Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 836
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
West Clive E - - 2002
According to existing recommendations of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO), the amount of provitamin A in a mixed diet having the same vitamin A activity as 1 microg of retinol is 6 microg of beta-carotene or 12 microg of other provitamin A carotenoids. The efficiency of ...
Dary Omar - - 2002
In developed countries, food fortification has proven an effective and low-cost way to increase the micronutrient supply and reduce the consequences of micronutrient deficiencies. It has been rarely used in the developing world, but general conclusions can be drawn. The biological efficacy, but not the effectiveness, of fortifying oil and ...
Chen Honglei - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate potential associations between diet and adult glioma. METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study of adult glioma in eastern Nebraska. Nutrient and food group intakes were estimated for 236 glioma cases and 449 controls using information obtained from a food-frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential confounders, ...
Pobocik Rebecca S - - 2002
This study describes the nutrient intake and food sources of select vitamins and minerals for children on Guam. Food records (n = 954) from public school students aged nine to twelve of all regions on Guam were analyzed for nutrient content and compared to Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). Individual foods ...
Tawfeek Haifa I - - 2002
The vitamin C content of breastmilk was investigated in a group of nursing mothers attending maternal and child health centers in Baghdad during 1998-2000. Two hundred healthy, nonsmoking, 28- to 38-year-old lactating women were studied. Individual samples of breastmilk were obtained for estimation of vitamin C. Dietary data were collected ...
Bond Laura - - 2002
Micro-thermal analysis (microTA) by scanning thermal microscopy is being used increasingly for the analysis of pharmaceutical dosage forms. However, there is currently little evidence to show that microTA data can compare directly with that from the established approach of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). This work compares DSC and microTA data ...
Kittaka-Katsura Hiromi - - 2002
Vitamin B(12) content of an algal health food, Chlorella tablets (Chlorella sp.), was determined by both Lactobacillus leichmannii ATCC 7830 microbiological and intrinsic factor-chemiluminescence methods. The values of 200.9-211.6 microg/100 g dry weight determined by the chemiluminescence method were similar to the values (201.3-285.7 microg/100 g dry weight) determined by ...
Jarvik Gail P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Paraoxonase (PON1), an esterase physically associated with high density lipoprotein, has been shown to inhibit atherogenic low density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein oxidation. PON1 activity appears to be primarily under genetic control with some environmental modification and is a predictor of vascular disease. Vitamins C and E, dietary ...
Lane Lenee A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of oral cyanocobalamin therapy in the treatment of cobalamin (vitamin B(12))-deficient anemia. DATA SOURCES: Primary and review articles were identified by MEDLINE search (1966-May 2000) and through secondary sources. DATA SYNTHESIS: Cobalamin-deficient anemia is among the most common diagnoses in older populations. Cobalamin-deficient anemia may ...
Abdullah Mohamed A - - 2002
In this retrospective study from Saudi Arabia, which is a rich and sunny country, we report our experience with 34 adolescents (20 females, 10 males) with rickets. The commonest cause was vitamin D deficiency (58.8%) followed by rickets due to low calcium intake (11.8%) and genetic causes, including possible 25-hydroxylase ...
Kwan Laurinda L - - 2002
Vitamin B-12 deficiency is a recognized problem among older adults, although vitamin B-12 status among differing ethnic groups remains unclear. We examined vitamin B-12 intake and status in a representative sample of elderly Hispanics of Caribbean origin (Puerto Rican and Dominican) and non-Hispanic whites. Dietary intake and plasma values were ...
Morris Martha Clare MC Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush-Presbyterian-St Luke's Medical Center, 1645 W Jackson, Suite 675, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2002
Oxidative processes have been suggested as elements in the development of Alzheimer disease (AD), but whether dietary intake of vitamin E and other antioxidant nutrients prevents its development is unknown. To examine whether intake of antioxidant nutrients, vitamin E, vitamin C, and beta carotene is associated with incident AD. Prospective ...
