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Lin C-H CH Graduate Institute of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Section of Small Animal Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Veterinary Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Currently, functional assessment to monitor therapeutic response in feline lower airway disease (FLAD) has limited application. To evaluate if expiratory indices derived from pseudo-tidal breathing flow-volume loop (pTBFVL) representing lower airway obstruction would decrease after clinical improvement and to investigate the correlation between functional phenotype and inflammatory cell type in ...
Haldar Malay M Department of Pathology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, - - 2014
Macrophages are versatile cells of the hematopoietic system that display remarkable functional diversity encompassing innate immune responses, tissue development, and tissue homeostasis. Macrophages are present in almost all tissues of the body and display distinct location-specific phenotypes and gene expression profiles. Recent studies also demonstrate distinct origins of tissue-resident macrophages. ...
Ghosh Amiya Kumar AK Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
Adipose tissue inflammation has been linked to age-related metabolic diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance in diet associated obesity has been correlated with aberrant endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. This study was undertaken to test our hypothesis that increased ER stress response contributes ...
Ma Yihua Y Department of Marine Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
A new water-soluble polysaccharide (SEP-2), with a molecular weight of 6.78×10(5)Da, was isolated from Strongylocentrotus nudus eggs under the extraction conditions optimized by response surface methodology (RSM). Preliminary characterization of SEP-2 was performed by HPSEC and GC-MS, indicating that SEP-2 could be a d-glucan containing a (1→4)-linked d-Glcp backbone with ...
Pegtel D M DM Exosomes Research Group, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands - - 2014
Homeostasis relies heavily on effective cell-to-cell communication. In the central nervous system (CNS), probably more so than in other organs, such communication is crucial to support and protect neurons especially during ageing, as well as to control inflammation, remove debris and infectious agents. Emerging evidence indicates that extracellular vesicles (EVs) ...
Stinchcombe Jane C JC Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 OXY, - - 2014
Recent findings on the behaviour of the centrosome at the immunological synapse suggest a critical role for centrosome polarization in controlling the communication between immune cells required to generate an effective immune response. The features observed at the immunological synapse show parallels to centrosome (basal body) polarization seen in cilia ...
Elawadli I I Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 419 Gordon Street, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 - - 2014
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are of interest because of their potential to modulate immune responses. The effects of LAB range from regulation to stimulation of the immune system. A series of studies were performed in vitro to study the effects of six lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Lactobacillus helveticus LH-2, Lactobacillus ...
Hilzendeger Aline M AM Department of Pharmacodynamics, University of Florida, PO Box 100487, Gainesville, FL, 32610, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive lung disease characterized by elevated pressure in the lung vasculature, resulting in right-sided heart failure and premature death. The pathogenesis of PH is complex and multifactorial, involving a dysregulated autonomic nervous system and immune response. Inflammatory mechanisms have been linked to the development and ...
Piguet Vincent V aDepartment of Dermatology and Academic Wound Healing, Institute of Infection & Immunity, Cardiff University bWelsh Institute of Dermatology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, Wales, UK cInserm U1016, Institut Cochin dCNRS UMR8104 eUniversity Paris Descartes fAssistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hôpital Cochin, Paris, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to describe the alterations that HIV-1 induces in antigen-presenting cells (APCs), in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo. HIV-1 disarms several arms of the immune system including APCs. We summarize here recent findings on the impact of the virus on APC. HIV-1 can invade ...
Winter Deborah R DR Department of Immunology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, - - 2014
In immune cells, as in all mammalian cells, nuclear DNA is wrapped around histones to form nucleosomes. The positioning and modifications of nucleosomes throughout the genome defines the chromatin state of the cell and has a large impact on gene regulation. Chromatin state is dynamic throughout immune cell development and ...
Li Haiyan S HS Department of Immunology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2014
The term innate immunity typically refers to a quick but non-specific host defense response against invading pathogens. The innate immune system comprises particular immune cell populations, epithelial barriers, and numerous secretory mediators including cytokines, chemokines, and defense peptides. Innate immune cells are also now recognized to play important contributing roles ...
Verykokakis Mihalis M Committee on Immunology and Department of Pathology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
The immune system can be divided into innate and adaptive components that differ in their rate and mode of cellular activation, with innate immune cells being the first responders to invading pathogens. Recent advances in the identification and characterization of innate lymphoid cells have revealed reiterative developmental programs that result ...
Fu Mei-Ya MY Department of Gastroenterology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of the Medical College of Jinan University, Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510220, P.R. - - 2014
Autophagy is a metabolic process that is important in fibrogenesis, in which cellular components are degraded by lysosomal machinery. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF‑β1) is a potent fibrogenic cytokine involved in liver fibrosis; however, it remains elusive whether autophagy is regulated by TGF‑β1 in this process. In the present study, the ...
Wang Tongmei T Department of Microbiology, Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, P.R. - - 2014
The activating transcription factor 5 (ATF5), also termed ATFx, is a member of the ATF/cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) family of basic zipper proteins. ATF5 is an anti-apoptotic protein that is highly expressed in malignant glioma and is essential for glioma cell survival. Accumulating evidence indicates that human malignant gliomas ...
Lu Lei L Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, P.R. China ; School of Biomedical Engineering and Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, P.R. - - 2014
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) repletion has been shown to provide marked neuroprotection from genotoxic agent-induced neuronal and astrocyte cell death. One of the key precursors of NAD(+) is nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Therefore, it was hypothesized that NMN may attenuate apoptosis and improve energy metabolism in Parkinson's disease (PD)-like behavioral and ...
Lee Shin Ae SA Department of Microbiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
With growing accounts of inflammatory diseases such as sepsis, greater understanding the immune system and the mechanisms of cellular immunity have become primary objectives in immunology studies. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a ubiquitous nuclear protein that is implicated in various aspects of the innate immune system as ...
Alcala Sarah E SE 1 Division of Emergency Medicine, - - 2014
We recently proposed that mitotic asynchrony in repairing tissue may underlie chronic inflammation and fibrosis, where immune cell infiltration is secondary to proinflammatory cross-talk among asynchronously repairing adjacent tissues. Building on our previous finding that mitotic asynchrony is associated with proinflammatory/fibrotic cytokine secretion (e.g., transforming growth factor [TGF]-β1), here we ...
Kato Kosuke K 1 Center for Inflammation, Translational and Clinical Lung Research, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; - - 2014
MUC1/Muc1 (MUC1 in humans, Muc1 in animals) is a membrane-tethered mucin expressed by airway epithelial cells and plays an antiinflammatory role during airway bacterial infection. We previously demonstrated that MUC1/Muc1 is a negative regulator of Toll-like receptor (TLR) inflammatory signaling mediated through the myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) ...
Kim Mi Eun ME Department of Biology, Immunology Research Lab, BK21-plus Research Team for Bioactive Control Technology, College of Natural Sciences, Chosun University , Dong-gu, Gwangju , Republic of Korea - - 2014
Inflammation is major symptom of the innate immune response by infection of microbes. Macrophages, one of immune response related cells, play a role in inflammatory response. Recent studies reported that various natural products can regulate the activation of immune cells such as macrophage. Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh is one ...
Traina-Dorge Vicki V Division of Microbiology, Tulane National Primate Research Center, Tulane University, 18703 Three Rivers Road, Covington, LA, 70433, USA, - - 2014
Simian varicella virus (SVV) infection of non-human primates models human varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection. Assessment of cell signaling immune responses in monkeys after primary SVV infection, after immunosuppression and during reactivation revealed strong pro-inflammatory responses and lesser anti-inflammatory components during varicella and reactivation. Pro-inflammatory mediators elevated during varicella included ...
Scott C L CL 1] Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, College of Veterinary, Medical and Life Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland, UK [2] VIB Ghent University, Inflammation Research Centre (IRC), Laboratory of Immunoregulation, Ghent (Zwijnaarde), - - 2014
The identification of intestinal macrophages (mφs) and dendritic cells (DCs) is a matter of intense debate. Although CD103(+) mononuclear phagocytes (MPs) appear to be genuine DCs, the nature and origins of CD103(-) MPs remain controversial. We show here that intestinal CD103(-)CD11b(+) MPs can be separated clearly into DCs and mφs ...
Emmer Alexander A Department of Neurology, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale), Germany, - - 2014
The pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is as yet unknown. Commonly, MS is assumed to be due to an autoimmune inflammation of the central nervous system (CNS). Neurodegeneration is regarded to be a secondary reaction. This concept is increasingly being challenged. Human endogenous retroviruses (HERV) that could be locally activated ...
Zhou Fang F Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University, 900 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, - - 2014
LPS produced by Gram-negative bacteria induces tolerance and suppresses inflammatory responses in vivo; however, the mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we show that LPS induces apoptosis of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) and modulates phenotypes of DCs. LPS treatment up-regulates expression of tolerance-associated molecules such as CD205 and galectin-1, but ...
Ribeiro Daniela D REQUIMTE, Departamento de Ciências Químicas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Jorge Viterbo Ferreira n 228, 4050-313, Porto, - - 2014
Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and the production of cytokines/chemokines are important targets for the modulation of the inflammatory response. Although a large variety of inhibitors of these pathways have been commercialized, some of those inhibitors present severe side effects, governing the search for new molecules, as alternative anti-inflammatory agents. This study ...
Ha Young Eun YE Samsung Medical Center, Department of Infectious Diseases, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a serious condition that can cause organ failure as an exaggerated immunoresponse to the infection or other causes. Recently, autophagy was reported as a key process that regulates inflammatory responses in macrophages. Vancomycin is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics for sepsis treatment ...
Foster Kimberly A KA Department of Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, 4401 Penn Ave., Pittsburgh, PA, 15224, USA, - - 2014
We previously observed that glioma cells are differentially sensitive to ABT-737 and, when used as a single-agent, this drug failed to induce apoptosis. Identification of therapeutic strategies to enhance the efficacy of the Bcl-2 inhibitor ABT-737 in human glioma is of interest. Histone deacetylation inhibitors (HDACI) are currently being assessed ...
Barosi Giovanni G Center of the Study of Myelofibrosis, IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo Foundation, Viale Golgi 19, 27100, Pavia, Italy, - - 2014
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are stem cell-derived clonal myeloid malignancies characterized by a unique somatic mutational profile since three mutually exclusive mutations (JAK2V617F, MPL, and CALR) sustain the great majority of the cases. However, clinical observation that autoimmune diseases may predispose to MPNs, autoimmune disorders or autoimmune phenomena may be associated ...
Lee Wei-Jiunn WJ Department of Urology, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, 111 Hsing Long Road, Section 3, Taipei, 116, - - 2014
Quercetin is a plant-derived bioflavonoid that was recently shown to have multiple anticancer activities in various solid tumors. Here, novel molecular mechanisms through which quercetin exerts its anticancer effects in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells were investigated. Results from Western blot and flow cytometric assays revealed that quercetin significantly induced ...
Wu Jianqiang J Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin and the Middleton VA Medical Center, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sezary syndrome (SS) are two major forms of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) characterized by resistance to apoptosis. A central pathway for T-cell apoptosis is activation-induced cell death (AICD) which is triggered through the T-cell receptor (TCR). This results in upregulation of FAS-ligand (FASL) and subsequent apoptosis ...
Lee Suni S Department of Hygiene, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Mastushima, Kurashiki, 701-0192, - - 2014
Silica particles and asbestos fibers, which are known as typical causatives of pneumoconiosis, induce lung fibrosis. Moreover, silicosis patients often complicate with autoimmune diseases, and asbestos-exposed patients suffer from malignant diseases such as pleural mesothelioma and lung cancer. We have been conducting experimental studies to investigate altered regulation of self-tolerance ...
Molehin Adebayo J AJ Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Biology,QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute,300 Herston Road, Herston,Australia - - 2014
SUMMARY Serine protease inhibitors (serpin) play essential roles in many organisms. Mammalian serpins regulate the blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, inflammation and complement activation pathways. In parasitic helminths, serpins are less well characterized, but may also be involved in evasion of the host immune response. In this study, a Schistosoma japonicum serpin ...
Calabrese Leonard H LH Department of Rheumatic and Immunologic Diseases, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2014
IL-6 has been linked to numerous diseases associated with inflammation, including rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vasculitis and several types of cancer. Moreover, IL-6 is important in the induction of hepatic acute-phase proteins for the trafficking of acute and chronic inflammatory cells, the differentiation of adaptive T-cell responses, and tissue ...
O'Callaghan Yvonne C YC 1 School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork , Cork, Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Mushrooms and mushroom extracts have traditionally been used as therapies for a wide variety of ailments, including allergy, arthritis, and other inflammatory disorders. However, more evidence is required on the mechanism by which mushrooms exert these effects. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory properties of ethanol and hot water ...
Lin Xi-Xi XX Zhejiang Respiratory Drugs Research Laboratory of State Food and Drug Administration of China, Medical College of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, - - 2014
Abstract Cigarette smoke (CS) contains reactive oxygen (ROS) that can cause oxidative stress. It increases the number of apoptotic and necrotic lung cells and further induces the development of chronic airway disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on apoptosis in human bronchial epithelial ...
Fukuda Ken K Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Kochi Medical School, Nankoku City, Kochi, - - 2014
The dry-eye drug rebamipide has mucin secretagogue activity in and anti-inflammatory effects on corneal epithelial cells. Corneal stromal fibroblasts (transdifferentiated keratocytes) function as immune modulators in the pathogenesis of chronic ocular allergic inflammation and in innate immune responses at the ocular surface. The possible anti-inflammatory effects of rebamipide on human ...
Chen Chie-Pein CP Division of High Risk Pregnancy Department of Medical Research, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan - - 2014
The role of human placental multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (hPMSCs) in placental inflammation is unknown. We hypothesize that hPMSCs are involved in the early phases of bacterial infection. hPMSCs were isolated from term placentas and neutrophils from peripheral blood. The expression of toll-like receptors (TLR) and cytokines by hPMSCs was ...
Hajmrle Catherine C University of - - 2014
Post-translational modification by the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) peptides, known as SUMOylation, is reversed by the sentrin/SUMO-specific proteases (SENPs). While increased SUMOylation reduces β-cell exocytosis, insulin secretion, and responsiveness to GLP-1, the impact of SUMOylation on islet cell survival is unknown. Mouse islets, INS-1 832/13 cells, or human islets were ...
Bernard Henry H Unité INSERM 995, Faculté de médecine, Université Lille 2, - - 2014
 A predominantly T-helper type 2 (Th2) immune response is critical in the prognosis of pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. But the mucosal and systemic immune responses can be influenced by the intestinal microbiota.  We assessed the effect of microbiota compositional changes induced by a diet enriched in 5% acidic oligosaccharides derived ...
Kodati Shilpa S Schepens Eye Research Institute and Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, 20 Staniford street, Boston, MA, 02114, United - - 2014
Purpose: To characterize antigen presenting cell (APC)-relevant chemokine receptor expression in dry eye disease (DED), and to investigate the effect of topical CC chemokine receptor (CCR)7 blockade specifically on Th17 cell immunity and on dry eye disease severity. Methods: DED was induced in female C57BL/6 mice. Chemokine receptor expression by ...
Rathnasamy Gurugirijha G National University of Singapore, MD10, Level 4, Department of Anatomy, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 117597, - - 2014
Purpose:Hypoxic insult to the developing retina results in apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) through production of inflammatory mediators, nitric oxide (NO) and free radicals. The present study was aimed at elucidating the pathway through which hypoxia results in overproduction of NO in the immature retina, and its role in ...
Park So Jeong SJ Department of Life Science and the Research Center for Cellular Homeostasis, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, - - 2014
2-(Trimethylammonium) ethyl (R)-3-methoxy-3-oxo-2-stearamidopropyl phosphate [(R)-TEMOSPho], a derivative of an organic chemical identified from a natural product library, promotes highly efficient megakaryopoiesis. Here, we show that (R)-TEMOSPho blocks osteoclast maturation from progenitor cells of hematopoietic origin, as well as blocking the resorptive function of mature osteoclasts. The inhibitory effect of (R)-TEMOSPho ...
Spittau Björn B Department of Molecular Embryology, Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, - - 2014
Milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor-factor 8 (Mfge8) has been described as an essential molecule during microglia-mediated clearance of apoptotic cells via binding to phosphatidylserine residues and subsequent phagocytosis. Impaired uptake of apoptotic cells by microglia results in prolonged inflammatory responses and damage of healthy cells. Although the mechanisms of Mfge8-mediated ...
Vickers Chris J - - 2014
Caspases are essential a family of cysteine proteases that are well known for their roles in apoptosis and inflammation. Recent studies provide evidence that caspases are also integral to many additional cellular processes, such as differentiation and proliferation. Likewise, aberrant caspase activity has been implicated in the progression of several ...
Jiang Wenyu W Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, - - 2014
Interleukin-17(IL-17)-producing T helper(Th)17 cells are considered as a new subset of cells critical to the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to investigate the distribution of Th17 cells, the expressions of Th17-related cytokines (IL-17, IL-21 and IL-22) and their association with disease activity in IBD patients. We collected ...
Zhang X J XJ Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, China; Cardiovascular Research Institute of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430060, China; State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macao 999078, - - 2014
The interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family consists of nine members (IRF1-IRF9) in mammals and exerts essential regulatory functions in the immune system and in oncogenesis. Recent clinical and experimental studies have identified critically important roles of IRF members in cardiovascular diseases, arising from their participation in divergent and overlapping molecular ...
Zhou Bo B School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, - - 2014
Abstract Epidemiological studies have shown that air pollution particulate matter is associated with increased respiratory morbidity and mortality. However, the mechanisms are not fully understood. Oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis plays an important role in the occurrence of respiratory diseases. In this study, human bronchial epithelial (16-HBE) cells were exposed to different ...
Montecucco Fabrizio F Division of Cardiology, Foundation for Medical Researches, University of Geneva, 64, avenue de la Roseraie, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland; First Clinic of Internal Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genoa School of Medicine. IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino-IST Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, viale Benedetto XV, 16132, Genoa, Italy; Division of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Genetics and Laboratory Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, n4, Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil, 1205, Geneva, - - 2014
Acute pancreatitis is characterized by inflammatory processes affecting not only the pancreas, but also the lung. Here, we investigated timing of leukocyte infiltration and chemokine expression within lung and pancreas during pancreatitis and whether treatments selectively inhibiting chemokines (using Evasins) could improve organ injury. C57Bl/6 mice were submitted in vivo ...
Gasteiger Georg G Immunology Program, Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA, and the Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University of Mainz Medical Centre, Mainz 55131, - - 2014
Innate lymphocytes - including natural killer cells and the recently discovered innate lymphoid cells - have crucial roles during infection, tissue injury and inflammation. Innate signals regulate the activation and homeostasis of innate lymphocytes. The contribution of the adaptive immune system to the coordination of innate lymphocyte responses is less ...
Shi Chong-Shan CS B Cell Molecular Immunology Section, Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Coronaviruses (CoV) have recently emerged as potentially serious pathogens that can cause significant human morbidity and death. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV was identified as the etiologic agent of the 2002-2003 international SARS outbreak. Yet, how SARS evades innate immune responses to cause human disease remains poorly understood. In ...
Chessa Daniela D Department of Biomedical Science, School of Medicine, University of Sassari, Viale San Pietro 43/b, 07100 SASSARI, Italy - - 2014
Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar (serotype) Abortusovis is a member of the Enterobacteriaceae. This serotype is naturally restricted to ovine and does not infect humans. Limited information is available about the immune response of sheep to S. Abortusovis. Serovar Abortusovis, like S. Typhi, causes a systemic infection where in natural ...
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