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Russell P P University of Cambridge, Department of Oncology and The Medical Research Council Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison/MRC Research Centre, Cambridge, - - 2012
Anti-mitotic chemotherapeutic agents such as taxanes activate the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) to arrest anaphase onset, but taxane-exposed cells eventually undergo slippage to exit mitosis. The therapeutic efficacy of taxanes depends on whether slippage after SAC arrest culminates in continued cell survival, or in death by apoptosis. However, the mechanisms ...
Siegel Rachael - - 2011
The type III (λ) IFNs (IFN-λ1, IFN-λ2, and IFN-λ3) and their receptor are the most recently discovered IFN family. They are induced by viruses and mediate antiviral activity, but type III IFNs have an important, specific functional niche at the immune/epithelial interface, as well as in the regulation of Th2 ...
Watson C J - - 2011
We characterized Fas immunoreactivity, function-ality and its role in the response to mitomycin‑C (MMC) chemotherapy in vitro in cell lines and in vivo in bladder washings from 23 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder (TCCB) patients, harvested prior to and during MMC intravesical treatment. Having established the importance of functional Fas, we ...
Gopalani Nomesh K - - 2011
Cellular potassium homeostasis has recently emerged as a critical regulator of apoptosis in response to variety of stimuli. However, functional hierarchy of this phenomenon in the apoptotic cascade and therefore, its significance as a pathway for intervention is not fully established. Chronic hypoxia, a known threat to cell survival, also ...
Shukla Ritesh K - - 2011
Abstract Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs), widely used in consumer products, paints, pharmaceutical preparations and so on, have been shown to induce cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and carcinogenic responses in vitro and in vivo. The present study revealed that TiO(2) NPs induce significant (p < 0.05) oxidative DNA damage by the Fpg-Comet ...
Cheng Jing - - 2011
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is an important immune regulatory protein that possesses potent anti-osteoclastogenic properties, and does so via the transcription factor STAT6. Previous studies have shown that IL-4 selectively blocks RANKL-induced activation of NF-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway molecules, suggesting that the cytokine arrests osteoclastogenesis by blockade of these ...
Jing Kaipeng - - 2011
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been reported to induce tumor cell death by apoptosis. However, little is known about the effects of DHA on autophagy, another complex well-programmed process characterized by the sequestration of cytoplasmic material within autophagosomes. Here, we show that DHA increased both the level of microtubule-associated protein light-chain ...
Scheller Erica L EL Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2011
Suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) has multiple functions including inhibition of Janus kinase (Jak) activity, regulation of protein degradation, and suppression of cytokine signaling. SOCS3 modulates macrophage response to cytokines such as IL-6 and leptin that are systemically induced in obesity. Obesity is a suspected risk factor for SOCS3-related pathology ...
Camaioni Claudia - - 2011
Atherosclerosis is a complex process that begins with endothelial dysfunction, and continues with several inflammatory processes leading, eventually, to plaque rupture and formation of arterial thrombus. Increased platelet reactivity and classical coagulation pathways are not the only players of the whole thrombotic process: microparticles (MPs), irregularly shaped small vesicles released ...
Chang J Robert - - 2012
p53 plays an important role in many areas of cellular physiology and biology, ranging from cellular development and differentiation to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Many of its functions are attributed to its role in assuring proper cellular division. However, since the establishment of its role in cell cycle arrest, ...
Sambri Irene - - 2011
Asparaginyl deamidation, a spontaneous protein post-biosynthetic modification, determines isoaspartyl formation and structure-function impairment. The isoaspartyl protein carboxyl-O-methyltransferase (PCMT1; EC 2.1.1.77) catalyzes the repair of the isopeptide bonds at isoaspartyl sites, preventing deamidation-related functional impairment. Protein deamidation affects key apoptosis mediators, such as BclxL, thus increasing susceptibility to apoptosis, whereas PCMT1 ...
Larangé Alexandre - - 2011
GCs are widely prescribed to treat inflammatory disorders and autoimmune and allergic diseases. Their anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects may be related, in part, to their ability to control the maturation and functions of DCs. Here, we report that GCs inhibit the maturation of human CD34-DCs induced by the TLR7 agonist ...
Horowitz Jeffrey C JC Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States. - - 2012
Fibrosis of the lungs and other organs is characterized by the accumulation of myofibroblasts, effectors of wound-repair that are responsible for the deposition and organization of new extracellular matrix (ECM) in response to tissue injury. During the resolution phase of normal wound repair, myofibroblast apoptosis limits the continued deposition of ...
Garrison S P SP Department of Biochemistry, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, - - 2012
Using genetically modified mouse models, we report here that p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (Puma) and Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (Bim), two pro-apoptotic members of the B-cell lymphoma protein-2 (Bcl-2) family of proteins, cooperate in causing bone marrow and gastrointestinal tract toxicity in response to chemo and radiation ...
Chen Yung-Che - - 2011
Far infrared (FIR) irradiation has been widely applied in health promotion. The aims of this study were to investigate the protective effect of FIR irradiation on stressed keratinocytes and the signaling pathways involved. HaCaT was subjected to sorbitol dehydration with or without 40min pretreatment with FIR radiation 4h earlier. Western ...
Guo Shan-Yu - - 2011
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a member of the TNF family of cytokines, which can induce apoptotic cell death in a variety of tumor cells or transformed cells, yet, it is relatively non-toxic to most normal cells. Consequently, TRAIL was thought to be a promising agent for ...
Li Yi - - 2011
Although it is clear that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves an inappropriate immune response to floral components, the molecular determinants that mediate the gene transcription underlying and aggravating disease remain poorly understood. There is building momentum, however, that implicates differential regulation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) ...
Donauer Julia - - 2011
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are ubiquitous environmental pollutants formed during incomplete combustion of organic material. For example benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is a constituent and contaminant of cigarette smoke, automobile exhaust, industrial waste and even food products. B[a]P is carcinogenic to rodents and humans. B[a]P induces its own metabolism, which generates different metabolites ...
Yin Yan - - 2011
Tubeimoside-1 is a triterpenoid saponin extracted from the traditional Chinese herb Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim.) Franquet (Cucurbitaceae). We investigated the cytotoxic effect and apoptosis mechanism of tubeimoside-1. Tubeimoside-1 was cytotoxic in seven human cancer cell lines, with HepG2 the most sensitive. Tubeimoside-1 induced apoptosis of HepG2 cells dose and time dependently. ...
Rink Jonathan S JS Department of Surgery and Comprehensive Transplant Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2012
Islets are susceptible to damage by proinflammatory cytokines via activation of transcription factor NF-κB. We hypothesized that inhibition of NF-κB activity will decrease cytokine-mediated β-cell injury and improve islet transplant functional outcome. We created a transgenic mouse expressing a degradation resistant N-terminally deleted IκBα (ΔNIκBα) under the control of a ...
Torres-Chávez Karla E - - 2011
Temporomandibular joint pain-related conditions are generally characterized by local inflammation; however, little studies have focused on the role of gonadal hormones in the expression of inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines. Therefore, we asked whether gonadal steroid hormones affect formalin-induced cytokines expression in the rat temporomcandibular joint. The expression of tumor ...
Chatterjee Arunachal - - 2011
Cardiac hypertrophy leading to eventual heart failure is the most common cause of mortality throughout the world. The triggering mechanisms for cardiac hypertrophy are not clear but both apoptosis and cell proliferation have been reported in sections of failing hearts. In this study, we utilized both angiotensin II (AngII) treatment ...
Eto K - - 2012
The programmed cell death 4 (Pdcd4), a translation inhibitor, plays an essential role in tumor suppression, but its role in apoptosis remains unclear. Here we show that Pdcd4 is a critical suppressor of apoptosis by inhibiting the translation of procaspase-3 mRNA. Pdcd4 protein decreased more rapidly through microRNA-mediated translational repression ...
Jin C-Q - - 2011
Introduction:  Dysfunctional cellular immunity is considered to be essential to the pathophysiology of Epstein-Barr virus-related idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (EBV-ITP). Cytokines in peripheral blood and the gene expression of transcription factors in T lymphocytes of patients with were investigated to correlate the polarization of T helper cell type 1 (Th1)/T helper ...