Johnson T E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There are few data on the optimal micronutrient composition of paediatric enteral feeds. The recent European Directive on Foods for Special Medical Purposes (1999/21/EC) did not distinguish between the composition of adult and paediatric feeds. AIMS: To evaluate, in an open, observational study, the long term nutritional biochemistry of ...
Lee Warren T K - - 2002
An adequate calcium intake and vitamin-D status is important for bone mineralization in adolescents. In Northern China, calcium intake and plasma vitamin-D level of adolescents is low due to low consumption of dairy foods and inadequate sunshine exposure. True fractional calcium absorption (TFCA) in Chinese adolescents has never been performed. ...
Laborie Sophie - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether solutions of enteral vitamin supplementation are involved in the generation of peroxides and whether that contamination is biologically significant. METHODS: Peroxide contents of oral multivitamin preparations were measured over 3 wk after the initial opening of the containers. In selected premature infants (younger than 35 wk ...
Woollard David C - - 2002
Vitamin K1 was determined in a variety of foods by using reversed-phase liquid chromatography with a C30 column followed by post-column reduction to the fluorescent hydroquinone derivatives. Lipids were removed by lipase digestion, followed by single extraction into hydrocarbon, and the protocol was extended to selected natural and processed foods. ...
Richardson T I L - - 2002
An 80 year old man, who relied on a home based meals-on-wheels service was admitted to hospital with non-specific symptoms, but had clinical and biochemical evidence of scurvy. Subsequently, all new admissions (n=37) to the department over a three week period were assessed for evidence of undernutrition. It was found ...
McKeever Tricia M - - 2002
We have investigated the relationship between decline in lung function and dietary intakes of magnesium, vitamin C, and other antioxidant vitamins in a general population cohort in Nottingham, United Kingdom. In 1991, we measured dietary intake by semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and respiratory ...
Agte Vaishali - - 2002
During recent years importance of B complex vitamins, beta-carotene and vitamin C has been realised in terms of their antioxidative and anticarcinogenic properties. Fruits and vegetables are the rich sources of these vitamins. However, there are considerable cooking losses of vitamins, and information on vitamin contents of cooked foods is ...
Asplund K - - 2002
Do antioxidant vitamins, in regular food or as food supplements, protect against myocardial infarction and stroke? In this systematic literature review on the effects of antioxidant vitamins in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disorders, studies with ischaemic heart disease, stroke or combined cardiovascular events as end-points have been included. Studies ...
Weise Prinzo Z - - 2002
Micronutrient deficiencies occur frequently in refugee and displaced populations. These deficiency diseases include, in addition to the most common Fe and vitamin A deficiencies, scurvy (vitamin C deficiency), pellagra (niacin and/or tryptophan deficiency) and beriberi (thiamin deficiency), which are not seen frequently in non-emergency-affected populations. The main causes of the ...
Sedjo Rebecca L - - 2002
Persistent oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with cervical dysplasia. Cofactors, such as nutrient status, may be required for the progression of HPV infection to neoplasia. HPV DNA methylation patterns in vitro have been shown to be associated with viral transcriptional activity. Folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, and methionine ...
Manzi Fiona - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of carotenoid intakes and important food sources of carotenoids in the diet of a representative population of older Australians. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Two post-code areas in the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney, Australia. SUBJECTS: We studied 2012 (86%) of the 2334 participants aged ...
Edwards Alison J - - 2002
The extent to which processing affects the carotene or vitamin A value of foods is poorly understood. An extrinsic reference method was used to estimate the mass of carotenes and vitamin A derived from various preparations made from the same lot of carrots. Using a repeated-measures design, nine healthy adult ...
Schrauzer Gerhard N - - 2002
Lithium is found in variable amounts in foods; primary food sources are grains and vegetables; in some areas, the drinking water also provides significant amounts of the element. Human dietary lithium intakes depend on location and the type of foods consumed and vary over a wide range. Traces of lithium ...
