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Dini Luciana - - 2010
It is becoming evident that failure in the removal of dying cells causes and/or promotes the onset of chronic diseases. Impairment of phagocytosis of apoptotic cells can be due not only to genetic or molecular malfunctioning but also to external/environmental factors. Two of these environmental factors have been recently reported ...
Peter Christoph - - 2010
Tissue homeostasis in metazoa requires the rapid and efficient clearance of dying cells by professional or semi-professional phagocytes. Impairment of this finely regulated, fundamental process has been implicated in the development of autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus. Various studies have provided us a detailed understanding of the interaction ...
Gregory Christopher D - - 2010
The apoptosis program of physiological cell death elicits a range of non-phlogistic homeostatic mechanisms-"recognition, response and removal"-that regulate the microenvironments of normal and diseased tissues via multiple modalities operating over short and long distances. The molecular mechanisms mediate intercellular signaling through direct contact with neighboring cells, release of soluble factors ...
Davicino Roberto - - 2010
Macrophages are involved in the host defense against infectious pathogens and tumors. Tilia species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases, previously it was demonstrated that a dichloromethane (DM) extract possess antiproliferative action "in vitro" on a lymphoma cell line. The aim of this work ...
Chekeni Faraaz B FB Beirne B. Carter Center for Immunology Research, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2011
Apoptosis occurs in many tissues, during both normal and pathogenic processes. Normally, apoptotic cells are rapidly cleared, either by neighboring or recruited phagocytes. The prompt clearance of apoptotic cells requires that the apoptotic cells announce their presence through the release of chemotactic factors, known as "find-me" signals, to recruit phagocytes ...
Lunov Oleg - - 2010
Contrast agents based on dextran-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO) are internalized by professional phagocytes such as hepatic Kupffer cells, yet their role in phagocyte biology remains largely unknown. Here we investigated the effects of the SPIO ferucarbotran on murine Kupffer cells and human macrophages. Intravenous injection of ferucarbotran into ...
Sharma Gaurav G Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2010
The interaction of macrophages with micro and nanoparticles (MNPs) is important because these cells clear particles from the circulation, and because they are potential therapeutic targets in inflammatory conditions, atherosclerosis and cancer. Therefore, an understanding of the features of MNPs that influence their interaction with macrophages may allow optimization of ...
Banerjee Sami - - 2010
HMGB1 was described originally as a nuclear protein involved in DNA binding and transcriptional regulation. However, HMGB1 also has an extracellular role as a potent mediator of inflammation and can diminish the uptake of apoptotic cells by phagocytes, a process called efferocytosis. To explore the mechanism responsible for the ability ...
Dykstra Tobias - - 2011
Phagocytosis is a receptor-mediated process for sequestration and inactivation of infectious microbes. It can be triggered by microbial surface compounds or particle-attached host proteins. We monitored the effector functions of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) in response to polystyrene-streptavidin beads coated with the defined ligands IgG1, β-glucan, mannan, complement factors ...
Corrotte Matthias - - 2010
Phagocytosis is an essential element of the immune response permitting the elimination of pathogens, cellular debris, apoptotic cells, and tumor cells. Recently, both phospholipase D (PLD) isoforms, PLD1 and PLD2, were shown to be necessary for efficient FcgammaR-mediated phagocytosis. In this study, we investigated the role of a potential PLD ...
Nagao Goshi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Micro- and nanospheres have been used as carrier materials for effective delivery of drugs into macrophages via endocytosis including phagocytosis for the treatment of cancer and infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To analyze the role of lipid rafts in the endocytic uptake of microspheres by macrophages, we studied the incorporation ...
VanderVen Brian C BC Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, - - 2010
Macrophages play a central role in tissue homeostasis and the immune system. Their primary function is to internalize cellular debris and microorganisms for degradation within their phagosomes. In this context, their capacity to process and sequester lipids such as triacylglycerides and cholesteryl esters makes them key players in circulatory diseases, ...
Geiser Marianne - - 2010
Lung macrophages, that is, the intravascular, interstitial, pleural, and surface macrophages, are part of the mononuclear phagocyte system. They are derived from the hematopoietic stem cell in the bone marrow with the monocytes as their putative precursors. Macrophages residing on the inner surfaces of the lungs and immersed within the ...
Muthu Kuzhali - - 2010
CD14 is a glycoprotein that binds bacterial LPS in MØ. It is an essential component of the phagocytic system and is increased in septic shock. Critical injury and sepsis result in elevated endogenous CA levels. CAs have a significant impact on MØ inflammatory functions. We tested the hypothesis that β-adrenergic ...
Davis Michael J MJ Program in Immunology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5620, - - 2010
In addition to the lysosome's important roles in digestion, antigen processing, and microbial destruction, lysosome damage in macrophages can trigger cell death and release of the inflammatory cytokine IL-1β. To examine the relationship among endocytosis, lysosome damage, and subsequent events, such as caspase-1 activation and IL-1β secretion, we developed a ...
Rieger Aja M - - 2010
Phagocytosis provides a critical first line of defense against invading pathogens. Engagement of particles through receptor-mediated binding precedes internalization and induction of cellular antimicrobial responses. Phagocytes have the capacity to differentially regulate binding and internalization processes through changes in their receptor profile and modulation of downstream events. This is necessary ...
Silva Manuel T - - 2010
Triggering of phagocyte apoptosis is a major virulence mechanism used by some successful bacterial pathogens. A central issue in the apoptotic death context is that fully developed apoptosis results in necrotic cell autolysis (secondary necrosis) with release of harmful cell components. In multicellular animals, this occurs when apoptosing cells are ...
Katragkou Aspasia - - 2010
Biofilm formation is an important component of vascular catheter infections caused by Candida albicans. Little is known about the interactions between human phagocytes, antifungal agents, and Candida biofilms. The interactions between C. albicans biofilms and human phagocytes alone and in combination with anidulafungin or voriconazole were investigated and compared with ...
van Eijk Marco - - 2010
Human phagocyte-specific chitotriosidase is part of innate immunity and shows anti-fungal activity towards chitin-containing fungi. We investigated the effect of stimulation of the C-type lectin receptor dectin-1 by beta-1,3-glucan (curdlan) on chitotriosidase expression and release by human phagocytes. We observed that curdlan triggers chitotriosidase release from human neutrophils. In addition, ...
Kreutz Luiz Carlos - - 2010
The resistance of fish to microorganisms challenge depends mainly on the efficacy of the immune response. Most studies on the natural immune response of fish have focused on the effect of diets and immunostimulants. Few studies correlated the presence of commonly used agrichemical and susceptibility to infection by aquatic microorganism. ...
Brakhage Axel A - - 2010
Phagocytosis of conidia by macrophages and destruction of hyphae by neutrophils are key processes in the defense against infections caused by filamentous fungi. Impairment in phagocytic function leads to increased susceptibility for an infection with Aspergillus species. The fact that a Th1-based immune response to an infection with Aspergillus species ...
Ghio Andrew J - - 2010
Macrophages from smokers demonstrate an increased auto-fluorescence. Similarly, auto-fluorescence follows in vitro exposure of macrophages to cigarette smoke condensate (i.e., the particulate fraction of cigarette smoke). The composition of particles in cigarette smoke can be comparable to air pollution particles. We tested the postulate that macrophages exposed to air pollution ...
Monobe Manami - - 2010
We investigated the phagocytosis-enhancing activity of green tea polyphenols, such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin gallate (ECG), epicatechin (EC) catechin (+C) and strictinin, using VD3-differentiated HL60 cells. EGCG, EGC, ECG and strictinin, but not EC and +C, increased the phagocytic activity of macrophage-like cells, and a caspase inhibitor ...
Camatini Marina - - 2012
PM10 was collected in a Milan urban site, representative of the city air quality, during winter and summer 2006. Mean daily PM10 concentration was 48 μg m(-3) during summer and 148 μg m(-3) during winter. Particles collected on Teflon filters were chemically characterized and the endotoxin content determined by the ...
Fadeel Bengt B Division of Molecular Toxicology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2010
Programmed cell clearance is a physiological process of elimination of apoptotic cell corpses. Recent studies have disclosed several ligand-receptor interactions that dictate the recognition or non-recognition of cells by macrophages and other phagocytes. The externalization of the anionic phospholipid, phosphatidylserine is effectively recognized by specific receptors on professional phagocytes and ...
