Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1090
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Yin Hongying - - 2006
Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit proliferation of human colon cancer cells in vitro. Transmission electron microscope detected morphological features of apoptosis in the aspirin-treated (5 mM, 72 h) HT-29 cells in which cyclooxygenoase-2 is catalytically inactive. We investigated aspirin-induced genome-wide expression changes in HT-29 cells and further ...
Malaviya Rama - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Etanercept is a tumor necrosis factor-alpha binding fusion protein that demonstrates efficacy in the treatment of psoriasis, which is accompanied by decreased plaque infiltration of T cells and myeloid dendritic cells. We hypothesized that etanercept decreases inflammatory cell infiltration by inducing apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the effect ...
Kniep Bernhard - - 2006
The ganglioside GD3 (Neu5Ac alpha8Neu5Ac alpha3Gal beta4GlcCer) is an intracellular lipid messenger that induces apoptosis by targeting mitochondria in various cell types. GD3 can also promote apoptosis when externally added to cells. Previous studies showed that the proapoptotic effects of GD3 can be counteracted by 9-O-acetylation. To determine whether 9-O-acetyl ...
Deshpande V S - - 2006
N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), besides being a precursor of glutathione, has an array of other effects including an ability to scavenge free radicals, modulate gene expression and signal transduction pathways, and regulate cell survival and apoptosis. At concentrations lower than 20 mmol/L, NAC is nontoxic to cultured cells and can protect against ...
Murooka Thomas T - - 2006
CCL5 (RANTES (regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted)) and its cognate receptor, CCR5, have been implicated in T cell activation. CCL5 binding to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) on the cell surface or in extracellular matrix sequesters CCL5, thereby immobilizing CCL5 to provide the directional signal. In two CCR5-expressing human ...
Jin Shi - - 2006
Apoptosis plays a key role in the maintenance of a constant cell number and a low incidence of cancer in the mucosa of the intestine. Although the small GTPase Rac1 has been established as an important regulator of migration of intestinal epithelial cells, whether Rac1 is also involved in apoptosis ...
Lai Chia-Wei - - 2006
It has been shown that severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) 3a and 7a proteins, but not membrane (M) protein, induce apoptosis in mammalian cells. Upon expression of SARS-CoV M protein using the baculovirus/insect cell expression system, however, we found that the expressed M protein triggered accelerated apoptosis in insect ...
Kim J-Y - - 2006
Apoptosis plays important roles in various stages of organogenesis. In this study, we hypothesized that apoptosis would play an important role in tooth morphogenesis. We examined the role of apoptosis in early tooth development by using a caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk, concomitant with in vitro organ culture and tooth germ transplantation ...
Skvortsova Ira - - 2006
Rituximab (RTX), a chimeric human anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, is currently employed in the treatment of malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) either alone or in combination with other cytotoxic approaches. The present study examines the effects of ionizing radiation in combination with RTX on proliferation and apoptosis development in B-lymphoma RL and ...
Morales Priscilla - - 2006
Following infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, bacteria may ascend into the Fallopian tubes (FT) and induce salpingitis, a major cause of infertility. In the FT, interactions between mucosal epithelial cells and gonococci are pivotal events in the pathogen's infection cycle and the inflammatory response. In the current study, primary FT epithelial ...
Deniaud E - - 2006
Transcription factor Sp1 has recently been shown to be overexpressed in a number of human cancers and its overexpression contributes to malignant transformation. Sp1 regulates the expression of a number of genes participating in multiple aspects of tumorigenesis such as angiogenesis, cell growth and apoptosis resistance. To better understand the ...
Yin Liyan - - 2006
Our previous studies showed that microcystin-RR could induce oxidative damage in plant cells as they do with animal cells. However, whether microcystin can induce plant cell apoptosis is still unknown. In this study, the morphological changes of tobacco BY-2 suspension cells exposed to microcystin-RR were observed under light microscopy and ...
Liu Zhe - - 2006
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) is a key mechanism for regulating lymphocyte numbers. Murine lymph node lymphocytes cultured in vitro without added stimuli show significant levels of apoptosis over 24 h, detectable by staining with Annexin V. CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes from transgenic (Tg) mice expressing single CD45RABC or CD45RO ...
