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Results 451 - 500 of 996
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Campoy C - - 2001
The diet of the breast-feeding mother impacts on the quality and quantity of the milk that she feeds her child. Milk can be a vehicle for toxins, such as drugs and their metabolites, viruses, nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, and organochlorine molecules such as PCBs, DDT, HCB, HCH and dioxins, which can ...
Jensen N - - 2001
AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the causative agent of a smoky/phenolic taint in refrigerated full cream chocolate milk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Microbiological examination of spoiled and unspoiled milk samples from the same processor showed high numbers of the psychrotrophic coliform Rahnella aquatilis in the spoiled samples ...
Al-Awadi F M - - 2001
Studies on camels' milk, whether with respect to concentration or bioavailability of trace elements from this milk, are limited and warrant further investigation. The object of this study was to analyse the concentration and distribution of zinc, copper, selenium, manganese and iron in camel milk compared to those in human ...
Bruckmaier R M - - 2001
Occurrence of milk ejection and course of milk removal were investigated in 18 dairy cows at milking intervals of 4, 8 and 12 h in early, mid or late lactation. Milk ejection occurred fastest in early lactation at a milking interval of 12 h and was delayed at short milking ...
De Buyser M L - - 2001
A study was carried out to estimate the proportion of diseases due to milk and milk products among food-borne diseases recorded in France and in other countries since 1980. Particular attention was given to whether the milk involved was heat-treated or not. Four etiologic agents were considered: Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus ...
Georges J Y - - 2001
Milk composition was investigated throughout the 10-mo pup-rearing period in subantarctic fur seals (Arctocephalus tropicalis) breeding on Amsterdam Island. The mean milk composition was 42.8% +/- 5.7% lipid, 12.1% +/- 1.5% protein, and 42.6% +/- 7.3% water. Subantarctic fur seals breeding on Amsterdam Island produced one of the richest milks ...
Pol I E - - 2001
Carvacrol was used as a third preservative factor to enhance further the synergy between nisin and pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment against vegetative cells of Bacillus cereus. When applied simultaneously with nisin (0.04 microg/ml), carvacrol (0.5 mM) enhanced the synergy found between nisin and PEF treatment (16.7 kV/cm, 30 pulses) ...
Nagasawa H - - 2001
Some guanidino compounds have been found to inhibit spontaneous mammary tumourigenesis in mice. In the present study, the effects of chronic treatment with Gold Banded Lily (Lilium auratum LindI) or Chinese Milk Vetch (Astragalus sinicus L), which contains L-arginine or L-canavanine, on spontaneous mammary tumourigenesis were examined in SHN mice. ...
Barabassy, Sandor
The production of cow’s milk in Hungary fluctuates by 15-20 % annualy. Surplus milk is dried into powder and can also be converted to modified milk powders using techniques such as ultra filtration. From approximetely 20.000 tonnes, of all milk powder types, 3.000 tonnes, is converted using ultra filtration technology. ...
Krauthacker B - - 2001
Human milk and food of animal origin (milk, meat, and fish) have been analysed over several decades for the DDT-complex, PCBs, HCB, and HCH-isomers. Human milk has also been analysed for PCDDs and PCDFs. Human milk samples were collected in six inland sites and one island, and food samples in ...
Belloque J - - 2001
Soluble phosphoglycerides were studied in ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) milk by 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance. It was shown that, during storage of UHT milk, manufactured from raw milk with poor microbial quality, glycerophosphocholine and glycerophosphoethanolamine disappeared in parallel with an increase in alpha-glycerophosphate (GP). Storage at 10, 20, and 30 degrees C showed ...
O'Sullivan M M - - 2001
Skim milk powders were prepared from control and transglutaminase-treated skimmed milk. The heat stability of reconstituted transglutaminase-treated skimmed milk (9.0% total solids) was markedly increased in the pH region of minimum stability (pH 6.8 to 7.1) compared with control milk, while the heat stability of reconstituted concentrated transglutaminase-treated skimmed milk ...