Ip W K Eddie WK Developmental Immunology and Lipid Metabolism Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02144, - - 2010
Innate immunity is vital for protection from microbes and is mediated by humoral effectors, such as cytokines, and cellular immune defenses, including phagocytic cells (e.g., macrophages). After internalization by phagocytes, microbes are delivered into a phagosome, a complex intracellular organelle with a well-established and important role in microbial killing. However, ...
Amiel Eyal - - 2010
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a pathogenic Gram-negative bacterium that causes severe opportunistic infections in immunocompromised individuals; in particular, severity of infection with P. aeruginosa positively correlates with poor prognosis in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Establishment of chronic infection by this pathogen is associated with downregulation of flagellar expression and of other ...
Chandak Prakash G - - 2010
Macrophage phagocytosis is an essential biological process in host defense and requires large amounts of energy. To date, glucose is believed to represent the prime substrate for ATP production in macrophages. To investigate the relative contribution of free fatty acids (FFAs) in this process, we determined the phagocytosis rates in ...
Ramírez-Gómez Francisco F Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico, P.O. Box 23360, UPR Station, Río Piedras, San Juan, PR 00931-3360, - - 2010
Echinoderms possess a variety of cells populating the coelomic fluid; these cells are responsible for mounting defense against foreign agents. In the sea cucumber Holothuria glaberrima, four different coelomocyte types were readily distinguished using morphological, histochemical and physiological (phagocytic activity) parameters: lymphocytes, phagocytes, spherulocytes and "giant" cells (listed in order ...
Kim Soyoun - - 2010
Clearance of apoptotic cells is involved in the resolution of inflammation, and this mechanism is controlled by the regulation of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production during the ingestion of apoptotic cells. Inflamed areas show extracellular acidity, and low pH stimulates cellular functions of immune cells. However, little is known about ...
Cash Jenna L JL Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2010
Chemerin peptides represent a recently identified component of the endogenous anti-inflammatory network that act via the G protein-coupled receptor ChemR23. The role of the chemerin peptide/ChemR23 pathway in phagocytosis, the clearance of apoptotic cells (efferocytosis), and the resolution of inflammation is unknown. In this article, we report that low picomolar ...
Smith Richard A - - 2010
This study was undertaken to compare macrophage response to polycarbonate-urethane (PCU), a proposed alternative material to polyethylene in acetabular components of total hip arthroplasty to cross-linked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (xUHMWPE) in the presence or absence of endotoxin. Polyethylene wear debris that is generated by total hip and knee replacements ...
Lin Jr-Shiuan - - 2010
The yeast cells of dimorphic fungal pathogen Histoplasma reside primarily within the macrophages of an infected host; the interaction between the yeast and macrophage has a profound impact on host defense against the fungus. We used blocking antibodies and saccharides to identify the receptors that participate in the phagocytosis of ...
Jay Steven M SM Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2010
The formation of surface-damaging foreign body giant cells (FBGC) from the fusion of macrophages is considered a hallmark of the foreign body response. Experimental evidence indicates that when macrophages are unable to internalize foreign bodies via phagocytosis due to their large size, they acquire a fusogenic phenotype. The mechanism behind ...
Munoz Luis E - - 2010
Deficiencies in the recognition and engulfment of apoptotic cells have been reported in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). If dying cells are not promptly cleared, they undergo secondary necrosis and release nuclear autoantigens. Secondarily necrotic cell-derived material (SNEC) can be generated in vitro employing various methods. SNEC generated by ...
Nóbrega Yanna Karla de Medeiros - - 2010
Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic, suppurative and granulomatous mycosis whose main etiologic agent is the fungus Fonsecaea pedrosoi. The severity of chromoblastomycosis clinical manifestations correlates with the Th1 or Th2 immune response, and an efficient cellular immune response depends on the interaction between immune cells and the cell wall of the ...
Rettig Lorna - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) mixed with protamine forms particles and activates immune cells through Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We have found that the size of protamine-RNA particles generated depends on the electrolyte content when mixing the 2 components. Moreover, we have evidenced that (1) nanometric particles induce ...