Kim Sook He - - 2002
Nutritional status, iron-deficiency-related biochemical indices, and immunologic patterns of female Judo athletes and control subjects were evaluated. The subjects' 3-d food records showed that 41.0 kcal/kg of energy was consumed daily and the contributions of protein, fat, and carbohydrate to total energy intake were 12.5%, 29.2%, and 58.3%, respectively. The ...
Nishino Hoyoku - - 2002
Various natural carotenoids, besides beta-carotene, were proven to have anticarcinogenic activity, and some of them showed more potent activity than beta-carotene. Thus, these carotenoids (alpha-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin, fucoxanthin, astaxanthin, capsanthin, crocetin and phytoene), as well as beta-carotene, may be useful for cancer prevention. In the case of phytoene, ...
Tanumihardjo Sherry A - - 2002
Vitamin A (retinol) is a necessary nutrient for vision, reproduction, growth, and immune function. Pro-vitamin A carotenoids are an important source, especially in developing countries. While preformed vitamin A is readily available from foods, carotenoids are much more difficult to assimilate. A number of factors have been identified that either ...
López-Sobaler A M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of dietetic vitamin B2 on the activation coefficient of erythrocyte glutation reductase (alpha-EGR) of a group of elderly people. DESIGN: The study subjects were 133, independently-living elderly people, between 65 and 90 years of age. A dietetic study was performed using a 7-day food record. ...
Yeum Kyung-Jin - - 2002
The possible role of carotenoids and their metabolites in disease prevention is far from fully understood, because the bioavailabilities of carotenoids are complicated by multiple factors that affect their absorption, breakdown, transport, and storage. Rapid progress in developing sophisticated methodologies, including use of stable-isotope dilution methods, now allows for an ...
Indyk Harvey E - - 2002
Biomolecular interaction analysis was evaluated for the automated determination of vitamin B12 in a range of foods. The analytical technique was configured as a biosensor-based, nonlabeled inhibition protein-binding assay using nonintrinsic R-protein. Sample extraction conditions were optimized, and both ligand specificity and nonspecific binding considerations were evaluated. Performance parameters included ...
Herrero C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the vitamin A, E and individual carotenoid content in dairy products and to assess their potential contribution to Recommended Dietary Intakes in elderly persons. METHODS: Dairy products frequently consumed were analyzed: whole, semi-skimmed and skimmed milk, vitamin-fortified milk, dry powder milk, yoghourt, cream, smelted and grated cheese, ...
Logendra Logan S - - 2002
Salad greens will be among the first crops grown on lunar or planetary space stations. Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L.) is an important candidate salad crop because it is high yielding and rich in vitamins and minerals. Five Swiss chard cultivars were grown in the greenhouse under two light levels ...
Serra-Majem L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review and analyse criteria for vitamin supplementation and fortification in Spain. DESIGN: Systematic review of scientific literature and simulation analysis of food fortification. METHODS: A simulation analysis using a fortified beverage was performed in a random sample of 2855 children aged 2 to 24 years in Spain. RESULTS: ...
Sichert-Hellert W - - 2001
Fortified beverages and instant drinks are the most frequently consumed fortified products in children and adolescents in Germany. However, little is known about the contribution of these products to micronutrient intake. Between 1986 and 2000, consumption of fortified food (total and the subgroup of fortified beverages) and time trends in ...
Dwyer J T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Describe whether users of vitamin-mineral supplements differed from nonusers in micronutrient intakes or in nutrition awareness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SUBJECTS: One thousand five hundred thirty-two students now in grade 8, who participated in the Third Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health tracking study and who also provided ...
Bidoli E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The role of selected micronutrients, vitamins and minerals in the aetiology of epithelial ovarian cancer was investigated using data from a case-control study conducted between 1992 and 1999 in five Italian areas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cases were 1,031 patients with histologically confirmed incident epithelial ovarian cancer. Controls were 2,411 ...
