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Santos A - - 2011
PMKT (Pichia membranifaciens killer toxin) reportedly has antimicrobial activity against yeasts and filamentous fungi. In previous research we posited that high PMKT concentrations pose a serious challenge for cell survival by disrupting plasma membrane electrochemical gradients, inducing a transcriptional response similar to that of certain stimuli such as hyperosmotic shock. ...
An Joo-Hee - - 2011
As a transcription factor, p53 modulates several cellular responses including cell-cycle control, apoptosis, and differentiation. In this study, we have shown that an actin regulatory protein, gelsolin (GSN), can physically interact with p53. The nuclear localization of p53 is inhibited by GSN overexpression in hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. Additionally, we demonstrate ...
Jiang Lili - - 2011
ABSTRACT The mature microRNA hsa-miR-125a-5p is derived from the 5' end of pre-miR-125a. Although hsa-miR-125a-5p is dysregulated in some tumors, its specific roles in lung cancer cell apoptosis is still unknown. To study its function, the authors examined the effects of hsa-miR-125a-5p on apoptosis in lung cancer cells and investigated ...
Kuo Kung-Kai - - 2011
The objective was to investigate the upstream apoptotic mechanisms that were triggered by a styrylpyrone derivative, goniothalamin (GTN), in tumor protein p53 (TP53)-positive and -negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-derived cells. Effects of GTN were evaluated by the flow cytometry, alkaline comet assay, immunocytochemistry, small-hairpin RNA interference, mitochondria/cytosol fractionation, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase ...
Cocco Claudia - - 2011
B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common hematologic tumor of pediatric age. Although patient survival has been improved, some cases still relapse and need alternative therapies. In this context, the role of microRNA in cancer is actually matter of investigation due to their regulatory function implicated in human tumorigenesis ...
Xu Zhengli - - 2011
Silicon dioxide nanoparticles (SiO(2) NPs) have attracted increasing interest as nanovehicles for delivering drugs, genes and bio-active molecules into cells. However, it is still unknown whether SiO(2) NPs could cause side-effects to normal cells. In the present study, human lung fibroblasts (HFL-Is) were directly exposed to two different sizes of ...
Kuribayashi Kageaki - - 2011
The p53 pathway displays a large degree of redundancy in the expression of a number of pro-apoptotic mechanisms following DNA damage that, among others, involves increased expression of several pro-apoptotic genes through transactivation. Spatial and temporal cellular contexts contribute to the complexity of the regulation of apoptosis, hence different genes ...
Hayashi Masami - - 2011
Tumor hypoxia is correlated with genetic alteration and malignant progression. Our previous studies indicated that the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor, HIF-1α, is responsible for hypoxic suppression of DNA repair in tumor cells by a non-canonical mode of action that requires the HIF-1α PAS-B subdomain. The involvement of HIF-1α in genetic alteration ...
Kojima Kensuke - - 2012
Despite the high complete response rates achieved with fludarabine-based regimens, relapse is inevitable in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Relapsed patients often acquire deletions of the short arm of chromosome 17 (del[17p]), which are closely associated with tumor protein 53 (TP53) mutations. Wild-type p53 up-regulates and activates B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2)-associated ...
Mahmoud Linah - - 2011
The interferon (IFN) response is initiated by a variety of triggers, including viruses and foreign RNA, and involves several receptors and intracellular mediators. Although there are common cis-acting consensus sequences in the promoters of many genes stimulated during the IFN response, they exhibit core and context heterogeneity that may lead ...
Choi Kuicheon - - 2011
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease who are in remission and those who developed irritable bowel syndrome after enteric infection continue to have symptoms of diarrhea or constipation in the absence of overt inflammation, indicating motility dysfunction. We investigated whether oxidative stress during inflammation impairs integrity of the promoter of Cacna1c, ...
Singh Raminder - - 2011
Acute myeloid leukemia is a heterogeneous disease with varying genetic and molecular pathologies. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been proven to possess significant anti-proliferative potential in various cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Hence, treatment with these agents can be utilized to study disease specific anti-proliferative pathways. In this ...