Walter David - - 2006
Inhibitor-of-apoptosis proteins (IAPs) play a crucial role in the regulation of metazoan apoptosis. IAPs are typically characterized by the presence of one to three baculovirus IAP repeat (BIR) domains that are essential for their anti-apoptotic activity. Bir1p is the sole BIR-protein in yeast and has been shown to participate in ...
Liu Guangwei - - 2006
Hormetic and adaptive responses induced by low-level radiation in hematopoietic and immune systems have been observed, as shown by stimulatory effects on cell growth and resistance to subsequent radiation-induced cytogenetic damage. However, in terms of cell death by apoptosis, the effects of low-level radiation are controversial: Some studies showed decreased ...
Ho Sheng-Yow - - 2006
Apoptosis is a common mode of cell death after exposure of tumor cells to radiation and/or chemotherapy. The factors that determine the rate of induction of apoptosis are generally related to the functioning of cell cycle checkpoints. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of several genes in cell ...
Wei J - - 2006
Apoptosis can be triggered by different forms of cellular stress. We here show that serum deprivation induces the expression and secretion of type I interferons and results in apoptosis in RAW 264.7 cell in a caspase dependent manner. Administration of either IFN-alpha or IFN-beta antibody partially inhibits apoptosis while the ...
Arif Jamal M - - 2006
Newly synthesized phthalazine derivatives including copper and platinum complexes were evaluated for cytotoxicity in human breast cancer cell lines. The cells were incubated with the compounds (100 microM) for 72 h and cytotoxicity, apoptosis and DNA content were measured by flow cytometery. Our results suggest that the parent (H1-2), copper ...
Jiao Pei-Fu - - 2006
We synthesized a series of novel small molecules, 2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxymethyl-1,4-benzoxazine derivatives, by tandem reduction-oxirane opening of 2-nitroaroxymethyloxiranes in moderate or excellent yields. We investigated the effects of all of the compounds on HUVEC apoptosis and A549 cell growth. The results showed that 6,8-dichloro-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxymethyl-1,4-benzoxazine was the most effective small molecule in promoting ...
Dmoszynska Anna - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Multiple myeloma is characterized by an accumulation of plasma cells in bone marrow. Despite many therapeutic regimens introduced recently, the prognosis for patients suffering from treatment-resistant or relapsing multiple myeloma is still very poor. Thus, there is an urgent medical need for novel innovative drugs. Thalidomide is successfully used ...
Suzuki M - - 2006
Ultrastructural studies on the reproductive tract and venom apparatus of a female braconid, Meteorus pulchricornis, revealed that the parasitoid lacks the calyx region in its oviduct, but possesses a venom gland with two venom gland filaments and a venom reservoir filled with white and cloudy fluid. Its venom gland cell ...
Wang G - - 2006
The elevated expression of prostate apoptosis response-4 (PAR-4) induces apoptosis in differentiating mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. In embryoid body (EB) cells and the E15.5 stage of embryonic mouse brain, PAR-4 is expressed as two isoforms (38 and 33 kDa). Using mouse EB-derived RNA as a template we have cloned ...
Dall'Agnol Monique - - 2006
Apoptosis resistance, a condition favoring genomic instability, is associated with higher risk of colorectal cancer. Deoxycholate (DOC) is a hydrophobic bile salt found in high concentrations in colon cancer patients, and induces apoptosis in cultured colonic cells and ex vivo in colonic biopsies. We showed previously that the chronic exposure ...
Kim Jeong Hong - - 2006
It is unknown whether IL-4 induces apoptosis in oral cavity cancer (OCC) cells and, if so, what the mediator of this apoptosis is. Therefore, this study investigated whether apoptosis of OCC cells is induced by IL-4 and whether 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LO-1), induced by IL-4, is the mediator of this apoptosis. SCC ...
Okazaki Ryuji - - 2006
The induction of apoptosis in cells of human colon cancer cell lines after gamma irradiation was investigated to determine whether apoptosis was mediated by TP53 and the subsequent expression of its downstream target, the NSAID-activated gene (NAG1). HCT116 (TP53(+/+)), HCT15 (TP53 mutant) and TP53 null HCT116 (TP53(-/-)) cells were irradiated ...
