Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 834
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zentner Luz E A - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study aimed to determine the relationship between blood lead concentrations and calcium, iron and vitamin C dietary intakes of pregnant women. METHODS: Included in the study were 55 women admitted to a hospital, for delivery, from June to August 2002. A food frequency questionnaire was applied ...
Garcia Ada L - - 2008
Dietary carotenoids are associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases. Raw food diets are predominantly plant-based diets that are practised with the intention of preventing chronic diseases by virtue of their high content of beneficial nutritive substances such as carotenoids. However, the benefit of a long-term adherence to these ...
Mason Pamela - - 2007
The use of vitamins, minerals and other supplements has increased considerably during recent years. In the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of British adults aged 19-64 years 40% of those surveyed were taking supplements. In 2005 sales of dietary supplements in the UK were approximately pound sterling 325.7 x 106 ...
Watanabe Fumio - - 2007
The usual dietary sources of vitamin B(12) are animal foods, meat, milk, egg, fish, and shellfish. As the intrinsic factor-mediated intestinal absorption system is estimated to be saturated at about 1.5-2.0 microg per meal under physiologic conditions, vitamin B(12) bioavailability significantly decreases with increasing intake of vitamin B(12) per meal. ...
Genaro Patricia de Souza - - 2007
Vitamin D is essential for maintaining calcium homeostasis and optimizing bone health. Its inadequacy is related to many factors including dietary intake. The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum 25(OH)D and its relationship with nutrient intakes in postmenopausal Brazilian women with osteoporosis. This cross-sectional study comprised 45 ...
Kongsbak Katja - - 2008
In Bangladesh, some commonly consumed, indigenous, freshwater small fish species (eaten whole with bone, head and eyes) such as mola (Amblypharyngodon mola) are nutrient-dense, containing preformed vitamin A as retinol and especially 3,4-dehydroretinol. The objective of the present randomised, controlled efficacy study was to evaluate the effects of mola on ...
Johnson Mary Ann - - 2007
The most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency in older people is malabsorption of food-bound vitamin B12. Thus, it is suggested that the recommended daily allowance of 2.4 microg/d be met primarily with crystalline vitamin B12, which is believed to be well absorbed in individuals who have food-bound malabsorption. There ...
Talegawkar Sameera A - - 2007
African Americans in the southern United States have a high prevalence of chronic disease. Tocopherol intake and status have been associated with protection against several chronic diseases. Our objectives were, therefore, to examine the association between tocopherol intakes as measured by 2 regional FFQ and their corresponding concentrations in serum ...
Dhonukshe-Rutten R A M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Folate and vitamin B12 have been suggested to play a role in chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases. The objectives are to give an overview of the actual intake and status of folate and vitamin B12 in general populations in Europe, and to evaluate these in view of the current ...
Morris Martha Savaria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Macular degeneration, the end stage of age-related maculopathy (ARM), is the leading cause of legal blindness worldwide, and few modifiable risk factors are known. The high concentration of carotenoids in the macula, plus evidence linking oxidative stress to ARM and carotenoids to antioxidation, generated the hypothesis that higher antioxidant ...
Rajakumar Kumaravel - - 2007
Rickets, the state of vitamin D deficiency, has reemerged as a potential problem in the United States. At the dawn of the 20th century, rickets was pervasive among infants residing in the polluted cities of Europe and the northeastern United States. Important milestones in the history of rickets were the ...
Kuhnlein Harriet V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Information is needed on dietary adequacy of Arctic indigenous populations in Canada. Extensive work has been completed on composition of Arctic food and food use, and dietary reference intakes are available. OBJECTIVE: To complete the first comprehensive dietary adequacy assessment of three populations of adult Arctic indigenous people. SETTING ...
Roche M L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to assess the potential for evaluating strengths of the Awajún traditional food system using dietary assessment, a traditional food diversity score and ranking of local foods. DESIGN: The method was used for dietary data obtained from mothers and children in the Awajún culture of the Peruvian ...
Macías-Matos Consuelo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE AND SETTING: A nationwide study was performed in Cuba to assess vitamin A status and the intake of vitamin-A-providing foods in children aged 6-11 years. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The sample comprised 1191 schoolchildren from first to sixth grade, both sexes, from municipalities randomly selected from the five eastern provinces ...
Strobel Manuela - - 2007
Vitamin A is essential for growth and differentiation of a number of cells and tissues. Notably during pregnancy and throughout the breastfeeding period, vitamin A has an important role in the healthy development of the fetus and the newborn, with lung development and maturation being particularly important. The German Nutrition ...
Blake Christopher John - - 2007
Fat-soluble vitamins (FSVs) include vitamin A, carotenoids, vitamins D, E, and K. New legislation is being introduced in many countries to reinforce regulatory compliance of declared concentrations of vitamins and other micronutrients in food products and dietary supplements. The levels of FSVs are likely to be more closely scrutinized due ...