Rastogi S - - 2012
Atherosclerosis involves a specialized inflammatory process regulated by an intricate network of cytokine and chemokine signaling. Atherosclerotic lesions lead to the release of cytokines that can have multiple affects on various vascular cell functions either promoting lesion expansion or alternatively retard progression. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is one such cytokine ...
Cabon L - - 2012
Alkylating DNA-damage agents such as N-methyl-N'-nitro-N'-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) trigger necroptosis, a newly defined form of programmed cell death (PCD) managed by receptor interacting protein kinases. This caspase-independent mode of cell death involves the sequential activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), calpains, BAX and AIF, which redistributes from mitochondria to the nucleus to ...
Kotipatruni Ramaprasada Rao - - 2011
Spinal cord injury (SCI) induces a series of endogenous biochemical changes that lead to secondary degeneration, including apoptosis. p53-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis is likely to be an important mechanism of cell death in spinal cord injury. However, the signaling cascades that are activated before DNA fragmentation have not yet been determined. ...
Karpuzoglu Ebru - - 2011
Estrogen, a natural immunomodulator, is believed to be involved in the regulation of not only normal immune responses, but also pathological conditions such as inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. We have previously reported that estrogen exposure induces several pro-inflammatory molecules including nitric oxide, cytokines and chemokines (IFNγ, IL-12, MCP-1, etc.) and ...
Msaki Aichi A Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, United - - 2011
The NF-κB family of transcription factors is a well-established regulator of the immune and inflammatory responses and also plays a key role in other cellular processes, including cell death, proliferation, and migration. Conserved residues in the trans-activation domain of RelA, which can be posttranslationally modified, regulate divergent NF-κB functions in ...
Li Jinghua - - 2011
Ochratoxin A (OTA), one of the major food-borne mycotoxins, induces apoptosis in various types of cells. Induction of apoptosis is suggested to be one of the major cellular mechanisms behind OTA-induced diverse toxic effects. However, the molecular mechanisms involved, especially the role of p53 in OTA-induced apoptosis have not been ...
Sharma Gunjan - - 2011
Triterpenes found in plants display a multitude of biological activities, including antitumour properties. The present study investigates the effect of 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (GRA) a pentacyclic triterpenoid of the β-amyrin type, isolated from the root of Licorice (Glycyrrhizza glabra) on human breast cancer cells, MCF-7. GRA showed potent inhibitory effects on ...
Lin Hong - - 2011
Glioblastoma is the most malignant form of adult brain tumor and is associated with a dismal prognosis. Emerging data suggest that Notch signaling participates principally in the formation and malignant progression of glioblastoma. Resveratrol is a terpenoid that exhibits broad pro-apoptotic activity in various types of cancers, including glioblastoma. However, ...
Singh Krishna K - - 2011
P53 protein levels are elevated by trastuzumab and the biologically similar rat ERBB2/HER2/NEU antibody; and that this coincides with enhanced apoptosis, increased cleaved caspase-3 levels and diminished cardiac function. We also demonstrate that MDM2 may be a regulatory target of anti-ERBB2 thereby implicating the MDM2/p53 axis as a potential molecular ...
Kang Su Jin - - 2011
The phototoxicity of ultraviolet A irradiation (UVA) can be enhanced by photosensitizing agents, such as titanium dioxide nanoparticles (100 nm in diameter, "normal-TiO(2)"). Nano-TiO(2) treatment in the absence of UVA caused a slight decrease in cell viability, but in the presence of UVA, it caused a significant decrease in cell viability. ...
Lazo Pedro A - - 2011
Viral infections cause a major stress in host cells. The cellular responses to stress are mediated by p53, which by deregulation of cell cycle and apoptosis, may also be part of the host cell reaction to fight infections. Therefore, during evolutionary viral adaptation to host organisms, viruses have developed strategies ...
Kazemi Ahmad - - 2011
The use of low-molecular-weight, non-peptidic molecules that disrupt the interaction between the p53 tumor suppressor and its negative regulator MDM2 has provided a promising alternative for the treatment of different types of cancer. Here, we used small-molecule reactivation of p53 and induction of tumor cell apoptosis (RITA) to sensitize leukemic ...