Botchkareva Natalia V - - 2006
Apoptosis plays an important role in many physiological processes, ranging from morphogenetic events to adult tissue homeostasis, and defects in its regulation contribute to many disorders. Here we review molecular mechanisms of apoptosis in the hair follicle (HF), whose cyclical growth pattern is repeatedly interrupted by apoptosis-driven involution (catagen). We ...
Park Hae Jeong - - 2006
Cell detachment from extracellular matrix is closely related to induction of apoptosis. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) has been shown to have antioxidant effect and to protect hypoxia-induced damage. We investigated whether EGCG reduced hypoxia-induced apoptosis and cell detachment in HepG2 cells. EGCG prevented cell death by hypoxia (0.5% O2) in a ...
Lee Sang-Min - - 2006
Hypoxia confers protection against apoptosis in cancer cells, and this hypoxia-induced resistance to apoptosis has been suggested to be associated with genetic and adaptive changes. However, it is not clear whether survival signals, such as the PI3K/Akt and ERK pathways are involved. We investigated the roles of these pathways in ...
Ibuki Yuko - - 2006
Apoptosis is an important cell death system that deletes damaged and mutated cells, preventing the induction of cancer. We previously have reported that UV irradiation inhibited the apoptosis induced by serum starvation and cell detachment. This phenomenon is suitable for clarifying the relationship between cancer and the dysregulation of apoptosis ...
Tunbridge Anne J - - 2006
Host-driven macrophage apoptosis contributes to innate immunity during bacterial infection. Neisseria meningitidis inhibits apoptosis in a variety of cells, but its impact on macrophage apoptosis is unknown. We demonstrate that N. meningitidis prevents macrophage apoptosis via genes encoding nitric oxide detoxification and a porin, PorB.
Marriott Helen M - - 2006
Programmed cell death or apoptosis is a recognised feature of infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae, and is observed during pneumococcal meningitis and pneumonia. The cholesterol-dependent cytolysin, pneumolysin, is a major trigger of apoptosis in the brain in association with pneumococcal production of hydrogen peroxide. Pneumococcal cell wall is also an important ...
Setkova Jana - - 2006
Proliferation and apoptosis play crucial roles in the development of multicellular organisms. Their precise balance is necessary for tissue homeostasis throughout life. The developing dentition is a suitable model to study proliferation and apoptosis during embryogenesis, but the corresponding studies have been carried out principally in the mouse. The present ...
Penning Louis C - - 2006
Tomoregulin-1, a type-I transmembrane protein with two follistatin modules, a unique epidermal growth factor (EGF) domain and a short, highly conserved cytoplasmic tail, was studied. A number of hematopoietic cell lines (L1210, CEM, Jurkat, U937, K562, JY, THP-1 and T2) express tomoregulin-1 endogenously. In these cells, apoptosis was induced by ...
Ryan L - - 2006
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is believed to play a central role in the development of atherosclerosis. The induction of apoptosis in cells of the arterial wall is a critical event in the development of atheroma. 7beta-Hydroxycholesterol (7beta-OH) and cholesterol-5beta,6beta-epoxide (beta-epoxide) are components of oxLDL and have previously been shown to ...
CywiƄska A - - 2006
Mastitis remains a major cause of economic losses in dairy herds. It is believed, that the enhancement of natural defense mechanisms in mammary gland may be helpful in the treatment of bovine mastitis. Our study was designed to assess the apoptosis of leukocytes isolated from bovine milk during subclinical staphylococcal ...
Ando Hidetaka - - 2006
To verify the effect of echo-contrast agent (ECA) on apoptosis induced by ultrasound, leukemia cell lines (Jurkat, Molt-4 and U937) were sonicated at intensities previously shown to induce optimal apoptosis with or without Levovist, an ECA. The results showed that loss of viability and apoptosis can be induced in all ...
Chen C - - 2005
Expression of CD44s (standard form) in malignant lymphoma is a poor indicator of survival. To investigate whether activation of CD44s can protect from cell death, this study compared the extent of apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutic agents and ionizing radiation (IR) on T-lymphoma cell lines in the presence or absence of ...
Sylte Matt J - - 2006
Haemophilus somnus lipooligosaccharide (LOS)-induced apoptosis of bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells has been shown previously to be dependent on caspase-8 activation. Activation of caspase-8 can occur via a death receptor-dependent mechanism (e.g., TNF-alpha binding to TNF-alpha receptor 1 (TNF-R1)). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that TNF-alpha can enhance ...