Chaves Gabriela Villaça - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to identify the factors which contribute to the appearance and/or aggravation of Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD) in individuals with morbid obesity in the pre- and postoperative stages of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). Bibliography searches were done in the data-bases of Medline and Lilacs, ...
Affenito Sandra G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Low intakes of micronutrients among adolescents may be linked to long-term health risks, especially in African-American girls. This report describes intake of key micronutrients relative to the Dietary Reference Intakes in a sample of African-American and white girls. DESIGN: Longitudinal analyses used data from 3-day food records collected in ...
Granado-Lorencio Fernando - - 2007
To compare the in vitro bioaccessibility of lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, and alpha-and beta-carotenes from relevant dietary contributors, a gastrointestinal model was used to assess the stability, isomerization, carotenol ester hydrolysis, and micellarization. Salivar, gastric, duodenal, and micellar phases were extracted, with and without saponification, and analyzed by using a ...
Phillips Katherine M - - 2007
Over a 6.5-year period a total of 2554 values were reported by nine laboratories for 259 certified or reference nutrient concentrations in 26 certified reference materials (CRM) submitted to contract laboratories, blinded, as part of the qualifying process for analytical contracts and in the routine sample stream as part of ...
Chochrek PaweĊ‚ - - 2007
1 alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol, 1) is a bioregulator important for the treatment of various human metabolic diseases and biomedical research. Herein, we report an efficient diastereoselective approach to the key trans-hydrindane building block for calcitriol synthesis (2a) starting from the readily accessible optically active tetrahydroindenedione derivative (Hajos dione, 3). It ...
Dumlu Melek Ulusoylu - - 2007
Twenty different varieties of pomegranate (Punica granatum) from Turkey were analyzed for vitamin C level, lipid content, sterol determination, anthocyanin content, and elemental analysis (Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Na, and K studies). Vitamin C content range of 1,050-312 mg/100 g, oil content range of 2.41-3.73%, sterol content range of 5.78-8.43%, ...
Mills Jordan P - - 2007
Red carrots contain lycopene in addition to alpha- and beta-carotene. The utility of red carrot as a functional food depends in part on the bioavailability of its constituent carotenoids. Lycopene bioavailability was compared in Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) fed freeze-dried red carrot and tomato paste (Study 1, n = 47) ...
Berstad Paula - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The intake of n-3 (formerly called omega-3) fatty acids (FAs) may be inversely associated with plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations, but the epidemiologic data are sparse. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between dietary fat and tHcy in a Norwegian population. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, population-based study of 5917 subjects in ...
Miller David S - - 2007
Complete physical examinations and biomedical sample collection were performed on 70 free-ranging ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) from three different habitats in the Beza Mahfaly Special Reserve (BMSR), in southern Madagascar, to assess the impact of humans and habitat on lemur health. Lemurs were chemically immobilized with ketamine and diazepam administered ...
Jakobsen Jette - - 2007
In food databases, the specific contents of vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in food have been implemented in the last 10 years. No consensus has yet been established on the relative activity between the components. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to assess the relative activity of 25-hydroxyvitamin ...
Hirvonen Tero - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Average vitamin D intake is low in Finland. Even though almost all retail milk and margarine are fortified with vitamin D, the vitamin D intake is inadequate for a significant proportion of the population. Consequently, expanded food fortification with vitamin D would be motivated. However, there is a risk ...
Blake Christopher J - - 2007
Water-soluble vitamins include the B-group vitamins and vitamin C. In order to correctly monitor water-soluble vitamin content in fortified foods for compliance monitoring as well as to establish accurate data banks, an accurate and precise analytical method is a prerequisite. For many years microbiological assays have been used for analysis ...
Kloosterman Janneke - - 2007
In 2004, the European Court of Justice decided that the prohibition of fortification with vitamin A, vitamin D, folic acid, selenium, copper, and zinc in the Netherlands conflicts with the principle of free movement of goods in the European Union. This decision led to a change in the Dutch policy, ...
Wengreen H J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We prospectively examined associations between intakes of antioxidants (vitamins C, vitamin E, and carotene) and cognitive function and decline among elderly men and women of the Cache County Study on Memory and Aging in Utah. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: In 1995, 3831 residents 65 years of age or older completed ...
de Pee Saskia - - 2007
An estimated 100-140 million children worldwide suffer vitamin A deficiency disorders (VADD). Strategies for combating VADD are best used in combination because they serve particular target groups and none has full coverage. Homestead food production (HFP) can contribute to combating vitamin A deficiency directly, by increasing intake of vitamin A-rich ...
Parekh Niyati - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between levels of vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) in serum and prevalent age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS AND DESIGN: Cross-sectional associations of serum vitamin D and early and advanced AMD, assessed from nonmydriatic fundus photographs, were evaluated in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, ...
O'Sullivan Laurie - - 2007
Carotenoids have been shown to have potential beneficial effects on human health which has led to an increasing interest in the study of their bioavailability. A Caco-2 cell model, as previously described, was employed to examine the percentage transfer of the carotenoids alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene, astaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein and zeaxanthin ...
