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Hoppe Camilla - - 2008
Fortified blended foods (FBF), especially corn soy blend, are used as food aid for millions of people worldwide, especially malnourished individuals and vulnerable groups. There are only a few studies evaluating the effect of FBF on health outcomes, and the potential negative effect of antinutrients has not been examined. Different ...
Langer Peter - - 2008
This investigation presents a comparative data set that characterizes the maternal investment period of eutherian mammals, which starts at conception and ends when the offspring becomes nutritionally independent. I discuss the possible subdivision of the maternal investment period into three phases. Special consideration is given to lactation that can be ...
MacLellan Debbie - - 2008
PURPOSE: Prince Edward Island adolescents' food use was examined, as were possible associations between food use and grade, sex, and academic performance. METHODS: Participants (n=325) were purposively selected from four junior high schools. Dietary data were collected using an adaptation of the 2003 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Demographic information and ...
Anthoni Sari - - 2008
To study the association of milk-IgE antibodies in serum to milk-related gastrointestinal symptoms in adults in primary care. Open clinical study. Five outpatient clinics in primary care in Southern Finland. A total of 756 subjects who reported milk-related gastrointestinal symptoms in primary care and as controls 101 subjects with no ...
Dohán Orsolya - - 2007
The Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) is a key plasma membrane protein that mediates active I(-) uptake in the thyroid, lactating breast, and other tissues with an electrogenic stoichiometry of 2 Na(+) per I(-). In the thyroid, NIS-mediated I(-) uptake is the first step in the biosynthesis of the iodine-containing thyroid hormones, ...
Chan Kevin - - 2007
The randomized controlled trial is the "gold standard" for evaluating the benefits and harms of interventions. The Chocolate Happiness Undergoing More Pleasantness (CHUMP) study was designed to compare the effects of dark chocolate, milk chocolate and normal chocolate consumption on happiness. Although the intention-to-treat analysis showed that participants who received ...
Lamothe S - - 2007
Peptides derived from milk beta-casein have potential biological activities, such as antihypertensive and immunostimulating properties. These biological properties increase the demand for the production of specific bioactive peptides. beta-Casein can be isolated directly from renneted skim milk, based on the preferential solubilization of beta-casein at low temperature. This study was ...
Courant F - - 2007
The occurrence of the main steroid hormones (oestrone, 17alpha-oestradiol, 17beta-oestradiol, 17alpha-testosterone, 17beta-testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, 4-androstenedione), especially in milk and eggs, was investigated. An analytical method based on GC-MS/MS was developed for steroid measurement at an ultra-trace level in food products. The limits of detection for oestrogens were about 5 and 30 ...
Rodolakis A - - 2007
The shedding of Coxiella burnetii in bovine, caprine, and ovine milk was measured using PCR, in 3 herds for each species, the bulk tank milk samples of which were positive at the time of their selection. Milk samples of 95 cows, 120 goats, and 90 ewes were sampled over 16 ...
St-Onge Marie-Pierre - - 2007
Previous studies have linked overweight to lower milk and calcium consumption and have proposed a role of milk consumption on energy expenditure (EE). The goal of this study was to compare EE and food intake after a meal of either mixed-nutrient or single-nutrient beverage and examine whether supplementation with that ...
Shen Heqing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A significantly reduced male reproductive health status, including a higher prevalence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias, has been documented in Danish men compared with Finnish men. Exposure to environmental pollutants with endocrine disrupting activities has been suggested as a possible contributing factor. In this study, we investigated whether there was ...
Karaçam Zekiye - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged 0-4 months. BACKGROUND: Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF recommend feeding babies of 0-6 months exclusively with breast milk and starting complementary foods after the sixth month. In Turkey, ...
Svennersten-Sjaunja K M - - 2008
During the last several decades, new milking management systems have been introduced, of which development of automatic milking (AM) systems is a significant step forward. In Europe, AM has become an established management system and has shown to be much more than milking management. Factors such as milking, milk quality, ...
Kent Jacqueline C - - 2007
Human milk is a complex secretion that is the sole ideal food for babies for at least the first 6 months of life. The amount and composition of the milk is largely independent of the mother's diet. The composition of the milk changes during lactogenesis II, and these changes can ...
Chen W Y - - 2007
Both endogenous and exogenous proteinases occur in milk, and they can have beneficial or detrimental effects on dairy production. Because the lactation length of dairy goats is shorter and the somatic cell count (SCC) of goat milk is generally greater compared with dairy cows, the objectives of the present study ...
Morrissey A D - - 2007
It is necessary to identify traits that are simple to measure and correlated with milk yield to select ewes for dairying from existing populations of sheep in Australia. We studied 217 primiparous and 113 multiparous (second parity, n = 51; third parity, n = 40; and fourth parity, n = ...
Li Xiaonan - - 2007
During infancy, the basic conditions for digestion of dietary fat differ from later in life. The bile salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL) is an enzyme expressed in the exocrine pancreas and in some species (including human) also in the lactating mammary gland and secreted with the milk. The aim of this study ...
