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Nicolau-Nos Roser - - 2010
In this article we analyse the time course of the consumption of fresh milk in different regions of Europe between the 1870s and 1930s. Working from the case of Catalonia, we affirm that the increasing consumption of milk in that period must be especially linked to the spreading of new ...
Prabhakar A R - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to determine the acidogenicity and cariogenicity of human breast milk and plain and sweetened packaged bovine milk. STUDY DESIGN: First all milk specimens were inoculated with a cariogenic strain of Streptococcus mutans (SM). The culture pH and number of colony forming units (cfus) ...
Sospedra Isabel - - 2009
This study was carried out to evaluate the microbiological quality of milk and some dairy products, including 95 lots of warm milk, 95 lots of milk conserved at room temperature, and 75 lots of dairy products collected from restaurants in Spain. According to the European microbiological criteria (92/46/EEC, 93/43/EEC, and ...
Mitra Suranjita - - 2009
Lactococcus lactis strain W8, which contains the nisin Z gene in its genome, grew well and produced nisin in cow's milk at temperatures of 30 to 37 degrees C. Maximum production of nisin was achieved at 6 h and was 4,000 activity units (AU) per ml in skim milk and ...
Llorach Rafael - - 2009
Cocoa-phytochemicals have been related to the health-benefits of cocoa consumption. Metabolomics has been proposed as a powerful tool to characterize both the intake and the effects on the metabolism of dietary components. Human urine metabolome modifications after single cocoa intake were explored in a randomized, crossed, and controlled trial. After ...
Breidbach Andreas - - 2010
A proficiency test to assess the capabilities of laboratories to determine melamine in a milk powder and a baking mix, representing starch-containing foods like bread and biscuits, was carried out in January 2009. The need for such an interlaboratory comparison arose from a health scare in China about melamine-tainted powdered ...
Pantoja J C F - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine characteristics and associations among bulk milk quality indicators from a cohort of dairies that used modern milk harvest, storage, and shipment systems and participated in an intensive program of milk quality monitoring. Bulk milk somatic cell count (SCC), total bacteria count (TBC), ...
Casado Bego??a - - 2009
Milk has co-evolved with mammals and mankind to nourish their offspring and is a biological fluid of unique complexity and richness. It contains all necessary nutrients for the growth and development of the newborn. Structure and function of biomolecules in milk such as the macronutrients (glyco-) proteins, lipids, and oligosaccharides ...
Tunick Michael H - - 2009
The dairy industry in the United States has undergone many changes over the past century. Adulteration and contamination of milk were rampant before the passage and enforcement of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, and the introduction and eventual acceptance of certified and pasteurized milk have provided consumers ...
Rebe Raz Sabina - - 2009
Monitoring of antimicrobial drug residues in foods relies greatly on the availability of adequate analytical techniques. Currently, there is a need for a high-throughput screening method with a broad-spectrum detection range. This paper describes the development of a microarray biosensor, based on an imaging surface plasmon resonance (iSPR) platform, for ...
Abera M - - 2010
One hundred and forty-five traditionally kept lactating camels (Camelus dromederius) were examined for mastitis by combination of clinical, mastitis card test and subsequent bacteriological isolation. Clinical and sub-clinical mastitis were prevalent in 8.3% (95%CI = 4.6, 14.4) and 20.7% (95%CI = 14.6, 28.4) of the studied animals, respectively. This gives ...
Ivanov O - - 2009
The potential difference induced by the interaction of samples with electromagnetic radiation in the visible region is used for food characterization. In this article we show that the above effect can be applied for the understanding of specific reactions and processes taking place in milk such as change of the ...
González-Tomás L - - 2009
The aim of this work was to study how adding inulin of different average chain lengths (long-chain, native, and short-chain inulin) at a concentration of 7.5% (wt/wt) would affect the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of starch-based dairy desserts formulated with either skim or whole milk. The results have shown that ...
Iñiguez L - - 2009
To improve the effectiveness of community-based breeding programs for increased milk production, the values of different udder measurements for predicting milk production traits during the milking period were assessed over 3 yr on 273 Awassi ewes. Machine milking of ewes began after weaning, 56 d after parturition, and continued until ...
Esterle Laure - - 2009
Low milk intakes hamper bone mineral acquisition during adolescence, especially in European girls. We hypothesized that ethnic-specific polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene promoter (VDRp) influence this milk/bone association. We evaluated lumbar spine BMC and BMD, milk/dairy products and calcium intakes, markers of P-Ca metabolism, and VDRp polymorphisms at ...
Chung Seo-Jin - - 2009
Despite an overall increase in the consumption of milk products, the consumption of plain processed milk in South Korea is decreasing. One of the major reasons for this phenomenon is that consumers in Korea find the taste of plain milk unpalatable. The principal objective of this study was to identify ...
Modrie P - - 2010
To assess the dynamics of plasmid transfer between Bacillus thuringiensis and B. cereus in various food microcosms using the B. thuringiensis pAW63 and Staphylococcus aureus pUB110 plasmids as models. The conjugative behaviour of pAW63, which resembles the B. anthracis virulence plasmid pXO2, and the mobilization of pUB110 were investigated using ...
Restani Patrizia - - 2009
Milk allergy is the most frequent food allergy in childhood. Even though cases of newly developed milk allergy in adulthood are known, this allergy is less frequent in adults since it is normally outgrown by children during the first years of life. One of the reasons why allergy to cow's ...
Moore D A - - 2009
Nonsaleable whole milk from dairy farms is potentially an economical, nutritious source of feed for neonatal calves but it can have serious quality problems. Many calf-rearing operations that utilize this milk have no system in place to assess or manage quality problems other than pasteurization. The purpose of this investigation ...
Järvinen Kirsi M - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cow's milk allergy affects 2-3% of young children, the economic impact of which necessitates search for simple diagnostic tools and affordable milk substitutes. This review examines recent studies on the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy as well as on the allergenicity of milk from other mammalian species. ...
Skripak Justin M - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To address what is currently the most significant, fundamental question in the management of milk-allergic patients: is the best pathway to developing tolerance to milk via complete avoidance or by regular intentional exposure to the offending agent? RECENT FINDINGS: The current standard of care for the management ...
Franke Adrian A - - 2009
Isoflavone (IFL) intake may provide numerous health benefits, but IFL bioavailability differences among soya foods remains uncertain. Urinary IFL excretion (UIE) was shown to provide a reliable surrogate for systemic IFL exposure and therefore can be used as a measure of 'apparent bioavailability' (AB). We investigated the AB of IFL ...
Elvira Luis - - 2009
Milk contaminated with melamine resulted in an important health hazard that affected many babies in China recently. Ultrasonic characterization of adulterated milk may detect gross levels of melamine contamination. Sound speed and density measurements were made in skim milk as a function of melamine adulteration. An ultrasonic measurement technique to ...
Mapekula M - - 2009
Farmer perceptions on milk production and calf rearing practices on communal rangelands in the smallholder areas of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa were evaluated on a total of 218 cattle farmers using structured questionnaires, semi-structured interviews with key informants and personal observations. Nearly 70% of the households in the ...
Ozawa Takeyuki - - 2009
A consumer questionnaire conducted with the purpose of ascertaining the acceptability of goat milk and related products in Japan was carried out on 345 guarantees of Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University in December 2006. 275 effective responses (79%) representing middle class urban households were returned. The results revealed that ...
Zhou Y - - 2009
In this study, glucose oxidase (GOX) was immobilized in polylactide (PLA) fibers that were used to activate the lactoperoxidase (LP) system in milk. The GOX-containing microfibers were electrospun from emulsions prepared by dispersing aqueous GOX in PLA dissolved in a chloroform and N,N-dimethylformamide blend, using sorbitan monopalmitate as an emulsifier. ...
Murphy B P - - 2010
Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus frequently contaminate milk and milk products causing food poisoning. Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from bovine, ovine and caprine milk and milk filters from 78 dairy production holdings supplying the farmhouse cheese sector in Ireland, using standard culture methods. Molecular methods were applied to study the distribution of ...
Okada Keiji - - 2009
Inadequate milk curd formation in the abomasum of newborn calves causes malnutrition and diarrhea. In order to define the factors of inadequate curd formation, we compared the curd forming ability among 9 kinds of milk replacers, bulk milk (raw milk), and skim milk both in vitro and in vivo. When ...
Menjo Aiko - - 2009
AIM: Mother's milk is optimum for preterm infants, but human milk fortifier is required at times, because some nutrients are sometimes insufficient for infant growth. It is important to measure the nutrients in breast milk at bedside so that the amount of nutrients that need to be supplemented can be ...
Laaksonen Marika M L - - 2009
Previous evidence suggests that the lactase gene C/T- 13910 polymorphism (rs4988235) is associated with avoidance of milk products and lower Ca intake. We examined whether the consumption of milk and milk products and the intakes of milk nutrients differ between the lactase genotypes from childhood to young adulthood. Subjects belong ...
Patrignani Francesca - - 2009
High pressure homogenization (HPH) is one of the most promising alternatives to traditional thermal treatment for food preservation and diversification. In order to evaluate its potential for the production of fermented milks carrying probiotic bacteria, four types of fermented milks were manufactured from HPH treated and heat treated (HT) milk ...
Bendall Justin G - - 2009
Detecting illegal nitrofurazone treatment of food-producing animals has been undermined by the reliance on semicarbazide as a marker metabolite for analysis because, during processing, semicarbazide forms in a variety of foods not exposed to nitrofurazone by previously unexplained pathways. In this study, formation of semicarbazide was examined under dairy product ...
Cooper R G - - 2009
In developing countries the cost of treating disease is much more than prevention and so there is now a lot of interest in understanding nutrition. In this pilot study we selected a cohort of pre-clinical students studying at the College of Health Sciences in the University of Zimbabwe. This study ...
Sereda Barbara - - 2009
The presence of pollutants in human breast milk is of major concern, especially in malaria control areas where 1,1,1-trichloro-2, 2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT) is currently used as indoor residual spray (IRS). The levels of DDT and pyrethroids (PYR) were determined in breast milk, bovine milk, and drinking water from northern KwaZulu-Natal, ...
Lildballe Dorte L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Human milk and occasional serum samples contain high concentrations of unsaturated haptocorrin, which influence accurate measurement of cobalamins. METHODS: Cobalamins in serum samples spiked with increasing amounts of unsaturated haptocorrin were measured employing the Centaur, Cobas and Architect analysers. Cobinamide-coated EAH sepharose was employed for pretreatment of the samples. ...
Volpi Nicola - - 2009
Using an optimized and validated ELISA method, we performed a serum test for assaying the binding capacity of serum IgG to proteins extracted from approx. 160 different foods to investigate the reactivity of specific IgG antibodies in the Italian population composed of 6,879 subjects (4,551 females and 2,328 males). 44 ...
Schmid Daniela - - 2009
On June 13, 2007, the public health authority informed the Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety about 40 children from two neighboring elementary schools who had fallen ill with abdominal cramps and vomiting on June 8. School milk products consumed on June 8 were suspected as the source of ...
Gonzalo C - - 2009
A total of 3,141 records of bulk tank milk somatic cell counts (BTSCC) and bulk tank milk total bacterial counts (BTTBC) were obtained over 24 mo from 25 dairy flocks of Assaf ewes belonging to the Consortium for Ovine Promotion in Castilla-León, Spain, in which a complete dry therapy program ...
Albenzio M - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to determine the role of milk endogenous proteolytic enzymes in sheep milk cheesemaking ability during lactation. Plasmin, plasminogen, and plasminogen activator in ewe bulk milk were not significantly affected by stage of lactation, probably because of the good health of the ewe udders ...
Green Geoffrey C - - 2009
Adopting the use of real-time odour monitoring in the smart home has the potential to alert the occupant of unsafe or unsanitary conditions. In this paper, we measured (with a commercial metal-oxide sensor-based electronic nose) the odours of five household foods that had been left out at room temperature for ...
Hayes Ben J - - 2009
Continued production of food in areas predicted to be most affected by climate change, such as dairy farming regions of Australia, will be a major challenge in coming decades. Along with rising temperatures and water shortages, scarcity of inputs such as high energy feeds is predicted. With the motivation of ...
Heuvelink Annet E - - 2009
The present paper summarises the investigation of two different outbreaks of milk-associated Campylobacter enteritis in the Netherlands. In 2005, after a school trip to a dairy farm, 22 out of a group of 34 children developed diarrhoeal illness and Campylobacterjejuni was cultured from the stool samples of 11 of the ...
Ndambi Oghaiki Asaah - - 2009
Population growth, urbanisation and increased per capita milk consumption are main reasons for recent increasing milk demand in Africa. Due to globalisation, it is important to know how competitive various production systems are, especially as most governments promote local production and disfavour dairy imports. The TIPI-CAL (Technology Impact, Policy Impact ...
Miranda-Morales Rosa E - - 2008
Mastitis as cause of low milk production coupled with the use of medication to control it cause dairy farms to register large economic losses. Microorganisms' prevalence, and somatic cell counts (SCCs) were determined in 112 Holstein bovine herds in two bulk tank milk-screening assays. Detection of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, ...
Rovai M - - 2008
Nine Manchega (0.94 L/d) and 10 Lacaune (2.07 L/d) ewes at the same stage of lactation (90 d in milk) were used to study the interbreed differences in milk yield, mammary morphological traits, and machine-milking ability. Udder traits were measured after 6 h of udder filling before the start of ...
Jirapinyo Pipop - - 2008
BACKGROUND: DHA contents in breast milk varied upon maternal dietary intakes. OBJECTIVE: To study DHA contents in breast milk in Thai lactating women from four diferent regions of Thailand. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 20 mL of hind milk from 40 lactating women from Bangkok, Chantaburi, Tak, and Surin were collected and ...
Bayemi P H - - 2009
A study was carried out to evaluate the impact of interventions to solve constraints in smallholder dairy farms of the Western Highlands of Cameroon. The interventions consisted of improved breeding through introduction of artificial insemination, better feed supplementation, farmers training in milk processing and better veterinary services. Results show that ...
Walkling-Ribeiro M - - 2009
AIMS: The impact of a combined hurdle treatment of heat and pulsed electric fields (PEF) was studied on native microbiota used for the inoculation of low-fat ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk and whole raw milk. Microbiological shelf-life of the latter following hurdle treatment or thermal pasteurization was also investigated. METHODS AND ...
Grimaud Patrice - - 2009
Dairy production in Uganda is pasture-based and traditional Ankole cattle make up 80% of the cattle herd, reared in both pastoral and agro-pastoral ecological zones. Regardless of the zone, milk quality is lowest in production basin during the dry season when ambient temperatures are highest and water is scarce. Poor ...
Kim H Y - - 2008
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of high pressure-low temperature (HPLT) treatment on physicochemical properties and nutrients in milk. The milk was treated at 200 MPa and -4 degrees C for 10, 20, and 30 min. Protease and lipase activities of HPLT-treated milk were highly inactivated compared ...
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