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Results 201 - 250 of 1084
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Li Yitang Y Joint Program in Transfusion Medicine and Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, Division of Blood Bank, Department of Lab Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2011
The clinical outcome of granulocyte transfusion therapy is often hampered by short ex vivo shelf life, inefficiency of recruitment to sites of inflammation, and poor pathogen-killing capability of transplanted neutrophils. Here, using a recently developed mouse granulocyte transfusion model, we revealed that the efficacy of granulocyte transfusion can be significantly ...
Hong Jeong-Soo - - 2011
A localized and effective innate immune response to pathogenic bacterial invasion is central to host survival. Identification of the critical local innate mediators of lung defense against such pathogens is essential for a complete understanding of the mechanism(s) underlying effective host defense. In an acute model of Streptococcus pneumoniae lung ...
Li Qian - - 2011
We recently reported that the complement system plays a pivotal role in innate immune defense against Streptococcus pneumoniae during acute otitis media (OM) in mice. The current study was designed to determine which of the complement pathways are activated during acute pneumococcal OM and whether components of complement are expressed ...
Yang Feng-Ling - - 2011
The active components of a primary pyrogenic liver abscess (PLA) Klebsiella pneumoniae in stimulating cytokine expression in macrophages are still unclear. The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) of PLA K. pneumoniae is important in determining clinical manifestations, and we have shown that it consists of repeating units of the trisaccharide (→3)-β-D-Glc-(1→4)-[2,3-(S)-pyruvate]-β-D-GlcA-(1→4)-α-L-Fuc-(1→) and ...
Bewley Martin A - - 2011
Macrophages are central effectors of innate immune responses to bacteria. We have investigated how activation of the abundant macrophage lysosomal protease, cathepsin D, regulates the macrophage proteome during killing of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Using the cathepsin D inhibitor pepstatin A, we demonstrate that cathepsin D differentially regulates multiple targets out of ...
Rodrigues Ana Paula D - - 2011
KA (kojic acid) is a secondary metabolite isolated from Aspergillus fungi that has demonstrated skin whitening, antioxidant and antitumour properties among others. However, limited information is available regarding its effects on macrophages, the major cell involved in cell defence. The aim of the present study was to analyse whether KA ...
Lessig Jacqueline - - 2011
Drug delivery into immune cells has high potential for the treatment of all kinds of inflammation, allowing a target-oriented transport of active agents. The advantage of this local drug release is the prevention of negative effects of systemic applications and low-dose application. Thereby, the phagocytotic capability of mature phagocytes is ...
Matsumoto Tomio - - 2011
Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated leukocytes secrete proinflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-12. Over-activation of host defense systems may result in severe tissue damage and requires regulation. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and interleukin-10 are candidate cytokines for inducing tolerance to lipopolysaccharide re-stimulation. We compared cytokines secreted by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated blood cells from patients who ...
Shimizu Takashi - - 2011
Pathogenesis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is considered to be in part attributed to excessive immune responses. Mycoplasma pneumoniae shows strong cytoadherence to host cells and this cytoadherence is thought to be involved in the progression of pneumonia. However, the interaction between the cytoadherence and the immune responses is not known ...
Liu Xiao-Hong - - 2011
Vascular wall chronic inflammation plays a critical role in the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. Circulating and tissue angiotensin II can induce potent inflammatory responses in vascular cells and promotes atherosclerosis, whereas the underlying mechanisms remain uncertain. Several data indicated that the upregulation of ...
March Catalina - - 2011
Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) is a class of proteins highly conserved among the Enterobacteriaceae family and throughout evolution. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a capsulated gram-negative pathogen. It is an important cause of community-acquired and nosocomial pneumonia. Evidence indicates that K. pneumoniae infections are characterized by a lack of an early ...
Herold Susanne - - 2011
RATIONALE: Exudate macrophages are key players in host defense towards invading pathogens. Their anti-inflammatory and epithelial-protective potential in gram-negative pneumonia, however, remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether exudate macrophages contributed to preservation of alveolar epithelial barrier integrity and analyzed the molecular pathways involved. METHODS: We evaluated the anti-inflammatory and epithelial-protective ...