Hao Hsiao-Nan - - 2010
The biological response to orthopaedic wear debris is central to peri-prosthetic tissue inflammation and osteolysis, through mechanisms that include local inflammatory cytokine production. In particular, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha|) are generated in high quantities following monocyte accumulation in periprosthetic inflammatory tissue, and these cytokine combine with ...
Peng Bing B Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Reproductive Immunology Unit, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2010
Apoptosis is a normal constituent of trophoblast turnover in the placenta; however in some cases, this process is related to pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia. Recognition and engulfment of these apoptotic trophoblast cells is important for clearance of dying cells. The aim of this study was to show the cross ...
Libako Patrycja - - 2010
Epidemiological and experimental studies underline the role of magnesium in inflammation. Several data indicate an enhanced response of phagocytes (granulocytes, macrophages) derived from magnesium-deficient animals or cultured under low magnesium conditions to the inflammatory mediators' stimulation. On the contrary, it was pointed out that high extracellular Mg2+ concentration might partially ...
Mart?nez Willington - - 2010
The study of plants used in traditional medicine has drawn the attention of researchers as an alternative in the development of new therapeutics agents, such as the American Solanaceae Physalis peruviana, which has significant anti-inflammatory activity. The Physalis peruviana anti-inflammatory effect of ethanol or ether calyces extracts on the phagocytic ...
Fuller-Espie Sheryl L - - 2010
Phagocytosis assays employing class I [interleukin 12 (IL-12)], and class II [gamma interferon (gIFN) and IL-10] human recombinant cytokines were carried out to determine the biological effects of these molecules on innate immune responses in the earthworm Eisenia hortensis. Coelomocytes from E. hortensis were pre-incubated with the cytokines for 16-20h ...
Jack Thomas - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the physical properties and chemical composition of particles captured by in-line microfilters in critically ill children, and to investigate the inflammatory and cytotoxic effects of particles on endothelial cells (HUVEC) and macrophages in vitro. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of microfilters following their use in the pediatric intensive ...
García Mónica - - 2010
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common and potentially lethal acute inflammatory process. Although the majority of patients have a mild episode of AP, 10%-20% develop a severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and suffer systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and/or pancreatic necrosis. The main aim of this article is to review the ...
Cavaliere Victoria - - 2010
Sipunculans, a small phylum of coelomated marine worms closely related to polychaete annelids, lack a true circulatory system. We have previously shown that the sipunculan Themiste petricola can form a cellular clot, without congealing, of cell-free coelomic fluid. The clot is formed by the aggregation of large granular leukocytes (LGLs) ...
Link Tiffany M - - 2010
Macrophage phagocytosis is critical for defense against pathogens. Whereas many steps of phagocytosis involve ionic flux, the underlying ion channels remain ill defined. Here we show that zymosan-, immunoglobulin G (IgG)- and complement-mediated particle binding and phagocytosis were impaired in macrophages lacking the cation channel TRPV2. TRPV2 was recruited to ...
Shimada Takahiro T Immunobiology Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048, - - 2010
IL-1beta produced by phagocytes is important for protection against the mucosal pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Processing and maturation of this cytokine requires activation of the multiprotein inflammasome complex. We observed that the bacterial cell wall component peptidoglycan (PGN) must be particulate and internalized via phagocytosis to activate NLRP3 inflammasomes and IL-1beta ...
Poon Ivan K H - - 2010
Under normal physiologic conditions, necrotic cells resulting from tissue injury are rapidly removed from the circulation and tissues by phagocytes, thus preventing the exposure of intracellular antigenic and immunostimulatory molecules that can aid the development of autoimmune disease. Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), a relatively abundant plasma glycoprotein, has a multidomain structure ...
Simons Elizabeth R - - 2010
Phagocytes are the most important early components of the immune response, programmed to recognize, engulf, and destroy immune complexes (formed when antibodies recognize their specific antigens), foreign particles, bacteria, mycobacteria, apoptotic cells, etc. Neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells all participate in this process. Flow cytometry permits observation of phagocytes ...
Silva Reinaldo C - - 2010
It has been well-documented that leukotrienes (LTs) are released in allergic lung inflammation and that they participate in the physiopathology of asthma. A role for LTs in innate immunity has recently emerged: Cys-LTs were shown to enhance FcgammaR-mediated phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages (AMs). Thus, using a rat model of asthma, ...
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