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Willenborg Sebastian S Department of Dermatology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
Restoration of skin integrity and homeostasis following injury is a vital process. Wound healing disorders, including chronic skin ulcers and pathological scarring, are of major clinical impact. The current therapeutic approaches are often not sufficient. The development of novel efficient therapies requires a thorough understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms. ...
Ingle John W JW University of Pittsburgh Voice Center, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Steroids are used for the treatment of laryngitis in vocal performers and other individuals despite the absence of evidence demonstrating their impact on vocal fold inflammation. Our objective was to examine laryngeal secretion cytokine inflammatory profile changes associated with corticosteroid treatment in a human phonotrauma model. Prospective, individual, randomized, double-blinded, ...
Hurdayal Ramona R International Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Cape Town Component and Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine (IIDMM), Division of Immunology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Murine models of Leishmania major infection in the 1980's revealed two distinct, counter-regulatory populations of CD4(+) T helper (Th) cells, delineated Th1 and Th2, and their archetypal cytokines, interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin (IL)-4/IL-13, which promoted resistance/susceptibility to infection, respectively. However, the introduction of global cytokine-deficient mice in the 1990's ...
Wu Yu-Sheng YS College of Life Science, National Taiwan University Taipei, - - 2014
We consider that from the wound to the healing process, the physiology point key to linkage of the process is still unclear. The process from inflammation to the wound healing is divided into three phases: (1) inflammation process, (2) tissue formation, and (3) tissue remodeling. The inflammation program includes cell ...
Temme Sebastian - - 2013
Inflammation results in the recruitment of neutrophils and monocytes, which is crucial for the healing process. In the present study, we used (19)F MRI to monitor in vivo the infiltration of neutrophils and monocytes from the onset of inflammation to the resolution and healing phase. Matrigel, with or without LPS, ...
Lu Ling - - 2013
During the acute liver injury, immune responses are provoked into eliciting inflammation in the acute phase. In the healing phase, the inflammation is terminated for wound healing and restoration of immune homeostasis. In this study, we sought to address how regulatory T cells (Tregs) are involved in the progression of ...
Gao J-H JH Division of Peptides Related with Human Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. shcqcdmed@163.com; - - 2013
The mammalian gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa is a rapidly self-renewing tissue in the body, and its integrity is preserved through the strict regulation of epithelial cell proliferation, growth arrest, and apoptosis. Polyamines are shown to play an important role in the regulation of gastrointestinal mucosal growth and healing after injury under ...
Kemmerly Thomas - - 2013
To review recent developments in the field of gastroduodenal mucosal defense. Research in the field of gastroduodenal mucosal defense has focused on continued elucidation of molecular mechanisms that protect the mucosa and influence healing at the cellular level. Review of literature over the past year reveals focus on familiar processes ...
Raynaud A - - 2013
Honey is well known for its wound healing properties although the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying honey-stimulated healing process are still poorly understood. The present study was intended to characterize the stimulation of Raw 264.7 murine macrophages in response to thyme honey. Honey induces significant increase in PGE2 production, and ...
Neurath M F - - 2013
Healing of the inflamed mucosa (mucosal healing) is an emerging new goal for therapy and predicts clinical remission and resection-free survival in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). The era of antitumor necrosis factor (TNF) antibody therapy was a remarkable progress in IBD therapy and anti-TNF agents led to mucosal healing in ...
Novak Margaret L - - 2013
Macrophages are essential for the efficient healing of numerous tissues, and they contribute to impaired healing and fibrosis. Tissue repair proceeds through overlapping phases of inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling, and macrophages are present throughout this progression. Macrophages exhibit transitions in phenotype and function as tissue repair progresses, although the precise ...
Hopkins Brittney C - - 2013
Immune function early in life can be influenced by parental effects and the environment, but it remains unclear how these two factors may interact to influence immunocompetence. We evaluated maternal and environmental contributions to offspring healing ability in a viviparous reptile, the northern watersnake (Nerodia sipedon). We measured wound healing ...
