Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1016
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Wang Zuoyan - - 2007
Loss of cardiomyocytes by apoptosis is proposed to cause ventricular remodeling and heart failure. Reactive oxygen species-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes has been reported to play an important role in many types of pathological processes of the heart. We investigated whether angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) has direct cytoprotective effects on cardiomyocytes against oxidative ...
Vyas D D Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, - - 2007
Gut epithelial apoptosis is involved in the pathophysiology of multiple diseases. This study characterized intestinal apoptosis in three mechanistically distinct injuries with different kinetics of cell death. FVB/N mice were subjected to gamma radiation, Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia or injection of monoclonal anti-CD3 antibody and sacrificed 4, 12, or 24 hours ...
Fu Jiajia - - 2007
Tanshinone IIA (tan), a derivative of phenanthrenequinone, is one of the key components of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. Previous reports showed that tan inhibited the apoptosis of cultured PC12 cells induced by serum withdrawal or ethanol. However, whether tan has a cardioprotective effect against apoptosis remains unknown. In this study, we ...
Zhu Yanli - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether the duration of ischemic tolerance in the retina could be extended by repetitive presentations of the preconditioning stimulus and to begin to elucidate the mechanistic underpinnings of the resultant novel phenotype. METHODS: Adult male Swiss-Webster ND4 mice were repeatedly preconditioned with systemic hypoxia (RHP) over 12 ...
Roberg Karin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the importance of apoptosis for cell death after radiotherapy, and whether the expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins has any correlation to the radiosensitivity. METHODS: Three oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, UT-SCC-2, UT-SCC-9 and UT-SCC-24A, were subjected to radiotherapy. After irradiation, viable and ...
Xia Guo-Hua - - 2007
The study was aimed to investigate the mechanism of proliferation inhibition and apoptosis of MDS-RAEB MUTZ-1 cells induced by 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), the cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay, apoptosis rate was determined with annexinV-FITC/PI double staining and cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM) after MUTZ-1 cells were ...
Ahuja Preeti P Institute of Cell Biology, ETH Zürich-Hönggerberg, CH-8093 Zürich, - - 2007
Cardiomyocytes stop dividing after birth and postnatal heart growth is only achieved by increase in cell volume. In some species, cardiomyocytes undergo an additional incomplete mitosis in the first postnatal week, where karyokinesis takes place in the absence of cytokinesis, leading to binucleation. Proteins that regulate the formation of the ...
Calandrella Nicola - - 2007
Ocular hypertension is a symptom of a glaucomatous condition characterized by a severe vision decrease. Blindness caused by the apoptotic death of the retinal ganglion cells and of the astrocytes of the optic nerve may eventually result. Experimental hypertension was induced by inoculation of methylcellulose in the anterior chamber. Chromatin ...
Iijima Norio - - 2007
Apoptosis is an important event of the development of various organs. In this study, we used in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) to visualize the temporal and spatial distribution of apoptosis in the developing medaka embryo, which is a useful model for developmental biology and genetics. Most ...
Boivin Wendy A - - 2007
The integral role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases has been extensively studied and characterized in recent years. The study of cell death in the vasculature has significantly contributed to our knowledge of vascular disease pathology and has played a role in identifying potential therapeutic strategies for these ...
Neuzil Jiri - - 2007
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is a condition leading to serious complications due to death of cardiac myocytes. We used the cardiomyocyte-like cell line H9c2 to study the mechanism underlying cell damage. Exposure of the cells to simulated I/R lead to their apoptosis. Over-expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L) protected the cells from apoptosis ...
Chung Jae-Hoon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been used for the enhancement of functional recovery from various disorders. In the present study, the effect of acupuncture on the apoptosis and new cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of gerbils (n = 25) following transient global ischemia was investigated. METHODS: To determine the level ...
Terzea Dana - - 2007
AIM: To quantify the apoptotic phenomenon on endometrial biopsies in postmenopausal patients under hormonal replacement therapy (HRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study lot consisted of 30 endometrial biopsies on which we studied the apoptotic phenomenon through morphological and molecular biology techniques (TUNEL reaction). Examination of endometrial biopsies before and post-therapeutically ...
Liarte Sergio - - 2007
Leukocytes are found within the testis of most, if not all, mammals and are involved in immunological surveillance, physiological regulation and tissue remodelling. The testis of seasonal breeding fish undergoes a regression process. In the present study, the second reproductive cycle (RC) of the protandrous seasonal teleost fish, gilthead seabream, ...
Yamane Masako - - 2007
Mechanical stretch is essential for the cardiac growth. The exposure of cardiac myocytes to the mechanical stretch leads to the cell alignment in parallel to the stretch direction, determining the cell polarity, though it remains to be addressed how mechanical stretch regulates cell orientation. In the present study, we investigated ...
Weaver C V - - 2007
Although benzene, a well-known human carcinogen, has been shown to induce apoptosis in vitro, no studies have been carried out to confirm and characterize its role in activating apoptosis in vivo. The present study investigated the effects of benzene inhalation on the epithelial cells lining the respiratory tract including bronchioles, ...
Chao Julie - - 2006
Kallistatin is a serine proteinase inhibitor that has been shown to reduce joint swelling and to inhibit inflammation in a rat model of arthritis. In this study, we investigated the effect and mechanisms of kallistatin on cardiac function after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The human kallistatin gene in an adenoviral ...
Dressler J - - 2007
To establish reliable methods to aid the timing of brain damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI), brain tissue from 56 autopsy cases with TBI and known survival times, ranging from a few minutes to 126 days, were tested for apoptotic changes to the neuronal and glial cells. Apoptosis was established ...
Blottner Steffen - - 2007
Apoptosis is involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis. The involution of testes in seasonal breeders might be expected to involve enhanced apoptotic cell elimination. We have compared seasonally changing testicular apoptosis in roe deer with that in non-seasonally breeding cattle. Apoptotic cells were detected as TUNEL-positive cells by both flow-cytometric ...
Setkova J - - 2007
During molar development, apoptosis occurs in a well-characterised pattern suggesting several roles for cell death in odontogenesis. However, molecular mechanisms of dental apoptosis are only poorly understood. In this study, Apaf-1 and caspase-9 knockouts were used to uncover the engagement of these members of the apoptotic machinery during early tooth ...
Ikeda S - - 2006
In multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) programmes in cattle, a considerable number of morphologically poor-quality embryos continue to be produced; this is one of the limiting factors of the technique. Apoptosis has often been implicated in developmental arrest and fragmentation; these are regarded as poor traits of embryonic quality ...
Tong Louis - - 2006
PURPOSE: Ultraviolet light (UVB) is known to cause apoptosis in human corneal epithelial cells. This study evaluates the role of transglutaminase in regulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor clustering as well as caspase activation in UVB-induced apoptosis in human corneal epithelial cells. METHODS: A human corneal epithelial cell line was ...
Chodon Dechen - - 2007
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of cancer related deaths in the world, with increasing incidence in many developed countries. Epidemiological data suggest that consumption of soy products may be associated with a decreased risk of cancer. We investigate the effects of genistein on cell proliferation, apoptosis and caspase-3 ...
Wei Lan - - 2007
The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic started in November 2002 and spread worldwide. The pathological changes in several human organs of patients with SARS have been extensively described. However, to date, little has been reported about the effects of this infection on the thyroid gland. Femoral head necrosis and ...
Engmann Lawrence - - 2006
CONTEXT: Progesterone (P4) inhibits human granulosa/luteal cell apoptosis by an unknown mechanism. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the role of the nuclear P4 receptor (PGR) and PGR membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) in mediating P4's antiapoptotic action in human granulosa/luteal cells. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: In vitro laboratory studies were ...
Barbosky Laura - - 2006
Apoptosis occurs at high frequency in the myocardium of the developing avian cardiac outflow tract (OFT). Up- or down-regulating apoptosis results in defects resembling human conotruncal heart anomalies. This finding suggested that regulated levels of apoptosis are critical for normal morphogenesis of the four-chambered heart. Recent evidence supports an important ...