Frech Tracy M - - 2007
Osteoarthritis (OA) treatment is limited by the inability of prescribed medications to alter disease outcome. As a result, patients with OA often take food substances called nutraceuticals in an attempt to affect the structural changes that occur within a degenerating joint. The role of nutraceuticals in OA management can be ...
Mannion Cynthia A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Currently there are no recommendations for vitamin/mineral supplementation for lactating women but supplementation may be important, particularly for those women who choose to restrict milk intake during lactation. The objective of this study was to assess nutrient adequacy for lactating women and compare their dietary intake, including supplements, between ...
Murphy Suzanne P - - 2007
Three snacks were designed to improve nutrient intakes among school-age children living in rural Kenya. Snacks containing animal-source foods (milk and meat) provided more nutrients than an equicaloric vegetarian snack. The vegetarian snack provided extra vitamin A (primarily from fortified cooking fat; the milk snack was rich in calcium, vitamin ...
Konstantinova Svetlana V - - 2007
Established dietary predictors of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) include folate, riboflavin, and vitamins B6 and B12, while information is scarce regarding other dietary components. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between a variety of food groups, food items and nutrients, and plasma tHcy in a large ...
Meléndez-Martínez Antonio J - - 2007
The evaluation of the vitamin A activity of foods is important for the establishment of Dietary Reference Intakes and food composition databases, food labeling, etc. Regarding orange juice, probably the most accepted fruit product in much of the world, the vitamin A labeling has been reported to be defective and ...
Custódio das Dôres Silvia Maria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diet composition is one of the factors that may contribute to intraindividual variability in the anticoagulant response to warfarin. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the associations between food pattern and anticoagulant response to warfarin in a group of Brazilian patients with vascular disease. METHODS: Recent and usual food ...
McLean Erin D - - 2007
The high prevalence of vitamin B-12 deficiency in many regions of the world is becoming recognized as a widespread public health problem, but it is not known to what extent this deficiency results from a low intake of the vitamin or from its malabsorption from food. In rural Kenya, where ...
Siemelink M
The growing food supplement market, where supplements are both more diverse and more easily available (e.g. through Internet) formed the backdrop to the inventory of the active components in food supplements. The safety of an increased intake of food components via supplements was also at issue here. The inventory gives ...
Davis Cindy D - - 2007
Dietary behavior has been identified as one of the most important modifiable determinants of cancer risk. Which personalized modifications are needed remains an area of considerable controversy. Part of this uncertainty may arise from interactions among dietary bioactive compounds and/or food combinations. These interactions may either enhance or negate the ...
Amsterdam JGC van
Phytosterol-enriched foods (sterol or stanol esters) decrease plasma LDL in healthy and hypercholesterolaemic individuals; a daily intake of 1-3 g plant sterols lowers LDL levels by about 5-15%. Higher intake of phytosterols is not more effective.Phytosterols are poorly absorbed and retain no systemic toxicological effects i.e. no endocrine, teratogenic, mutagenic ...
Whiting Susan J - - 2007
Worldwide, vitamin D status is suboptimal relative to circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) needed to prevent a variety of chronic conditions, however, it has long been assumed that dietary intake is sufficient to meet needs when sun exposure is limited. In the USA, mean vitamin D intake from foods ...
Chen Tai C - - 2007
The major sources of vitamin D for most humans are casual exposure of the skin to solar ultraviolet B (UVB; 290-315 nm) radiation and from dietary intake. The cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D is a function of skin pigmentation and of the solar zenith angle which depends on latitude, season, ...
Lee, Chang
In the U. S. the National Nutrition Monitoring System operated by the U. S. Departments of Agriculture, and Health and Human Services recently issued their joint nutrition monitoring evaluation on the nutritional status of the U. S. population. This unique report stated that vitamin A and protein, along with thiamin, ...
Abdullah H. Al-Assaf
The aim of this study was to investigate intake of macronutrients and its relation to Body Mass Index (BMI) as well as intake of selected micronutrients in urban and rural healthy adults in Riyadh region-Saudi Arabia. 170 health adults were recruited, 85 of which were urbans and 85 were rurals. ...
Galli Francesco - - 2007
The presence and activity of vitamin E in the organism as well as its role in disease prevention depend, as for any other microconstituent in food, on a number of factors related to its release from the food matrix, extent of absorption, and metabolic fate. Biotransformation can be defined as ...
Vats Praveen - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Antarctic expeditioners face extremes of environmental conditions along with isolation which affect normal human activity at a polar station. Diets of polar expeditioners consist of products that have been kept in storage for more than a year. Processing and preservation adversely affect the nutritive value of the food products, ...
Mills Jordan P - - 2007
Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a major concern in the Dominican Republic. Successful educational interventions are based on needs assessment data specific to the population for which behavioural change is desired. The purpose of this study was to establish a foundation for nutrition education efforts for caregivers of young children ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >