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Fairbairn N G NG Division of Plastic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 15 Parkman Street, WAC 453, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Since the early 1900s, human amnion has been applied to a wide variety of clinical scenarios including burns, chronic ulcers, dural defects, intra-abdominal adhesions, peritoneal reconstruction, genital reconstruction, hip arthroplasty, tendon repair, nerve repair, microvascular reconstruction, corneal repair, intra-oral reconstruction and reconstruction of the nasal lining and tympanic membrane. Amnion ...
Xiao Zhenyu - - 2013
Inflammatory molecules (IMs) play an important role in ionizing radiation (IR)-induced soft tissue damage. The alteration of IMs as a function of time was studied with a protein array containing 62 IMs in mouse cutaneous soft tissues exposed to 30 Gy. The results showed that: (1) 2 days after irradiation, ...
Cuéllar Jason M JM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY 10003, USA. - - 2013
Animal study. Development of an animal model for the study of biochemical changes that occur in the epidural space after intervertebral disc herniation. Although strong evidence for an inflammatory component exists, the biochemical processes underlying pain after disc herniation remain unknown. Epidural lavage was performed in 48 rats after L5 ...
LaBranche Timothy P - - 2012
The mechanistic link between Janus kinase (JAK) signaling and structural damage to arthritic joints in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is poorly understood. This study was undertaken to investigate how selective inhibition of JAK with tofacitinib (CP-690,550) affects osteoclast-mediated bone resorption in a rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) model, as well as human ...
Piplani Honit - - 2012
The marine ecosystem is a unique and enormously rich source of natural products with potential chemopreventive applications in cancer. In the present study, we explored the chemopreventive role and the molecular mechanism of Dolastatin, a linear peptide from an Indian Ocean mollusk, and Celecoxib, a well-established cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor in ...
Sikora Keith A - - 2012
Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an autoinflammatory syndrome in which the myelomonocytic lineage appears to play a pivotal role. Inflammatory macrophages are driven by interferon-γ (IFNγ), but studies have failed to demonstrate an IFN- induced gene signature in active systemic JIA. This study sought to characterize the status of ...
Etzerodt Anders - - 2013
The hemoglobin (Hb) scavenger receptor, CD163, is a macrophage-specific protein and the upregulated expression of this receptor is one of the major changes in the macrophage switch to alternative activated phenotypes in inflammation. Accordingly, a high CD163 expression in macrophages is a characteristic of tissues responding to inflammation. The scavenging ...
Gordon Rachael A - - 2012
Type I interferons (IFNs) have emerged as potential activators of the IFN signature and elevated STAT-1 expression in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium, but mechanisms that induce synovial IFN expression are unknown. Recently, tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) was shown to induce a delayed IFN response in macrophages. We undertook this ...
Valencia Frances - - 2012
: Use of the stimulant methamphetamine (METH) is increasingly common, with >35 million users worldwide. There is a known association between stimulant use and an increased incidence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METH is known to have immune modulatory properties. However, the impact of METH on normal ...
Ozaki Naoko - - 2012
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is associated with Fcγ receptors (FcγRs) and transmits activation signals through FcγRs in myeloid cells. Thus, application of drugs to inhibit Syk activity can affect the development of immune diseases mediated by autoantibodies, while unexpected systemic effects by the inhibition may be concerned because Syk has ...
Tefé-Silva Cristiane - - 2012
Strongyloidiasis is an intestinal parasitosis with an obligatory pulmonary cycle. A Th2-type immune response is induced and amplifies the cellular response through the secretion of inflammatory mediators. Although this response has been described as being similar to asthma, airway remodeling during pulmonary migration of larvae has not yet been established. ...
Munyaka P M - - 2012
A study was conducted to assess the effect of yeast-derived carbohydrates (YDC) on performance and innate immune responses of broiler chickens. In total, 1,080 one-day-old birds were randomly assigned to one of 3 dietary treatments (n = 360): a standard broiler diet containing monensin (control), control + bacitracin methylene disalycylate ...
Chang V T - - 2012
Abstract Substance P (SP), also considered a pro-inflammatory cytokines, as well as others such as TGF-β1 and IL-1 and, the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin (FN) have been associated with the pathophysiology of myelofibrosis. SP is encoded by the TAC1 gene. The relationships among SP, TGF-β1, IL-1 and FN are poorly ...
Jain Ajay - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Soluble immune aggregates bearing intact Fc fragments are effective treatment for a variety of autoimmune disorders in mice. In order to better understand the mechanisms by which Fc bearing immune complexes suppress autoimmunity, and to develop a platform for clinical translation, we created a series of fully recombinant ...
Mo Ji-Hun - - 2012
The herbal medicine, So-Cheong-Ryong-Tang (SCRT) has been empirically used for the treatment of allergic rhinitis for hundreds of years; however, its in vivo effects on allergic rhinitis have been rarely elucidated. We aimed to evaluate the anti-allergic effects of SCRT in an allergic rhinitis mouse model and to examine the ...
Harwani Sailesh C - - 2012
Inflammation and autonomic dysfunction contribute to the pathophysiology of hypertension. Cholinergic stimulation suppresses innate immune responses. Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces hypertension and is associated with proinflammatory immune responses. Our goal was to define the innate immune response in a model of genetic hypertension and the influences of cholinergic stimulation ...
Belgnaoui S Mehdi - - 2012
The RIG-I/Mda5 sensors recognize viral intracellular RNA and trigger host antiviral responses. RIG-I signals through the adaptor protein MAVS, which engages various TRAF family members and results in type I interferon (IFNs) and proinflammatory cytokine production via activation of IRFs and NF-κB, respectively. Both the IRF and NF-κB pathways also ...
Santos Juliana - - 2012
Background: Collinin is a secondary plant metabolite belonging to the class of geranyloxycoumarins. We explored the potential beneficial impact of collinin on periodontal health by investigating its effect on Porphyromonas gingivalis, LPS-induced inflammatory response of macrophages, and osteoclastogenesis. Methods: Collinin was synthesized from pyrogallol and propiolic acid. A microdilution assay ...
Hacha Jonathan - - 2012
Rationale: Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is a prototypic Th2 cytokine and a central mediator of the complex cascade of events leading to asthmatic phenotype. Indeed, IL-13 plays key roles in IgE synthesis, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, mucus hypersecretion, subepithelial fibrosis and eosinophil infiltration. Objectives: We assessed the potential efficacy of inhaled anti-IL-13 monoclonal antibody ...
Talaei Fatemeh - - 2012
During hibernation, small mammals alternate between periods of metabolic suppression and low body temperature ('torpor') and periods of full metabolic recovery with euthermic temperatures ('arousal'). Previously, we demonstrated marked structural remodeling of the lung during torpor, which is rapidly reversed during arousal. We also found that cooling of hamster cells ...
Klein Sabine - - 2012
Hepatic myofibroblasts (MFB) show increased proliferation, migration and collagen production, which are crucial for hepatic fibrogenesis. Atorvastatin treatment inhibits proliferation, apoptosis and cytokine production of MFB in bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats in vivo. Here, we have further investigated the underlying mechanisms. Primary rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC) were isolated and ...
Jacobo Patricia Verónica - - 2012
Experimental autoimmune orchitis (EAO) is a model of chronic inflammation and infertility useful for studying immune and germ cell (GC) interactions. EAO is characterized by severe damage of seminiferous tubules (STs) with GCs that undergo apoptosis and sloughing. Based on previous results showing that Fas-Fas Ligand (L) system is one ...
Milutinovic Pavle S - - 2012
The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a multiligand receptor that has been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes, atherosclerosis, and neurodegeneration. However, its role in asthma and allergic airway disease is largely unknown. These studies use a house dust mite (HDM) mouse model of asthma/allergic ...
Nguyen Huy A - - 2012
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are exposed to frequent challenges from inhaled particulates and microbes and function as a first line of defense with a highly regulated immune response because of their unique biology as prototypic alternatively activated macrophages. Lung collectins, particularly surfactant protein A (SP-A), contribute to this activation state by ...
Kim Sun Ae - - 2012
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammation of the coronary arteries. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) stimulated by cytokines and chemokines accelerate the inflammatory response and migrate to the injured endothelium during the progression of atherosclerosis. Activation of AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK), a key sensor maintaining metabolic homeostasis, suppresses the inflammatory ...
Palmer C V - - 2012
As a determinant of survival, immunity is likely to be significant in enabling coral larvae to disperse and successfully recruit, however, whether reef-building coral larvae have immune defenses is unknown. We investigated the potential presence and variation in immunity in the lecithotrophic larvae of Acropora tenuis through larval development. Enzymes ...
Hodgkinson Jordan W - - 2012
The rapid doubling time and genetic relatedness of the fish pathogen Mycobacterium marinum to M. tuberculosis has rendered the former an attractive model for investigating mycobacterial host-pathogen interactions. We employed the M. marinum-goldfish infection model to investigate the in vivo immune responses to this pathogen in the context of a ...
Derlindati Eleonora - - 2012
Due to their recently discovered plasticity, macrophages could be an important target in the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis, and it is of interest that quercetin has been shown to modulate inflammation in humans through mechanisms involving macrophages. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of quercetin-3-O-glucuronide ...
Cian Raúl Esteban - - 2012
The phycobiliproteins from Rhodophyta, R-phycoerythrin (R-PE) and C-phycocyanin (C-PC), have been shown to exert immunomodulatory effects. Here we evaluate the effects of a Phorphyra columbina protein fraction (PF) and from R-PE and C-PC on rat primary splenocytes, macrophages and T-lymphocytes in vitro. PF featured various protein species, including R-PE and ...
Lundeland Bård - - 2012
Background. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), especially expressed on monocytes/macrophages, connects microbial and sterile innate immune activation. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria and several endogenous molecules, among others saturated fatty acids (SFAs), are able to induce signalling through this receptor. Downstream inflammatory cytokines orchestrate the immune response. Our aim was to ...
Philip Anju M - - 2012
Although liver is a key target for corticosteroid action, its role in immune function is largely unknown. We tested the hypothesis that stress levels of cortisol down regulate immune-relevant genes in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver. Hepatocytes were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 h either in the presence or ...
Schneider Monika M Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2012
Several members of the NLR family of sensors activate innate immunity. In contrast, we found here that NLRC3 inhibited Toll-like receptor (TLR)-dependent activation of the transcription factor NF-κB by interacting with the TLR signaling adaptor TRAF6 to attenuate Lys63 (K63)-linked ubiquitination of TRAF6 and activation of NF-κB. We used bioinformatics ...
Gaba Anthony - - 2012
In activated macrophages, the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 inhibits expression of molecules that propagate inflammation in a manner that depends on transcription factor STAT3. Expression of IL-10 is regulated posttranscriptionally by the RNA-binding protein tristetraprolin (TTP), which destabilizes IL-10 mRNA in activated macrophages. Using LPS-activated bone marrow-derived murine macrophages, we demonstrate ...
Kaiser M G - - 2012
Vitamin E modulates the immune response, in part by reducing inflammation. The bacterial component lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can induce an inflammatory response in chickens. The objective of this study was to evaluate immunomodulatory effects of dietary type and level of vitamin E on response of broilers to LPS. One-day-old broiler males ...
Jeong Min-Ho - - 2012
Cordycepin was purified from a mushroom, Cordyceps militaris, and its effect on Th1 and Th2 cytokines was examined. The level of cytokine induction in mouse splenocytes was estimated after co-inoculation of purified cordycepin and LPS. When 5 microg/ml of purified cordycepin was exposed to mouse splenocytes for 72 h, the ...
Higaki T - - 2012
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has shown heterogeneous effects on eosinophilic inflammation in airways. However, little is known about how LPS regulates pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, a major form of eosinophilic inflammation in the upper airway. We sought to investigate the effect of LPS on cytokine production by dispersed nasal ...
Hickey Danica K - - 2012
This study investigates the cyclic changes in innate immunity in the female reproductive tract (FRT) of mice during the estrous cycle. By examining uterine and vaginal tissues and secretions we show that innate immunity varies with the stage of the estrous cycle and site in the FRT. Secretions from the ...