Wang Jinghua J Division of Basic and Translational Research, Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2011
IL-23, produced by dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, plays a critical role in innate immunity against bacterial infection. Our previous studies show that morphine disrupts the IL-23/IL-17 mediated pulmonary mucosal host defense and increases susceptibility to Streptococcus pneumoniae lung infection. To determine the mechanism by which morphine modulates IL-23 production, ...
Pittet Lynnelle A LA Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 72 E. Concord St., Boston, MA 02118, - - 2011
NF-κB regulates cytokine expression to initiate and control the innate immune response to lung infections. The NF-κB protein RelA is critical for pulmonary host defense during Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia, but the cell-specific roles of this transcription factor remain to be determined. We hypothesized that RelA in alveolar macrophages contributes to ...
Lakhan Shaheen E - - 2011
Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by persistent low-grade inflammation with alterations in gut motility. Motor abnormalities suggest that obesity has effects on the enteric nervous system (ENS), which controls virtually all gut functions. Recent studies have revealed that the gut microbiota can affect obesity and increase inflammatory tone by ...
Gaudet Andrew D - - 2011
In this review, we first provide a brief historical perspective, discussing how peripheral nerve injury (PNI) may have caused World War I. We then consider the initiation, progression, and resolution of the cellular inflammatory response after PNI, before comparing the PNI inflammatory response with that induced by spinal cord injury ...
Tran Nguyen P - - 2011
A 15-year-old male admitted for Pott's puffy tumor developed recurrent episodes of fever, diffuse morbilliform rash, eosinophilia, and tubulointerstitial nephritis while on multiple antibiotics. Lymphocyte blast transformation (LBT), a method of detecting cellular immune response by measuring levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), was used to diagnose vancomycin hypersensitivity and guide antibiotic ...
Verret Valentin - - 2011
Embolization with microspheres is widely applied to treat uterine fibroids. However, the foreign body reaction that could result from the degradation of the microspheres remains to be evaluated to adequately appreciate the tissular tolerance to such biomaterials. We compared herein the in situ degradation of PMMA microspheres coated with polyphosphazene ...
Silva Alberto B - - 2011
The function of lymphoid organs and immune cells is often modulated by hormones, steroids and neuropeptides produced by the neuroendocrine and immune systems. The thymus intrinsically produces these factors and a comparative analysis of the expression of neuropeptides in the thymus of different species would highlight the evolutionary importance of ...
Sarna Sushil K - - 2011
The development of IBS symptoms - altered bowel function and abdominal cramping in a subset of adult subjects exposed to severe enteric infections opened up an unprecedented opportunity to understand the etiology of this poorly understood disorder. Perhaps, for the reasons that these symptoms follow a severe enteric infection, and ...
Machado A - - 2011
Inflammatory processes described in Parkinson's disease (PD) and its animal models appear to be important in the progression of the pathogenesis, or even a triggering factor. Here we review that peripheral inflammation enhances the degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system induced by different insults; different peripheral inflammations have been used, ...
Finberg Karin E - - 2011
Systemic iron balance must be tightly regulated to prevent the deleterious effects of iron deficiency and iron overload. Hepcidin, a circulating hormone that is synthesized by the liver, has emerged as a key regulator of systemic iron homeostasis. Hepcidin inhibits the absorption of dietary iron from the intestine and the ...
Das Mahasweta - - 2011
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) evokes a systemic immune response including leukocyte migration into the brain and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines; however, the mechanisms underlying TBI pathogenesis and protection are poorly understood. Due to the high incidence of head trauma in the sports field, battlefield and automobile accidents identification of the ...
Vereyken Elly J F - - 2011
Macrophages play an important role in neuroinflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and spinal cord injury (SCI), being involved in both damage and repair. The divergent effects of macrophages might be explained by their different activation status: classically activated (CA/M1), pro-inflammatory, macrophages and alternatively activated (AA/M2), growth promoting, macrophages. ...
Giordano Gennaro - - 2011
Apoptosis is a natural process occurring during the development of central nervous system resulting in the elimination of neurons that may have formed faulty synapses. Apoptosis can also be triggered by deprivation of growth factors or by exposure to a variety of endogenous or exogenous compounds. Several methods exist to ...