Ramirez-Tortosa C - - 2001
Anthocyanins are secondary plant metabolites responsible for the blue, purple, and red color of many plant tissues. The phenolic structure of anthocyanins conveys marked antioxidant activity in model systems via donation of electrons or hydrogen atoms from hydroxyl moieties to free radicals. Dietary intakes of anthocyanins may exceed 200 mg/day, ...
Stephen R - - 2001
Scurvy, caused by a lack of Vitamin C in the diet, is thought to occur only sporadically in developed countries. The signs and symptoms are diverse but generally follow a predictable progression most striking for their hemorrhagic component, particularly of the skin, gums, and joints. We report a case of ...
Iuliano L - - 2001
Clinical trials with vitamin E have yielded contrasting results. In these trials, the amount of vitamin E given was different, and the compliance was not assessed in all studies. In addition, the modality of intake, ie, in relation to food, was not specified in any trial. Vitamin E is lipophilic, ...
Ramirez-Victoria P - - 2001
It is known that the poblano green pepper, a significant component in the Mexican diet, contains certain natural compounds such as chlorophyll, beta-carotene, and vitamins, which have antimutagenic and/or anticarcinogenic properties. Using the somatic mutation and recombination test in wing cells of Drosophila melanogaster, an extract of the poblano pepper ...
Rock E - - 2001
Among the nutritional factors contributing to maintain health during ageing, fat-soluble vitamins (FSV) are crucial to protect against free radical-generated degenerative processes or impaired efficiency of the immune system. However, no sound scientific evidence is able to confirm specific dietary needs in vitamin A, vitamin E and carotenoids for the ...
Andersen R - - 2001
The research project "Towards a Strategy for Optimal Vitamin D Fortification (OPTIFORD)" has received financial support from the 5th framework programme of the EC. Vitamin D deficiency is a serious health problem among large population groups in Europe. Subjects segregated from sun exposure for social or religious reasons, or because ...
Trenerry V C - - 2001
Capillary electrophoretic (CE) methods have been used to separate and determine a wide range of water-soluble vitamins in pharmaceutical preparations, but has found limited application in determining vitamins at naturally occurring levels in food and beverages. CE has been used to determine vitamin C in fruits and beverages, niacin in ...
Carvalho N F - - 2001
It is widely appreciated that health food beverages are not appropriate for infants. Because of continued growth, children beyond infancy remain susceptible to nutritional disorders. We report on 2 cases of severe nutritional deficiency caused by consumption of health food beverages. In both cases, the parents were well-educated, appeared conscientious, ...
Dixon L B - - 2001
Approximately 10.2 million persons in the United States sometimes or often do not have enough food to eat, a condition known as food insufficiency. Using cross-sectional data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), we examined whether dietary intakes and serum nutrients differed between adults from ...
Montgomery J L - - 2001
Tasco-Forage is an Ascophyllum nodosum seaweed-based product that has increased antioxidant activity in both plants and animals. Endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum ([Morgan-Jones and Gams] Glenn, Bacon, and Hanlin)-infected and uninfected tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) pastures in Virginia and Mississippi during 1997 were treated or not with 3.4 kg Tasco/ha in ...
Sichert-Hellert W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although fortified products have played an increasing role in food marketing since the 1980s in Germany, data as to the consumption of fortified food is sparse. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess long-term data on changes in fortified food supply or consumption patterns, nutrient intake, and time trends in ...
Walter P - - 2001
Today, there is a clear need for a risk assessment for vitamins and minerals because the total daily intake for nutrients through regular food, fortified products (Functional Food) and supplements may very well reach critical levels for an individual consumer. Several expert panels of the European Union, the UK, Japan ...
Silvers K M - - 2001
Parenteral lipids are susceptible to light-induced peroxidation, particularly under phototherapy. Ascorbic acid is protective. The aim of this study was to investigate whether dark delivery tubing and/or coadministration of multivitamin preparations could prevent peroxidation of Intralipid without undue vitamin loss. In experiments carried out on the benchtop, lipid peroxidation occurred ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >