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Winterberg Thomas T Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
Neonates rely on their innate immune system. Resident tissue macrophages are considered to be initiators and regulators of the innate immune response and thus, appear to be especially important to neonates. We hypothesized that the phenotype and function of neonatal tissue macrophages differ from their adult counterparts. Peritoneal macrophages from ...
Maria Alexandre A Department of Internal Medicine-Multiorganic Diseases, Saint-Eloi Hospital, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, F-34295 Montpellier, France; Inserm, U 844, Saint-Eloi Hospital, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, Montpellier F-34295, - - 2014
Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare inflammatory disorder characterized by hectic spiking fever, evanescent rash and joint involvement. Prognosis is highly variable upon disease course and specific involvements, ranging from benign and limited outcome to chronic destructive polyarthritis and/or life-threatening events in case of visceral complications or reactive ...
Cho Tamaki T Section of Infection Biology, Department of Functional Bioscience, Fukuoka Dental College, 2-15-1 Tamura, Sawara-ku, Fukuoka 814-0193, - - 2014
Taking advantage of high-throughput technologies, deep sequencing of the human microbiome has revealed commensal bacteria independent of the ability to culture them. The composition of the commensal microbiome is dependent on bacterial diversity and the state of the host regulated by the immune system. Candida species are well known as ...
Prakash Sangeetha S Division of Basic and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, - - 2014
Chlamydophila pneumoniae (CPn) is a common respiratory pathogen that causes a chronic and persistent airway infection. The elderly display an increased susceptibility and severity to this infection. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the initiators and regulators of immune responses. Therefore, we investigated the ...
Tuleta Izabela - - 2013
The pathomechanisms underlying aortic valve degeneration are incompletely understood. Therefore, the aim of our work was to assess the quantitative changes of proliferation and apoptosis accompanied by cellular phenotype alternations and matrix secretionin aortic sclerotic and stenotic valves and degenerative bioprostheses, as well as to detect the expression pattern of ...
Moore Sarah A SA College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Columbus, OH, USA. - - 2012
The choroid plexus (CP) is increasingly recognized as an important contributor to central nervous system (CNS) inflammation by recruitment of inflammatory cells and release of inflammatory cytokines. Here we investigate the role of the CP epithelium (CPE) as a source of three pro-inflammatory molecules of potential importance in inflammation after ...
Guth A M AM Animal Cancer Center, Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523, - - 2013
Increased numbers of tumour-associated macrophages correlate with rapid tumour growth and metastasis in tumours. Thus, macrophage depletion has potential as a novel cancer therapy and positive responses have been reported in rodent tumour models. To investigate the effectiveness of this approach in dogs with cancer, we evaluated the effects of ...
Gómez-Ochoa Pablo - - 2012
The nitroblue tetrazolium reduction test (NBT) is an assay based on the activation percentage of neutrophils in peripheral blood, that has been proposed for the follow up of canine leishmaniosis owing to the narrow relationship between the molecules involved in the oxidative burst and the leishmanicidal activity of phagocytes. Domperidone ...
Deng Sa - - 2012
A series of analogues of deoxyandrographolide (1) transformed by Cunninghamella blakesleana AS 3.2004 were isolated and identified by spectral methods including 2D NMR. Among them, 3-oxo-17,19-dihydroxy-7,13-ent-labdadien-15,16-olide (9), 3-oxo-19-hydroxy-1,13-ent-labdadien-15,16-olide (16), 3-oxo-1β-hydroxy-14-deoxy-andrographolide (17) and 3-oxo-2β-hydroxy-14-deoxyandrographolide (18) are new compounds. And their structure-activity relationships (SAR) of inhibitory activity on LPS-induced NO production in ...
Yang C C Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2011
Dissociating anti-inflammatory efficacy from the metabolic side effects of glucocorticoids is an attractive therapeutic goal. 5α-Tetrahydro-corticosterone (5αTHB), produced from corticosterone by 5α-reductases, activates glucocorticoid receptors. This study compares the effects of 5αTHB on inflammation and metabolism in vitro and in vivo. Suppression of cytokine release by 5αTHB and corticosterone were ...
Littman Dan R DR Molecular Pathogenesis Program, The Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine of the Skirball Institute, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2011
The commensal microbiota that inhabit different parts of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract have been shaped by coevolution with the host species. The symbiotic relationship of the hundreds of microbial species with the host requires a tuned response that prevents host damage, e.g., inflammation, while tolerating the presence of the potentially ...
Snead Elisabeth - - 2011
Glucocorticoid-deficient hypoadrenocorticism (GDH) with immune-mediated-neutropenia (IMN) and -thrombocytopenia (IMT) were diagnosed in a 3-year-old Labrador retriever dog. Glucocorticoid-deficient hypoadrenocorticism is rare and diagnostically challenging as clinical signs and laboratory abnormalities are often nonspecific. Immune-mediated cytopenias and other autoimmune disorders, as part of an autoimmune polyglandular syndrome have been reported with ...
Sumner Rachel C - - 2011
Past studies examined relationships between hemispheric lateralisation (HL) and immune system functioning. However, there has been no up-dated systematic review of this research area. This article reviews relevant published studies, evaluates study quality and effect sizes. Eleven studies were selected: three revealing a relationship between weaker left hemisphere function and ...
Yao San-Qiao - - 2011
In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that lung cell apoptosis is associated with lung fibrosis; however the relationship between apoptosis of alveolar macrophages (AMs) and human silicosis has not been addressed. In the present study, AM apoptosis was determined in whole-lung lavage fluid from 48 male silicosis patients, ...
Sohn Yang-Sung - - 2011
Systemic iron deficiency concomitant with macrophage iron retention is characteristic of iron-refractory anaemias associated with chronic disease. The systemic misdistribution of iron, which is further exacerbated by parenteral iron supplementation, is mainly attributable to iron retention exerted on resident macrophages by hepcidin-mediated down-regulation of the iron exporter ferroportin. We aimed ...
Oikonomopoulou Katerina - - 2012
The parallel expression of activation products of the coagulation, fibrinolysis, and complement systems has long been observed in both clinical and experimental settings. Several interconnections between the individual components of these cascades have also been described, and the list of shared regulators is expanding. The co-existence and interplay of hemostatic ...
Wensveen Felix M - - 2011
Apoptosis provoked by glucose shortage in dividing T cells is mediated via the BH3-only protein Noxa and inhibition of its binding partner Mcl-1. It is unknown how signals from cellular metabolism can affect the balance between Mcl-1 and Noxa and to what extent other Bcl-2 members are involved in this ...
Swirski Filip K FK Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Simches Research Bldg, 185 Cambridge St, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2011
A classic study in 1968 proposed that bone marrow-dwelling promonocytes differentiate to monocytes, which then intravasate, circulate, and, on tissue entry, differentiate to sessile macrophages. Since then, understanding of the macrophage family relationship has undergone substantial enhancement and occasional revision. It is currently recognized that in addition to their role ...
Derdemezis Christos S - - 2011
In the last two decades we have witnessed a boost in scientific interest and knowledge of adipose tissue biology to such an extent that it was promoted to an active endocrine organ. Adipose tissue is not just related to body weight and appetite regulation. It is also implicated in obesity, ...
Jain Mohit R MR Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School Cancer Center, Newark, NJ 07103, - - 2011
The lack of clear knowledge about space radiation-induced biological effects has been singled out as the most important factor limiting the prediction of radiation risk associated with human space exploration. The expression of space radiation-induced non-targeted effects is thought to impact our understanding of the health risks associated with exposure ...
Mazure N M - - 2011
Mitochondria originated from a distant ancestor: the α-proteobacteria. They evolved over millions of years in a symbiotic relationship in eukaryotic cells by favoring consumption of oxygen by the electron transport chain with production of ATP. Contemporary mitochondria still play a crucial role in providing energy but also in apoptosis. Because ...
Das Rituparna R Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, The Anlyan Center Room S525, New Haven, CT 06520-8031, - - 2011
We examined the role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in the generation of the Th2 response using MIF-deficient mice in a model of epicutaneous sensitization to ovalbumin. Lymph node cells from sensitized MIF-deficient mice produce lower levels of Th2 cytokines after antigen challenge when compared to their wild-type counterparts. ...
Gump Jacob M JM Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2011
The therapeutic potential of autophagy for the treatment cancer and other diseases is beset by paradoxes stemming from the complexity of the interactions between the apoptotic and autophagic machinery. The simplest question of how autophagy acts as both a protector and executioner of cell death remains the subject of substantial ...
Korkea-Aho T L - - 2011
Aims:  To study the antagonic affect of probiotic Pseudomonas M174 on the fish pathogen Flavobacterium psychrophilum. Methods and Results:  The ability of Pseudomonas M174 to inhibit the growth of F. psychrophilum was examined in iron sufficient and deficient media. Possible siderophore production was also investigated. Antagonistic activity was confirmed in ...
