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Results 351 - 400 of 1090
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Ma Jiexian - - 2008
Dexamethasone (DEX) induces apoptosis in lymphocytes, while protecting some cancer cells from apoptosis, by a poorly understood mechanism. In this study, we examined the potential role of the forkhead transcription factor (FOXO3A) in DEX-induced apoptosis. Unphosphorylated FOXO3A, the active form of FOXO3A, can translocate into nucleus and induce apoptosis. In ...
Guo Renhua - - 2009
Tamoxifen has been used in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its inhibitory mechanism remains unknown. In current study, we evaluated the effect of tamoxifen on the estrogen receptor-alpha-negative HCC cell proliferation, apoptosis and expression of survivin which had been known to play an important role in promotion of cellular ...
Mhyre Andrew J - - 2009
The role of the marrow microenvironment in the pathophysiology of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) remains controversial. Using stromal/hematopoietic cell cocultures, we investigated the effects of stroma-derived signals on apoptosis sensitivity in hematopoietic precursors. The leukemia-derived cell line KG1a is resistant to proapoptotic ligands. However, when cocultured with the human stromal cell ...
Greiss Sebastian - - 2008
Caenorhabditis elegans SIR-2.1, a member of the sirtuin family related to Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sir2p, has previously been implicated in aging. The mammalian homolog SIRT1 plays important roles in multiple cellular processes including transcriptional repression and stress response. We show that sir-2.1 is essential for the execution of apoptosis in response ...
Gao Chun-lin - - 2009
Beta-cell apoptosis induced by adipokines may result in beta-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. Resistin, an adipokine-linked obesity with type 2 diabetes, impairs glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in beta-cells. Presently, the effects of resistin on rat insulinoma cells RINm5F were examined. Treatment of RINm5F with resistin induced cell damage. Tissue ...
Box Adrian Harold - - 2008
The mechanisms by which cells undergo proliferation arrest or cell death in response to hypoxia are still not completely understood. Originally, we showed that HeLa and Hep3B carcinoma cells undergo different proliferation responses in hypoxia. We now show that these 2 cell lines also have different cell death responses to ...
Chien Maw-Sheng - - 2009
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (AP) is the causative agent of swine pleuropneumonia, a fibrinous, exudative, hemorrhagic, necrotizing pleuropneumonia affecting all ages of pigs. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae exotoxins (Apx) are one of the major virulence factors of AP. Due to the complex nature of Apx toxins produced by AP, little is known regarding the ...
Wang Hsing-Wen - - 2008
Direct monitoring of cell death (i.e., apoptosis and necrosis) during or shortly after treatment is desirable in all cancer therapies to determine the outcome. Further differentiation of apoptosis from necrosis is crucial to optimize apoptosis-favored treatment protocols. We investigated the potential modality of using tissue intrinsic fluorescence chromophore, reduced nicotinamide ...
Fujisawa Ryuichi - - 2009
Dentin phosphoprotein, the major noncollagenous protein in dentin, has effects on differentiation of odontoblast-like cells. This study was designed to investigate the effect of the protein on apoptosis of the cells. The odontoblast-like cells were prepared from the pulp cells of rat incisors. Apoptosis was detected by measuring caspase-3 activity ...
Li Jiansha J Department of Pathology, Institute of Pathology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, PR - - 2008
Glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta) regulates numerous signaling pathways that control a wide range of cellular processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and metabolism. We report a novel function of GSK3beta: It interacts with the inhibitor-of-apoptosis protein (IAP) survivin to modulate its expression, thus regulating apoptosis in human lung cancer ...
Aoki Kentaro - - 2008
The effects of gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane, one of the endocrine disrupters, widely used for agricultural and medicinal purpose, on apoptosis in PC12 cells were investigated using western blotting analysis and reverse transcriptase-DNA polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. Apoptosis is a fundamental process necessary for development of individuals and organs. Although gamma -HCH ...
Kikushima Eiichi - - 2008
Vascular apoptosis-inducing proteins (VAPs) from hemorrhagic snake venom are apoptosis-inducing toxins that target vascular endothelial cells. We now show that VAP1 and VAP2 from Crotalus atrox have hemorrhagic activity in mouse skin following intradermal injection. Following intravenous injection, VAP2 induced hemorrhage in the lung, intestine and kidney. Although the hemorrhagic ...
Zhang Zhiyong - - 2009
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of resistance to detachment-induced apoptosis, we cultured BEL7402 hepatoma cells on plates coated with poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), which blocked access to the extracellular matrix. When BEL7402 hepatoma cells were suspended, they could self-assemble into aggregations and resist to detachment-induced apoptosis. Expression of TrkB on detached ...
van Galen J C - - 2008
Two distinct primary cutaneous large B cell lymphomas are recognized: primary cutaneous follicle centre lymphoma (PCFCL), characterized by an excellent prognosis, and primary cutaneous large B cell lymphoma, leg-type (PCLBCL leg-type), with an unfavourable prognosis. To determine whether inhibition of the apoptosis pathways may underlie the difference in clinical outcome ...
Romero D - - 2009
Cadmium, lead and cadmium-lead (1:10) induced apoptosis were studied using mallard blood cells. The allowable range in concentrations were: 0.01-0.5, 0.1-5.0, and 0.01:0.10-0.50:5.00 mM, for cadmium, lead and cadmium-lead, respectively. The lowest EC(50) achieved was for cadmium (0.22+/-0.04 mM). Two doses from each treatment group were chosen to study apoptosis ...
Andrianasolo Eric H EH Center for Marine Biotechnology, Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901-8521, - - 2008
Two monogalactosyl diacylglycerols, 1 and 2, were isolated from the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum, using the patented ApopScreen cell-based screen for apoptosis-inducing, potential anticancer compounds. The molecular structures of the galactolipids were determined using a combination of NMR, mass spectrometry, and chemical degradation. The bioactivities were confirmed using a specific ...
Gréen Anna - - 2008
Histone H1 is a family of nucleosomal proteins that exist in a number of subtypes. These subtypes can be modified after translation in various ways, above all by phosphorylation. Increasing levels of H1 phosphorylation has been correlated with cell cycle progression, while both phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of histone H1 have ...
Singla Dinender K - - 2008
We recently reported that embryonic stem cells-conditioned medium (ES-CM) contains antiapoptotic factors that inhibit apoptosis in the cardiac myoblast H9c2 cells. However, the mechanisms of inhibited apoptosis remain elusive. In this report, we provide evidence for the novel mechanisms involved in the inhibition of apoptosis provided by ES-CM. ES-CM from ...
Xiao Han - - 2008
This paper reports an electrochemical approach for detection of apoptosis. Here we prepare a gold electrode modified with a helix peptide ferrocene (Fc)-GDGDEVDGC. Fc is used as an electroactive reporter and the peptide as a recognition and cleavage site of caspase-3, which is a special proteinase to apoptosis. Results show ...
Juan M Emília - - 2008
trans-Resveratrol is a polyphenol found in blueberries, grapes, and wine with cancer chemopreventive properties. The low bioavailability of this compound enhances its concentration in the luminal content and becomes a potential chemopreventive agent against colon cancer. In the present study, the antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on the human colorectal carcinoma ...
Lee Jong-Min - - 2008
The depletion of intracellular zinc with N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) induces protein synthesis-dependent apoptosis. Here we examined the involvement of caspase induction in apoptosis. Among the examined caspases, only caspase-11 was increased by TPEN. Caspase-11 activity also increased, which resulted in caspase-3 activation. Cycloheximide or actinomycin D blocked caspase-11 induction, reduced caspase-11 ...
Denamur Sophie - - 2008
Levels of apoptosis induction (4',6'-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining, activation of caspase 3) for aminoglycosides were compared by using renal LLC-PK1 cells. Amikacin caused less apoptosis than gentamicin in incubated cells. In electroporated cells, neomycin B and gentamicin caused apoptosis in the 0.03 to 0.1 mM range, isepamicin required larger concentrations (0.2 mM), ...
Qi J S - - 2008
High glucose (HG) state is closely related to diabetic complications, and among these one main pathogenesis involves apoptosis of important functional cells. However, the mechanism of osteoblast (OB) apoptosis induced by HG state is not clear. Peroxynitrite (ONOO-), the strongest oxidant, can mediate apoptosis in various kinds of cells, including ...
Cory Ann H - - 2008
Apoptosis occurs by distinct pathways that involve the cell surface, mitochondria or the endoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies had shown that deoxyadenosine-resistant L1210 cells (Y8) proceeded to apoptosis under conditions in which the parental L1210 cell line (WT) did not undergo an apoptotic response. Combinations of drugs, acting at different molecular ...
Schimmer Aaron D - - 2008
Knowledge about apoptosis pathways developed in the last few years is already being translated into novel targeted therapies. Two illustrative approaches to this process are the development of small molecule BCL2 inhibitors and X-linked inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (XIAP) inhibitors. This work demonstrates both the development of new agents based ...
Shu Bo - - 2008
Apoptosis can be caused by hypoxia, a major factor during ischemic injury, in cardiomyocytes. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis have not yet been fully understood. E2F6, an identified E2F family member, has been demonstrated to repress DNA damage-induced apoptosis in our recent study. However, it is unclear ...
Shuai Hongxia - - 2008
In order to explore the expression of erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) in pancreatic cell line NIT-1 and its effect on cell apoptosis after binding with erythropoietin (EPO), NIT-1 cells were cultured and expanded. The expression of EPOR was detected using electrophoresis. NIT-1 apoptosis was induced by cytokines and their effects on ...
Zeng Yanhua - - 2008
Mycoplasma penetrans was shown to be involved in alteration of several eukaryotical cells functions and a causative agent in urogenital infectious diseases. Lipid-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) may be responsible for the pathogenicity of some mycoplamas. In this study, we investigated whether M. penetrans LAMPs have pathogenic potential by inducing apoptosis ...
Lin Jingrong - - 2008
Camptothecin is a topoisomerase I inhibitor with definite anti-psoriatic effect. As it is limited in clinical application because of serious side effects and toxicity, many researchers are striving hard to develop derivatives or analogues of camptothecin with higher effects and less toxicity. To explore the anti-psoriatic potential of isocamptothecin, a ...
Gartner Anton - - 2008
Germline apoptosis shares with somatic apoptosis a reliance on key components of the core apoptotic machinery, including CED-3 and CED-4. However, germline apoptosis differs from somatic apoptosis in its regulation. Whereas somatic apoptosis is developmentally programmed by cell lineage, germline apoptosis occurs as part of an oogenesis program. One category ...
Chai Yunfei - - 2008
Radiation-induced bystander effect is defined as the induction of biological effects in cells that are not directly traversed by radiation, but merely in the presence of cells that are. Although radiation induced bystander effects have been well defined in a variety of in vitro models using a range of endpoints ...
Park Hea Jin - - 2008
Withaferin A (WA), a highly oxygenated steroidal lactone that is found in the medicinal plant Withania somnifera (also called ashwagandha) has been reported to have anti-tumor, anti-angiogenesis, and pro-apoptotic activity. We investigated the effects of WA on viability, apoptosis and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Pre- and post-confluent preadipocytes and mature ...
Silva M T - - 2008
The relevance of fish research has been rising due to the expansion of aquaculture and to the increasing use of fish as replacements for mammals in the study of human physiological and pathological issues. Fish have much smaller genomes compared to mammals, and zebrafish, fugu, medaka and spotted green puffer ...
Lee Seung C - - 2008
Although momilactone B has been studied as an allelochemical of rice (Oryza sativa L.), to date we have no report showing the effect of momilactone B on mammalian cells. This study was undertaken to examine whether this allelochemical has anticancer activity on cancer cells. We show here that momilactone B ...
Rana Suresh Vir Singh - - 2008
Apoptosis, also known as programmed cell death is a highly regulated and crucial process found in all multicellular organisms. It is not only implicated in regulatory mechanisms of cells, but has been attributed to a number of diseases, i.e. inflammation, malignancy, autoimmunity and neurodegeneration. A variety of toxins can induce ...
Shamaa Lobna A Abou LA Immunology Department, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, - - 2008
Accumulation of malignant B-lymphocytes in chronic B-cell lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is mainly attributed to reduced apoptosis rather than increased proliferation rate. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) has been proved to be involved in the survival mechanisms of B-cells as well as protection of B-CLL cells against spontaneous or drug induced apoptosis. Fludarabine is ...
Thomas Catherine A - - 2008
(Z)-1-1-Dichloro-2,3-diphenylcyclopropane (A(II)) and (Z)-1,1-dichloro-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-phenylcyclopropane [2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-A(II)] inhibit tubulin polymerization, PSA production, and the proliferation of human prostate cancer cells. The actions of the agents were studied in three transgenic adenocarcinomas of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) cell lines. Antiproliferative potencies were determined and cells treated with the more potent 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-A(II) were examined ...