Jago Jenny G - - 2007
In extensive pastoral dairy farming systems herds graze 12 months of the year with the majority fed a near-100% pasture or conserved pasture diet. The viability of automatic milking in these systems will depend partly upon the amount of supplementary feed necessary to encourage cows to walk from the pasture ...
Agabriel C - - 2007
The aim of this work was to study the variability in the composition of bulk milk mixtures of fat-soluble compounds (vitamins A and E, carotenoids, and terpenoids) and assess the links with milk production conditions. Milk from 10 collection trips in the French department of the Haute-Loire (10 to 36 ...
Vasiluk Luba - - 2008
Food ingestion is the major route of exposure to many hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) such as benzo[a]pyrene (BaP). It has been proposed that food-bound HOCs may become bioavailable after their mobilization by gastrointestinal fluids. The purpose of this research was to measure the uptake efficiency of [(14)C]-BaP bound to skim ...
Silanikove Nissim - - 2007
The aims of this study were to test the hypothesis that the substrates of xanthine oxidase (XO), xanthine and hypoxanthine, are consumed while the milk is stored in the gland between milkings, and to explore how XO activity responds to bacteria commonly associated with subclinical infections in the mammary gland. ...
Buchgraber Manuela - - 2007
A collaborative trial was conducted to validate an analytical approach comprising method procedures for determination of milk fat and the detection and quantification of cocoa butter equivalents (CBEs) in milk chocolate. The whole approach is based on (1) comprehensive databases covering the triacylglycerol composition of a wide range of authentic ...
Bruckmaier R M - - 2008
Milk ejection is important during milking or suckling to obtain the alveolar milk fraction, which can represent more than 80% of the milk stored in the udder of dairy cows. In response to tactile teat stimulation, either manually or by the milking machine, milk ejection is induced by the release ...
Wall E H - - 2008
In the past century, great strides have been made toward optimizing milk production efficiency of dairy cows. One of the key findings that has emerged is that the milk yield of dairy cows is responsive to demands of offspring or milk removal; hence, milk production can be increased by frequent ...
Olde Riekerink R G M - - 2007
The objectives of the study were to determine 1) how sampling time between milkings affects the sensitivity and specificity of somatic cell count (SCC) as an indicator for intramammary infection (IMI) status, and 2) which cells are responsible for the diurnal variation in SCC. Six Prince Edward Island, Canada, dairy ...
Thompson Victoria J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability and validity of scales measuring low-fat milk consumption self-efficacy and norms during school lunch among a cohort of 5th graders. DESIGN: Two hundred and seventy-five students completed lunch food records and a psychosocial questionnaire measuring self-efficacy and norms for school lunch low-fat milk consumption during ...
Shi Yali - - 2007
As a new emerging environmental contaminant, perchlorate has prompted people to pay more attention. The presence of perchlorate in the human body can result in improper regulation of metabolism for adults. Furthermore, it also causes developmental and behavioral problems for infants and children because it can interfere with iodide uptake ...
Qin Li-Qiang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Soy milk is a major soy food in China and Japan. Isoflavones in soy food are considered to protect women again breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of soy milk consumption on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary tumors in adult female rats was investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats were given 5 ...
Hoikkala Antti - - 2007
The isoflavonoids, equol, formononetin, daidzein, genistein, biochanin A, and O-demethylangolensin (O-DMA), were analyzed from commercial cartons of skimmed Finnish milk by HPLC-diode array detector (DAD)-FL. We found 411 +/- 65 ng/mL of equol and traces of formononetin and daidzein in organic skimmed milk whereas conventionally produced milk contained 62 +/- ...
Theodorou G - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of breed, stage of lactation, and health status of the udder on the plasmin-plasminogen system in ovine milk. A total of 38 ewes were used from 3 breeds [Boutsiko (n = 12), Chios (n = 12), and a synthetic breed ...
de Luis R - - 2007
Milk proteins are commonly used as ingredients in the food industry because of their functional properties, but they can cause severe reactions in milk-allergic individuals. In this work, two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) formats were developed to detect bovine beta-lactoglobulin. The indirect competitive ELISA involved the use of anti-beta-lactoglobulin antisera, ...
Caroprese M - - 2007
A 25-d trial was performed to assess the effects of machine and hand milking on behavior, and milk yield and composition of mares; the trial involved 8 Murgese mares. Milk yield was higher (7.69 vs. 4.91 kg) and milking time was shorter (1.80 vs. 5.40 min) in machine-milked than in ...
Choi J - - 2007
Rennet-induced gels were made from milk acidified to various pH values or milk at pH 6.0 that had added EDTA. The objective was to examine the effect of removing insoluble Ca (INS Ca) from casein micelles (CM) on rennet gelation properties. For the pH trial, diluted lactic acid was added ...
Donkor Es - - 2007
Summary Milk has an outstanding nutritional quality but is also an excellent medium for bacterial growth and an important source of bacterial infection when consumed without pasteurization. To estimate the bacterial health risk of milk consumption in Accra and Kumasi, the two major cities in Ghana. A total of 96 ...