Filomeni Giuseppe - - 2011
We previously demonstrated that the complex bis[(2-oxindol-3-ylimino)-2-(2-aminoethyl)pyridine-N,N']copper(II), named [Cu(isaepy)2], induces AMPK-dependent/p53-mediated apoptosis in tumour cells by targeting mitochondria. Here, we reveal that p38MAPK is the molecular link of the phosphorylative cascade connecting AMPK to p53. Transfection of SH-SY5Y with a dominant negative mutant of AMPK results in apoptosis decrease, and ...
Zhang Jun - - 2011
The commonly used volatile anesthetic isoflurane or sevoflurane has been shown to be both neuroprotective and neurotoxic in various cell cultures and animal models. Some possible mechanisms have been raised to elucidate volatile anesthetics-induced neuroprotection or neurotoxicity, respectively. However, none of these can reconcile the linkage between their dual effects. ...
Im Seung-Soon SS Metabolic Signaling and Disease Program, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, Orlando, FL 32827, - - 2011
We show that mice with a targeted deficiency in the gene encoding the lipogenic transcription factor SREBP-1a are resistant to endotoxic shock and systemic inflammatory response syndrome induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). When macrophages from the mutant mice were challenged with bacterial lipopolysaccharide, they failed to activate lipogenesis ...
Truman Jean-Philip JP Department of Regenerative Medicine and Cell Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, - - 2011
Macrophages play a central role in innate immune responses, in disposal of cholesterol, and in tissue homeostasis and remodeling. To perform these vital functions macrophages display high endosomal/lysosomal activities. Recent studies have highlighted that acid sphingomyelinase (ASMase), which generates ceramide from sphingomyelin, is involved in modulation of membrane structures and ...
Rath Eva - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Multiple cellular stress responses have been implicated in chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Even though phenotypically different, chronic diseases share cellular stress signaling pathways, in particular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) unfolded protein response (UPR). RESULTS AND METHODS: The purpose of the ER UPR is ...
Cherayil Bobby J BJ Mucosal Immunology Laboratory, MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2011
My laboratory has been interested for some time in the influence of iron, a nutrient that is essential for both microbial pathogens and their mammalian hosts, on the course of infectious disease. Our studies indicate that alterations in the expression of host molecules that sequester or transport iron can have ...
Yamada Sohsuke - - 2011
The pathogenic role of macrophage apoptosis in atherosclerosis is still debatable, but it is considered to be a suppressor of plaque progression in early stages but a promoter of plaque necrosis in advanced stages. Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase that plays a pivotal ...
Kominsky Douglas J - - 2011
Tissues of the mucosa are lined by an epithelium that provides barrier and transport functions. It is now appreciated that inflammatory responses in inflammatory bowel diseases are accompanied by striking shifts in tissue metabolism. In this paper, we examined global metabolic consequences of mucosal inflammation using both in vitro and ...
Polosukhin Vasiliy V - - 2011
Although airway inflammation can persist for years after smoking cessation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the mechanisms of persistent inflammation are largely unknown. We investigated relationships between bronchial epithelial remodeling, polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) expression, secretory IgA (SIgA), airway inflammation, and mural remodeling in COPD. Lung tissue ...
Cairo Gaetano - - 2011
During inflammation, proinflammatory macrophages sequester iron as a well known bacteriostatic mechanism. Alternative activation of macrophages is linked to tissue repair, and during this process the expression pattern of genes important for iron homeostasis is distinct from that in proinflammatory macrophages. This leads to an increased capacity of the alternatively ...
Yu Fei - - 2011
d-Galactose could give rise to free radical damage by disturbing the some maternal antioxidants. The oxidative stress induced by d-galactose is a potent inducer of apoptosis, which is accompanied by the activation of protein-splitting enzymes called caspases. Apoptosis is a crucial physiological determinant of embryonic and neonatal development, and play ...
Marlin Jerry W - - 2011
p21-Activated protein kinase 2 (PAK-2) has both anti- and pro-apoptotic functions depending on its mechanism of activation. Activation of full-length PAK-2 by the monomeric GTPases Cdc42 or Rac stimulates cell survival, whereas caspase activation of PAK-2 to the PAK-2p34 fragment is involved in the apoptotic response. In this study we ...