Pinto Rodrigues J F N - - 2011
Background  Recurrent aphthous ulceration (RAU) is considered to be an acute inflammatory disease of unknown pathogenesis. Apoptosis may represent an important event in the control of inflammation. Objectives  The aim of this study was to investigate apoptosis process in RAU using immunohistochemistry. Methods  We studied the expression and location of ...
Liu Yu-Huei - - 2012
Abrin (ABR), a protein purified from the seeds of Abrus precatorius, induces apoptosis in various types of cancer cells. However, the detailed mechanism remains largely uncharacterized. By using a cDNA microarray platform, we determined that prohibitin (PHB), a tumor suppressor protein, is significantly upregulated in ABR-triggered apoptosis. ABR-induced upregulation of ...
Legutko Agnieszka - - 2011
Sirtuins are a unique class of NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases that regulate diverse biological functions such as aging, metabolism, and stress resistance. Recently, it has been shown that sirtuins may have anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting proinflammatory transcription factors such as NF-κB. In contrast, we report in this study that pharmacological inhibition of ...
Crozat Karine - - 2011
Subsets of dendritic cells (DCs) have been described according to their functions and anatomical locations. Conventional DC subsets are defined by reciprocal expression of CD11b and CD8α in lymphoid tissues (LT), and of CD11b and CD103 in non-LT (NLT). Spleen CD8α(+) and dermal CD103(+) DCs share a high efficiency for ...
Ludke Ana - - 2011
Understanding the molecular basis of doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiomyopathy is crucial to finding cardioprotective strategies. Oxidative stress-mediated pathways are known to contribute to cardiomyocyte apoptosis due to Dox. Improving the antioxidant defenses of cardiomyocytes could be one strategy for cardiac protection. We tested the effects of vitamin C (Vit C), a ...
Na Tae-Young - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is a chronic and progressive inflammatory disease of the arteries that is characterized by subendothelial accumulation of lipid-rich macrophages, called foam cells. We sought to identify the molecular details of cross-talk between liver X receptor α (LXRα) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) for the formation of triglyceride-rich foam ...
Raffetseder Ute - - 2011
Chemokines (chemoattractant cytokines) are crucial regulators of immune cell extravasation from the bloodstream into inflamed tissue. Dysfunctional regulation and perpetuated chemokine gene expression are linked to progressive chronic inflammatory diseases and, in respect to transplanted organs, may trigger graft rejection. RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted ...
Li Tai - - 2011
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common solid tumors in children, and comprises about 8-10% of all childhood malignancies. More than 22% cases have N-myc amplification which is associated with aggressively growing neuroblastomas. Oncogene-induced sensitization of cells to apoptosis is an important mechanism for suppression of tumorigenesis. Tumor suppressors often ...
Jang Seung I - - 2011
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in host defense against a variety of microorganisms including protozoan parasites. Interestingly, some microbial pathogens also express a MIF-like protein, although its role in disease pathogenesis is not well understood. The aim of this study was ...
Wang Jun - - 2011
The FOXO family of transcription factors have recently been implicated in innate immunity, especially in case of DAF-16 from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. However, previous studies with this nematode proposed that DAF-16 is not directly activated by pathogens. Rather, DAF-16 mediates resistance if activated by some other cue as part ...
Nakajima Wataru - - 2011
Tumor suppressor p53 induces apoptosis by transcriptional induction of Noxa and Puma, which encode the proapoptotic BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 family proteins. In the p53-mediated tumor surveillance system, p53 induces apoptosis or replicative senescence in oncogene-expressing cells, resulting in elimination of such cells. In this context, we previously found ...
Simões Sato Alex Yuri - - 2011
Mesangial cells (MC) play an essential role in normal function of the glomerulus. Phenotypic changes in MC lead to the development of glomerular diseases such as diabetic nephropathy and glomerulosclerosis. The late phase of diabetic glomerulopathy is characterized by MC death and fibrosis. Current data highlight the growth factor TGF-β ...
Li Shitao S Division of Immunology, Department of Microbiology & Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2011
To systematically investigate innate immune signaling networks regulating production of type I interferon, we analyzed protein complexes formed after microbial recognition. Fifty-eight baits were associated with 260 interacting proteins forming a human innate immunity interactome for type I interferon (HI5) of 401 unique interactions; 21% of interactions were modulated by ...