Taylor Samuel A - - 2013
Meniscal tears are relatively common injuries sustained by athletes and non-athletes alike and have far reaching functional and financial implications. Studies have clearly demonstrated the important biomechanical role played by the meniscus. Long-term follow-up studies of post-menisectomy patients show a predisposition toward the development of degenerative arthritic changes. As such, ...
Schuppan Detlef D Institute of Molecular and Translational Medicine and Department of Medicine I, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany. - - 2013
Fibrosis is an intrinsic response to chronic injury, maintaining organ integrity when extensive necrosis or apoptosis occurs. With protracted damage, fibrosis can progress toward excessive scarring and organ failure, as in liver cirrhosis. To date, antifibrotic treatment of fibrosis represents an unconquered area for drug development, with enormous potential but ...
Campbell Laura L The Healing Foundation Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2013
Chronic nonhealing wounds in the elderly population are associated with a prolonged and excessive inflammatory response, which is widely hypothesized to impede healing. Previous studies have linked alterations in local L-arginine metabolism, principally mediated by the enzymes arginase (Arg) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), to pathological wound healing. Over ...
Gutiérrez Jennifer - - 2013
Abstract Owing to its biocompatibility properties and its ability to promote the scar healing process, chitosan is employed in tissue engineering for the manufacture of formulations. To control the characteristic skin ulcers of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), the use of a biopolymeric system that favors the scar healing process and releases ...
de Assis Souza Marina - - 2013
Studies suggest the influence of immune response on the successful treatment of American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL), and indicate the existence of protective immunity in self-healed patients. Thus, the aim of this work was to quantify interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL-) 10, IL-17, IL-22 and nitric oxide (NO) ...
Viana Agostinho Gonçalves - - 2013
The histopathology and immune responses of the healing process of leishmaniasis are still poorly studied. This study aimed to examine the histopathological and immunological aspects of lesions of patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis before and after different therapeutic methods. We studied 23 individuals grouped according to the treatments: Glucantime, Glucantime + ...
Watanabe Shinichi - - 2013
Oral mucositis induced by chemotherapy or radiotherapy has an impact upon quality-of-life, is dose-limiting for chemotherapy, and causes considerable morbidity. We evaluated the effect of royal jelly (RJ) on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced oral mucositis in hamsters. Oral mucositis was induced in hamsters through a combination of 5-FU treatment and mild abrasion ...
Won Jong Hoon - - 2013
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is an important regulator of the maturation and function of cells in the granulocyte and macrophage lineages, and also plays a significant role in wound healing. In a previous study, we expressed human GM-CSF in rice cells (rice cell-derived human GM-CSF; rhGM-CSF). The purpose of the ...
Khalil Eltahir Awad Gasim - - 2013
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a parasitic disease characterized by immune suppression. Successful treatment is usually followed by immune reconstitution and a dermatosis called post-Kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL). Recently, PKDL was described as one of the immune reconstitution syndromes (IRISs) in HIV/VL patients on HAART. This study aimed to present PKDL ...
Scaldaferri F - - 2013
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by an abnormal immune response against food or bacterial antigens in genetically predisposed individuals. Several factors of innate and adaptive immune system take part in the inflammatory process, probably actively contributing in endoscopic and histological healing at molecular level. Although ...
Chamberlain Connie S - - 2013
Ligament healing follows a series of complex coordinated events involving various cell types, cytokines, as well as other factors, producing a mechanically inferior tissue more scar-like than native tissue. Macrophages provide an ongoing source of cytokines to modulate inflammatory cell adhesion and migration as well as fibroblast proliferation. Studying interleukins ...
Goggins Bridie J - - 2013
Epithelial damage and loss of intestinal barrier function are hallmark pathologies of the mucosal inflammation associated with conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease. In order to resolve inflammation and restore intestinal integrity the mucosa must rapidly and effectively repair the epithelial barrier. Epithelial wound healing is a highly complex and ...
Uchiyama Masaaki - - 2013
We clarified the effects of an ophthalmic solution of a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonist on corneal inflammation and wound healing after alkali burn injury in rats. After alkali exposure, either an ophthalmic solution with 0.1% pioglitazone hydrochloride (the PPARγ group) or vehicle (the vehicle group) was topically applied ...
