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Results 101 - 150 of 1090
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Gao Ling - - 2010
PURPOSE: Constitutively activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and ErbB2 are involved in the pathogenesis of many tumors, including astrocytoma. Inactivation of these molecules is reported to result in radiosensitization. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether inhibition of STAT3, ErbB2, or both could enhance ...
Li Xiang X Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, - - 2010
Patients with low-grade myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) show high levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and up-regulation of apoptosis in the marrow. In contrast, marrow cells in advanced MDS are typically resistant to TNFα-induced apoptosis but are rendered apoptosis-sensitive on coculture with stroma. The present studies show that CD34(+) marrow ...
He Jun - - 2010
Chinese herbs have become a focus in cancer treatment. Icaritin, a prenylflavonoid derivative from Chinese herbs of the Epimedium genus, has selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulating activity. This study evaluates the effects of icaritin on the apoptosis of HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Icaritin (at 5-50 µM) induced apoptosis of HepG2 cells. ...
Kater Benjamin - - 2011
Due to the severe problems accompanied with multiple drug resistance (MDR), agents that can induce apoptosis independently of death-suppressing proteins are required. Here, we show that the ferrocene derivative HUNI 068 is active against cancer cells and overcomes different mechanisms of multiple drug resistance (MDR). Proliferation inhibition was determined by ...
Liu Xiang - - 2010
We show that 4-amino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-(t-butyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (PP2) induces apoptosis and down-regulates the expression of enoyl-CoA hydratase short chain 1 (ECHS1) and peroxiredoxin 3 (PRDX3) in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. The decrease of ECHS1 and PRDX3 was validated by Western blot and quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR in MCF-7 and other carcinoma cells. ...
Avraham Tomer - - 2010
Although radiation therapy is a major risk factor for the development of lymphedema following lymphadenectomy, the mechanisms responsible for this effect remain unknown. The purpose of this study was therefore to determine the effects of radiation on lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) and lymphatic function. The tails of wild-type or acid ...
Eichenmüller M - - 2010
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in childhood with the ability to resist apoptosis by the activation of survival promoting and anti-apoptotic proteins. Efficacy of the apoptosis-inducing agent betulinic acid (BA) was determined in RMS cell cultures and in vivo by measuring cell viability, survival, apoptosis, hedgehog signalling ...
Bull Vibeke H - - 2010
Taxol (Paclitaxel) is a mitotic inhibitor widely used in cancer therapy. Temporal proteome profiling was performed to study changes of proteins during the different cellular states of HeLa cells caused by exposure to taxol. The changes of proteins over time could be associated with various cellular processes such as mitotic ...
Moosavifar N - - 2010
To investigate the effects of silymarin on follicular development, we enrolled 40 healthy women undergoingin vitro fertilization (IVF) due to male factor infertility in this trial. They underwent ovulation induction and on a random and blind basis, patients were assigned to receive silymarin (70 mg x 3/day) or placebo from ...
He Wei - - 2010
The purpose of the present study is to observe the role of volume-sensitive Cl(-) channels in carboplatin-induced apoptosis in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 cells. Using patch clamp and apoptosis assays, we found that A549 cells underwent the process of apoptotic volume decrease (AVD) and apoptosis when treated ...
Nakanishi Tadashi - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that dual mutations in fp25K and p35 of Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) result in a typical apoptotic infection on Trichoplusia ni cells, suggesting the involvement of FP25K on NPV-induced apoptosis. To examine the effect of fp25K deletion on Bombyx mori NPV (BmNPV)-induced apoptosis, we generated a ...
Qiao Meng M Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
PHLPP1 and PHLPP2 phosphatases exert their tumor-suppressing functions by dephosphorylation and inactivation of Akt in several breast cancer and glioblastoma cells. However, Akt, or other known targets of PHLPPs that include PKC and ERK, may not fully elucidate the physiological role of the multifunctional phosphatases, especially their powerful apoptosis induction ...
Shahrzad Siranoush - - 2010
We examined the effect of hypoxia on apoptosis of human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells in vitro and in vivo. All cell lines tested were susceptible to hypoxia-induced apoptosis. DCA treatment caused significant apoptosis under normoxia in SW480 and Caco-2 cells, but these cells displayed decreased apoptosis when treated with DCA ...
Podhorecka Monika - - 2010
Despite many therapeutic regimens introduced recently, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is still an incurable disorder. Thus, there is an urgent need to discover novel, less toxic and more effective drugs for CLL patients. In this study, we attempted to assess simvastatin, widely used as a cholesterol-lowering drug, both as a ...
Ma Yongjie - - 2010
Malignant gliomas have a high proliferation ability and high tendency to invade diffusely into surrounding healthy brain tissues, thereby precluding their successful surgical removal. Intersectin1 (also called ITSN1) as a molecular linker in the central nervous system is well known as an important regulator of endocytosis and exocytosis. ITSN1 has ...
Willett Lindsey - - 2010
Low levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) peptide are linked to the pathophysiology of mood disorders. Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the BDNF gene (BDNF) have been associated with bipolar illness. Since both elevated intracellular sodium and apoptosis are believed to contribute to cellular dysfunction in bipolar disorder, it is ...
Sato Akira - - 2010
We have investigated the molecular mechanisms regulating the necrosis and apoptosis that occur on treatment of mouse mammary tumor FM3A cells with 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FUdR), a potent anticancer agent, using the original clone F28-7 and its variant F28-7-A cells. Previously, we reported an interesting observation that FUdR induces a necrotic morphology ...
Sun Xiuli - - 2010
Resveratrol is emerging as a novel anticancer agent. However, the mechanism(s) by which resveratrol exerts its effects on endometrial cancer (EC) are unknown. We previously reported that beta-arrestin 2 plays a critical role in cell apoptosis. The role of ß-arrestin 2 in resveratrol modulation of endometrial cancer cell apoptosis remains ...
Sharma Kavita G - - 2010
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has known immunomodulatory effects in autoimmune diseases and transplantation and is commonly used in desensitization protocols and for treatment of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). IVIG inhibits the MLR and induces apoptosis in immune cells. Mycophenolate mofetil inhibits immune cell proliferation and is an effective immunsuppressive agent. Here, we ...
Benharroch Daniel - - 2010
We scrutinized the role of apoptosis of the Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and critically reviewed its features in the light of conflicting evidence. In this study, we found that tumor cells in this neoplasm showed inhibition of apoptosis in 55% of the 217 cHL cases only. ...
Li Jing - - 2010
Deregulation of RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK and p16INK4A-cycylin D:CDK4/6-RB pathways is important for melanoma development. Chemotherapeutic agents targeting both pathways were developed but results of clinical studies with monotherapies were disappointing. We examined the effect of cotargeting both pathways with MEK inhibitor PD98059 and CDK4 inhibitor 219476 on human melanoma cells lines, and ...
Li Jing - - 2010
ABSTRACT Deregulation of RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK and p16INK4A-cycylin D:CDK4/6-RB pathways is important for melanoma development. Chemotherapeutic agents targeting both pathways were developed but results of clinical studies with monotherapies were disappointing. We examined the effect of co-targeting both pathways with MEK inhibitor PD98059 and CDK4 inhibitor 219476 on human melanoma cells lines, ...
Habermann Nina - - 2010
Previous studies suggest that the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) eicosapenteinoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), constituents of fish oil, exert chemopreventive activity in colon cancer. One of the mechanisms involved is the facilitation of apoptosis. While a pro-apoptotic potential of n-3 PUFAs has been suggested, it is still ...
Takahashi Momoko - - 2010
In this study, we attempted to clarify the influence of the DNA repair genes RAD54 and KU70, components of the homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathways, respectively, on apoptosis induced by 1 Gy (low-dose) and 5 Gy (high-dose) irradiation. All experiments were performed using chicken B-lymphocyte DT40 cells ...
Kim Bo-Kyung - - 2011
We describe here a piperazine alkyl derivative, NSC126188, which induced apoptosis of HeLa cells by upregulating RhoB expression. NSC126188 caused multi-septation of fission yeast and hypersensitized a ∆rho3 mutant, which implicates the involvement of functional human homolog RhoB. The treatment of cells with NSC126188 induced apoptosis and a dramatic increase ...
Tsai Nai-Wen - - 2010
1. Inflammation and activated leucocytes are involved in the pathogenesis of acute ischaemic stroke. Leucocyte apoptosis is critical for the efficient resolution of inflammation. Little is known about the correlation between leucocyte apoptosis and acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the role of ...
Han Dingding - - 2010
14-3-3 proteins function as a dimer and have been identified to involve in diverse signaling pathways. Here we reported the identification of a novel splicing variant of human 14-3-3 epsilon (14-3-3 epsilon sv), which is derived from a novel exon 1' insertion. The insertion contains a stop codon and leads ...
Zhang Lei - - 2011
Neuritin, a new member of the neurotrophic factor family, plays an important role in promoting neuronal survival, differentiation, function, and repair. However, whether neuritin is expressed in human astrocytoma and involved in their proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis remains unclear. The expression of neuritin messenger RNA, protein and the relationship with ...
Aird Katherine M - - 2010
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a highly aggressive subtype of breast cancer that is often characterized by ErbB2 overexpression. ErbB2 targeting is clinically relevant using trastuzumab (anti-ErbB2 antibody) and lapatinib (small-molecule ErbB1/2 inhibitor). However, acquired resistance is a common outcome even in IBC patients who show an initial clinical response, ...
Cristina Marcarini Juliana - - 2011
Rutin is a flavonoid with antioxidant, vasodilatory, anti-inflammatory and immune-stimulating activities. To study the toxicity of rutin and its protective effect, this work investigated the cytotoxic, apoptosis-inducing, genotoxic and protective effects of rutin in HTC cells. In the MTT assay, the highest concentration tested (810μM) showed cytotoxicity after 72h of ...
Halasz Peter - - 2010
Intestinal epithelial cell death following rotavirus infection is associated with villus atrophy and gastroenteritis. Roles for both apoptosis and necrosis in cytocidal activity within rotavirus-infected epithelial cells have been proposed. Additionally, inactivated rotavirus has been reported to induce diarrhoea in infant mice. We further examined the death mechanisms induced in ...
Kruyt Frank A E - - 2010
Evidence is accumulating showing that cancer stem cells or tumor-initiating cells are key drivers of tumor formation and progression. Successful therapy must therefore eliminate these cells, which is hampered by their high resistance to commonly used treatment modalities. Thus far, only a limited number of studies have addressed the cancer ...
Warner Stephen J SJ Department of Medicine, BRIGHT Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2010
In response to stress- or tissue-damage-induced apoptosis, unaffected epithelial cells undergo compensatory proliferation to maintain the integrity of the epithelium. Proximal signals regulating this response are not fully understood, but c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity appears to be critical for both apoptosis and compensatory proliferation. Disruption of epithelial cell apical-basal ...
Weng Shao-Ping - - 2010
Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) is known to alter the reproductive function of exposed animals and their offspring; however, its influence on cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) remains unclear. This study assessed the toxicity of EGME on oocytes and COCs by analyzing the number of oocytes in the F0 and F1 generations ...
Cillessen Saskia A G M - - 2010
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma and is treated with chemotherapy in combination with rituximab. Despite this aggressive therapy, the disease is fatal in 30-40% of patients. Inhibition of the apoptosis signalling pathways is strongly related to response to chemotherapy and eventual ...
Yan Feng - - 2010
The inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) plays an important role in cell apoptosis. We cloned two novel IAP family members, Ap-iap1 and Ap-iap2, from Antheraea pernyi nucleopolyhedrovirus (ApNPV) genome. Ap-IAP1 contains two baculoviral IAP repeat (BIR) domains followed by a RING domain, but Ap-IAP2 has only one BIR domain and ...
Sirotkin Alexander V - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) can control steroidogenesis in cultured granulosa cells. In this study we wanted to determine if miRNAs can also affect proliferation and apoptosis in human ovarian cells. The effect of transfection of cultured primary ovarian granulosa cells with 80 different constructs encoding human pre-miRNAs ...
Wang Chien-Yuan - - 2010
Apoptosis is an inevitable process during development and is evident in the formation of articular cartilage and endochondral ossification of growth plate. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can serve as alternative sources for cell therapy in focal chondral lesions or diffuse osteoarthritis. But there are few, if any, studies investigating apoptosis ...
Carletti Martha Z MZ Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in many developmental processes, including cell differentiation and apoptosis. Transition of proliferative ovarian granulosa cells to terminally differentiated luteal cells in response to the ovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) involves rapid and pronounced changes in cellular morphology and function. MicroRNA 21 (miR-21, official symbol ...
Liew Jane C J - - 2010
Serum deprivation inhibits cell growth and initiates apoptosis cell death in mammalian cell cultures. Since apoptosis is a genetically controlled cell death pathway, over-expression of anti-apoptotic proteins may provide a way to delay apoptosis. This study investigated the ability of the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) to inhibit apoptosis ...
Pegan Katarina - - 2010
The best established role of acetylcholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.7, AChE) is termination of neurotransmission at cholinergic synapses. However, AChE is also located at sites, where no other cholinergic components are present and there is accumulating evidence for non-cholinergic functions of this protein. In the process of skeletal muscle formation, AChE is ...
Cai Kezhou - - 2010
Many investigations have shown that nickel exposure can induce micronuclei generation, inhibit DNA repair and induce cell apoptosis, both in cells and tissues. However, there is a lack of appropriate in vivo animal models to study the underlying mechanisms of nickel-induced apoptosis. The model organism, Caenorhabditis elegans, has been shown ...
Takamatsu Reika - - 2010
Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of human Legionnaires' disease. L. pneumophila has been shown to induce apoptosis of T-cells and this may be important pathologically and clinically. The present study has determined the molecular mechanisms underlying L. pneumophila-induced apoptosis, which were unclear. Wild-type L. pneumophila and flagellin-deficient Legionella, but ...
Nakajima Hiroo - - 2010
HRAP, a pentapeptide designed to bind with the pertuzumab interacting site in an extracellular domain of the HER2 molecule, enhanced the cytotoxicity of paclitaxel in HER2-overexpressing human breast cancer cell lines, BT474 and SKBR-3, but not in MDA-231 cells, which express lower levels of HER2. HRAP enhanced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis induced ...
Niziolek-Kierecka Magdalena - - 2010
Using a 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-photodynamic therapy model, we have discovered a new effect of nitric oxide (NO)-the ability to accommodate apoptosis. When sensitized by disseminated ALA-generated protoporphyrin IX, COH-BR1 tumor cells in glucose-containing medium died mainly by necrosis with a low level of apoptosis. Introduced before light at a nontoxic ...
Teranishi Mai - - 2010
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) are widespread environmental pollutants and several lines of experimental evidence have suggested a role in carcinogenesis. PAHs in the environment are exposed to sunlight and photomodified PAHs have been detected in contaminated sediment and air particulate matter; however, the carcinogenicity of photomodified ...
Umeshappa Channakeshava Sokke - - 2010
The role of apoptosis in pathogenesis of bluetongue (BT) has been suggested from various in vitro studies. However, to date, no clear data are available regarding BTV-induced apoptosis and its consequences in natural host, sheep. In the present study, bluetongue virus (BTV)-induced apoptosis was studied in sheep blood and splenic ...
Han Jeung H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) plays an important role in diabetic retinopathy. betaIG-H3 is a downstream target molecule of TGF-beta that may participate in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy and in particular in the loss of pericytes during early pathological changes. METHODS: We observed bovine retinal pericytes apoptosis and ...
Chen Fuxue - - 2010
Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumors. Despite the improvement in current treatments for gliomas, including surgical resection, radiation, and chemotherapy, there has been very little progress in curing this kind of disease. Stat3 is a member of signal transducer and activator of transcription family. It plays ...
de Totero Daniela - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin (IL)-21, a member of the IL-2 family, has antitumor activity and is now being tested in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in combination with anti-CD20 antibodies. IL-21 may either induce apoptosis or promote growth in different lymphoid malignancies. We therefore investigated the IL-21/IL-21R system in follicular lymphoma (FL) cells. MATERIALS AND ...
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