Wapenaar Wendela - - 2007
This study evaluated the use of bulk milk as a diagnostic tool for estimation of herd-level Neospora caninum exposure in Atlantic Canada; it was used to estimate the prevalence of dairy farms with a within-herd N. caninum-seroprevalence > or = 15% in Prince Edward Island (PEI). The variation over time ...
Jozala Angela Faustino - - 2007
Nisin is a natural additive for conservation of food, pharmaceutical, and dental products and can be used as a therapeutic agent. Nisin inhibits the outgrowth of spores, the growth of a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. This study was performed to optimize large-scale nisin production in skimmed milk and ...
Partschefeld Claudia - - 2007
The influence of enzymatic crosslinking by microbial transglutaminase (mTG) on the stability of casein micelles of ultrahigh temperature (UHT)-treated milk in the presence of EDTA (0-0.45 mM) or ethanol (0-74 vol%) as well as under high hydrostatic pressures up to 400 MPa was investigated. Disintegration of micelles and changes in ...
Nichols Sylvain - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine in vitro effects of PBSS, milk, and bacteria-contaminated milk (BCM; contaminated by Streptococcus agalactiae) on properties of 3 synthetic absorbable suture materials. SAMPLE POPULATION: 3 types of synthetic absorbable suture materials (poliglecaprone 25, polyglycolic acid, and polydioxanone). PROCEDURES: Suture materials were tested to determine breaking strength and ...
Flint S - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to develop a rapid assay for enumerating thermophilic bacteria in milk powder. METHODS AND RESULTS: The BactiFlow flow cytometer was used to count bacteria based on esterase activity in viable bacterial cells. A protocol for total viable bacteria was modified by heat-treating the ...
Molkentin Joachim - - 2007
Increasing sales of organic milk mean intensified tests for authenticity are required. In addition to comprehensive documentation, analytical methods to identify organic milk, and thus to differentiate it from conventional milk, are needed for consumer protection. Because the composition of milk is fundamentally dependent on the feeding of the cows, ...
Ducoulombier-Crépineau Cécile - - 2007
Platinum (Pt) and Palladium (Pd) are massively used in catalytic converters, emitted with exhaust fumes and deposited on roadsides in particle sizes. If they are ingested by ruminants grazing in agricultural fields located along roads they may enter the food chain. The objective of this study is to assess the ...
Wu Nerissa - - 2007
This study was designed to determine the body burden of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) among first-time mothers in the Greater Boston, Massachusetts area and to explore key routes of exposure. We collected breast milk samples from 46 first-time mothers, 2-8 weeks after birth. We also sampled house dust from the ...
Mara L - - 2007
Skim milk (SM) is considered to be the most widely employed extender for goat sperm used for artificial insemination (AI). However, the fertilizing life span of sperm stored in milk or milk-based extenders does not exceed 12h. Besides some seminal plasma components, such as a protein fraction from the goat ...
Ferguson Robert E H RE - - 2007
The plastic surgeon often operates in the oral cavity. Little or no information exists regarding the effect of saliva and oral intake upon the tensile properties of suture. Polyglactin 910 (Vicryl) and chromic gut were studied. Five sutures of each type were subjected to saline, saliva, milk, or soy milk ...
Rastogi Gurdeep - - 2007
We evaluated and compared the utility of mitochondrial markers viz. 16S rDNA and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (ND4) and a nuclear marker viz. the actin gene to identify the specimens of animal origin for forensic identification, food regulatory control and to prevent illegal trading, poaching and conservation of endangered species. ...
Wall E H - - 2007
Frequent milking during early lactation of dairy cows increases milk production throughout lactation; however, whether this response is regulated systemically via lactogenic hormones, locally in the mammary gland, or both is unknown. We hypothesized that the effects of frequent milking on milk production during early lactation are regulated via local ...
Riek A - - 2007
The objective of the study was to estimate daily milk intake in llama crias and relate nutrient intakes at peak lactation to growth data. Milk intake in 11 suckling llamas was estimated from water kinetics using deuterium oxide (D2O) at d 17, 66, and 128 postpartum. Daily milk intakes averaged ...
Rovai M - - 2007
Incontinentia lactis is a possible predisposing factor for an elevated level of intramammary infection. The goal of the present study was to investigate possible causes of incontinentia lactis in dairy cows. Two farms that differed in breed composition, but that had similar average milk yields were studied: herd A, 28 ...
Zhang Yulan - - 2007
Tetracycline (TC) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used increasingly in animal husbandry to treat diseases or to promote growth as feed additives. To avoid using labor-intensive instrumental methods to detect residues of TC in food and food products, a simple and convenient indirect heterologous competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method for ...
Polychronaki Nektaria - - 2007
Aflatoxins are potent toxins and carcinogens which can be excreted in the milk of exposed lactating mothers mainly in the form of aflatoxin M(1) (AFM(1)). We previously evaluated the level and frequency of AFM(1) in breast milk in a group of Egyptian mothers attending the New El-Qalyub Hospital, Qalyubiyah governorate, ...
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