Jung J - - 2001
The aim of this study was to test the effects of different amounts of milk, flow rate of milk, and access to a teat after milk intake on non-nutritive sucking on an empty teat and on cross-sucking on other calves in Bos taurus dairy calves. An additional aim was to ...
de Passillé A M. - - 2001
Since survival of the young mammals depends on sucking success, it is assumed that sucking motivation must be strong and that sucking deprivation would result in frustration which could have a negative impact on their welfare. This concern as well as that regarding cross-sucking between calves and intersucking between older ...
Heuer C - - 2001
The objective of this study was to relate acetone in milk with cow and management factors in one low producing dairy herd (5260 kg milk per 305-day lactation). Milk acetone was measured in regular monthly milk samples one to three times within 100 days of lactation in 4433 lactations (2639 ...
Allore H G - - 2001
Survival-analysis methods often are used to analyze data from dairy herds where the outcome of interest is the interval from calving to conception. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an association between milk yield and culling biases the estimation of the effect of milk yield on conception. ...
Murugaiyah M - - 2001
Milk producers in Malaysia make extensive use of crossbred Sahiwal Friesian dairy cattle. These animals have, however, been found susceptible to lactation failure. A survey of cows in an experimental herd of F1 Sahiwal Friesian animals indicated that, in 30% of animals, milk yield decreased to negligible levels within the ...
Skaug M A - - 2001
Individual and geographical variations in ochratoxin A (OA) levels in human blood and milk samples may be due to differences in dietary habits. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between OA contamination of human milk and dietary intake. Human milk samples were collected from 80 Norwegian ...
Blättler U - - 2001
We studied the effects of amounts of colostrum consumed on intestinal morphology and proliferation and digestive enzyme activities in neonatal calves. Group GrCmax calves were fed colostrum from the first milking undiluted on d 1-3 and diluted with 25, 50, 75 and 75 parts of a milk replacer on d ...
Simon M - - 2001
Raw milk from three different dairies (each a separate trial: 1, 2, and 3) was standardized to 2% fat and processed at 140.6, 129.4, 118.3, and 107.2 degrees C (temperatures 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively) for 2 s and packaged into six different packaging boards, [standard (A) milk boards ...
Simon M - - 2001
Milk from three different dairies (each a separate trial: 1, 2, and 3) was standardized to 2% fat and pasteurized at 92.2, 84.0, and 76.4 degrees C (temperatures 1, 2, and 3, respectively) for 25 s and packaged into six different packaging boards, [standard (A) milk boards with standard seam; ...
Hollman P C - - 2001
Tea is a major source of flavonols, a subclass of antioxidant flavonoids present in plant foods which potentially are beneficial to human health. Milk added to tea, a frequent habit in the United Kingdom, could inhibit absorption of tea flavonoids, because proteins can bind flavonoids effectively. Eighteen healthy volunteers each ...
Sano A - - 2001
A fluorometric method for the determination of N-nitroso-N-methylurea (NMU) has been developed. It is based on the N-methylation reaction of nicotinamide with NMU and a subsequent condensation reaction with acetophenone, followed by an acid treatment to form a fluorescent 2,7-naphthyridine derivative. This method enabled the determination of NMU in the ...
Tully M R - - 2001
The first International Congress of Human Milk Banks--Excellence in Human Milk Banking: A Vision of the Future, held in Brazil in June 2000 and sponsored by the Brazilian Association of Milk Banks, had representation from milk banks in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Venezuela, France, the United Kingdom, and North America ...
Schmit T M - - 2001
The financial risks of a group of New York dairy producers were measured from 1988 through 1997 and were decomposed by source of risk by two procedures. Decomposition of the variance suggested major contributors to variability in returns to New York dairy farms were variabilities in purchased feed quantities and ...
