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Dali-Youcef N - - 2009
Cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency is particularly common in the elderly (>65 years of age), but is often unrecognized because of its subtle clinical manifestations; although they can be potentially serious, particularly from a neuropsychiatric and hematological perspective. In the general population, the main causes of cobalamin deficiency are pernicious anemia ...
Barua A Gohain - - 2008
In addition to their use as food and spice, chillies have been popular in both Ayurvedic and homoeopathic treatments since ancient times. Elemental analyses on their seeds with the help of X-ray fluorescence spectra reveal the presence of hitherto undetected magnesium, along with sulphur and chlorine. Fourier transform infrared and ...
Pedersen Jan I - - 2008
At the latitude of the Nordic countries, where there is almost no dermal formation of vitamin D during winter, dietary intake is required to avoid deficiency. Dietary intake is of the order of 4-5 microg/day but varies widely. The lowest intake is seen among adolescents. Low levels of serum 25(OH)D ...
Heaney Robert P - - 2008
The functional status indicator for vitamin D, for both safety and efficacy, is serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration. Efficacy for several health endpoints requires levels of 80 nmol/L or higher. Toxicity occurs at levels of 500 nmol/L or higher. The input needed for efficacy, in addition to typical food and cutaneous ...
Ferreira J E M - - 2008
Being highly unsaturated, carotenoids are susceptible to isomerization and oxidation during the processing and storage of food. In the present study, the degradation of acyclic lycopene and dicyclic beta-carotene in low-moisture and aqueous model systems, as well as in lyophilized guava, during storage at ambient temperature, in the absence or ...
Mazzanti Cinthia M - - 2009
The ethidium bromide (EB) demyelinating model was associated with vitamin E (Vit E) and ebselen (Ebs) treatment to evaluate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in the striatum (ST), hippocampus (HP), cerebral cortex (CC) and erythrocytes. Rats were divided into seven groups: I-Control (saline), II-(canola); III-(Ebs), IV-(Vit E); V-(EB); VI-(EB+Ebs) and VII-(EB+Vit E). ...
Kraemer Klaus - - 2008
Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a major health problem, particularly in low-resource countries, putting an estimated 125-130 million preschool-aged children at increased risk of morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. Vitamin A supplementation reduces VAD and increases child survival; it is complemented by fortifying foods with vitamin A. Concern over ...
Hubner Richard A - - 2008
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) activation inhibits proliferation and angiogenesis in the colorectal epithelium, and inhibits metastasis of colorectal tumors. Polymorphisms in the VDR gene alter receptor cellular levels and functioning, and may confer altered susceptibility to colorectal neoplasia. We aimed to investigate the influence of VDR polymorphisms and dietary factors ...
Yetley Elizabeth A - - 2008
This article describes the information currently available in the National Nutrition Monitoring System that is relevant to assessing the vitamin D status of US population groups, the strengths and limitations of this information, and selected results of vitamin D nutritional status assessments. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) ...
Holden Joanne M - - 2008
Scientists need specific data on the amounts of vitamin D in foods and dietary supplements to facilitate the assessment of vitamin D dietary intake. This vitamin is available in foods both naturally and from fortification. The Nutrient Data Laboratory of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) is collaborating with vitamin ...
Byrdwell W Craig - - 2008
This report briefly reviews existing methods for analyzing the vitamin D content of fortified and unfortified foods. The existing chemical methods are similar; all are time consuming, require experienced technicians, and have only been validated for a few materials (eg, dairy products or animal feed materials). This report also describes ...
Pelucchi C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A high consumption of non-starchy vegetables and fruits likely decreases the risk of gastric cancer, but no specific constituent of plant foods has been consistently identified to explain this association. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We considered several micronutrients and minerals in an Italian case-control study conducted between 1997 and 2007, ...
Ngoan Le Tran le - - 2008
The present work aimed to provide a basis for examination of intake of selected food items determined with a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (SQFFQ) and planned-food selection (PFS). From February to July of 2003, ninety one cancer patients and 90 matched (same sex and age within 5 years) non-cancer patients ...
Kaidar-Person Orit - - 2008
It is a common belief that clinical vitamin or mineral deficiencies are rare in Western countries because of the low-cost and unlimited diversity of food supply. However, many people consume food that is either unhealthy or of poor nutritional value, which lacks proteins, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. In this article, ...
Allen Lindsay H - - 2008
This review describes current knowledge of the main causes of vitamin B12 and folate deficiency. The most common explanations for poor vitamin B12 status are a low dietary intake of the vitamin (i.e., a low intake of animal-source foods) and malabsorption. Although it has long been known that strict vegetarians ...
Sánchez-Moreno Concepción - - 2008
Antioxidants from a blueberry beverage may impact plasma vitamins. We examined vitamins/food selection in 12 college athletes during 30 days compared with placebo. Blood was collected before and after exercise at the beginning of the study (day 1) and then after a 30-day period of taking a daily supplemental beverage ...