Silini Antonietta - - 2012
Inflammation is a complex defense mechanism characterized by leukocyte migration from the vasculature into damaged tissues and subsequent deposition of extracellular matrix resulting in tissue repair. The inflammatory process is generally categorized into an acute, rapid response, and a persistent but slowly evolving chronic condition, which may progress into inflammatory ...
Domingos Patrícia Luciana Batista - - 2012
Leishmaniases are zoonoses considered a public health problem, representing a complex group of diseases with a broad clinical spectrum and epidemiological diversity. Leishmaniasis is caused by several species of protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The evolution of the pathology and the resolution of the leishmaniasis are dependent mainly on the ...
Soong Lynn - - 2012
The outcomes of Leishmania infection are determined by host immune and nutrition status, parasite species, and co-infection with other pathogens. While subclinical infection and self-healing cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are common, uncontrolled parasite replication can lead to non-healing local lesions or visceral leishmaniasis (VL). It is known that infection control requires ...
Epelman Slava S Center for Cardiovascular Research., Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110-1093, USA. - - 2012
Ischemic cardiac injury is the leading cause of heart failure and mortality in the USA and is a major expense to health-care systems. Once the heart is injured, a highly dynamic and coordinated immune response is initiated, which is dependent on both resident and recruited leukocytes. The goal of the ...
Muñoz Luis E - - 2012
Apoptotic cells are recognized and cleared by the innate immune system. This process severely influences the outcome of several important functions of the latter. Apoptotic cells serve as sources for autoantigens employed by immature dendritic cells to maintain tolerance, excellent to prevent autoimmune diseases disastrous when this causes tumor tolerance. ...
Oppenheimer Hanna - - 2012
Sirtuin 1 (SirT1) has been implicated in the regulation of human cartilage homeostasis and chondrocyte survival. Exposing human osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes to tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) generates a stable and enzymatically inactive 75-kd form of SirT1 (75SirT1) via cathepsin B-mediated cleavage. Because 75SirT1 is resistant to further degradation, we ...
Huber-Lang Markus - - 2012
In response to severe tissue trauma several danger sensing and signalling cascades are activated, including the complement and the apoptosis systems. In polytrauma patients, both the early activation of the complement cascade with an excessive generation of the potent anaphylatoxin C5a and the induction of apoptosis have been shown to ...
Orikawa Hiroshi - - 2012
Macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP) circulates as a proform protein and requires proteolytic processing for activation. Respiratory ciliated cells express the MSP receptor, recepteur d'origine nantais (RON), at the apical surface, which reportedly has an important role in ciliary function. Like RON, human airway trypsin-like protease (HAT) is also expressed at the ...
Gnirß Kerstin - - 2012
Ebola (EBOV) and Marburg virus (MARV) cause severe hemorrhagic fever. The host cell proteases cathepsin B and L activate the Zaire ebolavirus glycoprotein (GP) for cellular entry and constitute potential targets for antiviral intervention. However, it is unclear if different EBOV species and MARV equally depend on cathepsin B/L activity ...
Shindo Takayuki - - 2012
Secreted papain-like Cys proteases are important players in plant immunity. We previously reported that the C14 protease of tomato is targeted by cystatin-like EPIC proteins that are secreted by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans (Pinf) during infection. C14 has been under diversifying selection in wild potato species coevolving with Pinf ...
Micera Alessandra - - 2012
In the conjunctiva, repeated or prolonged exposure to injury leads to tissue remodeling and fibrosis associated with dryness, lost of corneal transparency and defect of ocular function. At the site of injury, fibroblasts (FB) migrate and differentiate into myofibroblasts (myoFB), contributing to the healing process together with other cell types, ...
Casar B - - 2012
The CUB domain-containing protein-1 (CDCP1) is a transmembrane molecule that has recently been implicated in cancer progression. In this study we have established a novel mechanism for initiation of CDCP1-mediated signaling in vivo and demonstrated that specific 135→70-kDa processing of cell-surface CDCP1 by extracellular serine proteases is a prerequisite for ...
Kim Nari - - 2012
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronically relapsing, non contagious pruritic skin disease with two phases: acute and chronic. Cysteine protease cathepsin S (CTSS) is involved in inflammatory processes, possibly leading to atherosclerosis and asthma. Recently, it has been reported that CTSS can arouse a predominant sensation of itch accompanied by ...
