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Di Giovanni Simone - - 2012
The tumor suppressor p53 is a multifunctional sensor of a number of cellular signals and pathways essential for cell biology, including DNA damage, cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and cell metabolism. In the last few years, a novel role for p53 in neurobiology has emerged, which includes a role in ...
Wong See Heng - - 2012
Nuocytes are essential in innate type 2 immunity and contribute to the exacerbation of asthma responses. Here we found that nuocytes arose in the bone marrow and differentiated from common lymphoid progenitors, which indicates they are distinct, previously unknown members of the lymphoid lineage. Nuocytes required interleukin 7 (IL-7), IL-33 ...
Reinhardt H Christian HC Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Response in Aging-Associated Diseases, University of Cologne, 50674 Cologne, Germany. - - 2012
Genome instability contributes to cancer development and accelerates age-related pathologies as evidenced by a variety of congenital cancer susceptibility and progeroid syndromes that are caused by defects in genome maintenance mechanisms. DNA damage response (DDR) pathways that are mediated through the tumor suppressor p53 play an important role in the ...
Xia Yi - - 2012
Issued from a lead optimization process, we have identified a novel triazole nucleoside analog which elicits potent anticancer activity on drug-resistant pancreatic cancer. Most importantly, this compound targets heat shock response pathways by down-regulation of heat shock transcription factor 1 and consequential down-regulation of multiple heat shock proteins HSP27, HSP70 ...
Zeng Cheng-Wu - - 2012
Camptothecin (CPT) is an effective chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of cancer patients. The mechanisms underlying CPT-mediated responses in cancer cells are not fully understood. MicroRNA (miRNA) play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug sensitivity. However, the interaction between camptothecin and miRNA has not been previously explored. In this study, we ...
Battista Natalia - - 2012
The functional adaptation of the immune system to the surrounding environment is also a fundamental issue in space. It has been suggested that a decreased number of lymphocytes might be a cause of immunosuppression, possibly due to the induction of apoptosis. Early activation of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) might play a central ...
Rockwell Cheryl E CE Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2012
NF erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that mediates the upregulation of a battery of cytoprotective genes in response to cell stress. Recent studies showed that Nrf2 also modulates immune responses and exhibits anti-inflammatory activity. In this article, we demonstrate that a common food preservative, tert-butylhydroquinone, can ...
Niemantsverdriet Maarten - - 2012
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy using high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation is aimed at efficiently killing tumor cells while minimizing dose (biological effective) to normal tissues to prevent toxicity. It is well established that high LET radiation results in lower cell survival per absorbed dose than low LET radiation. However, whether various ...
Ding Xiaoming - - 2012
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway is known for its important role in the upregulation of various inflammatory mediators and its "switch regulator" functionality for transcription factor gene networks which control cytokine-induced β-cell dysfunction and death. In this study, the islets were divided into the control group, Ad-green fluorescent protein, ...
Mansha Muhammad - - 2012
Apoptosis is a morphologically defined form of cell death that plays a major role in cell physiology, pathology and cancer therapy. The Bcl-2 family of pro- and anti-apoptotic molecules is a key regulator of this phenomenon, with the sub-family of BH3-only molecules serving as activators and/or facilitators. Apoptosis induced by ...
Miao Hongming H Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2012
Hepatic insulin resistance (IR) is associated with liver inflammatory diseases, but molecular mechanisms for the association remained elusive. IR is known to increase activity of forkhead box-containing protein O subfamily-1 (FOXO1), a transcription factor that was recently shown to enhance proinflammatory cytokine production in macrophages and adipocytes. Here we report ...
Zhu Jianjian - - 2012
Cre-mediated apoptosis has been observed in many contexts in mice expressing Cre-recombinase and can confound the analysis of genetically engineered conditional mutant or transgenic alleles. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this phenomenon. We find that the degree of apoptosis induced correlates roughly with the copy number of loxP ...
Agbanoma Gideon - - 2012
Previously, we demonstrated that spontaneous TNF-α production by macrophages in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissue is largely driven by contact-dependent activation with T cells in that tissue. Whereas abundant IL-10 is present in these RA synovial cultures, it does not adequately control the production of TNF-α. In this study, we ...
Nishina Takashi - - 2012
Apoptotic cells can stimulate the compensatory proliferation of surrounding cells to maintain tissue homeostasis. Although oxidative stress is associated with apoptosis and necrosis, whether it contributes to compensatory proliferation is unknown. Here, we showed that interleukin-11 (IL-11), a member of the IL-6 family of proinflammatory cytokines, was produced by cells ...
McCormick James - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death worldwide, particularly in Western societies. During an ischaemic insult, ventricular pressure from the heart is diminished as a result of cardiac myocyte death by necrosis and apoptosis. Autophagy is a process whereby cells catabolise intracellular proteins in order to generate ATP in ...
Le May Nicolas - - 2012
New or re-emerging pathogens for humans have emerged outside of their usual endemic range during the last decade originating severe public health concern and economical losses. Climate changes have played a significant role in the emergence or re-emergence of arboviruses. Among these pathogens, several viruses belong to the Bunyaviridae family. ...
Huang Wen-Wen - - 2012
Cucurbitacin E, a tetracyclic triterpenes compound extracted from cucurbitaceous plants, has been shown to exhibit anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. The purpose of this study was to elucidate whether cucurbitacin E promotes cell cycle arrest and induces apoptosis in T24 cells and further to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. The effects ...
Jana Sayantan - - 2011
The disease of reproductive women, endometriosis represents implantation of functional endometrial glands outside uterine cavity. This invasive disorder is associated with dysregulation of matrix metalloproteases (MMP)s and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. In this study, we investigated the role of MMP-3 on apoptosis during endometriosis. We also checked whether curcumin has ...
Wang Xiaoou - - 2011
We studied the role of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced apoptosis in primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and its possible molecular mechanisms. Isolated neonatal and adult rat cardiac myocytes were cultured for 48h and were submitted to 5h of hypoxia followed by 2, 6, or 12h of reoxygenation. Small ...
King Jonathan C JC Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 72-107 CHS, 10833 LeConte Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2012
Pancreatic cancer is an exceedingly lethal disease with a five-year survival that ranks among the lowest of gastrointestinal malignancies. Part of its lethality is attributable to a generally poor response to existing chemotherapeutic regimens. New therapeutic approaches are urgently needed. We aimed to elucidate the anti-neoplastic mechanisms of apigenin-an abundant, ...
Deb G K - - 2011
Cumulus cell (CC) apoptosis is inversely correlated with embryonic development in vitro. Therefore, inhibition of CC apoptosis is important for proper embryonic development and quality. Retinoic acids (all-transRA and 9-cisRA) are the natural components of retinoids and the 9-cisRA is the physiologically active metabolite of retinoic acid in vitro. During ...
Ernst Matthias - - 2011
Tumourigenesis is a multistage process comprising initiation, promotion and progression that is governed by cumulative (epi-)genetic changes. However, tumour initiation, triggered by mutations in proto-oncogenes and/or tumour suppressor genes, is insufficient for the development of cancers. Tumour promotion often depends on the interaction between initiated cells and the microenvironment where ...
Liu Shu-Ting - - 2011
Zac1, a zinc-finger protein that regulates apoptosis and cell cycle arrest 1, such as p53, can induce cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. The transactivation and coactivation functions of Zac1 may occur at non-promyelocytic leukemia nuclear body (PML-NB) sites in the presence of other PML-NB components, including ubiquitin-conjugating 9 (Ubc9). It is ...
Bonneh-Barkay Dafna - - 2012
Numerous inflammatory conditions are associated with elevated YKL-40 expression by infiltrating macrophages. Thus, we were surprised to observe minimal macrophage and abundant astrocyte expression of YKL-40 in neuroinflammatory conditions. The aims of the current study were to better delineate this discrepancy, characterize the factors that regulate YKL-40 expression in macrophages ...
Heyne Kristina - - 2011
Mdm2 is an ubiquitin ligase, which binds p53 and blocks its function as a transcription factor in the pathway of apoptosis. Recently we have showed that the SNP mdm2 T309G has a protective effect of the minor allele in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, a functional impact on apoptosis by the ...
Zhou Haitao - - 2012
Nanog is an essential transcription factor maintaining the self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem cells, which binds to nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) proteins, inhibits their transcriptional activity and represses their pro-differentiation activity. The persistent and excessive activation of microglial cells, as primary immune cells in the central nervous system is associated ...
Deshmukh Sachin D SD Center of Chronic Immunodeficiency, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany. - - 2012
Group B streptococci, a major cause of sepsis, induce inflammatory cytokines in strict dependence on bacterial ssRNA and the host molecules MyD88 and UNC-93B. In this study, we show that NO plays an important role in Group B streptococci-induced transcriptional activation of cytokine genes. Phagocytosis induced NO in a MyD88-dependent ...
Králová VÄ›ra - - 2011
Sodium selenite (Se) is known to induce diverse stress responses in malignant cells which may lead to various types of cell death including apoptosis and/or autophagy. In colon cancer cells, Se activates several signaling pathways whose interactions and ultimate endpoints may vary in individual study models. In our previous work ...
Goswami Ritobrata R Department of Pediatrics, Herman B. Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2012
Th cell effector subsets develop in response to specific cytokine environments. The development of a particular cytokine-secreting pattern requires an integration of signals that may promote the development of opposing pathways. A recent example of this paradigm is the IL-9-secreting Th9 cell that develops in response to TGF-β and IL-4, ...
Inoue Hiroki - - 2012
Pharmacological studies have revealed that lignans isolated from Schisandra chinensis, including gomisin N, show anticancer, anti-hepatotoxic, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is an important member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily with great potential in cancer therapy. The present study investigated whether pretreatment with gomisin ...
Shelley Lesley K - - 2011
While xenoestrogens are routinely detected in the aquatic environment, there is little understanding of the immunotoxicological consequences of exposure to these chemicals in fish, or of the mechanisms through which these effects are mediated. This study was conducted to determine if estrogen receptors (ERs) are present in fish leukocytes and ...
Chen Fei - - 2011
The tumor suppressor gene p53 was shown to directly regulate the expression of microRNA-34a (miR-34a). miR-34a regulates a plethora of target proteins, which are involved in cell cycle, apoptosis, differentiation, and cellular development.miR-34a resides in the region of chromosome 1p36.23, which is commonly deleted in many tumor types, while it ...
Ghavami Saeid - - 2012
Geranylgeranyl transferase 1 (GGT1) is involved in the posttranslational prenylation of signaling proteins, such as small GTPases. We have shown that blocking the formation of isoprenoids with statins regulates survival of human lung mesenchymal cells; thus, we tested the hypothesis that GGT1 may specifically modulate programmed cell death pathways in ...
de Lange J - - 2012
Reactivation of the p53 tumor-suppressor protein by small molecules like Nutlin-3 and RITA (reactivation of p53 and induction of tumor cell apoptosis) is a promising strategy for cancer therapy. The molecular mechanisms involved in the responses to RITA remain enigmatic. Several groups reported the induction of a p53-dependent DNA damage ...
Sirotkin A V - - 2011
The aim of our in vitro experiments was to examine the role of transcription factor p53 and the metabolic hormone leptin, in controlling basic functions (proliferation, apoptosis and secretory activity) of ovarian cells, as well as involvement of p53 in mediating or modulating actions of leptin, on ovarian cells. Porcine ...
Wang Hye Jin - - 2011
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), driven by excessive levels of glucose and free fatty acids, appears to induce cell apoptosis. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of this process remains unclear in cardiac myocytes. We investigated the glucolipotoxicity effects of high glucose and palmitic acid (C16:0) on the rat cardiomyoblast cell line ...
White Yohann - - 2011
Adult T-cell leukemia is an aggressive hematological malignancy with a poor clinical prognosis, and a rapid resistance to chemotherapy is rapid. Cytotoxicity assay-directed fractionation identified a novel lignan-related agent, 4-methoxy-9-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-8, 9 - dihydrofuro[3',4':6,7]naphtho[2,3-d][1,3]dioxol-6(5H)-one (4-MTDND) from the Jamaican plant Hyptis verticillata jacq, and its effects on apoptosis, cell cycle and drug ...
Muppani Naveen - - 2011
Caspase-2 is ubiquitously expressed and the most evolutionarily conserved mammalian caspase. It can be activated by a range of death stimuli prior to Bax activation and the occurrence of apoptotic mitochondrial dysfunctions. Caspase-2 has also been reported to exert tumour suppressor function in vivo. The full length TAp73alpha isoform is ...
Cai Qiliang - - 2011
The Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 3C (EBNA3C), one of the essential latent antigens for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced immortalization of primary human B lymphocytes in vitro, has been implicated in regulating cell proliferation and anti-apoptosis via interaction with several cellular and viral factors. Gemin3 (also named DDX20 or DP103) is a member ...
Jung Hwa Jin - - 2011
Recently, mild hyperthermia was shown to induce cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase transition without leading to DNA damage. The mechanism of this regulation has not yet been elucidated, although p53 has been shown to be activated in response to mild hyperthermia. Here, we report the role of thioredoxin ...
Sreejith P S - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Correa is used in Indian traditional medicine against jaundice and other liver disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aims to determine the in vitro anticancer and apoptosis inducing activity of Glycosmis pentaphylla in hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, Hep3 B. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cytotoxic ...
Driskell Iwona I Wellcome Trust Centre for Stem Cell Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2012
Setd8/PR-Set7/KMT5a-dependent mono-methylation of histone H4 at lysine 20 is essential for mitosis of cultured cells; yet, the functional roles of Setd8 in complex mammalian tissues are unknown. We use skin as a model system to explore how Setd8 may regulate cell division in vivo. Deletion of Setd8 in undifferentiated layers ...
Abarikwu Sunny O - - 2011
Excessive and sustained increases in oxidative stress and apoptosis have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases. In the present study, we demonstrated that 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), a product of lipid peroxidation in a range of concentration (0.1-50 μM) showed cytotoxic effects on SH-SY5Y cell culture at a concentration > ...
Woo Michael G - - 2012
Resistance to cisplatin (CDDP)-based therapy is a major hurdle to the successful treatment of human ovarian cancer (OVCA), and the chemoresistant phenotype in OVCA cells is associated with Akt-attenuated p53-mediated apoptosis. Pro-apoptotic functions of p53 involve both transcription-dependent and -independent signaling pathways, and dysfunctional localization and/or inactivation of p53 contribute ...
Koscsó Balázs B Department of Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, - - 2012
Microglia are activated by pathogen-associated molecular patterns and produce proinflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-12, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. Adenosine is an endogenous purine nucleoside and a ligand of four G protein-coupled adenosine receptors (ARs), which are the A(1)AR, A(2A)AR, A(2B)AR, and A(3)AR. ARs have been shown ...
Muñoz-Fontela César - - 2011
Several direct target genes of the p53 tumor suppressor have been identified within pathways involved in viral sensing, cytokine production, and inflammation, suggesting a potential role of p53 in antiviral immunity. The increasing need to identify immune factors to devise host-targeted therapies against pandemic influenza A virus (IAV) led us ...
Jebelli Joseph D JD Department of Neuroinflammation, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, United - - 2012
Emerging evidence suggests that p53, a tumor suppressor protein primarily involved in cancer biology, coordinates a wide range of novel functions in the CNS including the mediation of pathways underlying neurodegenerative disease pathogenesis. Moreover, an evolving concept in cell and molecular neuroscience is that glial cells are far more fundamental ...
Stein Adam B AB Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2012
A growing body of evidence indicates that carbon monoxide (CO), once perceived merely as a poisonous gas, exerts antiapoptotic and cytoprotective effects. Using a water-soluble CO-releasing molecule (CORM) tricarbonylchloro(glycinato)ruthenium(II) (CORM-3), we previously reported that CO induces a delayed protection against myocardial infarction similar to that observed in the late phase ...
Sen Nirmalya - - 2011
Metabolic stress results in p53 activation, which can trigger cell-cycle arrest, ROS clearance, or apoptosis. However, what determines the p53-mediated cell fate decision upon metabolic stress is not very well understood. We show here that PGC-1α binds to p53 and modulates its transactivation function, resulting in preferential transactivation of proarrest ...
Weige Charles C - - 2011
Clinical and animal studies have shown a strong link between estrogen status in women and decreased risk of colon cancer. However, little research has been done into the mechanism of protection that estrogen provides. Our laboratory has demonstrated that estradiol (E(2)) inhibits the development of pre-neoplastic lesions through an estrogen ...
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