A crossover experimental design was applied. Twenty-eight healthy adults completed this experiment. Each subject consumed 250 mL, twice a day ...
Hosoi Satoko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bodyweight gain of formula-fed babies is usually higher than that of breast-fed ones. The energy content of human milk is usually quantified not by direct measurement but by calculation based on The Standard Tables of Food Composition in Japan. For this study, the energy of human milk was quantified ...
Hanway W H - - 2005
Milk antibiotic residues have been a public concern in recent years. The Grade A Pasteurized Milk Ordinance mandates that raw Grade A milk will test negative for beta-lactam antibiotic residues before processing. The purpose of this research was to investigate the ability of various levels of peroxide and heat to ...
Adebamowo Clement A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest possible associations between Western diet and acne. We examined data from the Nurses Health Study II to retrospectively evaluate whether intakes of dairy foods during high school were associated with physician-diagnosed severe teenage acne. METHODS: We studied 47,355 women who completed questionnaires on high school diet ...
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