Downs Shauna M - - 2008
Eating well with Canada's food guide (CFG) was developed by Health Canada as an education tool to encourage the Canadian public to have eating habits that meet nutrient needs, promote health, and reduce the risk of nutrition-related chronic disease. It was developed in the Canadian context and reflects the food ...
Cho Eunyoung - - 2008
The association between lutein/zeaxanthin intake and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) risk may differ by smoking status, vitamin C and E intakes, and body fatness. The objective was to evaluate the association between lutein/zeaxanthin intake and AMD risk by smoking status, intake of antioxidant vitamins, and body fatness. We conducted a ...
Li Faqiang - - 2008
Carotenoids are essential for photosynthesis and photoprotection; they also serve as precursors to signaling molecules that influence plant development and biotic/abiotic stress responses. With potential to improve plant yield and nutritional quality, carotenoids are targets for metabolic breeding/engineering, particularly in the Poaceae (grass family), which includes the major food crops. ...
Ye Zhi-Wei - - 2008
Natural carotenoids are high in demand in global market owing to their widespread applications in nutrition, medicine, food coloring agent and cosmetic, as well as to the natural and healthy preference of consumers today. Some strains of Dunaliella are well known for their talent of massive beta-carotene accumulation. Content of ...
Holden Joanne M - - 2008
Specific data on vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 are needed to enable the assessment of vitamin D dietary intake. These forms of the vitamin can occur in foods, both naturally or from fortification. The Nutrient Data Laboratory at the Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of ...
Gautam Virender P - - 2008
The aim of this article is to document the current dietary profile of pregnant women in rural areas of Delhi. In order to explore the diet the combination of quantitative (24-h recall method) and qualitative methods (food frequency method) were used. The mean intake of macronutrients and micronutrients, namely, iron, ...
Holick Michael F - - 2008
Vitamin D deficiency is now recognized as a pandemic. The major cause of vitamin D deficiency is the lack of appreciation that sun exposure in moderation is the major source of vitamin D for most humans. Very few foods naturally contain vitamin D, and foods that are fortified with vitamin ...
Barua A Gohain - - 2008
In addition to their use as food and spice, chillies have been popular in both Ayurvedic and homoeopathic treatments since ancient times. Elemental analyses on their seeds with the help of X-ray fluorescence spectra reveal the presence of hitherto undetected magnesium, along with sulphur and chlorine. Fourier transform infrared and ...
Kaidar-Person Orit - - 2008
It is a common belief that clinical vitamin or mineral deficiencies are rare in Western countries because of the low cost and unlimited diversity of food supply. However, many people consume food that is either unhealthy or of poor nutritional value that lacks proteins, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. In this, ...
Yang Wei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a severe birth defect where there is an opening in the diaphragm through which a portion of the abdominal contents protrudes into the thoracic cavity. The etiologies of CDH remain unknown, although experimental animal data suggest dietary factors might play a role. This study ...
Bourre J M - - 2008
A large body of published data was analyzed to determine the concentrations of DHA, vitamins B12 and D, iodine, selenium in seafood (finfish and shellfish, wild and farmed, seawater and freshwater). The data on apparent consumption per inhabitant were taken from statistics prepared by OFIMER. This was used to determine ...
Hsu Pang-Kuei - - 2008
This study was to investigate the effects of micronization on vitamin-carrying capacity and slow-release ability of carambola (starfruit) insoluble fiber (IF) and cellulose using in vitro and in vivomodels. Upon micronization, carambola IF (8.1 microm) underwent structural changes to expose more functional groups in the fiber matrix and to exhibit ...
Lehtonen-Veromaa Marjo - - 2008
Vitamin D insufficiency is common particularly during winter time. After the recommendation by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Finnish fluid milks and margarines have been fortified with vitamin D since February 2003. The aims of the present study were to examine the impact of vitamin D fortification of ...
Macdonald Helen M - - 2008
For 5 months a year the UK has insufficient sunlight for cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D and winter requirements are met from stores made the previous summer. Although there are few natural dietary sources, dietary intake may help maintain vitamin D status. We investigated the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), ...
González-Molina Elena - - 2008
Two clonal selections of lemon tree (Citrus limon Burm. f. cv. Fino), named Fino-49-5 and Fino-95, were studied to ascertain the influence of genetic (clone) and environmental (season) factors on the human-health bioactive compounds of lemon juice (vitamin C and flavonoids) and the possible relationship between composition and in vitro ...
Moriyama Michie - - 2008
We found that dehydrated legume seeds (6 genera, 19 species and cultivated varieties) contained considerable amounts of vitamin C (VC). The average value of total VC content per 100 g of dry weight in dehydrated seeds varied from 0.24 mg (kidney beans) to 4.14 mg (green peas). Yard beans showed ...
Marshall Trevor G - - 2008
The US FDA currently encourages the addition of vitamin D to milk and cereals, with the aim of reducing rickets in children and osteoporosis in adults. However, vitamin D not only regulates the expression of genes associated with calcium homeostasis, but also genes associated with cancers, autoimmune disease, and infection. ...