Yeh Chi-Hsiao - - 2006
In this study, experiments were designed to determine if peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonists could decrease myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury after cardioplegia-induced cardiac arrest under cardiopulmonary bypass, attenuate the appearance of cardiomyocytic apoptosis, and decrease the damage of reactive oxygen species. Cardiomyocytic apoptosis occurs after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Reactive oxygen ...
Im Gi-Sun - - 2006
Artificial activation of oocytes is a pre-requisite for successful cloning by nuclear transfer (NT). This study investigated effect of different combination of activation chemicals such as electric pulse (E), thimerosal (Thi) + dithiothreitol (DTT), 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP), or cycloheximide (CH) on the developmental ability and the frequency of apoptosis of porcine ...
Ying Songmin - - 2006
Chlamydia are obligate intracellular bacteria that modulate apoptosis of the host cell. Strikingly, chlamydial infection has been reported both to inhibit and to induce apoptosis. Although the ability to inhibit apoptosis has been corroborated by the identification of cellular targets, confirmation of cell death induction has been complicated by a ...
Pirarat Nopadon - - 2007
The present study revealed a relationship between the kinetic change of apoptosis and the inflammatory response during experimental intraperitoneal infection with Edwardsiella tarda as a septicemic model. The morphological changes of apoptotic cells including cellular shrinkage, condensed nuclear chromatin, nuclear fragmentation and membrane blebbing were detected by light and transmission ...
Kajita M - - 2006
We investigated the signal-transduction pathway of canine distemper virus-Onderstepoort (CDV-Ond) vaccine strain-mediated apoptosis in Vero cells. Canine distemper virus-Onderstepoort at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 0.1 induced DNA fragmentation 48 h after infection. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that 57% +/- 4% of the CDV-N-protein-positive cells were terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP ...
Xiao-Hong Yan - - 2006
Salusin-alpha and salusin-beta are newly identified bioactive peptides with hemodynamic and mitogenic activities. Recent studies have shown that salusins improve calcium uptake and protein synthesis in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, suggesting that salusins may be regulatory factors for myocardial growth and hypertrophy. In this study, we investigated whether salusins improve the ...
Zhang Xiao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The age-related depletion of the resting follicle (RF) stock occurs as a result of two processes: atresia and entry in growth phase. Due to difficulties in obtaining sufficient numbers of RFs for study, little is known about the apoptotic mechanisms for RF atresia. The present study was designed to ...
Baskić Dejan - - 2006
Apoptosis is a highly regulated and programmed cell breakdown process characterized by numerous changes. Since it is implicated in many pathological as well as physiological processes, it is vital to have reliable methods for detecting cell death. In this study, we compared several methods for detecting apoptosis and necrosis in ...
Lee Nikki P Y - - 2006
Spermatogenesis, a tightly regulated developmental process of male germ cells in testis, is associated with temporal and spatial expression of gap junction proteins, such as the connexin family members. Perturbation of their expressions may lead to spermatogenic arrest as manifested by disruption of cell-cell interaction. To explore the role(s) of ...
Nyati Mukesh K - - 2006
Although apoptosis can be readily assessed in vitro with a variety of techniques, the detection of apoptosis in the in vivo setting poses a much more difficult proposition. Apoptosis in an organism is followed almost inevitably by rapid clearance of dying cells via phagocytosis, thus limiting the ability to analyze ...
Schöier Johan - - 2006
Atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease are causing high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Different risk factors have been demonstrated, but the exact mechanisms behind these diseases are still not fully understood. Recent studies have suggested Chlamydia pneumoniae to be involved in the pathogenesis, and increased apoptotic indexes in atherosclerotic plaques have ...
Gao Yan - - 2006
To clarify whether apoptosis is involved in the injury processes induced by autoantibody against cardiac beta1-adrenoceptor, we investigated the biological and apoptotic effects of antibodies on cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Wistar rats were immunized with peptides corresponding to the second extracellular loop of the beta1-adrenoceptor to induce the production of ...