Desmots Fabienne - - 2005
Scythe (BAT3 [HLA-B-associated transcript 3]) is a nuclear protein that has been implicated in apoptosis, as it can modulate Reaper, a central apoptotic regulator in Drosophila melanogaster. While Scythe can markedly affect Reaper-dependent apoptosis in Xenopus laevis cell extracts, the function of Scythe in mammals is unknown. Here, we report ...
Watson Alastair J M - - 2006
Colorectal cancer arises as a result of the accumulation of genetic errors many of which affect the control of apoptosis. Effective chemoprevention strategies for colorectal cancer must rectify these genetic defects. Mutation of apc is often the initiating genetic lesion in colorectal cancers that develop along the chromosomal instability pathway. ...
Zhang Jianying - - 2006
Microcystins including leucine-arginine l-amino acid (MCLR) and arginine-arginine l-amino acid (MCRR) can inhibit several serine/threonine protein phosphatases. In this study, we focused on the efficient biomarker for analyzing toxic cyanobacteria blooms using in vitro apoptosis bioassay. We explored the existence of sensitive apoptosis induced by MCLR and MCRR on isolated ...
Alenzi Faris Q - - 2005
It is increasingly clear that apoptosis plays a central role in the pathogenesis of several human diseases. For instance, an increase in apoptosis leads to cell loss accompanied by neurodegenerative diseases, whereas we know that genetically determined defects of apoptosis result in deregulated cell proliferation, typical of cancer. Hence, apoptosis ...
Maccarrone Mauro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The dietary carotenoid zeaxanthin protects against age-related eye disease by preventing apoptosis in photoreceptor cells. This study examined the effect of zeaxanthin on neuroblastoma cells in which apoptosis can be induced with lipid peroxidation products. Since zeaxanthin can inhibit lipid peroxidation and beta-carotene inhibits lipoxygenase (LOX) activity, it was ...
Higashitani A - - 2005
It is important for human life in space to study the effects of environmental factors during spaceflight on a number of physiological phenomena. Apoptosis plays important roles in development and tissue homeostasis in metazoans. In this study, we have analyzed apoptotic activity in germ cells of the nematode C. elegans, ...
Guida Peter - - 2005
The induction of apoptosis, TP53 expression, caspase activation and cell toxicity were investigated after exposure of cells of the human neuronal progenitor cell line Ntera2 (NT2) to low-LET radiation (gamma and X rays). The data indicates that irradiation of NT2 cells quickly induced TP53 expression, which was followed in time ...
K?htreiber Willem M - - 2005
The immune system is shaped by the random generation of lymphocytes followed by apoptosis of self-reactive cells, a process termed negative selection. The survival of these pathogenic cells in the periphery can elicit autoreactivity. We describe the development of a biomarker assay for the detection of pathogenic subpopulations of lymphoid ...
Yedowitz Jamie C - - 2005
Virus-mediated apoptosis is well documented in various systems, including herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1). HSV-2 is closely related to HSV-1 but its apoptotic potential during infection has not been extensively scrutinized. We report that (i) HEp-2 cells infected with HSV-2(G) triggered apoptosis, assessed by apoptotic cellular morphologies, oligosomal DNA laddering, ...
Aita Kiyoshi - - 2005
A significant increase in lymphocyte apoptosis was detected by the TUNEL method in the thymus, spleen, and Peyer's patches (PP) following intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (treatment, n = 47; control, n = 8). Interestingly, administration of low doses of DMSO caused apoptosis in only the PP, and ...
Sandra Ferry - - 2006
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) can trigger both cell survival and apoptosis. In the present study, from the flow cytometry results, we found that the prolonged-treatment of TNFalpha until 24 h, resulted apoptosis in AM-1 cells (ameloblastoma cell line). These results were confirmed by DAPI staining, which showed nuclear fragmentation ...
Liu Shu-Zhen - - 2005
Previous studies mainly evaluated the effect of culture conditions on preimplantation embryo apoptosis. In order to inhibit apoptosis of nuclear transfer (NT) embryos, putative apoptosis inhibitors were used to treat donor cells. However, little is known about the effect of activation treatments on embryo apoptosis. We firstly investigated the effect ...
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