Melnik Bodo C - - 2011
Oral isotretinoin (13-cis retinoic acid) is the most effective drug in the treatment of acne and restores all major pathogenetic factors of acne vulgaris. isotretinoin is regarded as a prodrug which after isomerizisation to all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) induces apoptosis in cells cultured from human sebaceous glands, meibomian glands, neuroblastoma cells, ...
Choudhary Vivek - - 2011
Androgen and androgen receptors (AR) play critical roles in the proliferation of prostate cancer through transcriptional regulation of target genes. Here, we found that androgens upregulated the expression of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), which is involved in the induction of mitochondrial fission, a common event in mitosis and apoptosis. Clinical ...
Kook Yeon-Hee - - 2011
The hematopoietic cytokines erythropoietin (Epo) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) provide neuroprotection in several in vitro and in vivo models of Parkinson's disease (PD). The molecular mechanism by which Epo and G-CSF signals reduce the neuronal death in PD is not clear. Here, we show that in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 ...
Sheng Zhi - - 2011
The oncoprotein BCR-ABL transforms myeloid progenitor cells and is responsible for the development of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In transformed cells, BCR-ABL suppresses apoptosis as well as autophagy, a catabolic process in which cellular components are degraded by the lysosomal machinery. The mechanism by which BCR-ABL suppresses autophagy is not ...
Jeon Juhee - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cynanchi atrati Radix has been traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat febrile diseases, acute urinary infection or subcutaneous pyogenic infection with invasion of the pathogenic factors. AIM OF STUDY: Nuclear factor (NF)-κB is a pleiotropic transcriptional factor of many genes involved in inflammatory and anti-apoptotic responses. ...
Selimovic Denis - - 2011
Metastatic cancers including melanoma are frequently associated with increased resistance to apoptosis induced by various therapeutic modalities, and the success of systemic therapy for the treatment of metastatic melanoma is minimal. In the present study, we demonstrated the ability of apoptosis related protein (APR)-2 to trigger cell death via mechanism ...
Zhang Si-Ming - - 2011
Innate immunity consists of humoral and cellular components that play a vital role in regulation of defense responses to various pathogens in vertebrates and invertebrates. Recent studies have shown that Rel/DIF (dorsal-related immunity factor), Relish, STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) and CREB (cAMP response element-binding protein) transcription factor ...
Pratheeshkumar P - - 2011
Cancer is a disorder characterized by uncontrolled proliferation and reduced apoptosis. Inducing apoptosis is an efficient method of treating cancers. In this study, we investigated the effect of andrographolide on the induction of apoptosis as well as its regulatory effect on the activation of transcription factors in B16F-10 melanoma cells. ...
Colonne Punsiri M - - 2011
Infection of the endothelial cell lining of blood vessels with Rickettsia conorii, the causative agent of Mediterranean spotted fever, results in endothelial activation. We investigated the effects of R. conorii infection on the status of the Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription protein (STAT) signaling pathway in human ...
Lee Jin Hyup JH Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2011
In mice and humans the circadian rhythm of many biochemical reactions, physiology, and behavior is generated by a transcriptional-translation feedback loop (TTFL) made up of the so-called core clock genes/proteins. The circadian system interfaces with most signaling pathways including those involved in cell proliferation and inflammation. Cryptochrome (CRY) is a ...
Ruland Jürgen - - 2011
Activation of NF-κB transcription factors by receptors of the innate or adaptive immune system is essential for host defense. However, after danger is eliminated, NF-κB signaling needs to be tightly downregulated for the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. This review highlights key negative regulatory principles that affect the amount, localization or ...
Meloche Jolyane - - 2011
Vascular remodeling diseases (VRD) are mainly characterized by inflammation and a vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proproliferative and anti-apoptotic phenotype. Recently, the activation of the advanced glycation endproducts receptor (RAGE) has been shown to promote VSMC proliferation and resistance to apoptosis in VRD in a signal transducer and activator of ...
Wang Xiu-hua - - 2011
Activated rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RAFLSs) play an important role in the initiation and progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Rapid proliferation and defective apoptosis of RAFLSs are two main mechanisms contributing to synovial hyperplasia. Berberine, the major constituent of Coptidis Rhizoma, has been widely used as an antitumor and anti-inflammation ...
Cao Yanyan - - 2011
p53 is essential for cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction while insulin receptor (IR) signaling is important for cell metabolism and proliferation and found upregulated in cancers. While IR has recently been found to be involved in apoptosis, p53 induction or apoptosis mediated through IR signaling activation has never been ...
Wu Xiaoming - - 2011
Macrophages are critical players in both innate and adaptive immunity. While the exogenous signaling events leading to the terminal differentiation of macrophages from monocytes have been studied extensively, the underlying intracellular transcriptional mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here we report that the homeobox transcription factor VentX plays a pivotal role in ...
Lee Sojung - - 2011
Abstract Amentoflavone, a biflavonoid from Selaginella tamariscina, is known to possess several bioactivities such as antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal effects. However, the mechanism of the anticancer effects of amentoflavone on human cervical cancer cells has not been studied in detail. In this study, we demonstrated that amentoflavone induces apoptosis in ...
Bock Florian J - - 2011
Knowledge about "life vs. death" decisions made by p53 after DNA damage is limited but critical to preventing side effects during therapeutic application and to improve anticancer activity. Here, Charvet et al. define a signaling network that explains the protective effects of cytokines on cells exposed to γ-radiation.
Pratheeshkumar Poyil - - 2011
Nomilin is a triterpenoid present in common edible citrus fruits with putative anticancer properties. In this study, the authors investigated the antimetastatic potential of nomilin and its possible mechanism of action. Metastasis was induced in C57BL/6 mice through the lateral tail vein using highly metastatic B16F-10 melanoma cells. Administration of ...
Khandelwal N - - 2011
In a number of contexts, and particularly in response to cellular stress, stimulation of the NF-kappaB (NF-κB) pathway promotes apoptosis. One mechanism underlying this pro-apoptotic activity is nucleolar sequestration of RelA, which is reported to cause cell death by repressing NF-κB-driven transcription. Here, we identify a novel and distinct nucleolar ...
Charvet Céline - - 2011
Activation of p53 by DNA damage results in either cell-cycle arrest, allowing DNA repair and cell survival, or induction of apoptosis. As these opposite outcomes are both mediated by p53 stabilization, additional mechanisms to determine this decision must exist. Here, we show that glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is required for ...
Filipović D - - 2011
Mitochondria are central integrators and transducers of proapoptotic signals for neuronal apoptosis. The tumor suppressor protein p53 can trigger apoptosis independently of its transcriptional activity, through subcellular translocation of cytochrome c and caspase activation. To define better the proapoptotic role of p53 under various stress conditions, we investigated the protein ...
Pepper C - - 2011
Objectives:  Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to induce apoptosis in primary B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cells, but the molecular mechanisms that underpin this observation have not been fully elucidated. Here, we have analysed the effect two novel aspirin analogues, 2-hydroxy benzoate zinc (2HBZ) and 4-hydroxy benzoate zinc (4HBZ), ...
Shi Taiping - - 2011
In the present study, we characterized the function of HS1-binding protein 3 (HS1BP3), which is mutated in essential tremor and may be involved in lymphocyte activation. We found that HS1BP3 localized to the mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum partially. Overexpression of HS1BP3 induced apoptosis in HEK293T and HeLa cell lines. When ...
Kumar Rahul - - 2011
The mycotoxin, citrinin (CTN), is a contaminant of various food and feed materials. Several in vivo and in vitro studies have demonstrated that CTN has broad toxicity spectra, however, dermal toxicity is not known. In the present investigation dermal exposure to CTN was undertaken to study oxidative stress, DNA damage, ...
Yuan Zhongmin - - 2011
Cerebellar granular neurons (CGNs) undergo apoptosis when deprived of depolarizing concentrations of potassium, which coincides with the induction of the transcription factor E2F1, a key regulator of cell cycle. In this study, we examined the effects of E2F1 upregulation on the survival and death of CGNs isolated from C57 mice ...
Zhu Huaqing - - 2011
Aims: Free fatty acids induce apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, which is implicated in lipotoxic cardiomyopathy. However, the underlying mechanisms remain not fully understood. MiRNAs are non-coding smalls RNAs that control gene expression at the post-transcriptional levels. Dysregulated miRNAs have been involved in heart diseases. This study was to examine whether miR-195 ...
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