González Arantxa - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is widely accepted that there are two principal forms of cell death, namely, necrosis and apoptosis. According to the classical view, necrosis is the major mechanism of cardiomyocyte death in cardiac diseases. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS: In the past few years observations have been made showing that cardiomyocyte ...
Kote P - - 2006
In building upon the increasing utility of avian immunology as an alternative to the use of mammalian systems for assessing immunotoxic potentials of environmentally and/or occupationally encountered chemicals, in vitro studies were performed to determine if easily obtainable freshly harvested cells from White Leghorn chickens could be used to detect ...
Sasso-Cerri Estela - - 2006
In the bullfrog Rana catesbeiana, testicular weight is constant throughout the year, but the volume densities of germinative and interstitial compartments undergo inverse changes from winter (non-breeding) to summer (breeding). The occurrence of apoptosis in the seminiferous lobules of bullfrogs was investigated in these two periods using sections stained with ...
Laychock Suzanne G - - 2006
Cytokines mediate pancreatic islet beta-cell apoptosis and necrosis, leading to loss of insulin secretory capacity and type 1 diabetes mellitus. The cytokines, IL-1beta and interferon-gamma, induced terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining of rat islet cells within 48 h by about 25-30%, indicative of apoptosis and/or ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2006
Thyroid hormone insufficiency adversely affects cortical development; however, its effect on apoptosis modulation during cerebral cortex development is not understood. We investigated the effect of perinatal hypothyroidism on apoptosis and its mechanisms during rat cerebral cortex development. Primary hypothyroidism was induced by feeding methimazole (0.025% wt/vol) in the drinking water ...
Fernández-Solà Joaquim - - 2006
Apoptosis is a mechanism of cell death implicated in the pathogenesis of alcohol-induced organ damage. Experimental studies have suggested alcohol-mediated apoptosis in the cardiac muscle, and there is evidence of skeletal muscle apoptosis in long-term high-dose alcohol consumers. The relation between skeletal and cardiac muscle damage in alcoholism led us ...
Menon Bindu - - 2006
Stimulation of beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) induces cardiac myocyte apoptosis. Integrins, a family of cell-surface receptors, play an important role in the regulation of cardiac myocyte apoptosis and ventricular remodeling. Cleavage of extracellular domain of beta1 integrin, also called integrin shedding, is observed during cardiac hypertrophy and progression to early heart ...
Shimojo Nobutake - - 2006
Human heart failure is preceded by a process called cardiac remodeling, in which heart chambers progressively enlarge and contractile function deteriorates. Programmed cell death (apoptosis) of cardiac muscle cells has been identified as an essential process in the progression to heart failure. The execution of the apoptotic program entails complex ...
Huser C A M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Chondrocyte death, a notable feature of osteoarthritis, may play a role in the initiation of cartilage degeneration. The present study was aimed at uncovering the nature and involvement of cell death in the initiation of cartilage degeneration induced by mechanical trauma. METHODS: Articular cartilage discs obtained from healthy skeletally ...
Mohamed A. Bedaiwy, Mahmoud ...
Objective:To study the feasibility of using combined morphology and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) for apoptosis detection and the impact of cryopreservation on this process. Materials and methods: We conducted this investigation using a porcine animal model. Bilateral oophorectomy was performed in eight sows. The ovarian tissues were ...
Tantini Benedetta - - 2006
Apoptotic cell death of cardiomyocytes is involved in several cardiovascular diseases including ischemia, hypertrophy, and heart failure. The polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine are polycations absolutely required for cell growth and division. However, increasing evidence indicates that polyamines, cell growth, and cell death can be tightly connected. In this paper, ...
Konrad L - - 2006
Massive apoptosis of pubertal male germ cells is important for the development of functional spermatogenesis in the adult testis. Although the trigger(s) for male germ cell loss at puberty remain undefined, we have hypothesized that transforming growth factor-betas (TGF-betas) play an active role. Here we demonstrate that the three mammalian ...
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