Wunderlich Shahla M - - 2008
Organically labeled vegetables are considered by many consumers to be healthier than non-organic or 'conventional' varieties. However, whether the organic-labeled vegetables contain more nutrients is not clear. The purpose of this study is to examine the nutritional quality of broccoli using vitamin C, a fragile and abundant nutrient, in broccoli ...
Madruga de Oliveira Andréia - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Pregnancy is a period characterized by high metabolic requirements and physiological changes in the female organism. During this period, low body stores of vitamins and minerals including antioxidants can have adverse effects on the mother and foetus. This cross-sectional study assessed plasma concentrations of ascorbic acid (AA) ...
Erickson Kirk I - - 2008
Previous studies have reported that high concentrations of homocysteine and lower concentrations of vitamins B6, B12, and folate increase the risk for cognitive decline and pathology in aging populations. In this cross-sectional study, high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and a 3-day food diary were collected on 32 community-dwelling ...
Herrero-Barbudo Carmen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bioavailability is a critical feature in the assessment of the role of micronutrients in human health. Although postprandial behaviour does not predict long-term responses and acute responses, it is accepted that the study of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein fractions reflects newly absorbed lipids from recent meals. AIM: To assess the predictive ...
Knechtle Beat - - 2008
We investigated the effect of pre-race intake of vitamins and minerals, in the form of supplementation, before a multi-stage ultra-endurance run and their effect on race performance. At the Deutschlandlauf 2006 in Germany, where athletes had to run across Germany from the north (Kap Arkona-Rügen) to the south (Lörrach) over ...
Andrès Emmanuel - - 2008
Cobalamin (vitamin B12) deficiency is particularly common in the elderly (>65 years of age) but is often unrecognized because its clinical manifestations are subtle; however, they are also potentially serious, particularly from a neuropsychiatric and hematological perspective. In the elderly, the main causes of cobalamin deficiency are pernicious anemia and ...
Lee Meei-Shyuan - - 2008
In the early 20th Century, vitamin D was discovered and its Recommended Daily Allowance developed. However, average daily dietary intakes have not been reported until recently in the US. There are no food composi-tion and no intake data for vitamin D available in Taiwan. We have taken advantage of several ...
Failla Mark L - - 2008
Carotenoids are lipophilic pigments in plant foods that are of particular interest as precursors of vitamin A, a nutrient required for vision, cell differentiation, and the immune system. In order to mediate such activities, carotenoids and their metabolites must be absorbed for delivery to tissues. Unlike many other dietary lipids, ...
Stajner D - - 2008
Allium species are cultivated for the edible bulb, which is used mainly as flavoring in foods. Besides that, they could prevent tumor promotion and some processes that are associated with free radicals, such as cardiovascular diseases and aging. Therefore, different Allium species, both cultivated (Allium nutans L., A. fistulosum L., ...
Reinwald Susan - - 2008
There has been considerable investigation into the health benefits of calcium citrate malate (CCM) since it was first patented in the late 1980s. This chapter is a comprehensive summary of the supporting science and available evidence on the bioavailability and health benefits of consuming CCM. It highlights the important roles ...
Johnson Mary Ann - - 2008
Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) status in older adults enrolled in community-based meal programs is not well characterized. The objective was to identify predictors of poor serum 25(OH)D status and the response to vitamin D supplementation in a convenience sample from the Older Americans Act Nutrition Program (OAANP) in northeast Georgia ...
Colossi Fernanda G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Based on the reduced gastric volume and the malabsorption produced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and diet therapy, it is essential in the postoperative period to obtain and maintain an adequate nutritional state, with the aim of preventing malnutrition and seeking a healthy life. It is observed that patients ...
Lands Bill - - 2008
Beliefs about credible hypotheses of dietary causes of disease still need well-defined mediators to test for logical proof or disproof. We know that food energy causes transient postprandial oxidative insults that may not be fully reversible. Also, eating vitamin-like 18-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in foods maintains the 20- and ...
Mak W M - - 2007
Scurvy is an ancient disease. Over the years, with advances in the understanding of the disease, general improvement in health standards and nutrition, scurvy is now rarely encountered. The few cases of scurvy reported in the 21st century mainly occurred in the neglected elderly, alcoholics and food faddist. We describe ...
Kamao Maya - - 2007
Several reports indicate an important role for vitamin K in bone health as well as blood coagulation. However, the current Adequate Intakes (AI) might not be sufficient for the maintenance of bone health. To obtain a closer estimate of dietary intake of phylloquinone (PK) and menaquinones (MKs), PK, MK-4 and ...
Priyadarshani A M B - - 2007
Vitamin A deficiency is a public health problem in Sri Lanka, which affects especially pre-school children. Carrots (Daucus carota), pumpkins (Cucurbita maxima), squashes (Cucurbita moschata) and sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) of orange, yellow-fleshed varieties are good sources of provitamin A carotenoids, but have not been studied in Sri Lanka in ...
Sioen I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Regular seafood consumption is recommended in dietary guidelines. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of seafood as a nutrient source in adolescents' diet and the extent to which seafood consumption can increase the intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin D. METHODS: Consumption data ...
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