Fisher J J Graduate Program in Nutrition and Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA. - - 2001
Milk intake constitutes an important source of dietary calcium for young girls but declines throughout childhood. Recent work shows that the intake of soft drinks may contribute to this decline. Influences on the apparent tradeoff between soft drinks and milk in young girls' diets are not well described. The objective ...
Norup L R - - 2001
This study was carried out to investigate if there were systematic changes in milk Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra relative to stage of the oestrous cycle in cattle. Oestrous cycles of 22 lactating heifers were synchronized with two injections of prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF) administered 11 days apart. The heifers were ...
Rantamäki, P.
EUROCAFT 2001. Eur. Conf. Advanced Technology for Safe and High Quality Foods. Berlin, 5 - 7 Dec. 2001. Abstr. 4.05
Boor K J - - 2001
The fiercely competitive nature of the US beverage industry will drive the fluid milk sector of the dairy industry to improve product quality and shelf life to enable dairy beverages to compete with innovative new introductions as well as with currently popular shelf-stable products. The recent substantial growth in the ...
Musser J M - - 2001
The potential for antibiotic residues in calves from consuming milk containing penicillin G or amoxicillin was investigated. Six calves were fed milk replacer, 6% body weight twice daily, containing 0.293, 2.92, or 5.85 microg of penicillin/ml (ppm) G or 0.25, 1.0, or 2.0 microg of amoxicillin/ml for three consecutive feedings. ...
Jääskeläinen A J - - 2001
The refractive index of milk samples was measured with a reflectometer. Fresnel's formula for intensity reflectance and the concept of critical angle were applied to measured data. Milk samples were also measured with surface plasmon resonance sensor for refractive index assessment. The experiments were carried with commercial milk that had ...
Baskaran V - - 2001
Eight different formulations of supplementary foods (FS) based on popped cereals (wheat, ragi, bajra and sorghum) and legumes (soy and bengalgram) were prepared. Four of the FS were produced with cereals, soy flour (SF) and bengalgram (BG) dhal and the other four were prepared with combinations of cereals and SF. ...
Ramonaityte D T - - 2001
The study has been carried out to elucidate what contents of heavy metals were typical for canned milk products--evaporated (TS 25.5-28.5%) sterilized milk and condensed sweetened milk, produced in Lithuania in the period 1983-1997. The influence of storage time upon the level of Sn, Pb, Cu and Zn in the ...
Nawito M - - 2001
The feeding of lactating goats on usual green fodder, contaminated with Euphorbia helioscopia or E. nubica, results in poisoning of the dams as well as their suckling kids. General signs of toxicity were emaciation, depression, shedding of body hair, arching of back, and possible death. Post-mortem changes of dams and ...
Wouters R - - 2001
Water dosed with 50 mg/L of 2,4-D and atrazine was treated to remove the herbicides which both are reported to have endocrine disrupting potential. Both chemicals could be removed effectively with activated carbon. Yet, traces of endocrine disrupter remained in the water and are able to enter the food chain. ...
Pons S M SM Departament de Nutrició i Bromatologia-CeRTA, Facultat de Farmàcia Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2000
Milk triglycerides from colostrum, transitional and mature human milk, were analyzed and compared in order to determine the differences in triacylglycerol composition throughout lactation. Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Barcelona, Spain, and Neonatology Department of the University Hospital of Granada, Spain. Twenty-two healthy lactating women aged 21-35. The ...
Kussendrager K D - - 2000
Lactoperoxidase (LP) is one of the most prominent enzymes in bovine milk and catalyses the inactivation of a wide range of micro-organisms in the lactoperoxidase system (LP-s). LP-systems are also identified as natural antimicrobial systems in human secretions such as saliva, tear-fluid and milk and are found to be harmless ...