Nutsch Katherine - - 2011
In this issue, Dang et al. (2011) report a role for the hypoxia-induced transcription factor HIF-1α in regulating the differentiation of T cell subsets that impact both inflammation and its resolution. Their findings illustrate how metabolic signals can alter the balance between inflammation and tolerance and present a potential therapeutic opportunity for ...
Shlevkov E - - 2012
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) is a conserved process aimed to eliminate unwanted cells. The key molecules are a group of proteases called caspases that cleave vital proteins, which leads to the death of cells. In Drosophila, the apoptotic pathway is usually represented as a cascade of events in which an ...
Olagnier David - - 2011
CD36 is the major receptor mediating nonopsonic phagocytosis of Plasmodium falciparum-parasitized erythrocytes by macrophages. Its expression on macrophages is mainly controlled by the nuclear receptor PPARγ. Here, we demonstrate that inflammatory processes negatively regulate CD36 expression on human and murine macrophages, and hence decrease Plasmodium clearance directly favoring the worsening ...
Spurlock Charles F CF 3rd Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2011
Low-dose methotrexate (MTX) is an effective therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), yet its mechanism of action is incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to explore the induction of apoptosis by MTX. Flow cytometry was performed to assess changes in the levels of intracellular proteins, reactive oxygen species (ROS), ...
Wang Kewei - - 2011
Hepatocyte nuclear factor 6 (HNF6) is one of liver-enriched transcription factors. HNF6 utilizes the bipartite onecut-homeodomain sequence to localize the HNF6 protein to the nuclear compartment and binds to specific DNA sequences of numerous target gene promoters. HNF6 regulates an intricate network and mediates complex biological processes that are best ...
Lehman Jason A - - 2011
The p53 family member, p73, has been characterized as a tumor suppressor and functions in a similar manner as p53 to induce cellular death. The phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) can function as a dual specificity lipid/protein phosphatase. However, recent data have described multiple roles for nuclear PTEN independent of ...
Ping Jie - - 2011
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play a pivotal role in liver fibrosis, and the clearance of activated HSC by apoptosis is associated with the resolution of liver fibrosis. The development of strategies that promote this process in a selective way is therefore important. We evaluated the effects of indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a ...
Pan D - - 2011
Naturally oncolytic reovirus preferentially kills cancer cells, making it a promising cancer therapeutic. Mutations in tumour suppressor p53 are prevalent in cancers, yet the role of p53 in reovirus oncolysis is relatively unexplored. Human cancer cell lines were exposed to Nutlin-3a, reovirus or a combination of the two and cells ...
Lamers Fieke - - 2011
BIRC5 (Survivin) is one of the genes located on chromosome arm 17q in the region that is often gained in neuroblastoma. BIRC5 is a protein in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway that interacts with XIAP and DIABLO leading to CASP3 and CASP9 inactivation. BIRC5 is also involved in stabilizing the microtubule-kinetochore ...
Day Bryan W - - 2011
Glioma is the most common adult primary brain tumor. Its most malignant form, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is almost invariably fatal, due in part to the intrinsic resistance of GBM to radiation- and chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. We analyzed B-cell leukemia-2 (Bcl-2) anti-apoptotic proteins in GBM and found myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) to ...
Fan De-Gang - - 2011
Bladder cancer-associated protein (BLCAP) is a novel candidate tumor suppressor gene identified from human bladder carcinoma and highly associated with the invasion of bladder cancer. We previously reported that it also plays a key role in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of human osteosarcoma. In the present study, we constructed a ...
Zhao Jinbing - - 2011
Previous studies indicate that administration of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) protects cortical neurons following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The mechanisms of rhEPO's neuroprotection are complex and interacting, including anti-apoptosis. Here we aim to demonstrate the role of janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) pathway on the ...
Morishima Nobuhiro - - 2011
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in both physiological and pathological apoptosis. ER stress triggers the unfolded protein response (UPR), which can then initiate apoptosis, when the cell fails to restore ER homeostasis. However, the mechanism employed by the UPR to lead cells into apoptosis is unknown. Among the three ...
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