Dejda Agnieszka - - 2011
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) shows potent protective effects in numerous models of neurological insults. However, the use of PACAP as a clinically efficient drug is limited by its poor metabolic stability. By combining identification of enzymatic cleavage sites with targeted chemical modifications, a metabolically stable and potent PACAP38 analog ...
Kimura Tomonori - - 2011
Autophagy is a bulk protein degradation system that likely plays an important role in normal proximal tubule function and recovery from acute ischemic kidney injury. Using conditional Atg5 gene deletion to eliminate autophagy in the proximal tubule, we determined whether autophagy prevents accumulation of damaged proteins and organelles with aging ...
Akar Fadi G FG Cardiovascular Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2011
Mitochondria have long been recognized for their central role in energy transduction and apoptosis. More recently, extensive work in multiple laboratories around the world has significantly extended the role of cardiac mitochondria from relatively static arbitrators of cell death and survival pathways to highly dynamic organelles that form interactive functional ...
Dwivedi Nidhi - - 2011
Arsenicosis, due to contaminated drinking water, is a serious health hazard in terms of morbidity and mortality. Arsenic induced free radicals generated are known to cause cellular apoptosis through mitochondrial driven pathway. In the present study, we investigated the effect of arsenic interactions with various complexes of the electron transport ...
Nordgren Ida Karin IK School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, - - 2011
The adaptation of tumours to hypoxia is critical for their survival and growth. The high proliferation rate of solid tumours causes the continuous outstripping of the oxygen supply provided by the local vasculature, resulting in hypoxic regions within the tumour. Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) is the key mediator of cellular ...
Valdearcos Martín - - 2011
The lipins have been described as metabolic enzymes that regulate lipid biosynthesis and also signaling processes by controlling the cellular concentration of bioactive lipids, phosphatidic acid, and diacylgycerol. In the present work we have studied the subcellular localization and role of lipin-1 in human monocyte-derived macrophages. Human macrophages express lipin-1 ...
Pietras Eric M EM Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2011
Monocytes are mobilized to sites of infection via interaction between the chemokine MCP-1 and its receptor, CCR2, at which point they differentiate into macrophages that mediate potent antimicrobial effects. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms by which monocytes are mobilized in response to systemic challenge with the intracellular bacterium ...
Fumagalli Stefano - - 2011
Impaired ribosome biogenesis is the underlying cause of the pathological conditions collectively known as ribosomopathies. Several hypotheses have been advanced to explain the mechanisms by which deficiencies in ribosome biogenesis interfere with developmental processes leading eventually to the emergence of these diseases. In recent years it has become clear that ...
Khare Anupriya - - 2011
Macrophages and polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) rapidly respond to microbial and immune inflammatory stimuli and die during these responses. We have shown earlier that many macrophage and PMN functions are compromised in x-linked immunodeficient (Xid) mice with functional deficiency in Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk). We now report that Btk-deficient macrophages show ...
Warren Jeffrey S JS Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2200, - - 2011
Recent clinical trials have raised concern that therapy with recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) may increase cardiovascular disease risk, event rate, and mortality. Endothelial cell apoptosis has been implicated in both atherogenesis and in the destabilization and rupture of atheromatous plaques. In the current study, we observed that EPO and the ...
Ikeda Fumiyo F Frankfurt Institute for Molecular Life Sciences and Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University School of Medicine, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, D-60590 Frankfurt, Main, - - 2011
SHARPIN is a ubiquitin-binding and ubiquitin-like-domain-containing protein which, when mutated in mice, results in immune system disorders and multi-organ inflammation. Here we report that SHARPIN functions as a novel component of the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) and that the absence of SHARPIN causes dysregulation of NF-κB and apoptotic ...
Marcuzzi Annalisa - - 2011
The shortage of geranylgeranylpyrophosphate (GGPP) was associated to an increased IL-1β release in the auto-inflammatory syndrome mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD), a rare inherited disease that has no specific therapy. Farnesyl-transferase inhibitors (FTIs) act at the end of mevalonate pathway. Two FTIs, Tipifarnib and Lonafarnib, were therefore evaluated as possible therapeutical ...
Kunzmann Andrea - - 2011
Engineered nanoparticles are being considered for a wide range of biomedical applications, from magnetic resonance imaging to "smart" drug delivery systems. The development of novel nanomaterials for biomedical applications must be accompanied by careful scrutiny of their biocompatibility. In this regard, particular attention should be paid to the possible interactions ...
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