Babin F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) (18&ratio;3 n-3) and linolenic acid (LA) (18&ratio;2 n-6) in cholesterol esters (CE) as markers of ALA and LA dietary intakes in preterm infants. SUBJECTS: Forty-five preterm infants: two groups fed different formulas, the third fed human milk. DESIGN: ALA and LA dietary intakes were ...
van Hooijdonk A C - - 2000
The in vivo evidence of the antimicrobial and antiviral activity of bovine milk and colostrum derived components are reviewed with special emphasis on lactoferrin and lactoperoxidase. Their mode of action and the rationale for their application in efficacy trials with rodents, farm animals, fish and humans, to give protection against ...
Carroccio A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Multiple food intolerance in infants, including intolerance to extensively hydrolysed proteins (HP), is often difficult to treat. However, few data have been reported on clinical outcome and dietary treatment of these patients. AIMS: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with HP-intolerance and the long-term outcome of treatment with ...
Landete-Castillejos T - - 2000
In two experiments, we compared milk intake (assessed by weighing calves before and after suckling) and milk production (by hand milking hinds) in Iberian red deer both when calves sucked their mothers together (group-suckling experiment) and when mother and offspring were isolated (isolation-suckling experiment). In both experiments, the general lactation ...
Schinas V - - 2000
Breast milk samples were collected from 112 mothers who resided in southwest Greece during the years 1995-1997. The following chemicals, which were present in some of the milk samples, were quantified by gas chromatography: residues of lindane (i.e., alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane [BHC], beta-BHC, gamma-BHC), delta-BHC, 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (p,p-DDE), 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p'-DDD, and 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (p,p'-DDT). ...
Martins M L - - 2000
During June to September 1999, 31 samples of raw milk were obtained from individual farms and 70 samples of ultrahigh-temperature-treated (UHT) milk (18 samples of whole milk, 22 of semi-skimmed and 30 samples of skimmed milk) were collected in supermarkets in Lisbon, Portugal. The total number of samples analysed was ...
Eshkenazi I - - 2000
The increasing demand for on-line measurement of milk composition directs science and industry to search for practical solutions, and biosensors may be a possibility. The specific objective of this work was to develop an electrochemical biosensor to determine lactose concentration in fresh raw milk. The sensor is based on serial ...
Jensen M E - - 2000
This study utilized volunteer subjects to examine caries-like lesions for remineralization and demineralization patterns in dentin and enamel when nine different snack foods were eaten between meals. Caries progression was observed in enamel and dentin when apple juice, a cola beverage, and sweetened (strawberry) yogurt were consumed as snacks. Remineralization ...
Schenck F J - - 2000
Raw milk samples collected from tanker trucks are routinely screened for beta-lactam antibiotic drug residues using rapid screening tests. If drug residues are detected, the milk may be shipped on ice blocks to a laboratory for further analysis. A study was conducted to determine the stability of ampicillin in raw ...
Kruip T A - - 2000
The aim of this study was to analyse whether automatic milking has an effect on reproduction in dairy cows. Probably the most important consequence of automatic milking is an increased milking frequency. More frequent milking means more production and thereby an extra threat for the energy balance during the first ...
Faber M - - 2000
Before construction of the Maguga Dam near Pigs Peak in Swaziland commenced, a baseline cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of the population a part of a health status survey. In this article we report the breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices of children younger than two years ...
Wille S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Urinary incontinence following radical prostatectomy is thought to be mainly due to stress leak as a result of sphincter insufficiency or detrusor dysfunction. However, a number of patients complain of stress-independent urinary leakage following voiding, i. e. a post-micturition dribble, of uncertain origin. In order to establish wether post-micturition ...
Sirivichayakul C - - 2000
A randomized pilot study was carried out to compare the safety and effectiveness of rice powder salt solution (RPSS) in combination with milk-rice mixture (RPSS-MR group, n = 17) with other two regimens, glucose-based oral rehydration solution (ORS) combined with MR (ORS-MR group, n = 17) and ORS combined with ...
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