Nathe Katheryn E - - 2012
Tracheal aspirates (TAs) from critically ill neonates accumulate bacterial endotoxin and demonstrate mobilization of endotoxin-binding proteins, but the potential bioactivity of endotoxin in TAs is unknown. We characterized innate immune activation in TAs of mechanically ventilated neonates. Innate immune activation in TAs of mechanically ventilated neonates was characterized using a ...
Salari Samira - - 2013
Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) shows attenuated expression in human coronary arteries as the extent of atherosclerosis progresses. In mice, overexpression of HSP27 reduces atherogenesis, yet the precise mechanism(s) are incompletely understood. Inflammation plays a central role in atherogenesis, and of particular interest is the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory ...
Remmelts Hilde H F - - 2012
The influence of adjunctive corticosteroids on the cytokine response in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is largely unknown. In this study, we analyzed the effect of dexamethasone on the cytokine response in patients with CAP and evaluated whether this effect is dependent on the causative microorganism. We hypothesized that dexamethasone has a ...
Van den Bergh Françoise - - 2012
Collagen XVII (COL17), a transmembrane protein expressed in epidermal keratinocytes (EK), is targeted by pathogenic autoantibodies in bullous pemphigoid. Treatment of EK with anti-COL17 autoantibodies triggers the production of proinflammatory cytokines. In this study, we test the hypothesis that COL17 is involved in the regulation of the EK proinflammatory response, ...
Kim In Hee - - 2012
Parthenolide (PT), a sesquiterpene lactone derived from the plant feverfew, has pro-apoptotic activity in a number of cancer cell types. We assessed whether PT induces the apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells (HCSs) and examined its effects on hepatic fibrosis in an in vivo model. The effects of PT on rat ...
Barranco I - - 2012
Despite the numerous studies carried out, the mechanisms used by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus (PRRSV) to impair the host immune response are not yet clear. The aim of this study was to determine the expression of IL-12, IL-10, IFN-α and IFN-γ in lymphoid organs of PRRSV experimentally-infected ...
Schroder Kate - - 2012
Macrophage pre-treatment with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) boosts subsequent activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, which controls caspase-1-dependent pro-inflammatory cytokine maturation. Previous work has attributed this phenomenon (known as LPS 'priming') to LPS-dependent induction of NLRP3 expression. Whilst this plays a role, here we demonstrate that rapid LPS priming of NLRP3 inflammasome ...
Clària Joan - - 2012
The unprecedented increase in the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related disorders is causally linked to a chronic state of low-grade inflammation in adipose tissue. Timely resolution of inflammation and return of this tissue to homeostasis are key to reducing obesity-induced metabolic dysfunctions. In this study, with inflamed adipose, we investigated ...
Kesika Periyanaina - - 2012
Shigella boydii causes bacillary dysentery or shigellosis and generates a significant burden in the developing nations. S. boydii-mediated infection assays were performed at both physiological and molecular levels using C. elegans as a host. Continuous exposure of worms to S. boydii showed a reduced life span indicating the pathogenicity of ...
Ho Hui-Ju - - 2012
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is induced in infectious and inflammatory conditions, but its role in inflammatory responses still remains elusive. In this study we found tunicamycin (TM) and brefeldin A (BFA), two ER stressors, could attenuate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-elicited inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression in murine RAW264.7 macrophages, and ...
Chong Wei W Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated that pretreatment and posttreatment of animals with suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, can improve survival in a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced severe shock. This study was designed to assess whether SAHA affects LPS/Toll-like receptor 4 signaling through acetylation of heat shock protein ...
Pessanha Ana P - - 2012
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is an intracellular pathogen able to survive and multiply within macrophages. Several mechanisms allow this bacteria to escape macrophage microbicidal activity. Mtb may interfere with the ability of mouse macrophages to produce anti-bactericidal nitric oxide, by inducing the expression of arginase 1 (Arg1). It remains unclear whether ...
Yang Zhaobin - - 2012
Background: Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic and idiopathic gastrointestinal inflammation mediated by disregulated immune responses. Artemisinin (a chemical from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine Artemisia annua L.) and its derivatives have been proven to exhibit anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis ...
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