Roggero Eduardo - - 2011
The existence of a network of immunoneuroendocrine interactions that results in the reciprocal modulation of the classical functions of each system is well established at present. Most of the evidence derives from studies on secondary lymphoid organs, such as the spleen and lymph nodes. In this article, several aspects relevant ...
McNulty Amy L - - 2011
Obesity is one of the primary risk factors for osteoarthritis. Increased adiposity is associated not only with alterations in joint loading, but also with increased systemic and joint concentrations of adipose tissue-derived cytokines, or "adipokines", that promote a state of chronic, low-grade inflammation that may act in concert with other ...
Cheng Lesley - - 2011
Increased expression of Hsp72 accompanies differentiation of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells to neuron-like cells. By modulating cellular levels of Hsp72, we demonstrate here its anti-apoptotic activity both in undifferentiated and neuron-like cells. Thermal preconditioning (43°C for 30 min) induced Hsp72, leading to cellular protection against apoptosis induced by a subsequent ...
Carange Julie - - 2011
Oxidative stress and apoptosis are frequently cited to explain neuronal cell damage in various neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson' s disease. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are phytosterols recognized to promote stress tolerance of vegetables via modulation of the antioxidative enzyme cascade. However, their antioxidative effects on mammalian neuronal cells have never been ...
Furuno Tadahide - - 2011
Nerve fibers innervate every organ of the body and are involved in monitoring changes of the external and internal environment. Innervation directly controls a variety of physiological responses in an adaptive manner. Today, many lines of research indicate that also the immunological response is influenced by the nervous system and ...
He Jin-Ting - - 2011
Ischemic cerebrovascular disease is one of the most common causes of death in the World. Exogenous activin A (ActA) protects neurons against toxicity and plays a central role in regulating the brain's response to injury. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms involved in the neuroprotective effects of ActA ...
Chow Ohn A OA Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2010
Statins are inhibitors of 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis. Recent clinico-epidemiologic studies correlate patients receiving statin therapy with having reduced mortality associated with severe bacterial infection. Investigating the effect of statins on the innate immune capacity of phagocytic cells against the human pathogen ...
Saini A - - 2011
The existing reports on the role of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in infectious diseases are contradictory. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of sea-cod oil on the course of respiratory tract infection by Streptococcus pneumoniae in BALB/c mice. Animals were given enteral sea-cod oil for a ...
Barrionuevo Paula - - 2011
The strategies that allow Brucella abortus to persist for years inside macrophages subverting host immune responses are not completely understood. Immunity against this bacterium relies on the capacity of IFN-γ to activate macrophages, endowing them with the ability to destroy intracellular bacteria. We report here that infection with B. abortus ...
Al-Hallak M H D Kamal - - 2011
This study evaluated the use of isothermal microcalorimetry (ITMC) to detect macrophage-nanoparticle interactions. Four different nanoparticle (NP) formulations were prepared: uncoated poly(isobutyl cyanoacrylate) (PIBCA), polysorbate-80-coated PIBCA, gelatin, and mannosylated gelatin NPs. Changes in NP formulations were aimed to either enhance or decrease macrophage-NP interactions via phagocytosis. Alveolar macrophages were cultured ...
Huang Zhen-Yu - - 2011
Phagocytosis of foreign pathogens by cells of the immune system is a vitally important function of innate immunity. The phagocytic response is initiated when ligands on the surface of invading microorganisms come in contact with receptors on the surface of phagocytic cells such as neutrophils, monocytes/macrophages, and dendritic cells. The ...
St Pierre Christine A CA Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Lazare Research Building, Room 228, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, - - 2010
Osteolysis of bone following total hip replacement is a major clinical problem. Examination of the areas surrounding failed implants has indicated an increase in the bone-resorption-inducing cytokine, interleukin 1β (IL-1β). NALP3, a NOD-like receptor protein located in the cytosol of macrophages, signals the cleavage of pro-IL-1β into its mature, secreted ...
Feng Xueying - - 2011
Removal of apoptotic cells from inflammatory sites by macrophages is an important step in the resolution of inflammation. However, the effect of inflammatory modulators on phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells remains to be clarified. In this paper, we demonstrate that lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent inflammatory agent, inhibits the phagocytosis of ...