Rybicka Joanna M - - 2012
The level of proteolysis within phagosomes of dendritic cells (DCs) is thought to be tightly regulated, as it directly impacts the cell's efficiency to process antigen. Activity of the antimicrobial effector NADPH oxidase (NOX2) has been shown to reduce levels of proteolysis within phagosomes of both macrophages and DCs. However, ...
Lu Felix - - 2011
Serine protease inhibitor Kazal (SPIK) is an inflammatory protein whose levels are elevated in numerous cancers. However, the role of this protein in cancer development is unknown. We have recently found that SPIK suppresses serine protease-dependent cell apoptosis. Here, we report that anti-SPIK antibodies can co-immmunoprecipitate serine protease granzyme A ...
Afonina Inna S - - 2011
Granzyme B is a cytotoxic lymphocyte-derived protease that plays a central role in promoting apoptosis of virus-infected target cells, through direct proteolysis and activation of constituents of the cell death machinery. However, previous studies have also implicated granzymes A and B in the production of proinflammatory cytokines, via a mechanism ...
Kumar Sudeep - - 2011
Mammalian epithelial, endothelial and various other cell types, upon their detachment from the extracellular matrix (ECM) undergo a specialized kind of apoptosis, known as anoikis. Entameba histolytica cysteine proteases have been implicated in degradation of the host ECM, which may induce anoikis in host cells. To explore this hypothesis, supernatant ...
Hoegen Tobias - - 2011
Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis causes brain damage through inflammation-related pathways whose identity and mechanisms of action are yet unclear. We previously identified caspase-1, which activates precursor IL-1 type cytokines, as a central mediator of inflammation in pneumococcal meningitis. In this study, we demonstrate that lack of the inflammasome components ASC or ...
Hanamsagar Richa - - 2011
Microglia are important innate immune effectors against invading CNS pathogens, such as Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), a common etiological agent of brain abscesses typified by widespread inflammation and necrosis. The NLRP3 inflammasome is a protein complex involved in IL-1β and IL-18 processing following exposure to both pathogen- and danger-associated molecular ...
Malla Rama Rao - - 2012
Cathepsin B and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) are postulated to play key roles in glioma invasion. Calcineurin is one of the key regulators of mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis, but its mechanism is poorly understood. Hence, we studied subcellular localization of calcineurin after transcriptional downregulation of uPAR and cathepsin B in glioma. ...
Sousa Maria João - - 2011
The yeast apoptosis field emerged with the finding that key components of the apoptotic machinery are conserved in these simple eukaryotes. Thus it became possible to exploit these genetically tractable organisms to improve our understanding of the intricate mechanisms of cell death in higher eukaryotes and of severe human diseases ...
Fahrenkrog Birthe - - 2011
The baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is also capable of undergoing programmed cell death or apoptosis, for example in response to viral infection as well as during chronological and replicative aging. Intrinsically, programmed cell death in yeast can be induced by, for example, H2O2, acetic acid or the mating-type pheromone. A ...
Vérollet Christel - - 2011
Macrophage tissue infiltration is a hallmark of several pathological situations including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders and chronic inflammation. Hence, deciphering the mechanisms of macrophage migration across a variety of tissues holds great potential for novel anti-inflammatory therapies. Leukocytes have long been thought to migrate through tissues by using the amoeboid (protease-independent) ...
Hsieh Wan-Yu - - 2011
Inhalation of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) has raised serious concerns related to potential toxic effects in the respiratory system. This study examined possible SWCNTs-induced toxic mechanisms in vivo in mice. The results indicated that a single intra-tracheal instillation of SWCNTs could induce airway hyper-reactivity and airflow obstruction, and confirmed previous ...
Soares Joana - - 2011
Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein complex that is essential for persistent cellular proliferation. The catalytic subunit of human telomerase, hTERT, functions as a reverse transcriptase and promotes vitality by maintaining telomeric DNA length. hTERT is tightly regulated with complex but poorly understood positive and negative regulation at several levels including transcription, ...
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