Thongphasuk Piyanut - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Silybin (SIL) exhibits anticancer properties and has now entered clinical trials. In this study, anticancer effects of 2,3-dehydrosilybin (DHS) were compared with SIL either alone or in combination with TNF-alpha. METHODS: Cell cytotoxicity identified as apoptosis and necrosis was measured based on DNA fragment sizes using flow cytometry and ...
Dong Xi-Feng - - 2007
The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1(VEGFR-1) in human multiple myeloma KM3 cells in vitro, effects of valproic acid (VPA), as a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on cell proliferation and apoptosis and the underlying molecular mechanism were investigated. The effects of VPA on the growth of KM3 cells were ...
Lai Yongqing - - 2007
Pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG1) is widely detected in many tumors. Increasing evidence reveals that PTTG1 is associated with cell proliferation, cellular transformation and apoptosis. However, the functions of PTTG1, especially its role in DNA damage-induced apoptosis, remain largely unclear. In this report, we used UV irradiation to induce apoptosis ...
Bolitho Christine - - 2008
Although most physiologically important processes are regulated through negative feedback loops and numerous factors regulating endothelial apoptosis are identified, little is known about negative feedback mechanisms for endothelial apoptosis. Here we describe the release of soluble anti-apoptotic activity by endothelial cells undergoing apoptosis, and identify fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) as ...
Mitsiadis Thimios A TA Institute of Oral Biology, Department of Orofacial Development and Structure, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2008
Apoptosis is a key phenomenon in the regulation of the life span of odontoblasts, which are responsible for dentin matrix production of the teeth. The mechanism controlling odontoblasts loss in developing, normal, and injured human teeth is largely unknown. A possible correlation between apoptosis and dental pulp volume reduction was ...
Suyama Keiko - - 2007
Bisphosphonates cause apoptosis to various types of cancer cells including breast cancer. Inhibition of the mevalonate pathway was reported to be involved in the apoptosis induced by bisphosphonates, but its precise mechanism has not been unveiled. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of risedronate, a bisphosphonate, in ...
Zhang Hai-tao - - 2007
To investigate the role of death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) on the apoptosis of Raji cells induced by sodium butyrate. The apoptosis of Raji cells were induced by sodium butyrate for 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 d. Simultaneity, the Raji cells were inhibited to adhere on culture flask by polyHEME. ...
Jin Huali - - 2007
Foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) has been demonstrated to infect dendritic cells (DC) and reduced its ability to stimulate host immune responses. This study aimed to determine whether non-replicating FMDV could induce apoptosis of the host immune cells. In this study, we have demonstrated that bone morrow derived dendritic ...
Dean Emma J - - 2007
Dysregulation of apoptosis has been shown to contribute to many diseases, including cancer formation, development and resistance, as well as neurodegenerative and autoimmune disorders. One mechanism through which tumour cells are believed to acquire resistance to apoptosis is by overexpression of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), which belongs to ...
Thierfelder Nadja - - 2008
The human genetic disorder, Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), is characterised by radiosensitivity, immunodeficiency and an increased risk for cancer, particularly lymphoma. The NBS1 gene codes for a protein, nibrin, involved in the processing/repair of DNA double strand breaks and in cell cycle checkpoints. The majority of patients (>90%) are homozygous ...
Wu Wei - - 2007
To examine the role of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) in the apoptosis of pancreatic beta-cells to better understand the pathogenesis and to find new approach to the treatment of type 2 diabetes, apoptosis was induced by oleic acid (OA) in INS-1 cells and the activity of GSK-3 was inhibited ...
Clem Rollie J - - 2007
Apoptosis is used by metazoan organisms to dispose of damaged or unnecessary cells during development, tissue homeostasis, and disease. One of the situations where apoptosis is important is in defense against microbial pathogens, especially viruses. The demonstration that apoptosis could be stimulated by baculovirus infection was one of the first ...
Friberg P Anders - - 2007
Progesterone is a survival factor in rat periovulatory granulosa cells. The mechanisms involved are unclear but progesterone receptor (PGR) antagonists have been shown to inhibit cholesterol synthesis and induce apoptosis. Furthermore, reports suggest that statins induce apoptosis by inhibition of protein isoprenylation. Statins inhibit the rate-limiting step of the cholesterol ...
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