Krysko O O The Upper Airway Research Laboratory, Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. - - 2011
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is characterized by biased Th2 inflammation and CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) by a Th1 immune response. Colonization by Staphylococcus aureus is increased in CRSwNP. We aimed to determine macrophage phenotypes in nasal mucosa of CRSwNP and CRSsNP and to examine phagocytosis of S. ...
Okamoto Fuyuki - - 2010
Phagocytosis by macrophages is essential for host defense, i.e. preventing invasion of pathogens and foreign materials. Macrophages engulf immunoglobulin G (IgG)-opsonized particles through the action of the receptors for the Fc of IgG (FcγRs). Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) is a classical lipid chemoattractant derived from arachidonic acid. Leukotriene B(4) receptor 1 ...
Frey Benjamin - - 2011
Lipids in the cytoplasm membrane fulfill numerous functions. We focus on how lipid asymmetry is generated and its physiological and pathophysiological mission. The role of phosphatidylserine (PS), a prominent phospholipid that gets exposed during cell death, in health and disease as well as in the clearance process will be outlined ...
Ferry D - - 2011
Among combustion-derived air pollutants, little is known about jet kerosene characteristics and effects. Particles yielded by experimental kerosene combustion in a jet engine were characterized with electron microscopy and X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy. Immature human monocyte-derived dendritic cells were exposed for 18 h to 10, 25 or 100 μg/mL jet exhaust particles ...
Moyes Siobhan M - - 2010
Caco-2 cells form an enterocyte-like monolayer that has been used to explore small intestinal microparticle uptake. They are a useful functional model for the investigation of in vivo drug delivery systems and the uptake of particulate environmental pollutants. The aim of this paper was to determine if the previously reported ...
Duncan Kelly E - - 2010
Abnormally high incidences of asbestos-related pulmonary disease have been reported in residents of Libby, Montana, because of occupational and environmental exposure to asbestos-contaminated vermiculite. The mechanism by which Libby amphibole (LA) causes pulmonary injury is not known. The purpose of this study is to compare the cellular stress responses induced ...
Orr Galya A - - 2011
The cellular uptake of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) is known to involve active transport mechanisms, yet the biological molecules involved are poorly understood. We demonstrate that the uptake of amorphous silica ENPs by macrophage cells, and the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, is strongly inhibited by silencing expression of scavenger receptor A ...
Zhang Qin - - 2011
Abstract More information characterizing the biological responses to nanoparticles is needed to allow the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of products with nano-scale components. The potential cytotoxicity and inflammatory responses of Au NPs (60 nm, NIST standard reference materials) were investigated in murine macrophages. ...
Huang Zhinong Z Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305, USA. - - 2010
Wear particles generated from total joint arthroplasty (TJA) stimulate macrophages to release chemokines. The role of chemokines released from wear particle-stimulated macrophages on the migration of macrophages and osteoprogenitor cells in vitro has not been elucidated. In this study, we challenged murine macrophages (RAW 264.7) with clinically relevant polymethyl methacrylate ...
Keppler-Ross Sabine - - 2010
The first barrier against infection by Candida albicans involves fungal recognition and destruction by phagocytic cells of the innate immune system. It is well established that interactions between different phagocyte receptors and components of the fungal cell wall trigger phagocytosis and subsequent immune responses, but the fungal ligands mediating the ...
Friggeri Arnaud - - 2010
Phagocytosis of apoptotic cells is critical to resolution of inflammation. High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), a mediator of inflammation, has been shown to diminish phagocytosis through binding to phosphatidylserine (PS) exposed on the surface of apoptotic neutrophils. However, it is currently unknown whether HMGB1 also modulates the activity ...
Thorp Edward B - - 2010
Recent evidence in humans indicate that defective phagocytic clearance of dying cells is linked to progression of advanced atherosclerotic lesions, the precursor to atherothrombosis, ischemic heart disease, and leading cause of death in the industrialized world. During atherogenesis, apoptotic cell turnover in the vascular wall is counterbalanced by neighboring phagocytes ...
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